SarahC P3 (first term)

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SarahC P3 (first term)

  1. 1. PizzaPizza By Sarah CorteseBy Sarah Cortese
  2. 2. Introducing the !Introducing the !  Pizza is baked pie with a thin, bread-Pizza is baked pie with a thin, bread- like crust and a variety of seasoningslike crust and a variety of seasonings and toppings spread over the top.and toppings spread over the top. Pizza as we know it today originatedPizza as we know it today originated in Italy.in Italy.  Although Pizza has an uncertainAlthough Pizza has an uncertain history, we know for sure that a typehistory, we know for sure that a type of flatbread, baked with a variety ofof flatbread, baked with a variety of toppings, has been eatentoppings, has been eaten for over 3,000 years.for over 3,000 years.
  3. 3.  Everybody likes Pizza. But thatEverybody likes Pizza. But that was not always the case. Onlywas not always the case. Only sixty years ago most people in Northsixty years ago most people in North America didn’t know what pizza was.America didn’t know what pizza was.  Today, Pizza is the only food with it’sToday, Pizza is the only food with it’s own section in the phone book. This isown section in the phone book. This is because there are so many phonebecause there are so many phone numbers of pizzerias and pizzanumbers of pizzerias and pizza deliveries, and they are all sodeliveries, and they are all so frequently called!frequently called!
  4. 4. The Evolution OfThe Evolution Of PizzaPizza No one is certain of when the idea of pizzaNo one is certain of when the idea of pizza really started and how it evolved from thereally started and how it evolved from the flavoured flatbreads of ancient times to theflavoured flatbreads of ancient times to the popular food we know today.popular food we know today.  However, there is evidence of people from theHowever, there is evidence of people from the Stone Age, 3,000 years ago, making aStone Age, 3,000 years ago, making a flatbread by mixing flour with water, andflatbread by mixing flour with water, and heating it on a hot stone.heating it on a hot stone.  In the sixth century BC, it is said that soldiersIn the sixth century BC, it is said that soldiers baked a similar flatbread on their shields andbaked a similar flatbread on their shields and covered it with cheese and dates.covered it with cheese and dates.  There is also evidence of a flat flour cake,There is also evidence of a flat flour cake, very similar to flatbread, in Pompeii. Thisvery similar to flatbread, in Pompeii. This flat flour cake was very popular and, likeflat flour cake was very popular and, like flatbread, was baked.flatbread, was baked.
  5. 5.  Surprisingly, it was not until the sixteenthSurprisingly, it was not until the sixteenth century that tomatoes were brought backcentury that tomatoes were brought back to Europe from the new world (Peru).to Europe from the new world (Peru).  Although they came in the sixteenthAlthough they came in the sixteenth century, it took Europe a while to trustcentury, it took Europe a while to trust these vegetables; thinking they werethese vegetables; thinking they were poisonous. it was not until the latepoisonous. it was not until the late eighteenth century that adding tomatoeighteenth century that adding tomato sauce to flatbread was common. At this timesauce to flatbread was common. At this time pizza was still considered a food for thepizza was still considered a food for the poor.poor.
  6. 6.  King Ferdinand IV, the King of Naples, and his wifeKing Ferdinand IV, the King of Naples, and his wife discovered this delicious “fast food” and loved it so muchdiscovered this delicious “fast food” and loved it so much the wife decided to build a pizza oven in their summerthe wife decided to build a pizza oven in their summer palace so the chef could make it for them and their guests.palace so the chef could make it for them and their guests. This helped expand the popularity of pizza into the richerThis helped expand the popularity of pizza into the richer population.population.  While the King of Italy, King Umberto I and his wife, QueenWhile the King of Italy, King Umberto I and his wife, Queen margherita di Savoia were taking a holiday in their Naplesmargherita di Savoia were taking a holiday in their Naples palace, they ordered the most popular pizza chef,palace, they ordered the most popular pizza chef, Raffaele Esposito, to come make them his specialties. OneRaffaele Esposito, to come make them his specialties. One of the pizza’s the chef made symbolized the Italian flag,of the pizza’s the chef made symbolized the Italian flag, with tomatoes (for red), cheese (for white), and basil (forwith tomatoes (for red), cheese (for white), and basil (for green. The Queen loved it so much that the chef decided togreen. The Queen loved it so much that the chef decided to name the pizza after her (Margherita Pizza). This is thename the pizza after her (Margherita Pizza). This is the pizza that established the foundation of modern pizza.pizza that established the foundation of modern pizza. It confirmed Naples as the pizza capital ofIt confirmed Naples as the pizza capital of the world.the world.
  7. 7.  During the late nineteenth century pizza wasDuring the late nineteenth century pizza was sold from peddlers who baked there pizza in asold from peddlers who baked there pizza in a kitchen and held it in a copper container withkitchen and held it in a copper container with a second layer, or a false bottom, that wasa second layer, or a false bottom, that was full of charcoal from an oven to keep thefull of charcoal from an oven to keep the pizza warm. This container was carried on thepizza warm. This container was carried on the peddlers head while they walked up and downpeddlers head while they walked up and down the streets.the streets.  As pizza became more popular people wouldAs pizza became more popular people would build stalls to sell the pizza. These stallsbuild stalls to sell the pizza. These stalls eventually evolved into the Pizzeria's weeventually evolved into the Pizzeria's we know to this day.know to this day.
  8. 8. From Pizza Peddlers toFrom Pizza Peddlers to DominosDominos  Pizza was not introduced to AmericaPizza was not introduced to America until the late nineteenth century byuntil the late nineteenth century by the Italians.the Italians.  It was not until the year 1905 that,It was not until the year 1905 that, Gennaro Lombardi, opened the firstGennaro Lombardi, opened the first Pizzeria in America. The pizzeria wasPizzeria in America. The pizzeria was built in New York City.built in New York City.
  9. 9.  1943 was the year the Chicago style deep-dish1943 was the year the Chicago style deep-dish was created. This pizza is cooked with a flakywas created. This pizza is cooked with a flaky crust that rises an inch above the plate andcrust that rises an inch above the plate and frames the toppings in the middle area of theframes the toppings in the middle area of the pizza.pizza.  Finally, during the Year 1950, pizza became moreFinally, during the Year 1950, pizza became more popular for Americans to eat.popular for Americans to eat.  Frozen pizzas were invented in the year 1957 andFrozen pizzas were invented in the year 1957 and could be found in local grocery stores. Pizzascould be found in local grocery stores. Pizzas were first marketed by the Celentano Brothers.were first marketed by the Celentano Brothers.  Soon later, pizza was the most popular frozenSoon later, pizza was the most popular frozen food.food.
  10. 10.  Chain restaurants kicked in onceChain restaurants kicked in once pizza took a leap in popularity.pizza took a leap in popularity. There were tons of pizza chainsThere were tons of pizza chains starting up, for example Pizza hutstarting up, for example Pizza hut in 1954.in 1954.  Nowadays, the American pizzaNowadays, the American pizza economy is dominated by deliveryeconomy is dominated by delivery businesses such as Dominos.businesses such as Dominos.
  11. 11.  At least once a month, a stunning 93% ofAt least once a month, a stunning 93% of Americans eat pizza.Americans eat pizza.  Not only that, but one study shows that eachNot only that, but one study shows that each man, woman, and child eats, on average, 23man, woman, and child eats, on average, 23 pounds of pizza a year.pounds of pizza a year.  TimesTimes reported in 1953reported in 1953 – “ The highly seasoned– “ The highly seasoned pizza with its tough crust and tomato toppingpizza with its tough crust and tomato topping is such a gastronomical craze that the openis such a gastronomical craze that the open pie threatens the pre-eminence of the hotdogpie threatens the pre-eminence of the hotdog and hamburger.”and hamburger.”  Compared to when that quote was written theCompared to when that quote was written the pizza world has changed a lot. Now pizza ispizza world has changed a lot. Now pizza is considered a food that you eat wheneverconsidered a food that you eat whenever there is a group of people and you want tothere is a group of people and you want to have some fun. It is tasty, and easy to preparehave some fun. It is tasty, and easy to prepare while having a celebration.while having a celebration.
  12. 12. Italian Pizza TodayItalian Pizza Today  Pizza is very important to the ItalianPizza is very important to the Italian heritage. There are two styles of pizza inheritage. There are two styles of pizza in Italy: Neapolitan and Lazio.Italy: Neapolitan and Lazio.  Neapolitans take their pizza veryNeapolitans take their pizza very seriously and believe that theirs is theseriously and believe that theirs is the true form of Italian Pizza.true form of Italian Pizza. The TrueThe True Neapolitan Pizza AssociationNeapolitan Pizza Association recentlyrecently made some rules of which you have tomade some rules of which you have to follow while making a pizza, to call it anfollow while making a pizza, to call it an Authentic Neapolitan Pizza:Authentic Neapolitan Pizza: ··Has to be baked in a wood-fired, domed oven atHas to be baked in a wood-fired, domed oven at 485°C for no more than 60 to 90 seconds485°C for no more than 60 to 90 seconds ··Base must be hand-kneaded (not with a pin or anyBase must be hand-kneaded (not with a pin or any mechanical device.)mechanical device.) ··Pizza has to be no more than 35cm in diameter, andPizza has to be no more than 35cm in diameter, and be more than one-third of a centimetre thick in thebe more than one-third of a centimetre thick in the centrecentre
  13. 13.  Neapolitan Purists believe there isNeapolitan Purists believe there is only two types of pizza: theonly two types of pizza: the Marinara and the Margherita.Marinara and the Margherita.  The toppings for the MarinaraThe toppings for the Marinara pizza are: tomatoes, oregano,pizza are: tomatoes, oregano, garlic, and extra virgin olive oil.garlic, and extra virgin olive oil.  The toppings for the MargheritaThe toppings for the Margherita Pizza are: tomato sauce,Pizza are: tomato sauce, mozzarella cheese, fresh basil.mozzarella cheese, fresh basil.
  14. 14.  Lazio Style pizza is sold throughoutLazio Style pizza is sold throughout Italy, in two different ways:Italy, in two different ways: It is sold in take-away shops, where·It is sold in take-away shops, where· they usually sell the pizza by weightthey usually sell the pizza by weight and it is cooked on a rectangularand it is cooked on a rectangular baking pan, in an electric oven, quitebaking pan, in an electric oven, quite thick.thick. Or it is sold in Pizzerias, where it is·Or it is sold in Pizzerias, where it is· usually cooked in a wood-fired ovenusually cooked in a wood-fired oven with a thin, crispier crust than thewith a thin, crispier crust than the Neapolitan Pizza. The pizza is sold in it’sNeapolitan Pizza. The pizza is sold in it’s traditional form, a circle.traditional form, a circle.
  15. 15.  Examples of Lazio Pizza:Examples of Lazio Pizza: Pizza Romana: tomatoes, oregano,·Pizza Romana: tomatoes, oregano,· mozzarella, anchovies, and oilmozzarella, anchovies, and oil Pizza Quattro Formaggi: tomatoes,·Pizza Quattro Formaggi: tomatoes,· mozzarella, stacchino, fontina,mozzarella, stacchino, fontina, andand gorgonzolagorgonzola Pizza Viennese: tomato,·Pizza Viennese: tomato,· mozzarella,mozzarella, German sausage,German sausage, oregano, and oiloregano, and oil Pizza Capricciosa: mozzarella,·Pizza Capricciosa: mozzarella,· tomato,tomato, mushrooms, artichokes,mushrooms, artichokes, cooked ham,cooked ham, olives, and oilolives, and oil
  16. 16. Adaptations Around theAdaptations Around the WorldWorld  Australia: Traditional Australian pizzaAustralia: Traditional Australian pizza consists of a tomato sauce base,consists of a tomato sauce base, mozzarella cheese, bacon, and egg.mozzarella cheese, bacon, and egg.  Brazil: Traditional Brazilian PizzaBrazil: Traditional Brazilian Pizza consists of a tomato sauce base withconsists of a tomato sauce base with mozzarella, but is topped off with sweetmozzarella, but is topped off with sweet things, such as banana, chocolate, orthings, such as banana, chocolate, or pineapple.pineapple.  Malaysia: Some major pizza shopsMalaysia: Some major pizza shops are Dominos, Pizza Hut, and Papaare Dominos, Pizza Hut, and Papa JohnJohn''s.s.
  17. 17.  India: Pizzas consist of various IndianIndia: Pizzas consist of various Indian flavoured toppings, for exampleflavoured toppings, for example tandoori chicken.tandoori chicken.  Israel: Some pizzas have huge amountsIsrael: Some pizzas have huge amounts of vegetables for toppings. There areof vegetables for toppings. There are also some pizzas with unusual toppingsalso some pizzas with unusual toppings such as yogurt.such as yogurt.  Pakistan: Not all of Pakistan has beenPakistan: Not all of Pakistan has been introduced to pizza but in places thatintroduced to pizza but in places that have been, the popular pizzas are spicy-have been, the popular pizzas are spicy- chicken and sausage-based.chicken and sausage-based.
  18. 18. Nutrition FactsNutrition Facts  Generally, pizza is not exactly good forGenerally, pizza is not exactly good for you and is known for having lots ofyou and is known for having lots of salt, fat, and calories; however, itsalt, fat, and calories; however, it really depends where the pizza wasreally depends where the pizza was made. For example, Pizza Hut Pizza’smade. For example, Pizza Hut Pizza’s have way more calories, fat, and salt,have way more calories, fat, and salt, than homemade pizza.than homemade pizza.  European nutrition research showsEuropean nutrition research shows that people who eat pizza at least oncethat people who eat pizza at least once a week have a lower chance of gettinga week have a lower chance of getting cancer in the mouth, oesophagus, andcancer in the mouth, oesophagus, and throat. One scientist thinks this is duethroat. One scientist thinks this is due to lycopene, an antioxidant chemical into lycopene, an antioxidant chemical in the tomatoes which is known to protectthe tomatoes which is known to protect you from cancer.you from cancer.
  19. 19. From Rags to RichesFrom Rags to Riches  The pizza moved almost over night,The pizza moved almost over night, from being a mystery to mostfrom being a mystery to most Americans, to over powering theAmericans, to over powering the hamburger and hotdog in popularity.hamburger and hotdog in popularity.  In the 1940’s, pizza was virtuallyIn the 1940’s, pizza was virtually unknown in America but by the 1950’s,unknown in America but by the 1950’s, in the years following World War II,in the years following World War II, pizza was the most popular partypizza was the most popular party food because of it’s delicious taste,food because of it’s delicious taste, and it’s quick and easy preparation.and it’s quick and easy preparation. After WorldAfter World War II peopleWar II people craved fun and this cravingcraved fun and this craving seemed to be satisfied by pizza.seemed to be satisfied by pizza.
  20. 20. BibliographyBibliography PicturesPictures  Title:Title: http://www.atlantarex.com/pizza/pizza-slice-for-sale.jpghttp://www.atlantarex.com/pizza/pizza-slice-for-sale.jpg  Slide 15:Slide 15: http://www.parlafood.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/07/pizza_al_taglio.jpghttp://www.parlafood.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/07/pizza_al_taglio.jpg  Slide 15:Slide 15: http://www.yeshotelrome.com/hotels-accommodation/wp-content/uploads/THEHISThttp://www.yeshotelrome.com/hotels-accommodation/wp-content/uploads/THEHIST  Slide 15:Slide 15: http://www.antonnews.com/illustratednews/1998/05/08/sports/images/merillon.jpeghttp://www.antonnews.com/illustratednews/1998/05/08/sports/images/merillon.jpeg  Slide 5:Slide 5: http://www.takeawaysfoodhomedelivery.co.uk/media/images/american-takeaway.jphttp://www.takeawaysfoodhomedelivery.co.uk/media/images/american-takeaway.jp  Slide 15:Slide 15: http://images.travelpod.com/users/cotafamily4/turkish_living.1218221280.pizza_.jpghttp://images.travelpod.com/users/cotafamily4/turkish_living.1218221280.pizza_.jpg  Slide 2:Slide 2: http://www.theromanforum.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/03/360px-pizza-a-taglio.jhttp://www.theromanforum.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/03/360px-pizza-a-taglio.j
  21. 21. Bibliography Cont.Bibliography Cont.  Slide 15:Slide 15: http://www.synotrip.com/UserFiles/Image/HK/05.%20Sicilian%20style%20pizza%20with%20eggphttp://www.synotrip.com/UserFiles/Image/HK/05.%20Sicilian%20style%20pizza%20with%20eggp  Slide 16:Slide 16: http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_ZeQpZiHbg3U/SvXnhQpyDaI/AAAAAAAACN0/TMSMGJ47KHI/s400/Cohttp://3.bp.blogspot.com/_ZeQpZiHbg3U/SvXnhQpyDaI/AAAAAAAACN0/TMSMGJ47KHI/s400/Co  Slide 14:Slide 14: http://www.fairfieldafterdark.com/assets/images/italia%20cheese%20pizza.jpghttp://www.fairfieldafterdark.com/assets/images/italia%20cheese%20pizza.jpg  Slide 16:Slide 16: http://www.2bisquickrecipes.com/wp-content/uploads/2008/11/aussie-pizza.jpghttp://www.2bisquickrecipes.com/wp-content/uploads/2008/11/aussie-pizza.jpg  Slide 16:Slide 16: http://www.ourordinarylife.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/09/pizza-hut.gifhttp://www.ourordinarylife.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/09/pizza-hut.gif  Slide 17:Slide 17: http://mikes-table.themulligans.org/wp-content/uploads/2008/07/indian_pizza-13.jpghttp://mikes-table.themulligans.org/wp-content/uploads/2008/07/indian_pizza-13.jpg  Slide 17:Slide 17: http://farm3.static.flickr.com/2479/3835911942_bf6da00fa7.jpghttp://farm3.static.flickr.com/2479/3835911942_bf6da00fa7.jpg  Slide 17:Slide 17: http://love4pakistan.com/images/chicken%20pizza.jpghttp://love4pakistan.com/images/chicken%20pizza.jpg
  22. 22. Text:Text:  http://http://en.wikipedia.orgen.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pizza/wiki/Pizza  http://www.watchtower.org/e/200901e/article_01.htmhttp://www.watchtower.org/e/200901e/article_01.htm  http://http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_pizzaen.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_pizza  http://http://whatscookingamerica.net/History/Pizza/PizzaHistory.htmwhatscookingamerica.net/History/Pizza/PizzaHistory.htm  http://www.americanheritage.com/articles/magazine/ah/2006/2/2006_2_30.shhttp://www.americanheritage.com/articles/magazine/ah/2006/2/2006_2_30.sh  Halsey, Kay. ”Halsey, Kay. ”The Food Of Italy”. Murdoch BooksThe Food Of Italy”. Murdoch Books Bibliography Cont.Bibliography Cont.

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