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  • 1. My Life in Ancient Greece By: Sarah and Megan
  • 2. About Me My name is Giovanna. I am ayoung woman who lives in Athens and ever since I had my first visitto the oracle I have been keeping a scrapbook of what happens in early Greece. In the followingpages you will see my life unravel in front of you.
  • 3. Map Of My CivilizationHistory explains that mycivilization started fromthe 8th or 6th century BCand my recent visit to theoracle has warned me ofa terrible battle betweenus and the Romansending my civilization inthe year 146th BC. To beprepared for this battle Ihave drawn a map of mycivilization.
  • 4. Background This is a drawing I made of the moon when I stayed up with Parmenides one nightMy civilization is known world wide for many things such as the Olympics, theatre, drama, ourart, architecture, poetry, and our government, (democracy). Our civilization felt that we neededeveryone’s opinion, (except, women, slaves, and foreigners), so our government started thefirst democracy. We are also known for science. My neighbor, Parmenides found out that theearth is round by studying its shadow on the moon. Lastly we are well known for ourbeliefs/explanations of happenings. These explanations include the gods and we are so wellknown for it, that the oracle says that people in a place called Ridgeview, and many otherplaces, will learn about our gods.
  • 5. This is my mother when she just Social Structure finished spinning. This is my father This is This is coming home. my were my brother father sat playing when he This is me with went to see drawing this his his first picture that toys. theater you are production. looking at right know.First, slaves and free men separated in our civilization’s social life. From there it the free men aredivide weather they are a citizen or a foreigner. The most powerful social class is the class thathas men that have both their parents and themselves born in Athens. Sadly that does not apply tome even thought both my parents and I were born in Athens because I don’t have any social lifemyself, but it does apply to my brother and father. When my brother grows up he will be in thehighest social class and have a high status just like my father. My social and legal status comesfrom my father, brother and my husband if I marry. Anyway when my father is not discussingpolitics, working, and if he can find the money he might go to the theatre and watch drama. Mymother will stay at home most days spinning, weaving and other housework and when me and mybrother were not very old we would be playing with our toys or writing in our scrapbooks. Mostly inour family we are all to busy to keep track of our social life.
  • 6. My HomeMy house is a simple, two room house made of mud bricks covered in plaster. Our roof is made ofpottery tiles and we have holes in our walls used as windows. Most citizens of Greece that arelower class own homes with just one to three rooms like us. The houses of the wealthier citizensare much bigger usually with two floors. The houses often contain pillars and are centered around acourtyard. The first floor has the andron, which is the kitchen and dining room, along with the livingroom. The top floor contains the bedrooms and the gynaecium. Gynaecium is a room where thewoman sew cloth and eat their meals. Our culture is very practical so we don’t tend to have a lot offurniture in our houses, only what is needed. Our mattresses for our beds are made of a sack filledwith leaves; and our beds and couches were made either of a wooden plank with four legs or awooden frame with rope webbing and mats on top. Since we are too poor to afford lighting we wakeup with the sun and go to sleep when the sun goes down. Although, the more wealthy familiesmight have olive oil lamps to light their houses with. A house made of mud bricks covered in plaster with a roof of pottery tiles.
  • 7. How my wealthier friends lived. This is a sun shade. Because of the womens wealthy she has someone cover her face with a sun shade when it is sunny out. My friend Talia, who is rather wealthy because her father was a government leader, always hadsomeone with her. She was not allowed to go out by herself; not only this but she was forced into a marriage with a wealthy man. The same is with all rich woman. I’ve never been in her house but I have walked by and seen that it is huge with a grand entrance and beautiful marble columns. Likeme she never went to school, all though she is home schooled. They consider a pale complexion to be the prettiest shade on a woman. In relation to that, the upper class, like her, are required tokeep their faces shaded with a sun shade when it is hot. As you can see beauty is very important to the rich. Another example of this is how they have trained servants to arrange their hair and makeup.
  • 8. (our Greek name)Atherina: A fish thatlives near our shore Our Meals Red wineOur religion and our God’s are a big part of our diet. One way our religion affectsour appetite is that we do not kill and eat any tamed or domestic animals unlessit had been sacrificed to the Gods first. We believe that it is cruel and not right.Although, if the animal is hunted in the wild it is okay to eat it. Another way our religion affects the food choices we make is how certain Greek Gods like particular foods more than others. It is thought that Dionysos loves wine, and Demeter and Persephone are to love bread. In Greece we drink quite a largeamount of wine. Our meals also often consist of wheat, olive oil, and vegetables that we grow. We mostly grow legumes, such as lentils, beans, peas, andchickpeas. We are also fond of fish and eat it quite frequently, although because of our approach to meat, we don’t eat very much red meat.
  • 9. Family Life This is my In our family we when my believed that mother and everyone should aunt would be treated teach me equally. the ways of a women in our civilization.In our Civilization the husband/father was the head of the household.My father could do what ever he wanted in the house and make us dowhat ever he wanted us to do. Lucky for the rest of the family, myfather was a great man and he believed that he should treat everyonethe way he wanted to be treated, if not better. However my fatherwould make all the important decisions and was the only one thatwas a full citizen. My mother would do the daily chores includingcooking and weaving and also raise my brother and I. We were poorand we felt it was not right, so we did not have a slave. This meantmy brother and I had to help my mother and father with all the work. I,being a female, would help my mother and learn the female jobsaround a household, and my brother, being a male, would help myfather and learn the male roles. Wealthier families would have slavesto help with the daily chores.
  • 10. This is a drawing of Marriagewhen I first saw myhusband coming to These pomegranateour house in the seeds are the fruit Ichariot. ate to show that all my basic needs would now come from my husband.When I got married, my parents and my loving husband’s parents arranged it for us. The weddingceremony started after dark. My loving husband came over to my house in a chariot and had afeast with us. Then I went back to his house in the same chariot. My family followed us carryinggifts and my friends followed us playing music and lighting the way. His parents led us to the hearthwhere there was fruit and nuts. I ate the fruit to show that all my basic needs would now come frommy husband. The next day our friends came bringing presents. Luckily for my family, there aresome advantages of being poor. One of these advantages was we were allowed to pick who, when,and if we would like to marry. My friend was forced into a marriage with a man of the age 20, whichher father picked, when she was 14. Her father gave the groom’s parents a dowry for the marriageand if he wanted a divorce he would have to give back the dowry. Once my friend was married shestill was not free and had to do what ever her husband wanted her to do. Also another one of myfriends was for forced to marry a man of the age 30, when she as 18. The same is with all richwomen.
  • 11. ChildbirthI have asked my mother about babies being born. One of the firstthings she told me was about all she had to do to prepare for mybrother and I. She mentioned things like warm water, olive oil, warmfomentations, sea sponges, wool pieces, bandages, and a sweetfragrance. The water is to clean parts of the women’s body and thepieces of wool is to cover parts of the women’s body. The olive oil isto make it easier for the baby to come out and the bandages are forthe newborn baby to be wrapped in. The warm fomentations to easethe pains and the sea sponges for sponging off. My mother alsomentioned things like, a pillow, beds and a midwife’s stool or chair. Sea Sponges where used in childbirth the sponge of the women and baby. The softest sea sponges where used the most.
  • 12. Me and My Siblings ChildhoodMy brother and I were brought up quite differently becauseof our gender. At the schools he was taught to be an Clay pot usedequally balanced individual with a healthy mind and body.To build his mind his teacher taught him to read, write, for toiletcalculate, sing, recite poetry and memorize a combination trainingof words by heart. For the athletic benefits of schooling theteachers would teach him gymnastics. Gymnastics in ourcivilization includes: jumping, running, wrestling, andthrowing javelins. While practicing his wrestling skills it was At a young age my siblings and I used clay pots inimportant that all boys try their best because if their our toilet training. As children we played with allteacher thought they weren’t they would be beaten. We sorts of toys, mostly clay models of animals suchtake sports very seriously here. as pigs, and rabbits. We Also had clay dolls. In order for my dolls to move we had leather thongs attached to their arms and legs. Being rich, my friend Talia, was excepted to have a tutor and nursemaids to care and teach for her. Her education included tradition female skills. Such as weaving and spinning. She was also taught to read, write, and calculate. In order for her to take part in a special festival for woman that honours Athena and other Goddesses her mother would teach her secret Ancient songs and dances. A clay doll
  • 13. A Future Civilization In A Land Called Canada This is what the oracle said the Canada flag will look like. My clay rabbit (my toy) I had a visit to the oracle and she talked of a civilization in the future that lives in a placecalled Canada. She said that the children their will grow up much differently than me. She said theirtoys will be made of a material called plastic that could be easily manipulated into any shapeimaginable, unlike our hard clay dolls and animals. The oracle also said that some of the children’sfathers and mothers worked, so the kids would be taken care of a person called a nanny or ababysitter. She said these children wore all sorts of different clothes. For example she namedsomething they wear on their legs called jeans, and t-shirts made of cotton that they wear on theupper half of their body. In Canada it is called child abuse and is against the law when someonetortures a child against the child’s will. She said that boys and girls will have equal rights and theywill both go to school. This is hardly believable considering how no girl in Greece would dream ofgoing to school knowing only boys do. Even though there is that huge difference, the idea of schoolis somewhat similar. In Canada the school will build both the mind and the physical aspects of thehuman body. Just like in Greece, they believe both are important.
  • 14. EducationBeing a girl in Athens, I never went to school and I would be educated at home. However mybrother did. Everyday since he turned seven and until he was 14, I’ve asked him about school. Hewould tell me about how small the school was, about the one teacher and 10-20 boys, and aboutwhat new things he learned in reading, or writing, or math, or music, or at the wrestling schoolwhere they teach many sports. Usually poor families like us can’t afford the fee’s of the school.But my parents think that it is very important that my brother has a good education, so to affordthe fee we go some nights with out food. Any way my brother once told me that they cover a Here is the Alphabet thatboard with wax and that they would carve out letters and numbers with a stylus. When they are my brother taught medone they smooth the wax so they can use it again the next day. My brother was also taught when he had time.about voting in the assembly and was educated to become a good citizen of our city, Athens.When my brother turned 14 his public schooling stopped and his home schooling started. Myfather was a tradesman so my brother learned the way of the trade. Some of my brother’s friendswanted to work for the army so they stayed in school until they were 18 then they went to the Here is aarmy. My brother’s wealthier friends also kept their schooling up, although they now learn sophist handor philosophy. My brother tells me that sophist is where they learn things like public speaking, drawing ofrhetoric, and persuasion. Sophist and philosophy fee is even higher then the school’s fee so sadly my brother’s teacher thatonly the wealthiest can take part in it. Philosophy is where they are taught to think and write about he gave tothinking. In Sparta boys would have to go to military training from age 7 – 20 and girls had to do me when hephysical training to because they believe that strong women make strong babies. In Sparta they wasbelieve in fighting, where as here in Athens we believe in discussing it first. My brother taught me explaining how hissome of the many things he leaned in school, so I decided to use them and practice them so that teacheris why I’m making this scrapbook. looked.
  • 15. ReligionThe Oracle Pythia Religion impacts almost everything we do in Greece. The God’s on Mount Olympus are in control of everything, they determine if each person leads a good and happy life or not. This is why we constantly praise the God’s. Whether it is through festivals, temples, or sacrifice, every citizen of Greece does. We also look to the god’s for all our debates. If we are having a debate, argument, or want to hear what will happen in the future, we go to the oracle. The oracle is someone who can hear a certain God and tell you what the God is saying. Each oracle works a different way. There is the Pythia, a woman oracle, who is the oracle for Apollo. She gets drunk from the smoke of burning laurel leaves and talks to Apollo. The Priest will translate what she is saying for the visitor. When we want to consult her, we go to the great temple of Delphi. Do to their great powers, the oracle and the priest have much supremacy and we listen carefully to everything they say.
  • 16. AthenaWe look up to Athena, one of our twelve Greek Gods and Goddessesfor many reasons. One is that she is the goddess of wisdom,civilization, warfare, strength, strategy, female, arts, crafts, justice,and skill. The second is that our city, Athens is named after her. BothPoseidon and Athena loved our city and claimed it was theirs. Laterthey decided to settle it with a contest of who could give the city thebest gift. Poseidon stuck his trident into a cliff which caused it to spewout water, although the water was very salty so wasn’t very useful forus. Athena’s gift was an olive tree. This is an amazing gift that givesour city food, oil, and wood. So Athena won the contest and namedour city Athens. She lives on Mount Olympus along with the other 11gods and goddesses we worship. Athena is Zeus’s, the king of ourgods and the king of the sky, favorite child. Athena was born in a veryunusual way. Her mother is Metis, the goddess of wisdom, and infear that she would make a son greater than Zeus, Zeus swallowedher. Inside Zeus, Metis started to make a robe and helmet for hernew baby, Athena. This caused a huge headache for Zeus and finallyHephaestus came and cut Zeus’s head in half and out came Athena.She was already full grown and wearing the robe and helmet hermother, Metis, had made her.
  • 17. A man in a toga, which My Closet means he is probably in the presence of a woman. Woman in a toga. As you can see it is held together with pins instead of sewing.Even though my parents were poor they always kept us well dressed. Men in AncientGreece only wear clothes when they are in front woman, otherwise they don’t. Forexample during sports, swimming, in the mines, and during hot weather it just doesn’tseem practical to wear clothes. Of course, woman are expected to always wear clothesunless they are dancers or prostitutes. My friend, Talia, is a noble woman and she isexpected to wear a veil that covers her head and lower face. Our clothes don’t involvemuch sewing, mostly different folds and a few pins. Although, we do have wonderfulembroidery and colours on our clothes.
  • 18. Our Arts andWe have many different forms of art in ourculture. A few of the most common forms of art Musicare weaving, pottery, and architecture. Ourpottery is very detailed and our designs andscenes on them tend to be very dramatic or These are the threelively. The decorations would be painted on main kinds of columns insmooth red clay to form the pot. Marble is a very our architecture.important aspect of our architecture, especiallybecause we have so many marble quarries. It isa strong substance so it is good for building. Acommon piece of architecture here in Ancient Music is very important to all GreekGreece are marble columns. We have three citizens. It is involved in many celebrationsdifferent kinds of columns: Doric, Ionic, and gatherings. For example marriage,Corinthian. The Doric column is more popular in funerals, theatres, and religiousthe mainland Greece. It’s top, the capitol, is plainbut the column is sturdy. The top has a square ceremonies all include music in theirshape. The Ionic is more common in Eastern gatherings. Much of our music is centeredGreece. It is elegant and thinner with a capitol around our religion. Like most Greekthat looks like a scroll. Although the Corinthian citizens, my favorite instruments are theisn’t very popular here, it is used quite often on kithara, lyre, aulos. The kithara and theRoman temples. This column’s capitol is very lyre are both string instruments, and theelaborate and the top is decorated with acanthus aulos is a double-reed instrument.leaves.
  • 19. ThargeliaThargelia takes place on the 6th and 7th of Thargelion on the Greek calendar, May –June. This celebration occurs in Athens, my city-state. This festival has two mainreasons. One is to celebrate the first fruits, or grains of wheat of the season; and theother is to release guilt from the town and start fresh. They release this guilt bymaking a human sacrifice of one or two people, sometimes important people willingto sacrifice themselves but usually criminals or outcasts, to the Gods. The scapegoatwould be fed, carried through the town, and then they would either be expelled,dropped off a cliff, thrown into the ocean, or killed on a funeral pyre. The more guiltthe town felt the more serious the sacrifice. The festival also includes a sacrifice tothe Gods of the first fruits, or grains. This section of the festival started off the harvestseason. The final event of the festival, and my favorite, is a procession and an officialadoption of a person.
  • 20. Uh-oh I’m running out of pages. It is a good time to stop anyway. So there you have it, my life story. It is quite different to someplace called Canada as the oracle predicted. My hope is to hid this book and have some one inthe future find it and she how I lived. If you are from the future that it appears that it worked and I hoped you liked it. Just to clear some things up my husband and I are having a great life. Our two darling children are playing with my old toys as I’m writing this. My brother is happy man living with his wife and kids and my good friend … divorced her husband and now is married tothe love of her life. I’m now a sculpture and I love my job, so I guess everyone got their happily ever after. This is sculpture is my pride and joy of my sculpting collection.
  • 21. Bibliography For Pictures• Amazon : http://s3.amazonaws.com/readers/2008/09/21/342441_2.jpg• Ancient Greece: http://ancientgreece-1b.blogspot.com/• Ancient History : http://0.tqn.com/d/ancienthistory/1/0/b/M/ancientbirthingstool.jpg• Art History Spot : http://www.arthistoryspot.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/02/nike.jpg• Bangalore Businesses: http://www.bangalorebusinesses.com/images/ancient-greek-doll.jpg• Bible History : http://www.bible-history.com/admin1/image/thumbs/chariot_racing.gif• Blog Spot 2: http://2.bp.blogspot.com/_lHM--L6NdYI/SQix_clW9JI/AAAAAAAAA7M/wmOI4J5QFEM/s400/Greek+Slave.jpg• Blog Spot 3 : http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_ZJAvr5KdTuk/Sw0xUoCNBsI/AAAAAAAAAFA/Y8f5DUK-jKs/s1600/sea+sponge.JPG• Buy Coustumes: http://images.buycostumes.com/mgen/merchandiser/4056.jpg?zm=250,250,1,0,0• Chalk Richmond: http://chalk.richmond.edu/education/projects/webunits/greecerome/images/columns.jpeg• Explore Crete: http://www.explorecrete.com/nature/fish-1.html• Fen Ditton Community Primary School: http://cd7.e2bn.net/e2bn/leas/c99/schools/cd7/website/images/roman_slaves.jpg• Flicker.com- Greek Sculpture : http://www.flickr.com/photos/wallyg/1480347859/ by Wally Gobetz• Flicker.com- Greek theater: http://www.flickr.com/photos/davidesimonetti/5018478384/ by Davide Simonetti• Flicker.com- Greek tower : http://www.flickr.com/photos/uds/4475855205/ by Alexey Dymchenko• Flicker.com- Moon : http://www.flickr.com/photos/almekinders/509950657/ by Arjan Almekinders• Foto Search: http://www.fotosearch.com/clip-art/sketch.html• Greeka: http://www.greeka.com/greece-maps/ancient-greece-map.jpg• Hellenica : http://www.mlahanas.de/Hellas/LX/Bild/StadtrechtGortys.jpg• Kaboodle: http://cn1.kaboodle.com/hi/img/b/0/0/63/f/AAAAC40NgkQAAAAAAGP1tA.jpg?v=1249602243000• Karen Whimsy : http://karenswhimsy.com/public-domain-images/ancient-greek-clothing/images/ancient-greek-clothing-2.jpg• Karen Whimsy : http://karenswhimsy.com/public-domain-images/ancient-greek-clothes/images/ancient-greek-clothes-3.jpg• Mr Donn-Greek women weaving: http://greece.mrdonn.org/women.html• Media Tumblr: http://30.media.tumblr.com/tumblr_l16t46UzwW1qahuhjo1_400.jpg• Pantheon: http://www.pantheon.org/areas/gallery/mythology/europe/greek/athena.html• Pc-Scrapbook elements: http://www.pc-scrapbookelements.com/frames/images/frame31.jpg• Pronto: http://www.pronto.com/shop/greek-toga-costumes/c-v1_15_152_595_1346• Radiant on Raw : http://radiantonraw.typepad.com/.a/6a00e55207daf288340105351386da970b-pi• Richard-Potter: http://blog.richard-potter.co.uk/tag/greek/page/2/• RSS2.com: http://rss2.com/feeds/Neatorama/572/• Stencil Planet: http://www.stencilplanet.com/productimages/I+mages/10666I.gif• Suite101: http://www.suite101.com/content/ancient-greek-oracles-and-the-pythia-of-the-delphic-oracle-a239474• Tesi Online: http://www.tesionline.com/intl/img/focus/vino-rosso.jpg• The Full Wiki: http://www.thefullwiki.org/chiton• Toga: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toga• University of Virginia : http://www.hsl.virginia.edu/historical/artifacts/antiqua/assets/childbirth.jpg• Virgo Trading Inc: http://virgo-trading-inc.blogspot.com/2011/04/new-croup-wheat-golden-punjab.html• Wellness online: http://www.wellnessonline.com/images/wheat.jpg• Wholly Healthy: http://whollyhealthy.files.wordpress.com/2008/10/hard-red-wheat-grain-crop-039.jpg
  • 22. Bibliography For TextWebsites:Ancient Greece- http://www.ancientgreece.com/s/Main_Page/Ancient Greece-Art http://www.ancientgreece.com/s/Art/Ancient Greece-Culture http://www.ancientgreece.com/s/Culture/Ancient Greece-Life- http://www.ancientgreece.com/s/Life/Britannica- http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/590044/ThargeliaCartage- http://www.cartage.org.lb/en/themes/arts/architec/AncientArchitectural/GreekArchitecture/GreekBuilding/AncientGreekHouse.htmHistory for kids- http://www.historyforkids.org/learn/greeks/food/greekfood.htmHistory Link 102- http://historylink102.com/greece3/architecture.htmHistory Link 102- http://historylink102.com/greece3/index.htmHrsbstaff- http://hrsbstaff.ednet.ns.ca/mcallip/Hist10/Greece/athenian_education.htm,Local History- http://www.localhistories.org/GREECE.HTMLMet Museum- http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/grmu/hd_grmu.htmMr. Donn- http://greece.mrdonn.org/Pantheon- http://www.pantheon.org/articles/a/athena.htmlReligion Facts- http://www.religionfacts.com/greco-roman/festivals/thargelia.htmWiki.answers- http://wiki.answers.com/Q/How_did_religion_affect_daily_life_in_greeceWiki.answers- http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_were_the_ancient_greeks_known_for,Wikipedia-Ancient Greece - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ancient_GreeceWikipedia-Athena- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AthenaWikipedia-Music - http://en.wikipedia.org./wiki/Music_of_ancient_GreeceWoodlands-http://www.woodlands-junior.kent.sch.uk/Homework/greece/dailylife.htmWoodlanders- http://www.woodlands-junior.kent.sch.uk/Homework/greece/famous.htm.Books:Macdonald, Fiona. How to Survive as an Ancient Greek. Great Britain: Children’s Press, 1995.Macdonald, Fiona. Inside Ancient Athens. Great Britain: Book House, 2005.