By Spencer Trouton and Aidan ConwayANCIENTEGYPT
MAP AND TIME FRAMEAncient Egypt had an The time odd map. Lower frame for Egypt was ancient actually located egypt was higher in the from 3150 region while BC to 30 Upper Egypt was BC. lower in Egypt. The river in the middle is called the Nile. The map is kind of blurry but if you look closely you can see some labels.
BACKGROUNDThe Ancient Egyptians are known for mostly because of their unique form of writing called hieroglyphics which is an extremely complex form of writing. An interesting artifact of their culture is the Rosetta Stone. The Rosetta Stone was a stone that had hieroglyphics and Greek writing. Jean-Francois Champollion deciphered the Greek and showed how to read the Hieroglyphics. They also have very interesting gods. They usually have animal heads but human bodies. The front cover shows Anubis the god of funerals and mummification (on the left). On the right is Ra the pharaoh of the gods and the god of sun. Ra in Hieroglyphics is . Rosetta Stone
SOCIAL STRUCTURE Pharaohs were called the gods on earth. They were the kings of Egypt except The vizier was a very probably more honoured than Pharaoh important person. kings of lets say, Greece. They run the country as a president. They Nobles were as were not as important important as priests. Vizier as the pharaoh They had equal power. though. Priests ran the Craftsmen slaves, churches and and farmers are worships. Nobles were the lowest. law makers of Egypt. Nobles Priests Farmers farm the fields to get food for the people. TheScribes wrote slaves work fornotes and also their masters.translated notes. Scribes Soldiers Craftsmen makeSolders worked things for thefor the king and kingdoms.fought enemies. Craftsmen Farmers Slaves
HOUSING The Egyptians used stone blocks or mud bricks to create their houses and tombs. People when they think of Egyptian buildings they think of pyramids. Only honoured kings were in pyramids and they had to be dead to be in the tomb. Ordinary houses were made by the workers and were also made of stones and bricks.Most of the Egyptian houseshad around four rooms. Onebigger one in the middle and 3others attaching onto it. Theydo not carry more than onefamily. People slept in thecentral middle room. The otherrooms were the kitchen, anentry room that goes into thecentral room, and astorage/extra bedroom.
FOOD Egyptians a lot of the time ate fish that they caught in the lake. They also ate things that were around like berries and things. They had farmers that made grains and wheat to make meals like bread and things like that. This picture shows some things that they could eat for meals and snacks and stuff. They did not eat the kind of things that we eat now. They would not eat fast food and other varieties of food from other places. Ex Sushi, Mexican food etc.
FAMILY LIFE Families in ancient Egypt often had kids. The kids were usually taken care of theFamily praying to gods. parents but when they were not they were taken care of by servants or slaves. Unlike many places in ancient times, women had just as many rights. In now times women have rights because it is wrong for them not to, but in places like Ancient Greek they could not vote or anything like that. Sometimes but not all of the time in Ancient Egypt the women worked and the men stayed at home. Many families that were rich had many slaves doing things for
Divorces in Ancient Egypt are easy to do except they cost a lot. Pharaohs marriages wereMARRIAGE very different. The pharaohs wife is called the Great Royal Wife. Nobles can be married to more than one person at a time. But ordinary marriages are not really much different than the marriages now. Marriage in Ancient Egypt was very important. It was a very big deal to the family except, like the marriages now, it is only important to them and their families. Marriages links to family life because once they are married they are a family, they can have kids etc.
CHILDHOOD In ancient Egypt the peopleChildren in school. wrote on one of the first kinds of(Drawn on sheet of papers called papyrus. It is kindpapyrus. of paper but is slightly like cloth. Ancient Egyptian Children Imagine printing that out of a did not go to school or get computer if you are a kid now. another kind of good education unless they were very rich or powerful. For entertainment a lot of children played a board game called senet. Children were treated well and were not hurt or tortured like most places. A lot of people in Egypt that were rich had a lot of servants and slaves to look after their children.
Childhood in Ancient Egypt would be very different thanCOMPARING CHILDHOODS childhood in Vancouver now. We have all the technology that they don’t. If I was growing up in Ancient Egypt I would not The children in Egypt be able to learn with would not have the computers, play video games, chance to travel watch TV, get rides in a car, go anywhere. They on trips on a plane etc. I think travel by foot or if an Ancient Egyptian kid grew camels and other up here he/she would like it Egypt animals. We travel by much more than Egypt. We cars, bikes, trains, have tall buildings and we planes etc. We can have more structured houses go places that would with more advanced take them weeks technology. If we get really cold and weeks to get to in our house we flick a switch in less than a day. to turn on an electric fireplace We can get across while they would have to go oceans as easy as through a bunch of work to we get across land. make a fire or put on extra CanadaUSA clothing.
EDUCATION Being educated was a great honour in Ancient Egypt. Only the rich or Egypt royal people get a good education. In Vancouver you would never get a job if you never went to school. When you went to school in ancient Egypt you usually became a noble or another important person. The people who did not get an education could still become an important person but less likely. If you were the son of a pharaoh than you could become the pharaoh without an education. The schools looked much different from ours now though. Now
RELIGION The Ancient Egyptian gods were very Nephthys important to their lives. As you see in the pictures some have the heads of animals. They had temples that they worshipped the gods in. They worshipped the pharaoh just as much because he was a god on the earth. Set Some of the most important gods are Horus, Isis, Set, Nephthys and Osiris. They were all good except Set. Horus, the most important one, was the god of war, protection and the sky. He had the head of a falcon. Osiris, almost equally important, was the lord of the dead. Isis was the goddess of motherhood Osiris and magic. Nephthys was the wife of Horus Set. Set was the god of chaos and terror and Nephthys was the goddess of assistance and partly death because Isis of her courtship with Set.
Ra is also associated with the god Amun. Not a lot of people know a god named COMMON GOD the ancient EgyptianOne of the most common gods from Amun-Ra. Amun-Ra is also the god of the wind notreligions is Ra. Ra is the god of the sun. Ra has three forms of just the sun. Unlike othera god. The falcon headed god is the god of sun. He was that gods, Amun or Amun-Raform in around the middle of the day. Khepri the scarab form was not born. He createdwas in the morning. Khepra is now a scientific word for the himself. He also did notbeetle. Khnum, his last form was in the evening. He is said to show himself as much.create people with his teardrops. Ra is a very important god That is why not manyfrom Egyptian Mythology. Ra was also the king of the gods. people knowRa Amun-Ra instead of Khepri just Ra. Khnum Amun-Ra
FESTIVALS Ancient Egyptians had many festivals. Most of them were religious festivals to celebrate the gods and goddesses but there are a couple that are not. The celebrations had huge feasts too. One had so much food it was crazy. 11,341 loaves of bread and 385 barrels of beer to celebrate Rameses III victory over the Libyans. A religious festival in Ancient Egypt was when they celebrated the Beautiful Feast of the Valley. They celebrated the links between the living and dead.
WEALTHY LIVING Rich families in Ancient Egypt had slaves or servants to look after their children and also do the houses chores. It would like one of us getting a bunch of maids. Many rich families can also afford for their children to go to school. Like now, the rich people would usually have more things and a bigger house. They might also wear jewellery like amulets and earrings. Many people who were not rich also wore stuff like that. The rich, to be different, sometimes wore things like diamond necklaces.
CLOTHING People in ancient Women in ancient Egypt a lot of the time Egypt wore mostly wore a variety of the same things as things. Men usually each other. A linen wore short skirts dress that is around their wastes strapped by the like in the pictures of shoulders. The god the gods. They do not pictures I saved usually wear shirts also wear the because of the heat. same dresses as People in ancient ordinary women. Egypt sometimes Women also wore wore wigs for fashion wigs for the same and also to keep the reasons. Both men sun off of their and women in heads. (Especially ancient Egypt wore when they are bald). jewellery.
ART AND MUSICArt in ancient Egypt was Music in ancient Egyptvery good. It was was worshipped. A lot ofcreated to have a Egyptian music waspurpose. The pottery associated with the gods.was usually made out Like now they hadof soapstone and instruments likecoated in enamel to percussion, woodwinds,help preserve it so it and strings. They usuallydoes not break over made their instrumentstime as easily. Their themselves or got friendssculptures were really to make them for them.cool. Most sculptures There was not justand statues were made instruments and tools toto look like the gods make music. They hadand honour them. singing and dancing andOthers were of the other things that we stillpharaohs and other have now. They wouldworshipped people like have different kinds ofqueens and kings. They music instead of pop,also drew people and rock, techno, metal etc.gods on papyrus.
CHILDBIRTHThe man who decipheredthe Rosetta Stone, Jean-Francois Champollion,named the place where thechildren were born. It wascalled “Mammisi” in 19thcentury Coptic and “BirthHouse” or “Birth Place” inEnglish. Mammisis’ werekind of church’s or chapels.Some were almost like Taweretsmall temples. It was a veryreligious event too becausethey put up pictures ofTaweret to help the childand Bes to help ward offspirits. Bes (carving)
TOMBS (EXTRA) One of the most well known artifacts and architecture are the tombs. When I think of Egypt I think of the ancient Pyramids of Giza. Not just any old dead guy would be put in one of the great pyramids. Only respected pharaohs, kings and queens would be put there. The tombs had great drawings and had many crystals and treasures. The coffins were made out of gold, diamonds, crystals and other valuable artifacts. A common known tomb is the one of Tutankhamen. (More commonly known as King Tut).
COMPARING GREEK GODS TO EGYPTIAN GODS Egyptian gods are very unlike the gods of theGods of the Underworld Greek. In Egypt the lord of the dead is Osiris. Osiris Osiris is a worshipped Egyptian god. Unlike Hades he is caring and makes sure that even the dead are happy. His assistant, the god of funerals, Anubis is also a more kind god than Hades in legends. Hades enjoys the death Greek of mortals and is always trying to get released into Hades the real world. He always uses trickery to deceive people into traps.
COMPARING GREEK GODS TO EGYPTIAN GODSCONT. The god of the Greek Sun is called Apollo.Gods of the Sun He was not one of the super major gods. The King of the gods in Egyptian Ra Greece was Zeus. In Egypt Ra, the Egyptian Sun God, was the overall pharaoh of the Egyptian religion. He also had multiple forms and could Greek Apollo create humans with his tear drops in his form of Khnum. Apollo drove a chariot made of light and was a phenomenal shot with the bow.
CONCLUSIONTo me the Ancient Egyptian Culture is very fascinating. The Gods, the Tombs and the over all topic is very interesting. The arts and festivals are extremely cool. By: Spencer Trouton and Aidan Conway
INFO BIBLIOGRAPHYSome ideas were from Rick Riordan’s Red Pyramid and Throne of fire. All facts proved before writing it down.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rosetta_StoneOutlooks 7 Ancient Worlds (book)Other Places Other Times (book)http://library.thinkquest.org/J002046F/education.htm http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Osirishttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Horushttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isishttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nephthyshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sethttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rahttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kheprihttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Khnumhttp://www2.sptimes.com/Egypt/EgyptCredit.4.2.htmlThrone of FireRed Pyramid