Introduction
0 I chose to do my first P3 on marmots because when I was at my
cabin on Shuswap Lake, my family and I drove ...
Species
0 Marmots are the largest squirrels in the world. They have
fat bodies small ears, and sharp claws for digging. Th...
Species Marmots of the World
Species Distinction Habitat
Altai Marmot Breed very slowly Altai mountains in
central Asia
St...
SPECIES
This is where marmots live in the world
Altai
Marmot
Steppe
Marmot
Black-
Capped
marmot
Golden
Marmot
Himalayan
Ma...
Species
Marmots of British Columbia
Species Distinction Habitat
Hoary Marmot Has long sharp
teeth even though
vegetarian
L...
Species
Map of B.C. Marmots
Hoary Marmot
Yellow-Bellied Marmot
Vancouver Island
Marmot
Habitat
Burrows
Hoary Marmots and Vancouver Island Marmots are alpine marmots
which means that they live in the mountainou...
Habitat
Protection
Marmots that live in alpine rockpiles have good protection from predators because they
make their burro...
Behaviour
Social Groupings
Marmots are very social animals. They will live in groups of 5-10 other marmots
with the except...
Behaviour
Guards
When marmots are playing out in the open, they will usually set two or so guards
around the territory to ...
Behaviour
Wrestling
One of the marmots favourite things to do is wrestle. Marmots love to wrestle
when they wake up after ...
Reproduction
Hoary Marmot
Mating occurs after hibernation and 2 to 4 young are born in the spring. Males
establish "harems...
Reproduction
Yellow-Bellied Marmot
Each male marmot digs a burrow soon after he wakes up from hibernation. He then
starts ...
Reproduction
Vancouver Island Marmot
Vancouver Island marmots typically first breed at three or four years of age,
althoug...
Predators
Hoary Marmot
Hoary marmots fall prey to a variety of predators. The most common being the
golden eagle mainly ta...
Predators
The Yellow-Bellied Marmot
Yellow-Bellied Marmots are the prey of bears, wolves and foxes. They are also
hunted h...
Predators
Vancouver Island Marmot
Predators of the Vancouver Island Marmot are golden eagles, wolves and
cougars. Cougars ...
Fun Facts
0 The sidekick mascot of the 2010 Winter Olympics, Mukmuk, was
a marmot!
0 Woodchucks don’t actually chuck wood....
Marmot Lore
0 Here is a myth from the mountains of Khunjerab about how the first marmot came to
be.
0 There once were two ...
Bibliography: Sources
0 Hoary Marmot, Linzey Verzoletta,
www.Wikipedia.com
0 Yellow-Bellied Marmot, Sarah Comon,
www.Wikip...
Bibliography: Images
0 Marmot, cover page, Microsoft
0 Video of marmot whistling, by Michelle, from
http://video.yahoo.com...
THANKS FOR
WATCHING
Directed by: Mark L
Produced by: Mark L
Written by: Mark L
Markl marmots
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Markl marmots

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This is a everything you need to know powerpooint on marmots.

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Markl marmots

  1. 1. Introduction 0 I chose to do my first P3 on marmots because when I was at my cabin on Shuswap Lake, my family and I drove up to Revelstoke where we went hiking in Mt. Revelstoke National Park. 0 To get to the top of the mountain we had to go up a long winding road. When we finally reached the top, there were lots of horse flies and mosquitos, but also lots of marmots. I saw many marmots lying around on rockfalls called screes, on the mountainside. When they saw us, they made a high-pitched whistle. I thought this was pretty cool so I decided to do my P3 on them in September. 0 It was fun researching marmots because there are so many interesting things about them that you wouldn’t expect like… well you’ll just have to wait and see.
  2. 2. Species 0 Marmots are the largest squirrels in the world. They have fat bodies small ears, and sharp claws for digging. They vary in height from15-25 inches with a width of 5-12 inches. In some parts of the world, marmots are known as whistle pigs. Basic Information
  3. 3. Species Marmots of the World Species Distinction Habitat Altai Marmot Breed very slowly Altai mountains in central Asia Steppe Marmot Can go without food for long times Low plains in Kazhakstan Black-Capped marmot Brown and white with black heads Tundra in Siberia Golden Marmot Sleek gold fur Asian alpines Himlayan marmot 6000m high Tibet mountains Alpine marmot Single female reproduces Throughout the Alps Menziber marmot Extremely social Meadows in Asia Mongolan marmot Half females breed All Mongolia Alaska marmot Can adapt to cold Brook Range Mts. Hoary marmot Has big buck teeth Rockfalls in the Rockies Yellow-Bellied Fairly protective Rocky sites in Interior Groundhog Very solitary Edges of forests on plains Vancouver Island Almost exctinct Mt. Washington Olympic Marmot Genders live equally Washington forests
  4. 4. SPECIES This is where marmots live in the world Altai Marmot Steppe Marmot Black- Capped marmot Golden Marmot Himalayan Marmot Alpine Marmot Menziber Marmot Mongolian Marmot Alaskan MarmotHoary Marmot Yellow- Bellied Marmot Woodchuck Vancouver Island Marmot Olympic Marmot
  5. 5. Species Marmots of British Columbia Species Distinction Habitat Hoary Marmot Has long sharp teeth even though vegetarian Large rockpiles on the sides of the Rocky mountains Yellow-Bellied Marmot Has very distinctive colours Flat grass lands in the Thompson Okanagan Vancouver-Island Marmot Are the most endangered marmot species Live in the alpines of Mt. Washinton on Vancouver Island
  6. 6. Species Map of B.C. Marmots Hoary Marmot Yellow-Bellied Marmot Vancouver Island Marmot
  7. 7. Habitat Burrows Hoary Marmots and Vancouver Island Marmots are alpine marmots which means that they live in the mountainous regions. Alpine marmots tend to live in big rockfalls called screes on mountains. The Yellow-Bellied Marmot however is not a alpine marmot, they live on flat grass lands and make their burrows in the ground. Hoary Marmot Yellow-Bellied Marmot Vamcouver Island Marmot
  8. 8. Habitat Protection Marmots that live in alpine rockpiles have good protection from predators because they make their burrows in the small cracks between rocks that larger predators can’t slip into. As for open plain marmots like the Yellow-Bellied Marmot, they usually make their burrows under large objects such as logs or big rocks. Yellow-Bellied Marmot burrow Hoary Marmot burrow
  9. 9. Behaviour Social Groupings Marmots are very social animals. They will live in groups of 5-10 other marmots with the exception of the woodchuck. In the cases of the Yellow-Bellied Marmot, even more, usually from 6-12. After hibernation, when the marmots begin to mate, the young males will usually go off to try to form their own group of marmots while the females stay with the current colonies. The males will however go out off their way to find females to join their group. Group of marmots
  10. 10. Behaviour Guards When marmots are playing out in the open, they will usually set two or so guards around the territory to keep an eye out for predators. When a marmot sees a predator, it will let out a high-pitched whistle that let’s all the other marmots know that there is danger and that they should hide. Marmots watching out for predators
  11. 11. Behaviour Wrestling One of the marmots favourite things to do is wrestle. Marmots love to wrestle when they wake up after hibernation and haven’t seen someone in a while. They are rarely violent and don’t last very long. They don’t usually wrestle for dominance, but simply for fun. It is not unusual to see to two marmots kiss after they have finished wrestling.
  12. 12. Reproduction Hoary Marmot Mating occurs after hibernation and 2 to 4 young are born in the spring. Males establish "harems,“ which are the groups that the males go off to form, but may also visit females in other territories. Baby Hoary Marmot
  13. 13. Reproduction Yellow-Bellied Marmot Each male marmot digs a burrow soon after he wakes up from hibernation. He then starts looking for females, and by summer may have up to four female mates living with him. Litters usually average four to five offspring per female. Baby Yellow-Bellied Marmot
  14. 14. Reproduction Vancouver Island Marmot Vancouver Island marmots typically first breed at three or four years of age, although some have been observed to breed as two-year olds. Marmots breed soon after emergence from hibernation. Litter sizes average 3-4 pups. Baby Vancouver Island Marmot
  15. 15. Predators Hoary Marmot Hoary marmots fall prey to a variety of predators. The most common being the golden eagle mainly targeting the young. Other predators are black bears and wolves. The Hoary Marmot’s alarm whistle is slightly later than other marmot’s. When they see a predator, they don’t usually sound the alarm right away. Golden Eagle
  16. 16. Predators The Yellow-Bellied Marmot Yellow-Bellied Marmots are the prey of bears, wolves and foxes. They are also hunted heavily for their fur by humans. When a Yellow-Bellied Marmot see danger, It cries out immediately before diving into the nearest hole. Fox
  17. 17. Predators Vancouver Island Marmot Predators of the Vancouver Island Marmot are golden eagles, wolves and cougars. Cougars being the most common usually living nearby in the mountains. Like the Hoary Marmot, the Vancouver Island Marmot has a delayed whistle when it sees danger. Cougar
  18. 18. Fun Facts 0 The sidekick mascot of the 2010 Winter Olympics, Mukmuk, was a marmot! 0 Woodchucks don’t actually chuck wood. Their name came from the word otchek, meaning forest-dwelling weasel! 0 In Russia, Marmot fat is used for medicine! 0 Marmots have a sense of place, a lot of them live in some stunning visual settings! 0 Marmots are vegetarian, but will sometimes eat roadkill! 0 People who love marmots are called marmotaphiles! 0 People who study marmots are called marmoteers! 0 Some countries honour the marmot so much that they put them on stamps and in comic books!
  19. 19. Marmot Lore 0 Here is a myth from the mountains of Khunjerab about how the first marmot came to be. 0 There once were two brothers who were in dispute over their land. After arguing for some time, one of them suggested that they ask the land who owned it. That night, one of the brothers took his young son and went out to the disputed land. There he dug a hole and placed his son in the hole. Before covering the hole he instructed his son to answer back that he was the owner of the land when the question was asked. 0 The next day the two brothers went to ask the land who owned it. When the first brother asked, "do I own you?", the land was silent. When the second brother asked if he owned it, the land spoke back, "yes, you are the owner." The first brother was astounded and agreed that the other brother must be the real owner. 0 Later that day, the new owner went to recover his son. When he got there, he called for his son. All he heard was a whistle. When he began to dig up his son, all he found was a marmot hole. The more he dug, the longer the tunnel was. He never recovered his son and all he heard were marmot whistles.
  20. 20. Bibliography: Sources 0 Hoary Marmot, Linzey Verzoletta, www.Wikipedia.com 0 Yellow-Bellied Marmot, Sarah Comon, www.Wikipedia.com 0 Vancouver Island Marmot, Jacques Marcel, Wikipedia 0 Marmots of the World, Author unknown, www.N.A.P.A.K.com 0 Vancouver Island Marmot, The Vancouver Island Marmot Recouvery Foundation, www.marmots.org
  21. 21. Bibliography: Images 0 Marmot, cover page, Microsoft 0 Video of marmot whistling, by Michelle, from http://video.yahoo.com/watch/5842789/15288899, sep.1,07 0 Hoary marmot, slide 7, by Oliver Richard, from www.westjuneau.com, taken on jul.7,07 0 Yellow-Bellied Marmot, slide 7, by Cagan Sekercioglu, from www.naturalpictures.com , taken on sep.8,09 0 Vancouver Island Marmot, slide 7, by Jeff Werner, from www.jeffwernerphotography.com , 2009 0 Yellow-Bellied Burrow, slide 10, by unknown, from www.yellowstonewolf.com, jun.7,03 0 Hoary Marmot Burrow, slide 10, by unknown, from www.thegardenhelper.com, aug.28,10 0 Group of marmots, slide 11, by Bob Vincent, from www.rbvincent.com, jul.14,09 0 Video of marmots boxing, by AmbassadorVP, from www.youtube.com, jun.5,09 0 Guard Marmots, slide 13, by unknown, from www.wildlifephotoart.com, aug.2,06 0 Baby Hoary Marmot, slide 14, by Bibi Chang, from www.go2moon.com, apr.8,04 0 Baby Yellow-Bellied, slide 15, by Bibi Chang, from www.go2moon.com, may.19,04 0 Baby Vancouver Island Marmot, slide 16, by Bibi Chang from www.go2moon.com, jul.3,04 0 Golden Eagle, slide 17, by Mike Abacus, from www.donb.photo.net, 1999 0 Fox, slide 18, by Muskrat Man 1, from www.hidetanning.net, date unknown 0 Cougar, slide 19, by unknown, from www.wallpaperstock.com, feb.18,05
  22. 22. THANKS FOR WATCHING Directed by: Mark L Produced by: Mark L Written by: Mark L
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