Competitions and Shows
English Show classes
Show Jumping: Riders ride in a ring jumping over
colourful fences with rails that can be knocked down.
Cross-country jumping is where the horse and rider go
around an outdoor jumping course. The jumps can’t
be knocked over, which makes this dangerous if the
horse isn’t trained well.
Horses and jockeys run around an oval track
competing against each other for the highest
Similar to flat racing, but there are hedges set up
around the track. The horses have to race around
the oval while jumping over the hedges.
Two teams of four use long handled mallets to knock a
wooden ball through the other team’s goal post. This
is usually played on a field that can be up to a length
of 300 yards.
A ring sport where the rider uses slight signals with
his/her legs and hands. The horses are taught how
to do certain moves, and it kind of looks like horse
English Show Classes
Riders ride around in a ring and follow simple
instructions like ‘transition to canter’. The pair that
transitions the most smoothly wins.
Specific breeds of horses show off their unusual gaits.
Usually the horse shows off the trot.
Similar to show jumping. The pair ride around and try
to jump as nicely as they can. It is also a style of
riding called hunt seat.
Saddle Pads Bridle
Martingale Halter Gaiters
The pair ride around a pattern that looks like this
and try to go as fast as possible without knocking
over any of the barrels.
A western version of Dressage. Riders have to always
have a loose rein.
Exactly the same as English show classes, but the style
of riding is western.
There is a course set up in a ring, and the riders have
to go through it and the pair who does all the
obstacles smoothly wins. There can be obstacles like
gates to open, or poles to ride over.
Saddle Saddle Blanket Bridle
Breast Collar Halter Gaiters
Horses are measured with hands to the withers
(shoulders) . Each hand is four inches. Most horses
are around 15 to 16 hh (hands high).
A female horse is
called a mare
A male horse that isn’t
fixed (gelded) is called
There are over 350
breeds of horses and
A young female horse
that is under four
years of age is called a
A male horse that is
under four is called a
A female horse used
for breeding is called a
A baby horse of any
gender is called a foal
A gelded male horse is
called a gelding
A father horse is called
A mother horse is
called a dam
You can tell a horses’
age by counting their
An average horses’
head weighs 11. 84
A horses heart weighs
10 lbs on average.
Horses hooves need to
be clipped, just like
The average age foe a
horse to live is 20-25
The oldest horse in
history was Old Billy
who lived to be 62.
The smallest horse in
history was little
Pumpkin who stood 14
inches at the shoulders
The tallest horse ever
was named Sampson
who stood 7 ft. 2
inches at the withers
The highest jump ever
was 8ft 1 ¼ and
jumped by Huaso in
The Worlds Highest Jump
To watch Huaso jump the world record height, go to
the following link:
The first horses had three toes instead of one solid
hoof. The first stage was Eohippus, then
Mesohippus, Miohippus, Merychippus, and then
Pliohippus. Today's modern horses are called Equus.
In the 1600`s, horses were bought to North America
with Spanish Colonists.
Pickeral, Tasmin. The Encyclopaedia of Horses and Ponies. United Kingdom: Parragon
McBane, Susan and Douglas-Cooper, Helen. Horse Facts. London: Quantum Publishing