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    LINK LINK Presentation Transcript

    • ECS Technology Breakfast Green IT Sustainability, Productivity, and Economy April 9 th , 2009 Amir Dabirian Vice President For Information Technology Chief Information Technology Officer
    •  
    • What are you missing? “Impact of Technology”
      • 220,141,969 Internet users as of June/08, 72.5% of the population, according to Nielsen//NetRatings .
      • 73% of online users read a blog
      • 53% join social networks
      • 45% have started a blog
      • 83% have viewed a video online
      • 39% subscribe to RSS feeds
      • 36% think more positively about companies that have blogs
    • Did you know?
      • More than 1000 health-harming chemicals used in electronic products.
      • The rapidly growing carbon footprint associated with information and communications technologies, including laptops and PCs, data centers, computing networks, mobile phones, and telecommunications networks, could make them among the biggest greenhouse gas emitters by 2020.
    • Did you know?
      • Each year, we scrap 400 million units of electronics in the US.
      • In 2008, Americans bought an estimated 32 million digital TVs and 302 million computers.
      • CRT Monitors and TVs contain between four to eight pounds of lead per unit.
      • The EPA estimates that in 2005, the U.S. generated 2.63 million tons of e-waste but only 12.5% of that was collected for recycling.
    • Circle of Poison E-waste to China and Back
      • A large portion of e-waste in U.S. is not recycled here – it is shipped to developing countries
      • In one e-waste processing region of China
        • Over 80% of children have lead poisoning
        • Water is unsafe to drink
        • Workers have very high levels of toxins in their bodies
      • Metals recovered from e-waste recycling have high levels of lead
      • Those metals are used to make jewelry which is shipped back to the U.S. for sale
      • Much of this jewelry is made for children
    • Did you know?
      • EPA reports (per year)
        • 1 car generates 5 tons of CO2
        • 1 computer generates 1200 KWH  1680 lb CO2
        • 1 Acre of trees to absorb 4 tons of CO2
      • 1 KWH  1.4 lb of CO2
    • Green Computing?
      • Reduction of e-waste
      • Reduction of fossil fuel and power consumption
      • Reduction of organization carbon footprint
      • Advocacy and education programs
      • Helping enterprise reduce costs through more efficient processes
    • Reduction of E-Waste “Sustainable IT”
      • Implementing EPEAT (Electronic Production Environmental Assessment Tool) purchasing requirements
      • EPEAT - Three Tier system which evaluates electronic products in relation to 51(23 required and 28 optional) environmental criteria.
      • EPEAT Bronze – Meets all 23 required criteria
      • EPEAT Silver - Meets all 23 required and 50% optional criteria
      • EPEAT Gold – Meets all 23 required and 75% optional criteria
    • EPEAT – Environmental Performance Categories Category Required Criteria Optional Criteria Total Criteria Environmentally Sensitive Materials 3 8 11 Materials Selection 3 3 6 Designed for End of Life 6 5 11 Product Longevity/Life Cycle Extension 2 2 4 Energy Conservation 1 3 4 End of Life Management 2 1 3 Corporate Performance 3 2 5 Packaging 3 4 7
    • Reduction of Power Consumption
      • More efficient power supplies, batteries and equipment
      • Better system power management (shutting down systems and components when not used)
      • Better optimization of systems and equipment
      • Alternative method of thinking via new technologies
    • Reduction of Power Consumption
      • CSUF has implemented a workstation power saving method – automated stand-by policy
      • Faculty/Staff systems go on stand-by after 60 minutes of inactivity.
      • Resulted in a decrease of about 50% from normal scenario.
    •  
    • Green Data Center
      • As of 2006, the electricity use attributable to the nation’s servers and data centers was 61 billion kilowatt hours(kwh) or 1.5 percent of total U.S. electricity consumption.
      • Data Center electricity usage doubles every 9-24 months.
      • IDC estimates that more than 20 million servers are underutilized, each one emitting 4 tons of carbon dioxide annually.
    • Green Data Center Strategies
      • Server Virtualization
        • VM-Ware
        • Multiple Virtual Servers using a single physical server
      • Benefits
        • Maximize Physical Space
        • Maximize CPU Utilization
        • Easier Administration and Maintenance
    • Green Data Center Strategies
      • Optimize Data Center Architecture
        • Scalable power and cooling
        • Row-based cooling and layouts
        • High-efficiency Uninterruptable power supply(UPS)
        • Higher voltage input sources (240/480V)
        • Variable-speed drives on pumps and chillers
      • Benefits
        • Exhibits a 40% decrease in electrical consumption
    • CSUF Data Center: CPU Load
    • What is New in Technology?
    • Leveraging New Technology
      • SaaS - Software as a Service
        • Google Applications, TurboTax, Salesforce Automation
      • Cloud Computing
      • Social Networking
        • Facebook, YouTube
      • Web Conferencing
      • Portals
      • Business Intelligence
    • Leveraging New Technology? “Web Conferencing”
        • Web Conferencing
    • Virtual Computer Lab
      • Virtual Computer Lab
        • Desktop Virtualization
        • Application Virtualization
        • Storage Consolidation
      • Benefits
        • Optimize CPU utilization
        • Longer life cycle for electronic equipment
    • Equipment Refresh
      • EPEAT Purchasing Plans
      • @CSUF
        • Replaced all of Faculty/Staff computers in past year and a half (over 2000 computers)
          • EPEAT Gold standards
          • Systems are 15-30% more efficient
        • Replaced all CRTs (over 600) with LCD panels
    • Printing Strategies
      • Reduction of Printers
      • Going Paperless
        • Electronic newspaper and flyers
        • Robust email system for faculty/staff/students
        • Adobe PDF writers
      • Copiers with PDF scanning capabilities for electronic replication
      • New Xerox printers with 100% recyclable inks
      • Amazon Kindle
    • Printing Strategies
    • References
      • Balakrishnan, S., Spicer, D. Z. “Climate Change, Campus Commitments, and IT.” Educause Center for Applied Research. Research Bulletin Vol. 2008, Issue 20. September 30, 2008.
      • Belady, Christian, ed. “Green Grid Date Center Power Efficiency Metrics: PUE and DCIE.” The Green Grid . 2008.
      • Boccaletti, Giulio, Loffler, Mark, and Oppenheim, Jeremy M. “How IT Can Cut Carbon Emissions.” The McKinsey Quarterly: Information Technology . October 2008. McKinsey and Company.
      • California Green Innovation Index.
      • “ Data Center Energy Forecast: Final Report.” 29 July 2008. Silicon Valley Leadership Group. 2008.
      • EPA Report to Congress on Server and Data Center Energy Efficiency Appendices. August 2, 2007.
      • “ E-Waste: The Exploding Global Electronic Waste Crisis.” October 10, 2008. Electronics Take Back Coalition.
      • Fact Sheet on National Data Center Energy Efficiency Information Program U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) March 19, 2008.
    • References
      • Fanara, Andrew. “Global Trends and Opportunities for Energy Efficiency.” Datacentre Energy Dynamics . Lifecycle Energy Efficiency Conference / Expo. London 2007.
      • Fanara, Andrew. “Navigating Our Environmental Future.” Environmental Protection Agency.
      • “ Green IT: Why Mid-Size Companies Are Investing Now.” InfoTech Research Group.
      • GreenerComputing Staff. “Cisco’s Unified Computing Takes Virtualization to New Level.” March 17, 2009. GreenerComputing. March 20, 2009. http://www.greenercomputing.com/print/32829
      • GreenerComputing Staff. “U.S. Government Mandates EPEAT Purchases.” 9 January 2008. GreenerComputing. 4 April 2009.
      • http://www.greenercomputing.com/news/2008/01/09/us-government-mandates-epeat-pc-purchases
      • “ IBM Information Infrastructure to meet new emerging green initiatives and needs in IT.” IBM Storage Solution . IBM.
      • “ Leaving Our Mark on the Planet.” Green Fingerprints . 2008. Center for Digital Education. eRepublic, Inc. 2008 .
    •