Timely, seamless logistics support is critical to battlefield success. The need for a customer on the modern battlefield to track all aspects of what he has in the “logistics pipeline” is becoming increasingly critical. TAV is a worldwide technical capability that accesses this data in current STAMIS; ITV allows customers and materiel managers to see real time movement of this data on the entire system.
Total Asset Visibility (TAV) is an enabling capability that permits operational/logistics managers to retrieve critical asset information from existing and emerging automated systems. In-Transit Visibility (ITV) is a component of TAV. ITV is a capability that uses Radio Frequency/ Automatic Identification Technology (RF/AIT) designed to provide the logistics customer with maximum visibility and real-time status on the movement of all classes of supply. It identifies, locates, and tracks the movement of all classes of supply from source of supply (SOS) to user. By using RF data storage tags and various communication technologies, this is a global inter-service system. It tracks items by transportation control number (TCN), national stock number (NSN), department of defense identification codes (DODIC), or requisition number as well as container, train, truck, ship, or aircraft number. Smaller shipments (pallets, multi-packs) will also employ digital shipping cards. The purpose and intent of TAV and ITV are visibility not accountability of supplies within the transportation distribution and/or delivery system. Movement and stockage level of ammunition (Class V) cannot be accessed through TAV channels. Emplacement of ITV will provide TAV the mission link towards in transit visibility of ammunition only. It is currently being written to interface with most current CSS Standard Army Management Information Systems (STAMIS’s).
In simpler terms, the TAV mission is to provide accurate information to its users on what supplies are in use, where supplies are stored, where supplies should be going, who needs the supplies, how are the supplies going to get to their destination, and when will they arrive.
This is the official definition of In-Transit Visibility
History indicates that poor asset visibility and effective logistics have been hot topics since the days of WWII and Korea, Vietnam, and Desert Shield/Storm. Providing timely, accurate and reliable information describing the status and location of requisitions and materials has always been an issue. Just as an example, during the Gulf War, of the 40,000 containers entering the theater, 25,000 or 63% were stopped, opened and resealed, and set again in motion. This created the biggest backlog in the flow of logistics. The cost in man-hours was overwhelming but it isn’t the worst part of the story. Units, who failed to receive requisitioned parts and equipment within a reasonable period, reordered the items, thereby filling the distribution pipeline with duplicate and triplicate shipments. Each of these duplicated shipments, too, had associated costs, not only for the item but the work effort required to pick, pack and ship the materiel. The subsequent retrograde of the materiel and disposal of excess also carried significant costs. Unbelievably, some Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) depots are still, today, sorting and sifting through the returned items in an attempt to determine ownership and disposition. Obviously, something had to be done to remedy this situation and to prevent it from ever happening again. In response to these problems, TAV has become an integral part of the Total Distribution Action Plan. Approved in May 1992, the Total Distribution Action Plan identified many mission essential capabilities that were lacking in the logistics distribution system. Implementation of this plan has resulted in efforts to improve the quality and accessibility of information concerning assets in the distribution pipeline. As part of the TD Action Plan, TAV has evolved into a capability dedicated to retrieving worldwide asset information from existing and emerging systems.
This example shows the information needed and the supply flow of the system. a. Identify the information: NSN or part number; lot number; requisition number; TCN, DODIC, quantity, and Global positioning system (GPS) location. b. Identify who inputs it into the system, how visibility is maintained while it is moving, and how the customer is served by the data and the system enhanced. (1) Company A, 1 st BN 1 st Armor Division is deployed to Kuwait for training. A-1, an M1A2 tank just went deadlined for a thermal sight. The unit requests a new one on a high (02) priority request to the FSB. The FSB has already exhausted its stock of sights and forwards the request to the MSB. The MSB is also out of stock so the request is electronically forwarded to the CMMC in COSCOM who forwards it to Bull Army Depot, PA. This process took about 8 minutes and Bull Depot has 9 thermal sights in stock.
(2) One is pulled from the shelf and the shipping section puts it on an air force 463l pallet destined for Kuwait. Before actually placing the sight on the pallet the shipping document is scanned and the document #, nomenclature, LIN, RIC, UI, TCN, NSN, and QTY are written (called burning) to a radio frequency (RF) tag affixed to the pallet. The tag burning process also includes transmitting the detailed tag information to a regional server, which forwards this information to GTN, ATAV, LIV and JTAV. When the pallet leaves the shipping dock the tag is read by a fixed interrogator that relays the tag’s ID, number, date, and departure time through a communications base station to a regional server via a satellite communications link, LAN or dedicated phone lines. (3) The pallet is shipped to Dover AFB for air shipment to Kuwait. As it enters Dover AFB the tag’s ID # is again read by a fixed interrogator and this number along with the date and time is relayed to the regional server which passes this information to GTN, ATAV, LIF and JTAV.
Back in Kuwait an irate brigade commander is demanding to know where the parts to fix his primary weapons systems are. The FSB class IX manager sits calmly at his computer terminal and queries the LIF, ATAV, JTAV, or regional server. His response for the Bde CDR is back in seconds. The sight has left Dover AFB at 0832 EST on flight MC19, Dover to Kuwait. and will arrive in Kuwait City International Airport at 2200 local. (5) The aircraft lands in KC APOD and the tags are again read by a fixed interrogator. The pallet is scanned using a hand held interrogator and the high priority part is removed and placed on a thru-put pallet for the 1 st AD FSB. The sight request data is removed from the original pallet tag and burned onto a new tag using a fixed or hand-held interrogator. The new tag’s burn data is relayed to a regional server via the communications device at the airport. As the truck leaves the airport the fixed interrogator reads the tag ID# and relays it to the regional server. (6) The truck arrives at the FSB and the tags ID # is read by the FSB’s interrogator. This information is sent to the regional server and the shipment record is closed.
The TAV concept was written by the Logistics Integration Agency and consisted of two subordinate parts, asset visibility and in-transit visibility. Asset Visibility covers resources in inventory, or static to the visibility system, and in-transit visibility, which as the name implies, covers resources in motion throughout the strategic, operational and tactical continuums. The TAV concept has been translated into a computer software system, which can track resources throughout the world. This software supports the Battlefield Distribution requirement to be able to identify, cross level, ship, or redirect assets to provide immediate support to the soldier
TAV enables managers to pinpoint assets worldwide and use that information to more efficiently manage existing inventories. Improvements to TAV and its capabilities are a continual process. But the primary function of TAV will always be to provide visibility of materiel in use, in storage, in process and/or in-transit. TAV also provides visibility of materiel by weapon system relationship and currently supports over 3,000 users.
By now, it’s evident that an enormous amount of data is provided by TAV. Besides providing worldwide asset information, TAV is unique in that its data can be used by logisticians and managers to make timely and accurate decisions concerning inventory management, procurement, requisition status and redistribution at all levels from wholesale to retail.
TAV is an assimilator of data; when a user submits a query to TAV it assimilates data from as many as 42 databases, as necessary, to provide the user with a correct and complete response. The TAV capability captures data from a variety of Standard Army Management Information Systems (STAMIS) including ULLS, SAMS, SAAS-MOD, and SARSS. TAV is not a stand-alone system.
TAV provides access to a wide range of logistics data sources for a wide range of uses. The design of total asset visibility concentrates on data accumulation and access in order to support logisticians. As a capability,TAV provides access to information, which supports decision-making across the Army and is capable of assisting decision makers on future issues arising in a changing world. TAV is a technical capability that accesses existing data in current STAMIS. Data from these existing STAMIS is organized in views that support strategic decision-making.The design is “open” in nature and accommodates changing and additional STAMIS source data, as they become available.
AUTOMATIC IDENTIFICATION TECHNOLOGY (AIT) a. A family of technologies known as AIT supports TAV. These technologies are used to automate source data entry. AIT is the initial source of data to support TAV. AIT stores, transmits and retrieves volumes of data in response to the Army’s inventory. AIT uses a number of technologies. AIT includes bar coding, voice recognition, radio frequency identification, integrated circuit cards, memory cards, magnetic strip, optical character recognition laser cards and machine vision. b. The prototype system will be used at each Direct Support Unit to enhance receipt operations; this system will allow the receiving unit to perform bulk/batch operations.
In order to build confidence in the supply system and execute the power projection strategy—two questions must be answered. What’s in the box and where is the box? Automatic identification technology allows us to answer these questions. Linking information systems and bar coding, AIT captures and transacts the data necessary to feed TAV. AIT also allows a soldier to perform his/her job with limited access to communications or automation. In the austere Theater of Operations environment, where communications are not assured, we can't afford to stop the flow of materiel to obtain data. A merging of AIT technologies has ensured achievement of TAV's goals. After experimenting with several automatic identification technologies, it’s been determined that Radio Frequency Technology best meets the needs with its read/write omni directional capability. Numerous demonstrations have repeatedly shown that this technology has the capability to provide asset visibility information whether the supplies are in port, staging area, cargo transfer point, or ammunition storage point.
1. Benefits include a reduction in inventories and procurement, increased readiness levels, and overall improved management of assets Army-wide. TAV gives complete visibility of all Army assets by; weapon system, organization, location, quantity and condition. TAV is needed to: better manage existing inventories, redistribute in-storage assets, divert in-transit assets, avoid unnecessary procurements, support contingencies and save money. 2. ITV does NOT replace any current doctrine system or policy. Its primary effect on the current and future logistics system will be to streamline the logistics support provided to soldiers in the field and to integrate the transportation system into a seamless logistics system.
1. Logistics planners with 100% visibility will be able to support the combat commander’s planning and execution with timely proactive logistics. This will free commanders and their staffs to focus more effort on the mission and caring for soldiers. 2. Fielded as a component of the Global Combat Support System- Army (CGSS-Army) (formerly known as ICS3), this system will reduce the need for multiple layers of management at all levels from brigade thru EAC by enhancing the information flow to the leaders and planners as far forward as the individual combat battalion.
We have learned that Total Asset Visibility is a comprehensive capability geared to improve visibility of Army assets. TAV came about because past experience showed that asset visibility was an issue. In response to improving visibility, TAV became an integral part of the Total Distribution Program. TAV is divided into asset visibility and in-transit visibility sub-elements. TAV’s data is collected from a number of automated systems and assimilated in order to provide the user with a query response. Automatic Identification Technology feeds some of these automated systems.
We have also learned that ITV is the tagging and nodal monitoring capability that enhances Total Asset Visibility, and timely logistics support. ITV is the movement and storage component of TAV. It will identify and locate all classes of supply as they move within the logistics pipeline. RF tagging and tracking feeds many automated systems. The role of ITV is constantly expanding and it is important that you, as leaders, take advantage of this technology and use it to make informed, responsible decisions.
A useful web site to receive more information.
TOTAL ASSET VISIBILITY
TOTAL ASSET VISIBILITY <ul><li>AND </li></ul><ul><li>IN-TRANSIT VISIBILITY </li></ul>
TERMINAL LEARNING OBJECTIVE <ul><li>DESCRIBE AND DEFINE TOTAL ASSET VISIBILITY </li></ul><ul><li>DESCRIBE AND DEFINE IN-TRANSIT VISIBIITY </li></ul><ul><li>IDENTIFY SUB-ELEMENTS OF TAV </li></ul><ul><li>EXPLAIN TAV AND ITV STAMIS INTERRELATIONSHIP </li></ul>
DEFINITION <ul><li>TAV : </li></ul><ul><li>Is the ability for both logistics and operational managers to obtain and act on information on the location, quantity, condition, movement, and status of DOD assets. TAV includes all levels and all secondary items, both consumable and repairable. In addition the TAV capability is the Army initiative that provides visibility on the status, condition, and location of all classes of supply by consolidating a variety of logistical management related data from existing STAMIS. </li></ul>
DEFINITION <ul><li>ITV : </li></ul><ul><li>ITV is a component of TAV. ITV is a capability that uses Radio Frequency / Automated Identification (RF/AIT) designed to provide the logistics customer with maximum visibility and real-time status on the movement of all classes of supply. It identifies, locates, and tracks the movement of all classes of supply from source of supply to user. By using RF data storage tags and various communication technologies, this is a global inter-service system. </li></ul>
BACKGROUND <ul><li>TAV </li></ul><ul><li>Poor asset visibility during WWII, Korea, Vietnam, and Desert Shield/Storm </li></ul><ul><li>Lessons Learned </li></ul><ul><li>Component of the Battlefield Distribution Action Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Evolved into a capability to retrieve worldwide asset information </li></ul><ul><li>ITV </li></ul><ul><li>System is computer based </li></ul><ul><li>The Law : Garbage in = Garbage Out </li></ul><ul><li>Tracks by NSN or part number, lot number, requisition number, TCN, DODIC, quantity, and Global Positioning Location (GPS) </li></ul>
Information and Supply Flow ULLS-G OH = 0 SAMS-1 SARSS-O OH = 0 SARSS-O TAV OH = 0 A-CO 2/3 AR 53D FSB 23D MSB SARSS-O TAV OH = 0 2D COSCOM CMMC 8 MINUTES “ This is LTC Jack, Where is the Thermal sight I ordered? 48 hours later, BDE XO calls the53D FSB shop officer! “ Sir, I will have you an answer in five minutes” Slide 1 M1A2 goes NMC for a Thermal sight Bull Army Depot 9 Thermal sites on hand
Information and Supply Flow 53D FSB Shop Office BULL ARMY DEPOT 1 Thermal sight sent to loading dock RF tag affixed. Contains info by NSN, DOC #, and QTY Dover Xpress Dover AFB LIF tracks part utilizing dedicated phone lines or satellites for real time tracking Huntsville LIF Inquiry “ Sir, the TS left from Dover on flight MC19 at 0830, ETA here in Kuwait is 2200 local” “ Great job LT, Thanks” Slide 2
Information and Supply Flow 53D FSB LIF in Huntsville Alabama 2/3 AR 02 part removed from pallet and placed on first transport to FSB Part is scanned by hand held interrogator MSB Data transfer to LIF by HHI and a base site TRASR 2/3 AR 2/3 AR
SUB-ELEMENTS <ul><li>TOTAL ASSET VISIBILITY CONSISTS OF: </li></ul><ul><li>ASSET VISIBILITY IN-TRANSIT VISIBILITY </li></ul><ul><li>Visibility of anything Visibility of materiel </li></ul><ul><li>the Army owns, uses, moving through the pipeline </li></ul><ul><li>stocks or stores </li></ul>
WHAT DOES TAV DO? <ul><li>Retrieve information from existing STAMIS </li></ul><ul><li>Provides visibility of materiel in-use/ in-storage/ in-process/ in-transit </li></ul><ul><li>Provides visibility by weapon system relationship </li></ul><ul><li>Supports over 3000 users </li></ul>
WHAT DOES TAV DO? Continued... <ul><li>Enables managers to pinpoint assets worldwide and use that information to manage existing inventories </li></ul><ul><li>Data can be used to make timely and accurate decisions on inventory management/ procurement, requisition status and redistribution at all levels from wholesale to retail </li></ul>
TAV: A SINGLE SOURCE OF INFORMATION <ul><li>TAV assimilates data from as many as 42 databases </li></ul><ul><li>TAV is a technical capability, not a system that accesses existing data in current STAMIS </li></ul><ul><li>TAV captures data from a variety of Standard Army Management Information Systems (STAMIS) including ULLS, SAMS, SARSS, and SAAS-MOD. </li></ul>
TAV: A SINGLE SOURCE OF INFORMATION continued… <ul><li>TAV provides access to information which supports decision making </li></ul><ul><li>TAV design system is “open” and accommodates changing and emerging data </li></ul>
TAV SUPPORTING TECHNOLOGIES <ul><li>Automatic Identification Technology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>automates source data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>offers fast and accurate data capture, retrieval and transmission </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Radio Frequency Identification Technology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>links the information about the contents and location of cargo to information systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>captures the data necessary to feed TAV. Has proven to be the technology of choice for the TAV initiative </li></ul></ul>
TAV SUPPORTING TECHNOLOGIES continued... <ul><li>RF technologies has the capability to provide asset visibility information whether the supplies are in port, staging area, cargo transfer point, or ammunition storage point </li></ul>
BENEFITS <ul><li>TAV </li></ul><ul><li>Save money </li></ul><ul><li>Reduction in inventories and procurement, increased readiness levels, and overall improved management of assets Army-wide. </li></ul><ul><li>Complete visibility of assets by weapon system, organization, location quantity and condition. </li></ul><ul><li>A better way to manage existing inventories </li></ul>
BENEFITS <ul><li>ITV </li></ul><ul><li>Streamlines the logistics support provided to soldiers in the field </li></ul><ul><li>Integrates the transportation system into a seamless logistics system </li></ul><ul><li>In its end-state it will be free commanders and their staffs to focus more effort on the mission and caring for soldiers </li></ul>
SUMMARY <ul><li>TAV is a comprehensive initiative that improves visibility of assets the Army owns, uses, stores, or transports. </li></ul><ul><li>TAV and ITV are part of the Total Battlefield Distribution System. </li></ul><ul><li>TAV sub-elements are asset visibility and in-transit visibility </li></ul>
SUMMARY continued... <ul><li>ITV is the movement and storage component of TAV </li></ul><ul><li>RF tagging and tracking feeds many automated systems </li></ul><ul><li>TAV/ITV provide great advantage to leaders </li></ul>
WEB REFERENCES US Transportation Command Website Global Transportation Network: http://www. gtn .scott.af.mil