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Review chapter 1


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  • 1. Review Chapter 1 Ecology of the Child
  • 2. What is Ecology ? • Science of Interrelationships between organisms and their environment
  • 3. Adaptation • Modifications of an organism or its behavior to make it fit for existence under the condition of the Environment
  • 4. Demographics • Statistical characteristics of humam population • Age • Race • Income
  • 5. Economics • The production, distribution and consumptions of goods and services
  • 6. Purpose of Child, Family and Community • Examine how growing up in a changing world affects the development of children through socialization
  • 7. Socialization • Process by which individuals aquire knowledge, skills and character traits that enable them to participate as effective members of groups and society
  • 8. Name Socialization • Use your tissue to wipe yoour nose not your sleeve • Chew food with your mouth closed • Teachers give homework and children need to bring in back the next day! • Media states all people want fresh breath • Driving a Lexus means you made it in life
  • 9. Socialization is: • Unique to humans • Language sharply separates us from other animals – George Mead • Language makes ideas an communication of these ideas possible • Language replace action with thoughs to transform behavior
  • 10. Reciprocal Dynamic Process • • • • Socialization begins at birth One individual interacts with another Dynamic – changes over time Maturation – as we grow the parents expect different behavior and skills
  • 11. Temperament • Innate characteristics that determine an individuals sensitivity to various experiences and responses to social interaction. • Fall into three categories : easy, slow-towarm- up and difficult • Goodness to fit – caregiver and child
  • 12. Intentional VS Unintentional Socialization • Most Socialization is intentional – on purpose – adults pass on their values consistently –convey to the child (talking) and back up with approval this is intentional socialization • Unintentional may be a product of involvement in human interaction or observation of interaction. Page 12
  • 13. Socialization, Change & Challenge • Children are socialized by many people : parents, siblings, grandparents, aunts, uncles, cousins, friends, teachers, coaches and religious leaders and role models in media. • Socialization is a complex process • Societal changes occurs as, for example rapid technological and scientific advances that results in economic fluctuations, socializing agents
  • 14. Examples of Socialization and Changes • Both parents working • Parents worry about their children’s education and I.Q. • Parents worry about college in third grade • Push for excellence – stress for children • Developmentally Appropriate Curriculum • Working with your children
  • 15. Childhood Concept in History • 14th-16th century – Renaissance – Miniature adults harsh treatment , hard work, adult activities – punishment • 16th -18th Printing Press – Children treated as uniformed adults – needed education • 18th -20th –Industrial Revolution – Children need to be prepared for adulthood – compulsory education laws, children’s rights, labor laws • 20th -21th – Information Age – viewed as consumers, pressured to compete, achieve and be independent & self-reliant
  • 16. Socialization and Adaptation • Socialization is elaborate and involves many variables and reciprocal experiences • Interactions and environments that affect children's development. • Understanding the input – socialization process can help people adapt to change • Output of socialization – values, attitudes, motives and attributions, self esteem, self –regulation of behavior, morals and gender role • May enable us to manipulate that input to induce the desired output. • Examples page 15
  • 17. Socialization Variables • • • • • • • Instruction -------------Values Setting Standards-----Attitudes Learn-by-doing---------Motives & attributes Feedback-----------------Self-esteem Reinforcement-----------Self-regulation Punishment---------------Morals Group Pressure----------Gender Roles
  • 18. Urie Bronfenbrenner • Theory of bioecological model of Human Development • Model provides the “whole picture” of the developing child, encompassing relevant theories • Examine various settings in which a child participates