Review Chapter 1
Ecology of the Child
What is Ecology ?
• Science of Interrelationships between
organisms and their environment
Adaptation
• Modifications of an organism or its
behavior to make it fit for existence under
the condition of the Environm...
Demographics
• Statistical characteristics of humam
population
• Age
• Race
• Income
Economics
• The production, distribution and
consumptions of goods and services
Purpose of Child, Family and
Community
• Examine how growing up in a changing
world affects the development of children
th...
Socialization
• Process by which individuals aquire
knowledge, skills and character traits that
enable them to participate...
Name Socialization
• Use your tissue to wipe yoour nose not
your sleeve
• Chew food with your mouth closed
• Teachers give...
Socialization is:
• Unique to humans
• Language sharply separates us from other
animals – George Mead
• Language makes ide...
Reciprocal Dynamic Process
•
•
•
•

Socialization begins at birth
One individual interacts with another
Dynamic – changes ...
Temperament
• Innate characteristics that determine an
individuals sensitivity to various
experiences and responses to soc...
Intentional VS Unintentional
Socialization
• Most Socialization is intentional – on
purpose – adults pass on their values
...
Socialization, Change & Challenge
• Children are socialized by many people :
parents, siblings, grandparents, aunts, uncle...
Examples of Socialization and
Changes
• Both parents working
• Parents worry about their children’s
education and I.Q.
• P...
Childhood Concept in History
• 14th-16th century – Renaissance – Miniature
adults harsh treatment , hard work, adult
activ...
Socialization and Adaptation
• Socialization is elaborate and involves many variables
and reciprocal experiences
• Interac...
Socialization Variables
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

Instruction -------------Values
Setting Standards-----Attitudes
Learn-by-doing-----...
Urie Bronfenbrenner
• Theory of bioecological model of Human
Development
• Model provides the “whole picture” of the
devel...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Review chapter 1

239 views

Published on

Published in: Technology, Health & Medicine
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
239
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
8
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
3
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Review chapter 1

  1. 1. Review Chapter 1 Ecology of the Child
  2. 2. What is Ecology ? • Science of Interrelationships between organisms and their environment
  3. 3. Adaptation • Modifications of an organism or its behavior to make it fit for existence under the condition of the Environment
  4. 4. Demographics • Statistical characteristics of humam population • Age • Race • Income
  5. 5. Economics • The production, distribution and consumptions of goods and services
  6. 6. Purpose of Child, Family and Community • Examine how growing up in a changing world affects the development of children through socialization
  7. 7. Socialization • Process by which individuals aquire knowledge, skills and character traits that enable them to participate as effective members of groups and society
  8. 8. Name Socialization • Use your tissue to wipe yoour nose not your sleeve • Chew food with your mouth closed • Teachers give homework and children need to bring in back the next day! • Media states all people want fresh breath • Driving a Lexus means you made it in life
  9. 9. Socialization is: • Unique to humans • Language sharply separates us from other animals – George Mead • Language makes ideas an communication of these ideas possible • Language replace action with thoughs to transform behavior
  10. 10. Reciprocal Dynamic Process • • • • Socialization begins at birth One individual interacts with another Dynamic – changes over time Maturation – as we grow the parents expect different behavior and skills
  11. 11. Temperament • Innate characteristics that determine an individuals sensitivity to various experiences and responses to social interaction. • Fall into three categories : easy, slow-towarm- up and difficult • Goodness to fit – caregiver and child
  12. 12. Intentional VS Unintentional Socialization • Most Socialization is intentional – on purpose – adults pass on their values consistently –convey to the child (talking) and back up with approval this is intentional socialization • Unintentional may be a product of involvement in human interaction or observation of interaction. Page 12
  13. 13. Socialization, Change & Challenge • Children are socialized by many people : parents, siblings, grandparents, aunts, uncles, cousins, friends, teachers, coaches and religious leaders and role models in media. • Socialization is a complex process • Societal changes occurs as, for example rapid technological and scientific advances that results in economic fluctuations, socializing agents
  14. 14. Examples of Socialization and Changes • Both parents working • Parents worry about their children’s education and I.Q. • Parents worry about college in third grade • Push for excellence – stress for children • Developmentally Appropriate Curriculum • Working with your children
  15. 15. Childhood Concept in History • 14th-16th century – Renaissance – Miniature adults harsh treatment , hard work, adult activities – punishment • 16th -18th Printing Press – Children treated as uniformed adults – needed education • 18th -20th –Industrial Revolution – Children need to be prepared for adulthood – compulsory education laws, children’s rights, labor laws • 20th -21th – Information Age – viewed as consumers, pressured to compete, achieve and be independent & self-reliant
  16. 16. Socialization and Adaptation • Socialization is elaborate and involves many variables and reciprocal experiences • Interactions and environments that affect children's development. • Understanding the input – socialization process can help people adapt to change • Output of socialization – values, attitudes, motives and attributions, self esteem, self –regulation of behavior, morals and gender role • May enable us to manipulate that input to induce the desired output. • Examples page 15
  17. 17. Socialization Variables • • • • • • • Instruction -------------Values Setting Standards-----Attitudes Learn-by-doing---------Motives & attributes Feedback-----------------Self-esteem Reinforcement-----------Self-regulation Punishment---------------Morals Group Pressure----------Gender Roles
  18. 18. Urie Bronfenbrenner • Theory of bioecological model of Human Development • Model provides the “whole picture” of the developing child, encompassing relevant theories • Examine various settings in which a child participates

×