P3 project


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P3 project

  1. 1. By Kevin C
  2. 2.  Guitar is the most common instrument that you can hear its voice everywhere, so you must know guitar thorough to know why it’s so famous through the world.
  3. 3.  The Guitar is a pluck string instrument, it’s usually played by fingers or pick. A pick is a triangular tool that you use to strum the string in the guitar. The guitar has a body with a firm neck to which the six strings are attached. Guitar are traditionally made by several woods and strung with animal gut, nylon or steel strings. There are three main types of modern Acoustic guitar: Classical, Steel String, and the Archtop guitar. Electric guitars were found in the 1930’s, it use an amplifier to make the sound. Early electric guitar has a hollow body, but solid body was found more suitable for people. Guitar are recognized as a primary instrument in genres such as blues, bluegrass, country, flamenco, jazz, jota, mariachi, reggae, rock, soul, and many forms of pop.
  4. 4. The guitar's roots are in Spain. Realistically, it cannot be traced back further than the 15th Century. It is thought to have been invented by the people of Malaga. This early instrument was a "four course" guitar, from which the ukulele is derived. The first guitars were very small, and were originally strung with four pair of strings. Each pair was call a course. Eventually, the guitar began to attract players, more publications and music began to appear. During the During the Baroque period, A fifth course was added. Even more music became available. It's repertoire and the complexity of the music increased. The fifth course was tuned in one of three ways. At the end of the Baroque period two significant changes were made. The double strings were replaced by single strings, and instead of five strings, there were six single strings. During the Classical period there were many publications, composers and performers. Fernando Sor, Mauro Guilliani, Matteo Carcassi, Fernando Carulli and many others wrote music, published methods and performed concerts. The guitar was very popular and guitar concerts were common. At the end of the 19th century, the guitar had fallen out of favor, but was resurrected by Francisco Tarrega. His best piece in my opinion is the now very famous "Receurdos De La Alhambra." He did few public performances and chose to perform for friends at his home. He did compose, and he wrote a method for teaching guitar. He also transcribed many pieces of music for the guitar. Segovia was one of many guitarists that were influenced by him. Tarrega began the tradition of playing with the fingernails. Up until this point the instrument itself was small and narrow. Antonio de Torres (1817 - 1892) worked with the design and construction of the guitar. He increased the size and experimented with anything that would improve the sound, and was especially interested in volume. He was the first maker to use "fan" bracing underneath the top. He once built a Guitar with a spruce top and paper mache back and sides to prove his theory that it was the top that produced most of the volume. He was the father of the modern guitar. Nylon strings were a big improvement over gut strings. They replaced gut in 1946.
  5. 5.  Acoustic guitars  Renaissance and Baroque guitars  Classical guitars  Extended-range classical guitars  Flamenco guitars  Flat-top (steel-string) guitars  Archtop guitars  Selmer-Maccaferri guitars  Resonator, resophonic or Dobro guitars  Twelve-string guitars  Russian guitars  Acoustic bass guitars  Guitarrón  Tenor guitars  Harp guitars  Extended-range guitars  Guitar battente  Electric guitars
  6. 6.  1 Headstock  2 Nut  3 Machine heads (or pegheads, tuning keys, tuning machines, tuners)  4 Frets  5 Truss rod  6 Inlays  7 Neck  8 Heel (acoustic)–Neckjoint (electric)  9 Body  10 Pickups  11 Electronics  12 Bridge  13 Pickguard  14 Back  15 Soundboard (top)  16 Body sides (ribs)  17 Sound hole, with Rosette inlay  18 Strings  19 Saddle  20 Fretboard (or Fingerboard)
  7. 7.  Guitar is a very interesting and beautiful instrument, so if you have a chance beside a guitar, play it!
  8. 8.  Guitar by Wikipedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guitar  Guitar by The Columbia Encyclopedia at http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/guitar.aspx  History of the guitar by Dan Cross http://guitar.about.com/od/education/a/history_guita r.html
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