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Keep websites alive
 

Keep websites alive

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  • 21.5.2010
  • Whole demo scene for browser functionality! Header text here... Footer text here... Page
  • 21.5.2010

Keep websites alive Keep websites alive Presentation Transcript

  • Jeffrey van der Hoeven Koninklijke Bibliotheek (KB) National Library of the Netherlands 6 October 2009, San Francisco, USA IIPC Active Solutions event Keep websites alive
  • http://en.wikipedia.org WorldWideWeb browser - 1991
  • http://jwz.livejournal.com/856745.html Mosaic - 1993
  • http://bodmas.org/blog/notes/my-new-web-browser/ Netscape - 1994
  • http://www.microsoft.com Internet Explorer 1.0 - 1995
  • Emulation for digital preservation Google Chrome - 2009
  • Transition of browsers
    • The way we use internet has changed.
    • From WWW-viewer to all-round environment.
    • Caused by:
    • High-speed internet connections
    • Improved computer capabilities (CPU, memory, storage)
    • New internet techniques
  • Transition of functionality
    • Integration of media (text, sound, animations)
    • Dynamic & personalised content
    • Online collaboration
    • Security & authentication
    • Feeds (RSS, ATOM, etc.)
    • SaaS (Software as a Service)
    • Static web sites
    • News groups
    • Offline working (history & caching
    • Bookmarking
  • Transition of technology
    • HTML, XHTML, CSS, XML, XSLT, SSL, …
    • Java & Java Scripting, .NET
    • RSS, RDF, ATOM, …
    • Many plugins:
      • Audio & video codecs
      • Adobe PDF & Flash
      • ActiveX
      • Quicktime, …
    • HTML
    • Images and sound support
    • A few plugins
  • Web browsers of the future
    • Browser becomes the central application of a computer
    • Upcoming:
      • Google Chrome OS
      • Google Wave is a new tool for communication and collaboration on the web: http:// wave.google.com
  • Websites are compatible, browsers are not! Computer A
  • Websites are compatible, browsers are not! Computer B
  • Websites are compatible, browsers are not!
    • Different interpretation of web code
    • Software dependencies:
      • Operating system
      • Fonts
      • Plugins (Flash, ActiveX)
      • Java Runtime Environment (JRE)
      • Video & Audio codecs
    Need for a sustainable solution to render websites! Hardware Operating system Drivers & plug-ins Web browser Web site
  • Emulation as preservation strategy Hardware Operating system emulator Operating system + Fonts, codecs, plugins
  • How emulation works Old computer Operating system + Fonts,codecs,plugins New computer Operating system emulator Operating system + Fonts,codecs,plugins
  • Emulation at the KB
    • Research into emulation since 1999
    • Consulted Jeff Rothenberg
    • 2005 – 2007: emulation project with Nationaal Archief & Tessella
    • Dioscuri – the durable emulator
    • 2008 – 2010: Dioscuri in Planets
    • 2009 – 2012: Dioscuri in KEEP
    • http://dioscuri.sourceforge.net
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  • Dioscuri – emulator for digital preservation
    • Current version: 0.4.0
    • Capable of:
      • Target OS: MS-DOS, FreeDOS, Linux 16-bit (ELKS), MS Windows 3.0
      • Apps: Norton Commander 3.0, WordPerfect 5.1, DrawPerfect 1.1, many games like PC-versions of PacMan, Tetris, Chess and many more.
        • Also DOS-based web browser Arachne .
      • XML-based module configuration
      • Host platforms:
        • Intel, PowerPC, Sun Sparc.
        • MS Windows/MacOS, Mac, Sun Sparc Solaris.
  • How to apply emulation to my business?
    • Challenges:
    • Only techies can operate emulators
    • Data often still stored on old data carriers
    • Original software required
    • Legal implications of emulation and software re-use
    • Manuals, tutorials and other supporting documents
    • Skilled people for operating old environments
    • Keeping Emulation Environments Portable
    • Objectives:
    • Improving transfer of digital data on old media to newer media
    • Improving long-term access to digital objects in its original context
    • Becoming computer platform independent
    KEEP project
    • Keeping Emulation Environments Portable
    • Delivers:
    • Workflow for migrating digital content from old carriers
    • Workflow for applying emulation in an organisation
      • Metadata capture
      • Automated preparation of emulation environment
      • Remote access to emulated environment
    • Universal computer platform to overcome software obsolesence
    • Legal study into emulation and software re-use
    KEEP project
  • KEEP consortium – www.keep-project.eu Facts and Figures: Feb 2009 – Feb 2012 10 partners ranging from libraries and universities to gaming industry EC funding: M€3 through the FP7 ICT Work
  • Digital Archive KEEP Transfer Tools Framework KEEP Emulation Framework KEEP Universal layer Computer objects + metadata Old carriers
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  • Taking things forward
    • We need your feedback!
      • About your collection
      • About your interest into emulation
    • Software archive
      • Who will take the lead on this?
      • How should it be organised?
    • Joint effort in solving legal implications around preservation and use of websites, software, emulation
  • Thank you for listening! Any questions? www.keep-project.eu Contact: jeffrey.vanderhoeven@kb.nl