Map Vikings lived The from the late eighth century to the mid eleventh century.
BackgroundThe Vikings where explorers, merchants, warriors, and pirates. For traveling/exploring they use longboats. For fighting they use axes and swords. For jobs there where blacksmiths who make the weapons, there was also farms so people would sell there food. They also would conquer other lands and invade them.
Kings Queens Nobles Social Structure FreemenThe society of the Vikings was self-regulation. The laws and court were based upon a system called the Thing System, which had already been made through Slaves common meetings in 600 AD. There are three branches. Kings, Queens, and Nobles who where at the top, the freemen came next who were in the middle, and the slaves who were always at the bottom. Back then the slaves were considered less than a person almost everywhere and usually didn’t get to vote (In some places, nobody was aloud to vote)
HousingThe Vikings lived in houses on farms and the houses never got sold because they would get passed on through generations. Up to three generations of a family could live in one house. Some successful families would have servants that would help them and in return the family would give the servant food and shelter. That is basically another family member. Every farmstead would have a room for cows, a place for storing things, and a longhouse for the family to live in. This was just a big room and long room for the family to sleep sit and mainly live in. It had an oven in the middle and soil filled platforms on the walls around the rooms and they were used just for sitting in the day and sleeping in the night. The individuals would have chests near their beds for their personal stuff.
Wealthy VikingsWealthy Vikings had longer longhouses and were usually part of the royal family. It was almost impossible for a slave to become rich because they weren’t owners of themselves and they weren’t aloud to vote or run for king or queen. Vikings that were rich and weren’t in politics were sometimes related to someone high in the political branch.
FoodThe Vikings ate two main meals a day, their meals where normally had some porridge and stew. They also eat bread, dairy, eggs/ poultry, meats, fish, vegetables and fruits. For drinks they drank ale even the children, they also drank butter milk.
Family LifeWomen in the farm had to care for the land, milk cows, and make clothing for the others. The men were either out at war, out at sea invading, or if it was peaceful in their village they would be working as a blacksmith, or a baker. The richer might rule the land or be high up in the political pyramid. The slaves had different family lives and mostly didn’t have any. Slaves would be sold to other men and it would be hard to hold down a relationship when you are moving everywhere.
Marriage Viking marriage is very different from Canadian marriages. The most different thing was the age of when you would get married. Vikings would get married at twelve to thirteen years old. That is young now but since life then you didn’t live as long that is why they got married at twelve to fifteen.
Childbirth PracticesChildbirth for Vikings was really hard because of poor health conditions. Lots of Viking children did not make it because they needed things that were not invented yet. Also a normal Viking wasn’t really sanitary the baby had to have a good immune system so that he/she wouldn’t get a disease or something else that might end its life.
Childhood Childhood in the Viking age was a lot tougher than a childhood in Vancouver. First off Many babies died because there wasnt a real health care or medicine. If the children lived past birth they didn’t have a formal educational system like we do but there parents teach them everything they need to know about farming, house hold chores, and fighting. They were also taught to be dependent. Children in the Viking age were also sent to war (if one was happening) at a much younger age because Vikings didn’t live as long as an average Canadian because there health system is not even close to s good as ours today and because of not as healthy of a life style.
Difference Between Childhoods Vikings Canada• No formal education• No record of any toys, for amusement they probably acted • Formal education• More dependent • We amuse ourselves with toys• They where expected to be able modern technology like TV, to help out with house work computers, gaming system• They had to go to war, they • We are less dependent where taught fighting skills with • We help around the house wooden swords and other • We cant join the army until we weapons are 18, or 17 if your parents say• There was a high perinatal its ok mortality • The health system has improved a lot and we live longer and healthier
EducationThere was no formal education in the Viking era, mainly parents would teach their kids what to do like on the farm or in metal shop. They would see adults playing with swords and they would pick up sticks and battle each other. Once the parents see their interest in fighting they might begin to teach they more in depth.
ReligionThe Vikings believed in gods, like Thor and Freya. Some of the days of the week where named after Viking gods. Woodin or Odin was for Wednesday, Thor for Thursday, and Freya for Friday. The Vikings believed that the best way to die was at war with a sword in your hand. The Vikings and Greeks both thought nether positively or negatively of the afterlife. They thought that there are different places for different people to go, If you led a normal life and didn’t do anything good or bad you would go to a place called “Hel” that where we get hell from. If you led a bad life and where not a good person you would go to a place called “Nidhoggr”, if you led a positive great life and did good things you would go to a place called “Asgard”. The last place you could go is “Vahalla”, this is a place you would go if you died in a battle, there you would spend the rest of you life fighting in the day and you wounds would heel and then you would eat and then you would fight the next day. The Vikings also thought that the world would eventually end and the universe would start over.
Viking GodThor is one of the many Viking gods. He was the god of thunder and when thunder struck they thought it was Thor. He was praised and thrown festivals for because they feared and respected him. They also gave him offerings of peace .
ClothingThe Vikings wore different thing for different occasions. They mostly used wool, like many other European’s. They would wear wool socks and leather shoes. For battle’s they would wear chain mill for protection from swords and anything else that might stab them, they also would wear a helmet to protect their head. When it was cold they would wear fur hats, coats and cloaks because fur is pretty insolent and can keep their body heat inside the coat or hat.
Art and MusicThe Vikings are mainly known for woodcarving and gold and silver ornaments made out of solid gold/silver. In England the Viking’s art wasn’t majorly recognised until the late 10th century. There are three types of Viking art, Jellinge, Ringerike, and Urnes. Jellinge is mostly made up of intense animal designs. Ringerike is made up mostly of ornaments and interlacing. Finally, Urnes is made up of mostly the carvings on wooden doors and walls.
FestivalsThe Vikings had many festivals and calibrations mostly to honour gods or great heroes who killed dragons. One of the Vikings festivals is the midsummer festival, it happens on 20-21 of June. It is celebrating the summer solstice. Another Viking festival is Lithasblot it celebrates the harvest and they give the god, Urda (Ertha) This is the sun wheel
ConclusionThe Vikings were different from us in many ways with their holidays, food, and standard living. They didn’t live as long as an average Canadian so there drinking age and marriage age is completely different along with a lot of other thing. They wore animals like we do but they wore them for warmth instead of fashion. Overall a Viking life would be a lot tougher on children and adult because of more physical labour, wars, and life on sea.