"Cloud Computing in the Public Sector" (.ppt)


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  • 05/21/10 16:38 SHOW General Session Day 2 Cisco Live! 2009
  • 05/21/10 16:38 SHOW General Session Day 2 Cisco Live! 2009
  • 05/21/10 16:38 SHOW General Session Day 2 Cisco Live! 2009
  • 05/21/10 16:38 SHOW General Session Day 2 Cisco Live! 2009
  • 05/21/10 16:38 SHOW General Session Day 2 Cisco Live! 2009
  • Cisco believes that gaining the advantages of cloud computing in the enterprise begins with establishing a trusted approach to the cloud. Without trust, the economics of cloud computing make little difference. The network can uniquely address trust in private clouds Trust in the cloud centers on four core concepts: Security – Traditional issues around data and resource access control, encryption and incident detection Control – The ability of the enterprise to directly manage how and where data and software is deployed, used and destroyed Service-Level Management – The definition, contracting and enforcement of service level agreements between a variety of parties Compliance – Conformance with required regulatory, legal and general industry requirements (such as PCI, HIPAA and Sarbanes-Oxley)
  • These tracks do not have to be undertaken sequentially; we encourage organizations to undertake as many of them in parallel as possible. We also encourage organizations to iterate and refine their operating model constantly as it relates to consuming, delivering, and supporting cloud services. This will allow them to develop quickly a set of competencies around cloud services that will serve as a strong foundation for broader adoption as the marketplace for these services matures.
  • While this concept may sound simple, the ramifications are profound and impact every major aspect of the way organizations design, use, and manage information systems to fulfill business objectives. IT assets that are location-independent empower organizations to reconfigure their IT architecture rapidly to respond immediately to new business opportunities and run systems wherever and whenever it is most advantageous. Likewise, independence of specific technology (such as .NET or Java) makes it possible to add flexible new business capabilities unfettered by proprietary implementation requirements. This independence also allows enterprises to adopt new technologies more seamlessly. Finally, provider independence allows organizations to reap the benefits of competition among cloud services providers and establish optimal distribution of systems for performance, cost-effectiveness, and fault tolerance—all with seamless interoperability among providers. Across the board, this level of independence gives enterprises the freedom to implement information systems in a way that maximizes their advantage through greater flexibility and efficiency. With increasing flexibility comes the power to introduce new products and services quickly, which ultimately leads to business benefits such as increased market share, customer satisfaction, revenue, and profit. Increased efficiency also leads to improved margins, making money and resources available for innovation and revenue growth. While all this may sound too good to be true, many experts believe that the cloud services industry is already on the path to delivering true-cloud services. What is currently under debate, however, is timing. Some believe true cloud will be available to the enterprise within two or three years; others say it is decades away. Our view is that true-cloud services will be available for enterprise consumption in seven to 10 years. We do, however, see these services becoming prevalent in small and medium-sized businesses in the next three to five years due to lower levels of complexity and less-stringent service-level-agreement (SLA) requirements for those environments.
  • "Cloud Computing in the Public Sector" (.ppt)

    1. 1. Cloud Computing in the Public Sector Carolyn Purcell January 26, 2010
    2. 2. What is Cloud Computing?
    3. 3. “ In the years ahead, more and more of the information-processing tasks that we rely on, at home and at work, will be handled by big data centers located out on the Internet. The nature and economics of computing will change as dramatically as the nature and economics of mechanical power changed with the rise of electric utilities in the early years of the last century. The consequences for society—for the way we live, work, learn, communicate, entertain ourselves, and even think—promise to be equally profound. If the electric dynamo was the machine that fashioned twentieth century society—that made us who we are—the information dynamo is the machine that will fashion the new society of the twenty-first century.” Nicholas Carr “ The Big Switch—Rewiring the World from Edison to Google”
    4. 4. Future of Computing Mainframe Client Server Minicomputer Web Disruptor : Virtualization Cloud 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000
    5. 5. Next Inflection Point IT resources and services that are abstracted from the underlying infrastructure and provided “on-demand” and “at scale” in a multi-tenant environment WHAT IS CLOUD COMPUTING? Today, clouds are associated with an off-premise, hosted model
    6. 6. Public vs Private Cloud "Private" clouds offer many of the same benefits as "public" clouds but are managed within the organization. These types of clouds are not burdened by network bandwidth and availability issues or potential security exposures that may be associated with public clouds. Private clouds can offer the provider and user greater control, security and resilience. Often depicted as being available to users from a third party provider, "public" clouds are typically made available via the Internet and may be free or inexpensive to use. There are many examples of these types of clouds, providing services across open, public networks today. One example is Amazon Web Services. Less risk – security, resiliency, infrastructure and support processes will not differ significantly from current environment. Better cost effectiveness and agility Move to SLA based service delivery Lower elasticity compared to external clouds Greater risks in terms of security, resiliency, transparency and performance predictability (at least in the near term). Key benefit: tremendous elasticity Private Clouds Public Clouds
    7. 7. Samples of cloud services http://blogs.southworks.net/mwoloski/2008/08/19/cloud-computing-taxonomy-map/ , August 19, 2008
    8. 8. Cloud Definition from NIST Visual Model of NIST’s Working Definition of Cloud Computing http://www.csrc.nist.gov/groups/SNS/cloud-computing/index.html Public Private Hybrid Community Deployment Models Service Models Software as a Service (SaaS) Platform as a Service (PaaS) Infrastucture as a Service (IaaS) Essential Characteristics On-Demand Self Service Broad Network Access Resource Pooling Rapid Elasticity Measured Service
    9. 9. Service Model Architectures (from NIST) Cloud Infrastructure IaaS PaaS SaaS Infrastructure as a Service ( IaaS ) Architectures Platform as a Service ( PaaS ) Architectures Software as a Service ( SaaS ) Architectures Cloud Infrastructure SaaS Cloud Infrastructure PaaS SaaS Cloud Infrastructure IaaS PaaS Cloud Infrastructure PaaS Cloud Infrastructure IaaS
    10. 10. Cloud Layers <ul><li>Flexible Infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Compute, storage, and other established services on-demand </li></ul><ul><li>Virtual Private Datacenter </li></ul><ul><li>Compatible with existing applications </li></ul><ul><li>Examples include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Amazon EC2 - Elastic Compute Cloud </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mosso, GoGrid (HSPs) </li></ul></ul>
    11. 11. Cloud Layers <ul><li>Abstract Services </li></ul><ul><li>Wide range of capabilities exposed to the developer through new APIs </li></ul><ul><li>Also known as PaaS – Solutions Generally Targeted </li></ul><ul><li>Examples include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Google App Engine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Amazon S3 - Simple Storage Service </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>App Frameworks (e.g . Hadoop) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Akamai Content Delivery </li></ul></ul>
    12. 12. Cloud Layers <ul><li>Application </li></ul><ul><li>End user Complete Applications (usually delivered via browser) </li></ul><ul><li>Also known as SaaS, sometimes extended with APIs (as in PaaS) </li></ul><ul><li>Examples include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>salesforce.com/force.com </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WebEx (Connect) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hotmail </li></ul></ul>
    13. 13. Evolution of the Cloud Computing Market From Stand-Alone to The Inter-Cloud Stand-Alone Data Centers Phase 1 Internal Cloud Phase 2 Phase 3 Phase 4 Public Cloud Private Cloud Public Cloud Virtual Private Cloud Open Cloud PRESENT 2015-2017 Federation / Workload Portability / Interoperability / Security Inter-Cloud Public Cloud #1 Public Cloud #2 Inter-Cloud
    14. 14. AWS Rackspace Google Apps
    15. 15. Example of the rise in cloud services Relative Bandwidth Consumed Source: Amazon Web Services Blog, January 2008 (http://aws.typepad.com/aws/2008/05/lots-of-bits.html)
    16. 16. Why should you care?
    17. 17. Where is IT’s Greatest Impact on Government? Federal CIO Survey Question: Where will investments in technology have the greatest impact on the performance of government? Source: AFFIRM, December 2008 Cross-Agency Information Sharing and Collaboration Information Security and Privacy Critical Infrastructure Sustainability and Continuity Government Management Transparent, Citizen-Centric Government
    18. 18. How Secure Is Government IT? Federal CIO Survey Question: Has the IT infrastructure that supports your agency’s mission become more secure or less secure? Source: AFFIRM, December 2008 More Secure Unchanged Less Secure
    19. 19. wordle.net
    20. 20. Policy & Technology are Drivers of Change PUBLIC POLICY NETWORK Energy Education Entertainment Healthcare Transportation Urban Development
    21. 21. What are the pros and cons?
    22. 22. Benefits of Cloud Computing Source: IBSG, 2009 Source: IBSG 2009 The poor energy efficiency of most existing data centers, due to substandard design or inefficient asset utilization, is now understood to be environmentally and economically unsustainable. Cloud service providers, through leveraging economies of scale and their capacity to managing computing assets more efficiently, can consume far less energy and other resources than traditional data center operators. Sustainability Arguably, the ability to run data centers and to develop and manage software applications is not necessarily a core competency of most organizations. Cloud computing may make it much easier to reduce or shed these functions, allowing organizations to concentrate their efforts on issues central to their business such as (in government) the development of policy and design and delivery of public services. Focusing on Core Competencies By reducing or doing away with constant server updates and other computing issues, and eliminating expenditures of time and money on application development, organizations may be able to concentrate at least some of their IT staff on higher-value tasks. Redeployment of IT Staff Particularly for smaller organizations, cloud computing can allow access to hardware, software, and IT staff of a caliber far beyond that which they can attract and/or afford for themselves. Access to Top-End IT Capabilities Organizations using cloud computing need not scramble to secure additional hardware and software when user loads increase, but can instead add and subtract capacity as the network load dictates. Scalability Cloud computing offers more flexibility (often called “elasticity”) in matching IT resources to business functions than past computing methods. It can also increase mobility of staff by allowing them to access business information and applications from a wider range of locations and/or devices. Flexibility Without the need to purchase hardware, software licenses, or implementation services, an organization can implement cloud computing rapidly. Ease of Implementation Organizations can reduce or eliminate IT capital expenditures and reduce ongoing operating expenditures by paying only for the services they use and, potentially, by reducing the size of their IT staffs. Cost Savings COMMENT BENEFIT
    23. 23. Challenges Source: Cisco IBSG 2009
    24. 24. Reliability http:// www.marketspaceadvisory.com /cloud/ : “Envisioning the Cloud: the Next Computing Paradigm,” J Rayport & A.Heyward, 2009 Rackspace 11-03-09 Microsoft Sidekick 10-11-09 Sales Force 12-28-09, 1-5-09
    25. 25. The Government IT Journey to Cloud Computing
    26. 26. The Government CIO View: Why Cloud and Why Now? 1. Make IT more scalable, flexible 2. Deploy services faster 3. Lower the cost of IT (convert capital costs to operating costs) FORCES DRIVING AGENCIES TO CLOUD COMPUTING:
    27. 27. Where to start: Low-Hanging Fruit for Government Cloud Projects <ul><li>Collaboration & information sharing </li></ul><ul><li>Next phase of infrastructure virtualization </li></ul><ul><li>Hosting of non-critical applications & non-sensitive data </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Development, QA and Test </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Projects with large-scale compute and storage demands </li></ul><ul><li>Security services </li></ul>
    28. 28. Key to Agency Adoption of Cloud: Trust Before the Economics of Cloud Computing Can be Considered, Agencies Require a Trusted Service Infrastructure Security Control Service-Level Management Compliance
    29. 29. Getting Started … Simple 5-Track Roadmap <ul><li>Optimize the current IT environment with the goal of providing an internal set of cloud services and enabling the incorporation of external services. This will be the services roadmap . </li></ul><ul><li>Identify cloud services opportunities based on business needs, value proposition, and the ability to adopt/support those services. This will be the services portfolio . </li></ul><ul><li>Communicate with the BUs about cloud services and the roadmap and process for incorporating them into the architecture, whether the services are internal or external. This will be the communication plan . </li></ul><ul><li>Experiment with and pilot various services, both internal and external, to identify where the real issues will arise. This will be the lab . </li></ul><ul><li>Designate a cross-functional team to monitor continually which new services, providers, and standards are in this space and determine if they affect the roadmap. This will be the sensing and strategy-evolution function . </li></ul>
    30. 30. Q & A
    31. 32. Cloud Services We believe that Cloud Services are in their infancy and will offer significantly greater flexibility, reliability and cost effectiveness in the future, although many hurdles will need to be overcome.