Central Institute of Educational Technology, NCERT, New Delhi
Regional Institute of Education, Bhopal
Educational Technology Lecture Series
February 6, 2009
ICT Wave in Education
Mr. Dilip Tikle
Hexaware Technologies, Mumbai
ICT Wave in Education
India will be soon the “Largest Youngest Country” in the world. We will have largest
youngest population in the world. In this context we have more responsibility to convert
them into “Knowledge Workers” to satisfy the need for such workforce across the world.
This workforce will have more opportunities if they are relevant competencies and
appropriately skilled. Education in our country will bring this transformation is globally
accepted across the experts and visionaries. India is developing its technological
infrastructure in hi-speed manner and of course in most cost effective –efficient manner.
End user devices are rapidly growing, usage of them is growing with unexpected speed
and awareness is growing, this all set for bright future of our country’s education scene.
Our legacy has always given importance to teacher driven education over self learning
skills. We come from “Gurukul” tradition and develop self learning skills very late in our
career. Instructor Led Teaching (ILT) has always remained dominant in our educational
system and is the case even today.
If we look at to our large population, their geographical issues, available physical
infrastructure for education, cultural diversities in our country, available Teaching
Workforce; we achieving this target in traditional way of education look to be an
unrealistic dream. We need to use ICT effectively as a vehicle to take this mission ahead.
We need to gear up with our teaching Workforce, Domain Experts, Educationalists and
ICT experts to join hands to make it available to every trainer and a learner. Teachers
will and have issues of updating, handling more number of students, evaluation and
assessment of students, Preparation time for lectures, administrative work and providing
personal attention to their progress. I am sure many of you must be having experienced
and are worried about how to address this in times to come.
Look at some of the important Laws
1. Moore’s Law “Computing Power doubles every 18-24 months”, Disk Law
“Storage doubles every 12 months”,
2. Fibre Law “Communication doubles every 9 months”,
3. Metcalf’s Law “Value of network increases by the square of number of
devices connected to it”,
4. Community Law “Content increases by 2X with X being the number of
Many academic bodies have tried assorted isolated efforts, invested money and
experience frustration in the past. There is no point in commenting on such a bad
experience but in-fact we should appreciate their efforts to use ICT in education and take
a fresh look at to this.
It is quite visible that digital revolution in education is approaching us and we need to be
ready to ride on them.
The very purpose of this paper is to understand the various aspect where ICT can be
effectively used and look at to some experiments already done, understand about them
to decide our action plan to deal with challenges.
We will approach like this
1. Areas where ICT can be effectively used
2. Types of applications currently used worldwide
3. Few points to ponder for future in Indian context
PC penetration has increased in India from last 5 years. Number of PC’s sold in India for
last five years are more then number of colour televisions sold. This is the first year
where worldwide number of Laptops sold is more then number of desktops sold. Shortly
highest number of Personal Handheld Devices (PDA’s) will be in India. We already have
highest number of mobile phones in India. It is said that mobile phones are connected
devices of convenience. Computers are used as productivity devices and gateway of
online learning. The costs of these devices are reducing every year by at least 15 %.
More power packed devices are introduced to handle higher challenges. LCD monitors
and TVs are making penetration in highest pace ever in the history of electronics
We have now broadband availability on a copper cable, wireless in major area of
population. There are educational complexes which are getting Wi-Fi ready/Wi-Max
Ready. The multiple players are using various technologies in Copper cable, fiber cables,
wireless, Wi-Fi and even satellite to reach to every consumer across the country (Edusat
is a classic example of it).
The Digital television revolution if increasing and dominance of poor quality TV cable
network is getting wiped off. This is increasing penetration of Set Top Boxes in a silent
way. They will become important gateway for education. It is said by Bill Gates a
visionary in the world that next revolution will not be through PC only but will be through
TV- IP TV.
Data projectors are now affordable and almost every educational institution in cities has
it with them. You will see a major revolution be laser projectors, which will be handheld
(May be as a feature of mobile) and will consume lesser power and will produce sharper
images, multiple images simultaneously and wide variety of image options.
Satellites for education is reality, Phone-in shows with interactivity is been tested for
long time now. Online recording and replaying for 100’s of channels is now reality with
advance set top boxes.
Digital camera has come to many hands and an ocean of Digital Contents is getting
created, some uploaded, some shared and mostly lying in digital memory. The cost
effectiveness, easy of operation, size-weight, cost of operation with cost of ownership
and reasonable resolution has made them so popular and people are crazy to use them.
Worldwide teachers are trying move away from profession due to overload of work, poor
teacher: student ratio and value for the efforts including the respect with dignity. I think
the ICT can give a definite edge to few of the pain areas.
ICT Trends in Education
ICT is effectively used in the following verticals
1. University/College/School Student life cycle Management
2. University/College/School Administration
3. University/School Customer-Relation-Management(CRM)
4. School Academics Management
5. School Students Management
6. Online Self Learning
7. Evaluation and assessments
8. Authorization, Certification
9. Learning Management System (LMS)
10. Learning Content Management System (LCMS)
11. Collaborative Learning
12. Global research
13. Knowledge Management
14. Virtual Classrooms
15. Virtual Laboratories
18. Survey applications for research
19. Career Management
20. Need base training
These are obvious trends where ICT is effectively and efficiently being used
worldwide and can be used in India. We have many live examples of these verticals
or similar versions for the same.
We can even drill down in each and every vertical mentioned above to get the smaller
utilities or applications needed to reduce repeated efforts, use automated applications to
perform tasks in timely and efficient way. These applications will increase efficiency,
productivity, higher value for money and learner will enjoy next level of services. They
can be configured for Student Centric Approach for highest benefit.
ICT works effective on Scale-of-economy, so as we stat using the services more; the
cost of services will go down substantially. We have and even in future will set low cost
services example in the world. Significant innovations are happening in the field of ICT
utilization for education in India. These innovations are more due to lack of
infrastructure, IT literacy, unawareness of faculties and progressiveness of learners.
Many players in the field of Data transmission are trying to club with educational experts
to provide bundled educational services for better learner experience and higher value
for the money they invested.
ICT in education is creating WIN:WIN:WIN situation and oppertunities for
Learners:Trainers:ServiceProviders. This looks to be a path of progress to meet our
International players have also folding their sleeves to meet the growing and
demanding ICT needs of Indian education market and we see who’s who of the world in
the field of ICT and education are operating in India in small or a big way. This also
indicates the world focused attention on our progress.
Challenges in ICT usage in India is more of acceptability then affordability and
availability. The promise of open source is better quality, higher reliability, more
flexibility, lower cost and end to predatory vendor lock-in.
Web 2.0 created immense opportunity to leverage on ICT especially in education. New
features will increase our productivity and quality of learner experience.
ICT in education free options available on web
We will look at to some online resources available in ICT for education. We can seriously
look at to them and understand them and visualize the customization required if any or
use it right from now. Believe me it’s an experience which every trainer expert must
take. Their wisdom will bring in new generation applications for even better learning
Information Technology (IT) is a confluence of
Software as a Service (SaaS) services free services on web can be effectively
used in education.
Let’s look at 50 web Services on ICT useful in education.
1. Bit torrent – Sharing Content - Free, open source file-sharing application
effective for distributing very large software and media files. Documentation,
2. Brainbench, happychild.org.uk/ - Assessment Tool - Offers pre-employment
testing, assessment and screening services and products, as well as employment
screening and testing. We can develop tests with products like HOT Potato in
3. Cellphedia - It is a Mobile Social Software (MoSoSo) that promotes the sharing
of knowledge. It allows users to send and receive encyclopedia-type inquiries
between specific, pre-defined groups of users, through Text messaging. Users can
register on this site and start building the quick-reference Cellphedia-type entries.
Any user can ask questions or answer ones wherever cell phone service is
4. Digg – It is a place for people to discover and share content from anywhere on
the web. From the biggest online destinations to the most obscure blog.
Everything you can get across the world in news almost instantaneously.
5. Dogpile – Meta Search – It makes searching the Web easy, because it has all the
best search engines piled into one. No worry to structurally store documents and
6. EyeOS – Virtual PC with OS- An open-source browser based web desktop. Full
documentation, download, and community support are provided.(PHP5).
7. Facebook.com - Facebook helps you connect and share with the people in your
life and remain in touch with them in group as well as peer-to-peer mode. You
can share as and when you wish.
8. Flickr.com – Share your photos and Videos and all digital resources. You can
simply use it as your own resources and use it effectively.
9. Freebase - Freebase is an open database of the world’s information. "Open"
means it's built by the community, for the community. It also means that the
database is freely, openly licensed. Freebase already contains millions of facts in
dozens of categories spanning people, locations, books, movies, music,
companies, science, sports, and more, and is growing daily, thanks to the efforts
of a passionate, global user community. Work as collaborative intelligent social
network of domain specific community.
10. Friendster - Friendster is a leading global social network emphasizing genuine
friendships and the discovery of new people through friends. Create batch mates
and class group for long term relationships and sharing the knowledge and
11. Google Application – Messaging (Gmail, Google Calendar and Google Talk are
powerful tools that can save your money and time). Voice and video chat now
available in Gmail. Collaboration - Google Docs, Google Video and Google Sites
complement traditional office software to make teamwork easier. Companies or
departments can use these apps on their own to be more productive.
12. Google books – Get eBooks free without violating copyright issues. Cut and
paste useful contents in your aricle, presentation, contents for learners. Get rare
books with lot of added information. Access to the large pool of research already
done in some part of the world and published.
13. Google Doc (Don’t require any software like word, PowerPoint, excel,
AutoCAD…) Google Docs accepts most popular file formats, including DOC, XLS,
ODT, ODS, RTF, CSV, PPT, etc. So go ahead and upload your existing files. Create
documents, spreadsheets and presentations online
14. Google earth – Travel across the globe, make flight tours to territory, know the
best places on the earth, get current details of any place of interest in seconds,
know territory, study cultural issues .. Just to tell you few.
15. Google Maps – Teach History and geography with Maps, Discuss about water
bodies, environmental effects, agricultural penetration, crop cover, Forest cover,
calculations for waterbeds measurements, Counter mapping techniques on maps.
16. Google Mashups editor - Data Mashups - In web development, a mashup is a
web application that combines data from more than one source into a single
integrated tool. E. g. Google maps integrate with environmental data, resident
information and real estate data to create context to the search.
17. Google Page Rank System - Google looks at the pages that link to your page
and how they rank in terms of importance. Specifically, pages that have links
from important, high quality pages, receive a higher PageRank. Google combines
PageRank with sophisticated text-matching techniques to find pages, which are
both important and relevant to your search. This helps for relevant, quality and
18. Google Space – Move in a space to teach Astrology, to have learn with fun.
Observe the time triggered grand events in the sky even few hundred years back
and future. See lifetime views of the sky. Understand the sky and its behavior
anytime from anywhere. Understand its effects on the world below by switching
between Google earth and sky by click of the mouse.
19. Jumpcut.com – Share video’s, develop contents with pre categorized videos,
research opportunities and use in presentation for their effectiveness.
20. Kazaa – Music download, lectures download and sound banks for education.
21. Language Learning - byki., .hellofriend.org/parents/language.html,
sil.org/lglearning/developing.htm, .mes-english.com/, britishcouncil.org/kids-
internationalparentingassociation.org/. – language learning was never so easy.
Learn; teach any language at your leisure time. Get assignments, worksheets for
practice, chat with experts, listen- talk under observations, get quick reference
22. Lime Survey - It is an Open Source PHP web application to develop, publish and
collect responses to online & offline surveys in minutes.
23. Linkedin.com – It is a Professional Social Networking Site. Know the experts get
connected for individual progress, domain knowledge building, event organization
and for right job for right person at right time. Know the profiles of professionals
listed. It is a perfect solution to get connected to experts.
24. Music Manager - iTunes U – Create, edit, mix music. Access large sound banks
25. MySpace.com - MySpace is an online community that lets you meet your
friends' friends. Participate in polls, Q & A sessions, Blogs, take quizzes, writing
walls, whiteboards and know interesting things across the globe in fastest
possible manner. You work with your generation (not by age but by IT skills) and
work at that plane.
26. Netvibes.com - Netvibes is a free web service that brings together your favorite
media sources and online services. Everything that matters to you — blogs, news,
weather, videos, photos, social networks, email and much more — is
automatically updated every time you visit your page. It can work as your
portfolio. It solves your need for file structure management.
27. Ning.com – Social Networking Site, join the likeminded communities. Spend time
qualitatively, get mentored, get different perspectives and views. Understand by
28. Open Croquet - Virtual reality platform. Croquet is a powerful open source
software technology that, in the form of the Croquet Software Developer's Kit
(Croquet SDK), can be used by experienced software developers to create and
deploy deeply collaborative multi-user online virtual world applications on and
across multiple operating systems and devices.
29. Pageflakes.com – Pageflakes is the social personalized homepage, is
revolutionizing how we how we start with and use the Internet. You can easily
customize the Internet and make it yours using ‘”Flakes” – small, movable
versions of all of your web favorites that you can arrange on your personal
homepage. You can also participate in the Pageflakes community, sharing your
page as a “Pagecast” with a private group or with the world, and connecting with
other users across the globe. It is inclusive of communities from Facebook,
MySpace, YouTube, Twitter, Flickr, news, sports, e-mail, local events, search,
photos, music, videos – even interactive tools like a calendar and a to-do list –
and just about anything else you do on the web at school, work and at home. The
Pageflakes user community creates and helps each other discover more new
Flakes and Pagecasts every day
30. People directories-Business Directories - Plaxo, Spoke – It online address
book and social networking service. Directory for personal references, business
references, professional references. It maintains information of each and
everybody with alert services.
31. Search academic DMOZ – It is an open directory project. Even we can
contribute and get a massive list of open directories for resources.
32. Search Engines – Google, MSN, Infoseek, Excite, Lycos, HotBot, Ask Jeeves
(Ask.com) and AltaVista – They help in reaching to right contents in shortest
possible time. Help us in getting references, now even in local language.
33. Second Life - Virtual reality platform - Second Life® is a 3-D virtual world
created by innovators, since opening to the public in 2003; it has grown
explosively and today is inhabited by millions of users across the globe.
34. Sketchcast.com – Share Sketches, draw sketches online through various
applications. Convert sketches from one style to another style of various artists.
35. Skype – communication Talk Unlimited to select once on net - you can make free
calls over the internet to other people on Skype for as long as you like, to
wherever you like.
36. Slideshare.net – Share Slide presentations, quick learning, smart support for
presentation, brilliant templates, designs and layouts.
37. Splashup.com – Share Picture’s, use for projects, content development,
presentations. Well categorized bank of pictures.
38. Swivel - Swivel's mission is to make data useful. Explore and compare data,
create graphs and maps. Share insights via email, blog or by data downloads.
Upload the data you care about.
39. Technorati; Front Page – It is Real-time search for user-generated media
(including weblogs) by tag or keyword. Also provides popularity indexes in
seconds for training and research.
40. Twitter.com - Twitter is a service for friends, family, and co–workers
to communicate and stay connected through the exchange of quick, frequent
answers to one simple question: What are you doing? It is an alternative to
messengers. Gives speed, privacy, quick response and built culture for
41. Utterz.com – Talk amongst yourself your connected life at almost no cost. In
real time no hassles, security issues and great hardware requirements. Just talk
unlimited to whomever you wish to talk anywhere-anytime.
42. Video Sharing sites - YouTube, Google Videos, Viddler, Blip.tv, metacafe,
43. VideoANT - online environment for text annotations to video’s recorded, create
subtitle Multilanguage video contents.
44. Virtual Laboratories – Physics – flashcardexchange -Chemistry - virtlab.com/
main.aspx, Math's - bbc.co.uk/schools/wordsandpictures/cvc/- testbooks.com/,
themathworksheetsite.com/ - happychild.org.uk/teleport.htm - funmaths.com/-
just few references to get resources and access to school science virtual
laboratories. History-Geography - .teachingideas.co.uk/index.shtml, Google
Earth. General - schoolexpress.com/
45. Wikipedia.org - Collective Intelligence and open online encyclopedia, Knowledge
Management and resource Center
46. Yahoo life - Xobni.com - Social OS - Social Operating systems in living in the
online world with students. Get connected, share, teach and learn as freely as
real life experience. Remain touched, connected throughout the life span of a
47. Yahoo Pipes - Data Mashups application in SaaS mode, You can use information
from different sources-databases and make information-knowledge-wisdom out of
that. No need for expensive Data warehouse and data mining tools, data analysis
tools (DWDM tools) for relatively simple applications.
48. Zoho – online office freeware - Zoho offers a suite of online web applications
geared towards increasing your productivity and offering easy collaboration.
Zoho's online office tools are Writer, Sheet, Creator, Personal, Crm, Projects,
Mail and Business.
49. Zoho.com - Development of WBS of project, Project Management tools and
templates, online assistant with tool for project management.
50. Zotero – Bibliography tool - It is a powerful, easy-to-use research tool that helps
you gather, organize, and analyze sources and then share the results of our
These all sites are free and live currently. They are very dynamic in nature so may get
charged or even change their names. So please bear with me in case of any change in
Long term approach for ICT implementation
ICT implementation will have nine important issues
1. Cost of ownership
3. Easy User Interface
5. Minimum resources at user end
6. Integration capabilities
7. Ease of customization
8. Open Source or low license fees
The above few links shows that there are SaaS services are available and we can use
We should have three fold approaches to implementation, they can run in parallel
1. Technical Infrastructure and application design-Development-Testing-
2. Train the trainer with adequate contents
3. Awareness among the learners community
We need to ensure the cost benefit ratio of these services in integrated way.
Real Challenge is to built appropriate applications around technologies for effective
I feel that these may not be perfect ideas for education in India but there is something
to take from them, learn from them and design long term and appropriately suitable and
holistic blueprint for ICT in Education.
The wave is coming we need to be ready we have some experiences across the work still
our experience will be definitely different. Get set ready.
You cannot resist an idea whose time has come.
I believe ICT based education is a timely proposition for success.