Accessibility in the cloud:  The benefits and barriers Dr Scott HOLLIER Presentation for OzeWAI November 2009
Introduction <ul><li>Cloud computing:  what is it?  </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits and barriers of the cloud </li></ul><ul><li...
Access trends <ul><li>Windows 7 and Mac OS X Snow Leopard significantly improved access features </li></ul><ul><li>Netbook...
Cloud computing <ul><li>Internet-based development and delivery of computing technologies  </li></ul><ul><li>Removes the n...
Types of cloud computing <ul><li>Software as a service (SaaS)  </li></ul><ul><li>Platform as a service (PaaS): app creatio...
Popular cloud examples <ul><li>Mainstream cloud generally refers to SaaS and Utility, although future PaaS and Integrated ...
Benefits of the cloud <ul><li>Device-independence: most accessible devices can be used to access the cloud </li></ul><ul><...
<ul><li>Collaboration: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Overcome  mobility issues  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disability perceived di...
Barriers of the cloud <ul><li>Broadband access poor </li></ul><ul><li>Steep learning curve </li></ul><ul><li>Data security...
Barriers of the cloud <ul><li>Accessibility of the cloud itself:  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Extremely hit-and-miss </li></ul><...
Addressing the issues  <ul><li>Broadband (NBN rollout)  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Universal availability  </li></ul></ul><ul><...
Addressing the issues  <ul><li>Research initiatives for cloud access </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Joint research between MAA and ...
Further information <ul><li>Large collection of web resources:  www.mediaaccess.org.au/newmedia   </li></ul><ul><li>Advice...
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I can probably afford a netbook, so I can get online - what ...

  1. 1. Accessibility in the cloud: The benefits and barriers Dr Scott HOLLIER Presentation for OzeWAI November 2009
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>Cloud computing: what is it? </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits and barriers of the cloud </li></ul><ul><li>Addressing the cloud access issues </li></ul><ul><li>MAA and RMIT research initiative </li></ul>
  3. 3. Access trends <ul><li>Windows 7 and Mac OS X Snow Leopard significantly improved access features </li></ul><ul><li>Netbooks cloud-focused </li></ul><ul><li>Free AT: NVDA and WebAnywhere </li></ul><ul><li>iPhone: many access features </li></ul>
  4. 4. Cloud computing <ul><li>Internet-based development and delivery of computing technologies </li></ul><ul><li>Removes the need for the user to worry about physical computing infrastructure </li></ul>
  5. 5. Types of cloud computing <ul><li>Software as a service (SaaS) </li></ul><ul><li>Platform as a service (PaaS): app creation </li></ul><ul><li>Database as a service </li></ul><ul><li>Utility computing (storage) </li></ul><ul><li>Web services: developer contribution </li></ul><ul><li>Managed: cloud task before user </li></ul><ul><li>Commerce platforms: SaaS + managed </li></ul><ul><li>Internet integration: all combined </li></ul>
  6. 6. Popular cloud examples <ul><li>Mainstream cloud generally refers to SaaS and Utility, although future PaaS and Integrated likely </li></ul><ul><li>Current examples: Google Apps, web-based e-mail, Apple MobileMe, Amazon Kindle </li></ul><ul><li>Future examples: Windows Azure, Chrome OS </li></ul>
  7. 7. Benefits of the cloud <ul><li>Device-independence: most accessible devices can be used to access the cloud </li></ul><ul><li>Ease of use: no need to worry about hardware issues </li></ul><ul><li>Data security: lost or stolen devices do not mean lost or stolen data </li></ul><ul><li>Affordability: netbooks, free AT and SaaS equal affordable computing </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Collaboration: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Overcome mobility issues </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disability perceived differently </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Access to new services: health, education through NBN </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Share experiences with family and friends </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Crossover with social media (Google Docs) </li></ul></ul>Benefits of the cloud
  9. 9. Barriers of the cloud <ul><li>Broadband access poor </li></ul><ul><li>Steep learning curve </li></ul><ul><li>Data security: hacking potential 24/7, and can we really trust service providers? </li></ul>
  10. 10. Barriers of the cloud <ul><li>Accessibility of the cloud itself: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Extremely hit-and-miss </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Is it web? Is it application? Research still needed on how to make cloud accessible </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Closest standards: WCAG 2.0 and ATAG 2.0 (draft), but not cloud-specific </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Addressing the issues <ul><li>Broadband (NBN rollout) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Universal availability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quality of service: speed, reliability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regulation: broadband as essential service </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Affordability: how will NBN pricing work? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Service offerings: clarity for bundle plans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Equipment: public kiosks for NBN access </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Support programs: training </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Addressing the issues <ul><li>Research initiatives for cloud access </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Joint research between MAA and RMIT </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ultimate question: how can we provide cloud access to people with disabilities? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Work with both users and developers of the cloud and their respective technologies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Create metadata </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Feed results into standards creation process </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Further information <ul><li>Large collection of web resources: www.mediaaccess.org.au/newmedia </li></ul><ul><li>Advice is free </li></ul><ul><li>E-mail: [email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>Phone: (02) 9212 6242 </li></ul>
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