Kinship Care & grandparent kinship carers: messages from research                                1
Who has been brought up in           kinship care?                Morgan Freeman         Oprah Winfrey        Barack Obama...
Aims of my presentation1. To highlight key research findings2. To discuss the impact on grandparents   of being a 24/7 kin...
Section One Kinship Care-A                             Care-        multiplicity of arrangements• Fostered by family or fr...
Recent changes-CYPA                   changes-            2008 & kinship care• The restriction on the local authority prov...
Managing care proceedings                 and new guidance• The Court protocol for managing care    proceedings, known as ...
CLA in Wales by placementyear ending 31 March 2010 (5,160)                    4%    4%             4%             9%      ...
Who are the carers?   N=3016141210                   great grandparent                     grandparent8                   ...
Key Issues for kinship carers•   Emotional and relationship costs•   Financial costs•   Physical costs for older kinship c...
Reasons children in kinship care20181614                      Substance misuse12                      Neglect/physical    ...
KEY THEMES for young people in                             kinship care (n=20)20151050     Feelings              Feelings ...
Negatives -from children              living in kinship care•   Limits on freedom inside/outside the house•   Financial ha...
Positives -from children living in                        kinship care•   Good to be ‘rescued’ from LA care•   Feel safe a...
What works in kinship care ?        Measuring outcomesMeasures used• Placement stability• Placement quality• Relationship ...
Protective FactorsProtective factors associated with  better outcomes-the following were          outcomes-  statistically...
Section Two  ‘Grandparents Voices’Research Project for theGrandparents Association                           16
Three groups of grand-parents in the                grand-Grandparents Voices study• Those who were kinship carers*• Those...
Prior Situation and Court Order• 70% of the grandchild’s birth parents were previously    living apart prior to their chil...
What are the reasons for thesegrandchildren being in kinship care?The highest ranked answers, in rank order• 66% gave subs...
The impact of being agrandparent kinshipcarer on quality of life (n= 480)                                    20
Quality of life issues-summary                    issues-• Across 749 quality of life responses 96%    revealed that the k...
Impact on relationships of being a                 grandparent kinship carer (n=269)NOTE Only 1% of answers indicated that...
Impact on relationships• For most grandparents the relationship with    their partners and spouses provides    considerabl...
What grandparents said to us                               24
Research Findings                    More on relationships• Those very relationships which prior to the    placement provi...
Agencies Providing Help-                   Help-  Grandparents Views                           26
Key questions raised by the study• Q What cost to their health and well being can or should grandparent kinship carers bea...
Section Three                         So what supports                           are needed?• Give carers recognition for ...
What more needs to                            be done?                               done?• Value kinship care as a positi...
How best to support                    kinship placements?• Consider kinship care as 1st choice for    stability•   Get to...
Summary of                     research findings• Kinship care increasing and being valued• Grandparents, predominantly gr...
Section Four                     Finally –Some                 Outstanding Questions• With the advent of a new administrat...
Kinship care references• Aldgate, J and McIntosh, M (2007) Looking after the family,  Social Work Inspection Agency, Edinb...
My contact detailsProfessor Bob BroadEmail broadb@lsbu.ac.ukInstitute of Social Science ResearchFamilies and Social Capita...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Kinship care and grandparent kinship carers messages from research

1,676

Published on

Kinship Care and Grandparent Kinship Carers: messages from research. Presentation fro the Children in Wales Grandparent & Kinship Carers Conference held in Cardiff March 31st 2011

Published in: Health & Medicine, Business
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,676
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
17
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Kinship care and grandparent kinship carers messages from research

  1. 1. Kinship Care & grandparent kinship carers: messages from research 1
  2. 2. Who has been brought up in kinship care? Morgan Freeman Oprah Winfrey Barack Obama Pierce BrosnanTammy Wynette Al Pacino my cousin 2
  3. 3. Aims of my presentation1. To highlight key research findings2. To discuss the impact on grandparents of being a 24/7 kinship carer3. To examine what services help?4. To argue that the governments approach to supporting kinship care is indicative of its take on Big Society 3
  4. 4. Section One Kinship Care-A Care- multiplicity of arrangements• Fostered by family or friend• Special guardianship• Residence order• Family network support• Informal kinship care-no known to LAS care- 4
  5. 5. Recent changes-CYPA changes- 2008 & kinship care• The restriction on the local authority providing financial assistance only in exceptional circumstances (CYPA, 1989, S 17) has been removed• The rights of relatives to apply for a RO or SGO are extended without needing the court’s permission 5
  6. 6. Managing care proceedings and new guidance• The Court protocol for managing care proceedings, known as the Public Law Outline (2008) to local authorities requires family and friends care options to be explored before care proceedings are started.• Statutory guidance for family and friends England published in March 2010. Wales and other UK countries to produce their own. 6
  7. 7. CLA in Wales by placementyear ending 31 March 2010 (5,160) 4% 4% 4% 9% 16% 63% Non relative foster placement FF foster placement Placed with own parents or other with parental responsilbility Childrens Homes Placed for Adoption Other 7
  8. 8. Who are the carers? N=3016141210 great grandparent grandparent8 aunt/uncle6 friend of family420 8
  9. 9. Key Issues for kinship carers• Emotional and relationship costs• Financial costs• Physical costs for older kinship carers• Managing contact with birth parents• Worrying about the future 9
  10. 10. Reasons children in kinship care20181614 Substance misuse12 Neglect/physical abuse10 Death of parent8 Mental health6 parents42 N=300 10
  11. 11. KEY THEMES for young people in kinship care (n=20)20151050 Feelings Feelings Change Contact Sense about about in living with of current safety situation family identity living situation 11
  12. 12. Negatives -from children living in kinship care• Limits on freedom inside/outside the house• Financial hardship• Transition to independence• Lack of understanding about their placements• Loss and change - adjusting to 2 households• Contact issues re parents and siblings 12
  13. 13. Positives -from children living in kinship care• Good to be ‘rescued’ from LA care• Feel safe and safer than before• Can maintain family, siblings and friends relationships• Feel more settled, loved, cared for• Family supports /more committed to education / ambition / achievements• Sustain self–esteem, identity & racial heritage self–• Feeling safe with grandmotherQ Understanding impact on grandparents’ lives ? 13
  14. 14. What works in kinship care ? Measuring outcomesMeasures used• Placement stability• Placement quality• Relationship quality• Child well-being well-(Hunt et al, 2008) 14
  15. 15. Protective FactorsProtective factors associated with better outcomes-the following were outcomes- statistically significant variables in terms of providing placement stability• Placement with grandparent, child’s acceptance of care, younger children in the household (Hunt et al , 2008)• What about the impact on Grandparents? 15
  16. 16. Section Two ‘Grandparents Voices’Research Project for theGrandparents Association 16
  17. 17. Three groups of grand-parents in the grand-Grandparents Voices study• Those who were kinship carers*• Those who provided significant levels of child care (30+ hours per week)• Those who were denied access to their grand- grand- children• The research was promoted on thewww. begrand.net grandparents web site as well as through direct mailings, GPA, FRG 17
  18. 18. Prior Situation and Court Order• 70% of the grandchild’s birth parents were previously living apart prior to their child being placed with their grandparents in kinship care• It was much more likely that the grandchildren were living with their mother (42% of cases) than with both parents (22%) or their son (2%) prior to living in kinship care.• 75% subject to a court order of which 65% had Residence Orders, 21% had SGOs and 9% looked after in relative foster care.• The research study highlights the supports needed by those groups 18
  19. 19. What are the reasons for thesegrandchildren being in kinship care?The highest ranked answers, in rank order• 66% gave substance misuse -main reason• 44% gave child protection concerns -2nd main reason• 50% gave mental health problems as 3rd highest reasonQ Impact on grandparents quality of life? 19
  20. 20. The impact of being agrandparent kinshipcarer on quality of life (n= 480) 20
  21. 21. Quality of life issues-summary issues-• Across 749 quality of life responses 96% revealed that the kinship carer’s quality or life and relationships had not improved.• 3/4 of the kinship carers were working full time prior to becoming a kinship carer. Since that time just under 1/3 are working, of whom 6/10 working part-time. part-• Financial circumstances & a range of quality of life measures indicate that grandparents’ circumstances are getting worse.• Q How are relationships effected? 21
  22. 22. Impact on relationships of being a grandparent kinship carer (n=269)NOTE Only 1% of answers indicated that these relationships had 22‘remained the same’ or ‘improved’
  23. 23. Impact on relationships• For most grandparents the relationship with their partners and spouses provides considerable support• Where there are grandchildren living in kinship care with their grandparent (s) the majority of all grandparents’ pre-existing pre- relationships change significantly and detrimentally, at the very least, for the duration of the kinship care arrangement. 23
  24. 24. What grandparents said to us 24
  25. 25. Research Findings More on relationships• Those very relationships which prior to the placement provided support, actual or potential soured and worsened in a significant majority of cases reported here.• The only relationship reported as having improved was that between the grandchild and the grandparent.Q So what agencies actually helped? 25
  26. 26. Agencies Providing Help- Help- Grandparents Views 26
  27. 27. Key questions raised by the study• Q What cost to their health and well being can or should grandparent kinship carers bear? And• Q What services help grandparent kinship carers? 27
  28. 28. Section Three So what supports are needed?• Give carers recognition for the job they do• Facilitate fair and adequate financial support• Provide accessible and friendly family-led assessment family- and support services• Offer direct work and groupwork with the children• Provide casework/ groupwork support for carers• Offer help with managing contact with parents if required 28
  29. 29. What more needs to be done? done?• Value kinship care as a positive resource for children and see carers as a resource to be nurtured• Develop an appropriate family-led framework for family- assessment and support of kinship carers• Develop education services as a major source of support for kinship children to build resilience 29
  30. 30. How best to support kinship placements?• Consider kinship care as 1st choice for stability• Get to know the child• Consider all the options• Know the law and mind the guidance• Work with the whole kinship network• Be aware of alliances, conflicts in family• Be prepared to support kinship placements• Recognise the challenges of contact(Argent, H, 2009) 30
  31. 31. Summary of research findings• Kinship care increasing and being valued• Grandparents, predominantly grandmothers are the largest group of kinship carers• It needs to be assessed as to whether it is the right option for the child• Kinship carers/children- services needed carers/children-• It involves new policies, ways of working• Governments are reluctant to invest 31
  32. 32. Section Four Finally –Some Outstanding Questions• With the advent of a new administration in 2010 and the ‘Big Society’, will it be a case of ‘back to the family’ again for kinship care?• OR can the ‘Big Society’ continue to embrace, and extend the established ‘shared care- care- shared responsibility’ philosophy, or social contract if you will, between the state, the individual and the family about responsibilities, duties and rights? 32
  33. 33. Kinship care references• Aldgate, J and McIntosh, M (2007) Looking after the family, Social Work Inspection Agency, Edinburgh• Argent, H (2009) Supporting kinship placements, BAAF• Broad, B (2010) Grandparents Voices, Grandparents’ Association• Broad, B, (2007) Kinship care; what works- who cares? works- Social Work and Social Sciences Review, 23, 2• Broad, B and Skinner, A, (2005) Relative Benefits: placing children in kinship care-a good practice guide. BAAF care-• Broad, B (2007) Kinship Care, Save the Children Fund• Hunt, J, Waterhouse, S, and Lutman, E (2008) Keeping them in the family, BAAF, London• Farmer, E & Moyers, S (2008). Kinship care, Jessica Kingsley• Talbot, C & Calder, M, eds. (2006) Assessment in kinship care. care. RHP• Wade, J, et al Special Guardianship in Practice, BAAF 33
  34. 34. My contact detailsProfessor Bob BroadEmail broadb@lsbu.ac.ukInstitute of Social Science ResearchFamilies and Social Capital GroupWeb Address www.lsbu.ac.uk/families 34
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×