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Keep websites alive

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  • 21.5.2010
  • Whole demo scene for browser functionality! Header text here... Footer text here... Page
  • 21.5.2010
  • Transcript

    • 1. Jeffrey van der Hoeven Koninklijke Bibliotheek (KB) National Library of the Netherlands 6 October 2009, San Francisco, USA IIPC Active Solutions event Keep websites alive
    • 2. http://en.wikipedia.org WorldWideWeb browser - 1991
    • 3. http://jwz.livejournal.com/856745.html Mosaic - 1993
    • 4. http://bodmas.org/blog/notes/my-new-web-browser/ Netscape - 1994
    • 5. http://www.microsoft.com Internet Explorer 1.0 - 1995
    • 6. Emulation for digital preservation Google Chrome - 2009
    • 7. Transition of browsers
      • The way we use internet has changed.
      • From WWW-viewer to all-round environment.
      • Caused by:
      • High-speed internet connections
      • Improved computer capabilities (CPU, memory, storage)
      • New internet techniques
    • 8. Transition of functionality
      • Integration of media (text, sound, animations)
      • Dynamic & personalised content
      • Online collaboration
      • Security & authentication
      • Feeds (RSS, ATOM, etc.)
      • SaaS (Software as a Service)
      • Static web sites
      • News groups
      • Offline working (history & caching
      • Bookmarking
    • 9. Transition of technology
      • HTML, XHTML, CSS, XML, XSLT, SSL, …
      • Java & Java Scripting, .NET
      • RSS, RDF, ATOM, …
      • Many plugins:
        • Audio & video codecs
        • Adobe PDF & Flash
        • ActiveX
        • Quicktime, …
      • HTML
      • Images and sound support
      • A few plugins
    • 10. Web browsers of the future
      • Browser becomes the central application of a computer
      • Upcoming:
        • Google Chrome OS
        • Google Wave is a new tool for communication and collaboration on the web: http:// wave.google.com
    • 11. Websites are compatible, browsers are not! Computer A
    • 12. Websites are compatible, browsers are not! Computer B
    • 13. Websites are compatible, browsers are not!
      • Different interpretation of web code
      • Software dependencies:
        • Operating system
        • Fonts
        • Plugins (Flash, ActiveX)
        • Java Runtime Environment (JRE)
        • Video & Audio codecs
      Need for a sustainable solution to render websites! Hardware Operating system Drivers & plug-ins Web browser Web site
    • 14. Emulation as preservation strategy Hardware Operating system emulator Operating system + Fonts, codecs, plugins
    • 15. How emulation works Old computer Operating system + Fonts,codecs,plugins New computer Operating system emulator Operating system + Fonts,codecs,plugins
    • 16. Emulation at the KB
      • Research into emulation since 1999
      • Consulted Jeff Rothenberg
      • 2005 – 2007: emulation project with Nationaal Archief & Tessella
      • Dioscuri – the durable emulator
      • 2008 – 2010: Dioscuri in Planets
      • 2009 – 2012: Dioscuri in KEEP
      • http://dioscuri.sourceforge.net
    • 17.  
    • 18.  
    • 19.  
    • 20.  
    • 21.  
    • 22. Dioscuri – emulator for digital preservation
      • Current version: 0.4.0
      • Capable of:
        • Target OS: MS-DOS, FreeDOS, Linux 16-bit (ELKS), MS Windows 3.0
        • Apps: Norton Commander 3.0, WordPerfect 5.1, DrawPerfect 1.1, many games like PC-versions of PacMan, Tetris, Chess and many more.
          • Also DOS-based web browser Arachne .
        • XML-based module configuration
        • Host platforms:
          • Intel, PowerPC, Sun Sparc.
          • MS Windows/MacOS, Mac, Sun Sparc Solaris.
    • 23. How to apply emulation to my business?
      • Challenges:
      • Only techies can operate emulators
      • Data often still stored on old data carriers
      • Original software required
      • Legal implications of emulation and software re-use
      • Manuals, tutorials and other supporting documents
      • Skilled people for operating old environments
    • 24.
      • Keeping Emulation Environments Portable
      • Objectives:
      • Improving transfer of digital data on old media to newer media
      • Improving long-term access to digital objects in its original context
      • Becoming computer platform independent
      KEEP project
    • 25.
      • Keeping Emulation Environments Portable
      • Delivers:
      • Workflow for migrating digital content from old carriers
      • Workflow for applying emulation in an organisation
        • Metadata capture
        • Automated preparation of emulation environment
        • Remote access to emulated environment
      • Universal computer platform to overcome software obsolesence
      • Legal study into emulation and software re-use
      KEEP project
    • 26. KEEP consortium – www.keep-project.eu Facts and Figures: Feb 2009 – Feb 2012 10 partners ranging from libraries and universities to gaming industry EC funding: M€3 through the FP7 ICT Work
    • 27. Digital Archive KEEP Transfer Tools Framework KEEP Emulation Framework KEEP Universal layer Computer objects + metadata Old carriers
    • 28.  
    • 29. Taking things forward
      • We need your feedback!
        • About your collection
        • About your interest into emulation
      • Software archive
        • Who will take the lead on this?
        • How should it be organised?
      • Joint effort in solving legal implications around preservation and use of websites, software, emulation
    • 30. Thank you for listening! Any questions? www.keep-project.eu Contact: jeffrey.vanderhoeven@kb.nl