0 I chose to do my first P3 on marmots because when I was at my
cabin on Shuswap Lake, my family and I drove up to Revelstoke
where we went hiking in Mt. Revelstoke National Park.
0 To get to the top of the mountain we had to go up a long winding
road. When we finally reached the top, there were lots of horse
flies and mosquitos, but also lots of marmots. I saw many
marmots lying around on rockfalls called screes, on the
mountainside. When they saw us, they made a high-pitched
whistle. I thought this was pretty cool so I decided to do my P3
on them in September.
0 It was fun researching marmots because there are so many
interesting things about them that you wouldn’t expect like…
well you’ll just have to wait and see.
0 Marmots are the largest squirrels in the world. They have
fat bodies small ears, and sharp claws for digging. They
vary in height from15-25 inches with a width of 5-12
inches. In some parts of the world, marmots are known as
Species Marmots of the World
Species Distinction Habitat
Altai Marmot Breed very slowly Altai mountains in
Steppe Marmot Can go without food for
Low plains in
Black-Capped marmot Brown and white with
Tundra in Siberia
Golden Marmot Sleek gold fur Asian alpines
Himlayan marmot 6000m high Tibet mountains
Alpine marmot Single female
Throughout the Alps
Menziber marmot Extremely social Meadows in Asia
Mongolan marmot Half females breed All Mongolia
Alaska marmot Can adapt to cold Brook Range Mts.
Hoary marmot Has big buck teeth Rockfalls in the Rockies
Yellow-Bellied Fairly protective Rocky sites in Interior
Groundhog Very solitary Edges of forests on
Vancouver Island Almost exctinct Mt. Washington
Olympic Marmot Genders live equally Washington forests
This is where marmots live in the world
Marmots of British Columbia
Species Distinction Habitat
Hoary Marmot Has long sharp
teeth even though
Large rockpiles on
the sides of the
Flat grass lands in
Are the most
Live in the alpines
of Mt. Washinton
Map of B.C. Marmots
Hoary Marmots and Vancouver Island Marmots are alpine marmots
which means that they live in the mountainous regions. Alpine
marmots tend to live in big rockfalls called screes on mountains. The
Yellow-Bellied Marmot however is not a alpine marmot, they live on
flat grass lands and make their burrows in the ground.
Marmots that live in alpine rockpiles have good protection from predators because they
make their burrows in the small cracks between rocks that larger predators can’t slip
into. As for open plain marmots like the Yellow-Bellied Marmot, they usually make their
burrows under large objects such as logs or big rocks.
Marmot burrow Hoary Marmot
Marmots are very social animals. They will live in groups of 5-10 other marmots
with the exception of the woodchuck. In the cases of the Yellow-Bellied Marmot,
even more, usually from 6-12. After hibernation, when the marmots begin to mate,
the young males will usually go off to try to form their own group of marmots
while the females stay with the current colonies. The males will however go out
off their way to find females to join their group.
Group of marmots
When marmots are playing out in the open, they will usually set two or so guards
around the territory to keep an eye out for predators. When a marmot sees a
predator, it will let out a high-pitched whistle that let’s all the other marmots know
that there is danger and that they should hide.
Marmots watching out
One of the marmots favourite things to do is wrestle. Marmots love to wrestle
when they wake up after hibernation and haven’t seen someone in a while. They
are rarely violent and don’t last very long. They don’t usually wrestle for
dominance, but simply for fun. It is not unusual to see to two marmots kiss after
they have finished wrestling.
Mating occurs after hibernation and 2 to 4 young are born in the spring. Males
establish "harems,“ which are the groups that the males go off to form, but may also
visit females in other territories.
Baby Hoary Marmot
Each male marmot digs a burrow soon after he wakes up from hibernation. He then
starts looking for females, and by summer may have up to four female mates living
with him. Litters usually average four to five offspring per female.
Baby Yellow-Bellied Marmot
Vancouver Island Marmot
Vancouver Island marmots typically first breed at three or four years of age,
although some have been observed to breed as two-year olds. Marmots breed soon
after emergence from hibernation. Litter sizes average 3-4 pups.
Hoary marmots fall prey to a variety of predators. The most common being the
golden eagle mainly targeting the young. Other predators are black bears and
wolves. The Hoary Marmot’s alarm whistle is slightly later than other marmot’s.
When they see a predator, they don’t usually sound the alarm right away.
The Yellow-Bellied Marmot
Yellow-Bellied Marmots are the prey of bears, wolves and foxes. They are also
hunted heavily for their fur by humans. When a Yellow-Bellied Marmot see
danger, It cries out immediately before diving into the nearest hole.
Vancouver Island Marmot
Predators of the Vancouver Island Marmot are golden eagles, wolves and
cougars. Cougars being the most common usually living nearby in the
mountains. Like the Hoary Marmot, the Vancouver Island Marmot has a
delayed whistle when it sees danger.
0 The sidekick mascot of the 2010 Winter Olympics, Mukmuk, was
0 Woodchucks don’t actually chuck wood. Their name came from
the word otchek, meaning forest-dwelling weasel!
0 In Russia, Marmot fat is used for medicine!
0 Marmots have a sense of place, a lot of them live in some
stunning visual settings!
0 Marmots are vegetarian, but will sometimes eat roadkill!
0 People who love marmots are called marmotaphiles!
0 People who study marmots are called marmoteers!
0 Some countries honour the marmot so much that they put them
on stamps and in comic books!
0 Here is a myth from the mountains of Khunjerab about how the first marmot came to
0 There once were two brothers who were in dispute over their land. After arguing for
some time, one of them suggested that they ask the land who owned it. That night, one
of the brothers took his young son and went out to the disputed land. There he dug a
hole and placed his son in the hole. Before covering the hole he instructed his son to
answer back that he was the owner of the land when the question was asked.
0 The next day the two brothers went to ask the land who owned it. When the first
brother asked, "do I own you?", the land was silent. When the second brother asked if
he owned it, the land spoke back, "yes, you are the owner." The first brother was
astounded and agreed that the other brother must be the real owner.
0 Later that day, the new owner went to recover his son. When he got there, he called for
his son. All he heard was a whistle. When he began to dig up his son, all he found was a
marmot hole. The more he dug, the longer the tunnel was. He never recovered his son
and all he heard were marmot whistles.
0 Hoary Marmot, Linzey Verzoletta,
0 Yellow-Bellied Marmot, Sarah Comon,
0 Vancouver Island Marmot, Jacques Marcel, Wikipedia
0 Marmots of the World, Author unknown,
0 Vancouver Island Marmot, The Vancouver Island
Marmot Recouvery Foundation, www.marmots.org
0 Marmot, cover page, Microsoft
0 Video of marmot whistling, by Michelle, from
0 Hoary marmot, slide 7, by Oliver Richard, from www.westjuneau.com, taken on jul.7,07
0 Yellow-Bellied Marmot, slide 7, by Cagan Sekercioglu, from www.naturalpictures.com , taken
0 Vancouver Island Marmot, slide 7, by Jeff Werner, from www.jeffwernerphotography.com ,
0 Yellow-Bellied Burrow, slide 10, by unknown, from www.yellowstonewolf.com, jun.7,03
0 Hoary Marmot Burrow, slide 10, by unknown, from www.thegardenhelper.com, aug.28,10
0 Group of marmots, slide 11, by Bob Vincent, from www.rbvincent.com, jul.14,09
0 Video of marmots boxing, by AmbassadorVP, from www.youtube.com, jun.5,09
0 Guard Marmots, slide 13, by unknown, from www.wildlifephotoart.com, aug.2,06
0 Baby Hoary Marmot, slide 14, by Bibi Chang, from www.go2moon.com, apr.8,04
0 Baby Yellow-Bellied, slide 15, by Bibi Chang, from www.go2moon.com, may.19,04
0 Baby Vancouver Island Marmot, slide 16, by Bibi Chang from www.go2moon.com, jul.3,04
0 Golden Eagle, slide 17, by Mike Abacus, from www.donb.photo.net, 1999
0 Fox, slide 18, by Muskrat Man 1, from www.hidetanning.net, date unknown
0 Cougar, slide 19, by unknown, from www.wallpaperstock.com, feb.18,05
Directed by: Mark L
Produced by: Mark L
Written by: Mark L
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