Criminal Justice Issues on Capitol Hill:  Funding and Legislation 2008 National Forum August 2008
Agenda and Overview <ul><li>Current landscape </li></ul><ul><li>Trends in justice funding </li></ul><ul><ul><li>DOJ and DH...
Current Landscape <ul><li>Pre-election slowdown </li></ul><ul><li>Substantive legislation on hold  </li></ul><ul><li>How t...
Trends in Justice Funding <ul><li>Significant issues: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Funding leveling off after years of cuts </li>...
Trends in Funding, cont <ul><li>State/local program funding leveling off, after downward fall since FY03 </li></ul>
Trends in Funding, cont <ul><li>White House budget proposals:  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Collapse 60+ grant programs into 4 co...
Trends in Funding, cont <ul><li>Growth of new programs: </li></ul><ul><li>Small, categorical grant programs: </li></ul><ul...
Byrne Justice Assistance Grants <ul><li>Byrne JAG cut 67% in FY08 omnibus bill </li></ul><ul><li>Large coalition working t...
Byrne JAG, cont <ul><li>Since consolidation with LLEBG into JAG, funding down </li></ul>
Community Oriented Policing <ul><li>Strong brand name </li></ul><ul><li>Broad support on Hill </li></ul><ul><li>Earmarked ...
SCAAP – Immigrant Incarceration <ul><li>Reimbursement program for cost of incarcerating illegal immigrants </li></ul><ul><...
Juvenile Justice programs <ul><li>Stable funding </li></ul><ul><li>Reauthorization bill next year </li></ul><ul><li>Opport...
In-Prison Drug Treatment (RSAT) <ul><li>Funding way down; far short of need </li></ul><ul><li>Need concerted education eff...
Violence Against Women programs <ul><li>Funding steady </li></ul><ul><li>OVW implemented costly rule changes </li></ul><ul...
Drug Courts <ul><li>Hill knows drug courts work </li></ul><ul><li>Funding stuck </li></ul><ul><li>Proposal to take drug co...
State Homeland Security Program <ul><li>Primary state grant program </li></ul><ul><li>Congress shifting money from rural t...
Urban Areas Security Initiative <ul><li>Preparedness grant for the biggest cities </li></ul><ul><li>Strong support in Cong...
Byrne/JAG Funding Crisis <ul><li>Large coalition working together.  Supporters include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NCSL – Natio...
Byrne/JAG Funding Crisis, con’t <ul><li>Supporters, con’t </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NACO - National Association of Counties </...
Byrne/JAG Funding Crisis, con’t <ul><li>Supporters, con’t </li></ul><ul><ul><li>RAINN - Rape, Abuse & Incest National Netw...
Byrne/JAG Funding Crisis, con’t <ul><li>Supporters, con’t </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CADCA - Community Anti-Drug Coalitions of ...
Byrne/JAG Funding Crisis, con’t <ul><li>Letters and other statements of support: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>218 House members  ...
Byrne/JAG Funding Crisis, con’t <ul><li>Congressional hearings </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Senate Appropriations Committee heari...
Byrne/JAG Funding Crisis, con’t <ul><li>Media events </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Senate and House briefings </li></ul></ul><ul><...
Byrne/JAG Funding Crisis, cont <ul><li>Messages: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Byrne/JAG is the cornerstone federal program suppor...
Byrne/JAG Funding Crisis, cont <ul><li>Byrne JAG FY08 funding should be restored  this  year </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Once di...
Byrne JAG Funding Crisis, cont <ul><li>Timing/Process: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sought to restore funding on recent FY08 war ...
Byrne JAG Funding Crisis, cont <ul><li>Second supplemental bill possible </li></ul><ul><li>Will be primarily a domestic fu...
Byrne JAG Funding Crisis, cont <ul><li>Could be the “last train leaving the station” this year </li></ul><ul><li>Regular F...
Byrne JAG Funding Crisis, cont <ul><li>Senate announced outline of its bill.  Includes Byrne JAG and many other programs <...
What Needs to Happen Now? <ul><li>Ask Members of Congress to keep up the pressure on their leadership  </li></ul><ul><li>U...
Prospect for FY09 Funding  <ul><li>Prospects for FY09 Justice funding: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Congress rejecting Bush reque...
Criminal Justice Priority Legislation <ul><li>Just passed JAG reauthorization bill </li></ul><ul><li>Major bills on the ho...
How Can I Get Involved? <ul><li>Meet with delegations and staff – in D.C. and district offices  </li></ul><ul><li>Stay in ...
How Can I Get Involved?, cont <ul><li>Travel to D.C. to meet with delegation </li></ul><ul><li>Take members of Congress an...
Why NCJA? <ul><li>Be the first to know! Stay up to date on grants opportunities and congressional activities </li></ul><ul...
Contact Information <ul><li>Cabell Cropper   Elizabeth Pyke </li></ul><ul><li>Executive Director   Senior Manager, Governm...
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  • Other stakeholders include: constituents, clients of programs, parents, teachers, faith leaders, unions, law enforcement, state legislators, mayors, etc.
  • Other stakeholders include: constituents, clients of programs, parents, teachers, faith leaders, unions, law enforcement, state legislators, mayors, etc.
  • Full Presentation

    1. 1. Criminal Justice Issues on Capitol Hill: Funding and Legislation 2008 National Forum August 2008
    2. 2. Agenda and Overview <ul><li>Current landscape </li></ul><ul><li>Trends in justice funding </li></ul><ul><ul><li>DOJ and DHS programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Update on Byrne JAG funding crisis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Outlook for future funding bills </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pending criminal justice legislation </li></ul><ul><li>How can I get involved? </li></ul>
    3. 3. Current Landscape <ul><li>Pre-election slowdown </li></ul><ul><li>Substantive legislation on hold </li></ul><ul><li>How to finish appropriations bills? </li></ul><ul><li>Awaiting new Administration and Congress </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Senior agency officials leaving </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leadership changes on Hill? </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. Trends in Justice Funding <ul><li>Significant issues: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Funding leveling off after years of cuts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WH attempt to consolidate and grants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Surprise dramatic cut in Byrne/JAG </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Growth of small, targeted grant programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New legislation on the horizon </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. Trends in Funding, cont <ul><li>State/local program funding leveling off, after downward fall since FY03 </li></ul>
    6. 6. Trends in Funding, cont <ul><li>White House budget proposals: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Collapse 60+ grant programs into 4 competitive, discretionary block grants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Moves funding decisions from states to DOJ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Congress opposed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Put pressure on spending </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stalled WH/congressional dialogue on innovation </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. Trends in Funding, cont <ul><li>Growth of new programs: </li></ul><ul><li>Small, categorical grant programs: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Four new grants under VAWA last year </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Small targeted programs under BJA </li></ul></ul><ul><li>New legislation vying for funding </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Adam Walsh Act (implementation and state/tribal collaboration) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Second Chance Act </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. Byrne Justice Assistance Grants <ul><li>Byrne JAG cut 67% in FY08 omnibus bill </li></ul><ul><li>Large coalition working to restore funding </li></ul>
    9. 9. Byrne JAG, cont <ul><li>Since consolidation with LLEBG into JAG, funding down </li></ul>
    10. 10. Community Oriented Policing <ul><li>Strong brand name </li></ul><ul><li>Broad support on Hill </li></ul><ul><li>Earmarked </li></ul><ul><li>Hiring program top priority for law enforcement </li></ul><ul><li>Competes with other justice programs </li></ul>
    11. 11. SCAAP – Immigrant Incarceration <ul><li>Reimbursement program for cost of incarcerating illegal immigrants </li></ul><ul><li>Regional issue </li></ul><ul><li>Key Hill support </li></ul><ul><li>Competes with justice programming </li></ul>
    12. 12. Juvenile Justice programs <ul><li>Stable funding </li></ul><ul><li>Reauthorization bill next year </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunity to grow funding </li></ul><ul><li>OJJDP mandates increasing </li></ul>
    13. 13. In-Prison Drug Treatment (RSAT) <ul><li>Funding way down; far short of need </li></ul><ul><li>Need concerted education effort on the Hill </li></ul>
    14. 14. Violence Against Women programs <ul><li>Funding steady </li></ul><ul><li>OVW implemented costly rule changes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Policy changes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Retroactivity of changes </li></ul></ul>
    15. 15. Drug Courts <ul><li>Hill knows drug courts work </li></ul><ul><li>Funding stuck </li></ul><ul><li>Proposal to take drug courts “to scale” </li></ul>
    16. 16. State Homeland Security Program <ul><li>Primary state grant program </li></ul><ul><li>Congress shifting money from rural to urban areas </li></ul><ul><li>25% for LE terrorism prevention purposes </li></ul>
    17. 17. Urban Areas Security Initiative <ul><li>Preparedness grant for the biggest cities </li></ul><ul><li>Strong support in Congress </li></ul><ul><li>25% for LE terrorism prevention purposes </li></ul><ul><li>LLETP no longer separate program </li></ul>
    18. 18. Byrne/JAG Funding Crisis <ul><li>Large coalition working together. Supporters include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NCSL – National Conference of State Legislatures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NCJA – National Criminal Justice Association </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NSA - National Sheriffs’ Association </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IACP - The International Association of Chiefs of Police </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>USCM - U.S. Conference of Mayors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NNOAC - National Narcotics Officers’ Associations’ Coalition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NTC - National Troopers Coalition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ICCA - International Community Corrections Association </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NDAA - National District Attorneys Association </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NAAG - National Association of Attorneys General </li></ul></ul>
    19. 19. Byrne/JAG Funding Crisis, con’t <ul><li>Supporters, con’t </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NACO - National Association of Counties </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NCPC - National Crime Prevention Council </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NADCP - National Association of Drug Court Professionals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ACA - American Correctional Association </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NAVAA - National Association of VOCA Assistance Administrators </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NOVA - National Organization for Victim Assistance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MCSA - Major County Sheriffs’ Association </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NCSC - National Center for State Courts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NASADAD - National Association of State Alcohol and Drug Abuse Directors </li></ul></ul>
    20. 20. Byrne/JAG Funding Crisis, con’t <ul><li>Supporters, con’t </li></ul><ul><ul><li>RAINN - Rape, Abuse & Incest National Network NLC - National League of Cities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NCVC - National Center for Victims of Crime </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NAPO - National Association of Police Organizations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FOP - Fraternal Order of Police </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IJIS Institute </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>AVA - Association of VAWA Administrators </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SAAS – State Association of Addiction Services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>LAC – Legal Action Center </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NASDEA - National Alliance of State Drug Enforcement Agencies </li></ul></ul>
    21. 21. Byrne/JAG Funding Crisis, con’t <ul><li>Supporters, con’t </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CADCA - Community Anti-Drug Coalitions of America </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>National HIDTA Directors’ Association </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NAAALEC - National Association of Asian American Law Enforcement Commanders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NLPOA - National Latino Peace Officers Association </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>AJA - American Jail Association </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>APPA - American Probation and Parole Association </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IUPA - International Union of Police Associations </li></ul></ul>
    22. 22. Byrne/JAG Funding Crisis, con’t <ul><li>Letters and other statements of support: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>218 House members </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>56 senators (plus individual letters) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>30 stakeholder groups </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>56 attorneys general </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>36 governors sign-on </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>National Governors Association </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Individual governor, stakeholder letters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NCSL, NACO, ICCM, NLC sign-on </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>21 freshmen Democrats </li></ul></ul>
    23. 23. Byrne/JAG Funding Crisis, con’t <ul><li>Congressional hearings </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Senate Appropriations Committee hearing on FY08 bill with OMB director </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>House and Senate Appropriations Subcommittee hearings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Field hearings across country </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Senate Judiciary Committee hearing </li></ul></ul>
    24. 24. Byrne/JAG Funding Crisis, con’t <ul><li>Media events </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Senate and House briefings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Senate and House press conferences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Over 300 articles written nationwide, including major dailies, small town papers and television stations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Press events with stakeholders in nearly every state </li></ul></ul>
    25. 25. Byrne/JAG Funding Crisis, cont <ul><li>Messages: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Byrne/JAG is the cornerstone federal program supporting criminal justice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allows states to innovate, system-wide </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The primary federal law enforcement program, particularly multi-jurisdictional drug task forces. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Also, funds broad range of juvenile, victims’, court, drug treatment, and other initiatives. </li></ul></ul>
    26. 26. Byrne/JAG Funding Crisis, cont <ul><li>Byrne JAG FY08 funding should be restored this year </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Once disbanded, drug task forces cannot easily re-start </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>When the economy weakens, crime rises. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Local law enforcement is the first line of defense against terrorism </li></ul></ul>
    27. 27. Byrne JAG Funding Crisis, cont <ul><li>Timing/Process: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sought to restore funding on recent FY08 war supplemental spending bill </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Senate bill included $490M for Byrne JAG </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>House bill did not include Byrne. Few domestic programs funded. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Final deal negotiated with White House excluded Byrne JAG funds. </li></ul></ul>
    28. 28. Byrne JAG Funding Crisis, cont <ul><li>Second supplemental bill possible </li></ul><ul><li>Will be primarily a domestic funding bill </li></ul><ul><li>Pent up demand – Katrina, western wildfires, LIHEAP, district priorities </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunity for congressional leadership to put imprint on spending </li></ul>
    29. 29. Byrne JAG Funding Crisis, cont <ul><li>Could be the “last train leaving the station” this year </li></ul><ul><li>Regular FY09 appropriations bills will not pass by the start of the fiscal year </li></ul><ul><li>Continuing Resolution will fund government through winter </li></ul><ul><li>Final bills after November elections </li></ul>
    30. 30. Byrne JAG Funding Crisis, cont <ul><li>Senate announced outline of its bill. Includes Byrne JAG and many other programs </li></ul><ul><li>Hoping to win funding in House bill </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CJS subcommittee supports </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Meetings with House leaders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New sign-on letter circulating in House </li></ul></ul><ul><li>President will threaten to veto </li></ul><ul><li>Deal? Or veto override? </li></ul>
    31. 31. What Needs to Happen Now? <ul><li>Ask Members of Congress to keep up the pressure on their leadership </li></ul><ul><li>Urge White House to accept Byrne/JAG funding on supplemental </li></ul><ul><li>Find other legislative vehicles to carry Byrne/JAG funding </li></ul><ul><li>Remind Members of Congress about FY09 bills and strategy </li></ul>
    32. 32. Prospect for FY09 Funding <ul><li>Prospects for FY09 Justice funding: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Congress rejecting Bush request to cut state/local justice programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Question of timing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Can Byrne JAG funding be restored in FY09 bills </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Continuing Resolution by October 1 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Joint Resolution after election </li></ul></ul>
    33. 33. Criminal Justice Priority Legislation <ul><li>Just passed JAG reauthorization bill </li></ul><ul><li>Major bills on the horizon </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Juvenile justice reauthorization bill </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Next generation crime bill </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DOJ reauthorization bill </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hate crimes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Child Internet exploitation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Nothing more likely this year </li></ul>
    34. 34. How Can I Get Involved? <ul><li>Meet with delegations and staff – in D.C. and district offices </li></ul><ul><li>Stay in regular touch by phone or e-mail (not snail mail!) </li></ul><ul><li>Show how programs impact community </li></ul><ul><li>Build coalitions with other stakeholders </li></ul><ul><li>Use the media to tell the good story </li></ul><ul><li>Join NCJA! </li></ul>
    35. 35. How Can I Get Involved?, cont <ul><li>Travel to D.C. to meet with delegation </li></ul><ul><li>Take members of Congress and their staff on tours of local projects </li></ul><ul><li>Attend town hall meetings </li></ul><ul><li>Use the media to tell the good story </li></ul>
    36. 36. Why NCJA? <ul><li>Be the first to know! Stay up to date on grants opportunities and congressional activities </li></ul><ul><li>Access to national leaders and networking, participate in national discussions </li></ul><ul><li>Help shape justice policies and funding levels </li></ul>
    37. 37. Contact Information <ul><li>Cabell Cropper Elizabeth Pyke </li></ul><ul><li>Executive Director Senior Manager, Government Affairs </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] [email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>202-628-8550 main 202-448-1715 direct </li></ul><ul><li>National Criminal Justice Association </li></ul><ul><li>www.ncja.org </li></ul>
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