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U.S. Biotech Crop Adoption: Who Decides?
U.S. Biotech Crop Adoption: Who Decides?
U.S. Biotech Crop Adoption: Who Decides?
U.S. Biotech Crop Adoption: Who Decides?
U.S. Biotech Crop Adoption: Who Decides?
U.S. Biotech Crop Adoption: Who Decides?
U.S. Biotech Crop Adoption: Who Decides?
U.S. Biotech Crop Adoption: Who Decides?
U.S. Biotech Crop Adoption: Who Decides?
U.S. Biotech Crop Adoption: Who Decides?
U.S. Biotech Crop Adoption: Who Decides?
U.S. Biotech Crop Adoption: Who Decides?
U.S. Biotech Crop Adoption: Who Decides?
U.S. Biotech Crop Adoption: Who Decides?
U.S. Biotech Crop Adoption: Who Decides?
U.S. Biotech Crop Adoption: Who Decides?
U.S. Biotech Crop Adoption: Who Decides?
U.S. Biotech Crop Adoption: Who Decides?
U.S. Biotech Crop Adoption: Who Decides?
U.S. Biotech Crop Adoption: Who Decides?
U.S. Biotech Crop Adoption: Who Decides?
U.S. Biotech Crop Adoption: Who Decides?
U.S. Biotech Crop Adoption: Who Decides?
U.S. Biotech Crop Adoption: Who Decides?
U.S. Biotech Crop Adoption: Who Decides?
U.S. Biotech Crop Adoption: Who Decides?
U.S. Biotech Crop Adoption: Who Decides?
U.S. Biotech Crop Adoption: Who Decides?
U.S. Biotech Crop Adoption: Who Decides?
U.S. Biotech Crop Adoption: Who Decides?
U.S. Biotech Crop Adoption: Who Decides?
U.S. Biotech Crop Adoption: Who Decides?
U.S. Biotech Crop Adoption: Who Decides?
U.S. Biotech Crop Adoption: Who Decides?
U.S. Biotech Crop Adoption: Who Decides?
U.S. Biotech Crop Adoption: Who Decides?
U.S. Biotech Crop Adoption: Who Decides?
U.S. Biotech Crop Adoption: Who Decides?
U.S. Biotech Crop Adoption: Who Decides?
U.S. Biotech Crop Adoption: Who Decides?
U.S. Biotech Crop Adoption: Who Decides?
U.S. Biotech Crop Adoption: Who Decides?
U.S. Biotech Crop Adoption: Who Decides?
U.S. Biotech Crop Adoption: Who Decides?
U.S. Biotech Crop Adoption: Who Decides?
U.S. Biotech Crop Adoption: Who Decides?
U.S. Biotech Crop Adoption: Who Decides?
U.S. Biotech Crop Adoption: Who Decides?
U.S. Biotech Crop Adoption: Who Decides?
U.S. Biotech Crop Adoption: Who Decides?
U.S. Biotech Crop Adoption: Who Decides?
U.S. Biotech Crop Adoption: Who Decides?
U.S. Biotech Crop Adoption: Who Decides?
U.S. Biotech Crop Adoption: Who Decides?
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U.S. Biotech Crop Adoption: Who Decides?

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  • 7
  • The Colorado potato beetle is a major pest of potatoes not just in the US but all around the world and these larvae can essentially defoliate potato plants.
  • J. P. Helgeson · J. D. Pohlman · S. Austin G. T. Haberlach · S. M. Wielgus · D. Ronis L. Zambolim · P. Tooley · J. M. McGrath R. V. James · W. R. Stevenson Somatic hybrids between Solanum bulbocastanumand potato: a new source of resistance to late blight Fig. 4 Resistance in Toluca, Mexico, of a BC 1 line derived from a potato # S . bulbocastanum somatic hybrid crossed with the potato cultivar Atlantic. The arrow points to a dead plant of the susceptible variety Alpha (Photo taken by J. P. Helgeson)
  • Transcript

    • 1. U.S. Biotech Crop Adoption: Who Decides? Leonard Gianessi Crop Protection Research Institute, CropLife Foundation
    • 2. Transgenic Crops Introduced in the U.S.
      • Herbicide Tolerant
      • Insect Resistant
      • Virus Resistant
    • 3. Pest Management Decisions
      • What is the most cost-effective solution to pest problems?
        • compare costs
        • compare efficacy
      • What is acceptable for buyers?
    • 4. U.S. Biotech Crops Year % of Acres Introduced 2003 Herbicide Tolerant Soybeans 1996 80 Corn 1997 12 Canola 1999 91 Cotton 1995 75 Insect Resistant Corn 1996 29 Cotton 1996 40 Sweet Corn 1998 <1 Virus Resistant Papaya 1998 52 Squash 1995 ?
    • 5. Roundup Ready Soybeans: U.S. Adoption % Acres
    • 6. Roundup Advantages in Soybeans
      • Better weed control
      • Improved crop safety
      • Fewer application trips
      • No need for tillage
      • Fewer active ingredients
      • Taller weeds can be killed
      • Less expensive
    • 7. Canola Biotech Herbicide Tolerant Conventional
    • 8. Glyphosate Application 8 Days After Glyphosate Application 5 Weeks After Glyphosate Application
    • 9. Cotton Weed Control: Mississippi (Pre 1997) # of Herbicide Applications 5/A # of Active Ingredients 5/A # of Tillage Passes 3/A
    • 10. Cotton Untreated Biotech Herbicide Tolerant Impact: + $ 132 million in net income
    • 11. Grower Benefits of BT Field Corn Borer Pressure Low High Per Acre Yield Increase (bu) + 5 + 10 Benefit + $2 + $12 USEPA, 2001
    • 12. Adoption of Bt Corn
    • 13. Bt CornValue (bu/A) Low High Texas 3 40 Kansas 5 40 Oklahoma 8 18 Colorado 7 23 Louisiana 4 30
    • 14. Bt Corn Biotech Insect Resistant Insect Susceptible Impact: + 3.5 billion Lbs./year production
    • 15. Bt Cotton Insect Susceptible Biotech Insect Resistant Impact: -1.9 million lbs/yr insecticide use
    • 16. Roundup Ready Corn Adoption % U.S. Acres
    • 17. Roundup Ready Corn
      • Low-cost broad spectrum alternatives being used
      • Not available in all important varieties (until recently)
      • Not approved in the European Union
    • 18. Roundup Ready Corn Adoption: 2003 % Acres
    • 19. The genetically modified papaya plants are already being credited with saving an industry that was on its way out New York Times July 20, 1999
    • 20. Papaya: Infected Tree Removal
    • 21. Papaya Virus Susceptible Biotech Virus Resistant
    • 22. Squash Virus Susceptible Biotech Virus Resistant
    • 23. Sweet Corn Insect Susceptible Biotech Insect Resistant
    • 24. Florida Sweet Corn Production Million Lbs/Yr
    • 25. Spraying Sweet Corn: Florida
    • 26. Florida Sweet Corn Experiment
    • 27. Bt Sweet Corn Projection: Florida
      • 80% of Acreage
      • Reduction of 10 Insecticide Applications/Acre
      • Insect Control Cost Reduction of $40/Acre
      • Production Increase of $125/Acre
    • 28. Bt Fresh Sweet Corn
    • 29. Future Insect Control Options: Florida Fresh Sweet Corn
      • Continued Use of 10 Insecticide Treatments/Acre?
      • Transgenic Bt Sweet Corn?
    • 30. Attribute® brand sweet corn Photo courtesy of Syngenta Seeds
    • 31. Biotech Crops Approved but not Planted in the U.S. Current Status Sugarbeet: Herbicide Tolerant Seed Available Potato: Insect Resistant No Seed Available Virus Resistant No Seed Available
    • 32. Sugarbeet: US Conventional Biotech Herbicide Tolerant Potential Impact: - $93 million/year weed control costs
    • 33. Biotech Herbicide Tolerant Sugarbeets: U.S.
      • % Acres Planted
      • 1999 0
      • 2000 0
      • 2001 0
      • 2002 0
      • 2003 0
    • 34. Colorado Potato Beetle
    • 35. Potato Biotech Insect Resistant Insect Susceptible
    • 36. Potato Biotech Virus Resistant Virus Susceptible
    • 37. U.S. Acreage: Insect/Virus Resistant Potatoes 1999 4 % 2000 2 % 2001 0 % 2002 0 %
    • 38. Insect/Virus Resistant Potatoes: Washington Potential Impacts Insecticide Use -130,000 Lb/Yr Insect Control Costs -$600,000/Yr Potato Production +$5 Million/Yr +90 million lbs/Yr
    • 39. Potato Late Blight Damage
    • 40. Fungal Resistant Potato Biotech Fungal Resistant Conventional Fungal Susceptible
    • 41. Citrus: Texas Virus Susceptible Biotech Virus Resistant
    • 42. Citrus Canker Eradication Programs: Florida
      • Trees Destroyed
      • 1910-1933 258,000 Commercial
      • 1986-1994 88,000 Commercial
      • 1996- 1,200,000 Commercial
      • 600,000 Residential
    • 43. Citrus Canker Biotech Bacteria Resistant Bacteria Susceptible
    • 44. Spraying Antibiotics :Apples
    • 45. Apple Bacteria Susceptible Biotech Bacteria Resistant Potential Impact: 100% reduction in antibiotic use
    • 46.  
    • 47. Florida: Potential Grape Production
      • Florida Ranks #2-3 in Grape/Wine Consumer Purchases
      • Florida has Climate/Soils for Successful Grape Production
      • Currently Florida accounts for 0.01% of U.S. Grape Production
      • U.S. Wine Industry: $ 36 billion/year
    • 48. TAMU
    • 49. Biotech Grape: Bacterial Resistant Gene Marking
    • 50. Tomato Geminiviruses: Florida
      • Reduced Tomato Production by 20% in 1990-1991
      • At Low Incidence Because of Increased Insecticide Use
    • 51. Biotech Tomato Biotech Virus Resistant Virus Susceptible Under Development at the University of Florida
    • 52. Current Impacts (8 Case Studies)
      • Food and Fiber Production
        • + 4 Billion Lbs.
      • Farm Income
        • + $ 1.5 Billion
      • Pesticide Use
        • - 46 Million Lbs.
    • 53. Potential Impacts (32 Case Studies)
      • Food and Fiber Production
        • + 10 Billion Lbs.
      • Farm Income
        • + $ 1 Billion
      • Pesticide Use
        • - 117 Million Lbs.
    • 54.  

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