Trans Awareness Workshop

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A brief colourful history of trans rights

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Trans Awareness Workshop

  1. 1. Trans (Gender) A Colourful H i s t o r y Rikki Arundel www.GenderShift.com
  2. 2. Gender Equality Duty <ul><li>Equality Act 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>Sex Discrimination Act 1975 Amendment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Eliminate unlawful discrimination and harassment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Promote equality of opportunity between men and women </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Includes Transssexual/Transgender </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Planning to undergo, is undergoing, or has undergone gender reassignment. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Employment, training, and provision of goods and services </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Practical Reality <ul><li>Feel supported </li></ul><ul><li>Able to transition on the job and remain valued – continue training </li></ul><ul><li>No barriers to recruitment </li></ul><ul><li>Workable harassment policy </li></ul><ul><li>Support for health and welfare </li></ul><ul><li>Promote inclusiveness/respect </li></ul><ul><li>Confidentiality </li></ul><ul><li>Practical issues resolved quickly (toilets) </li></ul><ul><li>Appropriate training for staff </li></ul>
  4. 4. Sex and Gender www.GenderShift.com
  5. 5. Sex and Gender www.GenderShift.com Her/She Him/He
  6. 6. Gender Gender Role Gender Identity Gender Expression Sexual Orientation
  7. 7. Theatrical Transvestism <ul><li>Greek Theatre </li></ul><ul><li>Elizabethan Theatre </li></ul><ul><li>Vaudeville and Music Hall </li></ul><ul><li>Molly Houses and Drag Kings </li></ul><ul><li>Pantomime </li></ul><ul><li>Drag Shows </li></ul>www.GenderShift.com
  8. 8. The 3 rd Earl of Southampton <ul><li>1573 - 1627 </li></ul><ul><li>Henry Wriothesley </li></ul><ul><li>Patron to William Shakespeare. </li></ul>www.GenderShift.com Sonnet XX – William Shakespeare A woman's face with natures own hand painted Hast though the master-mistress of my passion; A woman's gentle heart, but not aquainted With shifting change, as is false woman's fashion; An eye more bright than theirs, less false in rolling Gilding the object whereupon it gazeth A man in hue all hues in his controlling Which steals men's eyes and women's souls amazeth. And for a woman wert though first created; Till Nature, as she wrought thee, fell a-doting, And by addition me of thee defeated, While adding one thing to my purpose nothing. But since she pick'd thee out for women's pleasure, Mine be thy love and thy love's use their treasure
  9. 9. Moll Cutpurse <ul><li>1584 – 1659 </li></ul><ul><li>Mary Frith </li></ul><ul><li>Britain’s first ‘highwayman’ </li></ul><ul><li>The Roaring Girl Thomas Middleton and Thomas Dekker. </li></ul>www.GenderShift.com
  10. 10. 17 th Century Cross-Dressing www.GenderShift.com
  11. 11. Labels, Labels, Labels <ul><li>Transgender </li></ul><ul><li>Transsexual </li></ul><ul><li>Transvestite </li></ul><ul><li>Crossdresser </li></ul><ul><li>Tranny/Trannie </li></ul><ul><li>Intersex </li></ul><ul><li>BiGendered </li></ul><ul><li>Drag Queen </li></ul><ul><li>Drag King </li></ul><ul><li>Female Impersonator </li></ul><ul><li>She Male </li></ul><ul><li>Katoey </li></ul><ul><li>LadyBoy </li></ul><ul><li>Travestie </li></ul><ul><li>Hijra </li></ul><ul><li>Berdache </li></ul><ul><li>Gay </li></ul>www.GenderShift.com
  12. 12. Magnus Hirschfeld <ul><li>1868- 1935 </li></ul><ul><li>German Sexologist </li></ul><ul><li>Gay Rights Activist </li></ul><ul><li>Transvestitism 1910 and Transsexualism 1923 </li></ul><ul><li>Lili Elbe </li></ul>www.GenderShift.com
  13. 13. Lili Elbe <ul><li>1886 - 1931 </li></ul><ul><li>Einar Wegener </li></ul><ul><li>First GRS </li></ul><ul><li>Died after 5 th operation </li></ul><ul><li>Man Into Woman , edited by Niels Hoyer, 1933 </li></ul><ul><li>1920’s fashion influence </li></ul>www.GenderShift.com
  14. 14. Harry Benjamin <ul><li>1885-1986 </li></ul><ul><li>German - emigrated to USA 1913 </li></ul><ul><li>Met and influenced by Hirschfeld </li></ul><ul><li>Harry Benjamin International Gender Dysphoria Association </li></ul><ul><li>Standards of Care </li></ul><ul><li>Friend of Christine Jorgensen </li></ul>www.GenderShift.com
  15. 15. Christine Jorgensen <ul><li>1927-1989 </li></ul><ul><li>Most Famous Transsexual </li></ul><ul><li>1952 Public Transition </li></ul><ul><li>Tireless role model and activist for trans issues </li></ul>www.GenderShift.com
  16. 16. Virginia Prince <ul><li>1912 – </li></ul><ul><li>1960 – Transvestia </li></ul><ul><li>1961 - Phi Pi Epsilon – Sorority </li></ul><ul><li>Heterosexual Cross-dressers </li></ul><ul><li>Transgender </li></ul><ul><li>UK Beaumont Society. </li></ul>www.GenderShift.com
  17. 17. Chevalier d’Eon De Beaumont <ul><li>1728 - 1810 </li></ul><ul><li>1777 Court decreed he was a woman </li></ul><ul><li>Discovered on death to be male </li></ul><ul><li>1966 Beaumont Society </li></ul><ul><li>Freemason </li></ul>www.GenderShift.com
  18. 18. Trans Trans Woman Trans Man Trans Community
  19. 19. We’Wha <ul><li>1849 – 1896 </li></ul><ul><li>Zuni Lhamana </li></ul><ul><li>North American Indian Nations </li></ul><ul><li>Berdache </li></ul><ul><li>Two Spirits </li></ul><ul><li>Assimilation </li></ul>www.GenderShift.com
  20. 20. Julian Eltinge <ul><li>1881 – 1941 </li></ul><ul><li>William Julian Dalton </li></ul><ul><li>Female Impersonator </li></ul><ul><li>Vaudeville </li></ul><ul><li>Toured USA and Europe </li></ul>www.GenderShift.com
  21. 21. Mae West <ul><li>1892 – 1980 </li></ul><ul><li>Vaudeville at age 5 </li></ul><ul><li>Controversial Playwright </li></ul><ul><li>Gay rights activist </li></ul><ul><li>Pleasure Man Closed down October 3 rd 1928 </li></ul>www.GenderShift.com
  22. 22. June 27 1969 – Greenwich <ul><li>Judy Garland Memorial </li></ul><ul><li>Marsha P Johnson </li></ul><ul><li>- June 1992 </li></ul><ul><li>Sylvia Rivera </li></ul><ul><li>1952- 2002 </li></ul><ul><li>Gay Liberation </li></ul><ul><li>Trans Exclusion </li></ul>www.GenderShift.com Stonewall Riots
  23. 23. Billy Tipton <ul><li>1914 – 1989 </li></ul><ul><li>Jazz musician </li></ul><ul><li>Married 5 times </li></ul><ul><li>Gender only discovered after death. </li></ul><ul><li>Trans Man or Lesbian Woman? </li></ul><ul><li>Radical Feminism </li></ul>www.GenderShift.com
  24. 24. Brandon Teena <ul><li>1972 – 1993 </li></ul><ul><li>Changed Name from Teena Brandon </li></ul><ul><li>Raped and then murdered </li></ul><ul><li>Film - Boys Don't Cry </li></ul>www.GenderShift.com
  25. 25. Gwen Araujo <ul><li>1985 – 2002 </li></ul><ul><li>Beaten to Death by Classmates. </li></ul><ul><li>3 years of trial. </li></ul><ul><li>Two convicted of 2 nd degree murder Homosexual Panic </li></ul><ul><li>Atypical Gender and Bullying </li></ul>www.GenderShift.com
  26. 26. We may be different …but… We are ordinary people Let’s take a short break
  27. 27. Trans Rights Group Exercise
  28. 28. April Ashley <ul><li>1935 – </li></ul><ul><li>Model/Showgirl </li></ul><ul><li>Surgery Casablanca 1961 </li></ul><ul><li>Married Lord Arthur Corbett 1961 </li></ul><ul><li>Annulled 1970 </li></ul><ul><li>Corbett v Corbett Judgement </li></ul>www.GenderShift.com
  29. 29. Stephen Whittle <ul><li>1955 – </li></ul><ul><li>Press For Change </li></ul><ul><li>Legal struggle to be Father </li></ul><ul><li>Gender Recognition Act 2004 </li></ul><ul><li>First legal marriage for transsexual in UK </li></ul><ul><li>OBE </li></ul>www.GenderShift.com
  30. 30. Lynn Conway <ul><li>1938 – </li></ul><ul><li>Computer Engineer and Inventor </li></ul><ul><li>Fired by IBM 1968 </li></ul><ul><li>Restarted - in stealth </li></ul><ul><li>Professor of EECS University of Michigan </li></ul><ul><li>Outed herself again in 1999 </li></ul>www.GenderShift.com
  31. 31. Joan Roughgarden <ul><li>1946 – </li></ul><ul><li>Professor of Evolutionary Biology Stamford University </li></ul><ul><li>Transitioned at age 52 in 1998 </li></ul><ul><li>Evolutions Rainbow </li></ul>www.GenderShift.com
  32. 32. Trans Rights <ul><li>Sexual Offences Act 1967 </li></ul><ul><li>Sex Discrimination (Gender Reassignment) Regulations 1999 </li></ul><ul><li>Gender Recognition Act 2004 </li></ul><ul><li>Gender Recognition (Disclosure of Information) Order 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>Civil Partnership Act 2004 </li></ul><ul><li>Equality Act 2006 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gender Equality Duty – April 2007 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Equality Act (Sexual Orientation) Regulations 2007 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>European Directive 2004/113/EC December 2007 – (December 21 st 2007) </li></ul><ul><li>Sex Discrimination (Amendment of Legislation) Regulations 2008 </li></ul>www.GenderShift.com
  33. 33. Equalities and Human Rights Commission Single Equalities Act
  34. 34. Questions and Answers

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