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Markl marmots

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This is a everything you need to know powerpooint on marmots.

This is a everything you need to know powerpooint on marmots.

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Markl marmots Markl marmots Presentation Transcript

  • The Marmots of British Columbia
    By: Mark L
  • Introduction
    I chose to do my first P3 on marmots because when I was at my cabin on Shuswap Lake, my family and I drove up to Revelstoke where we went hiking in Mt. Revelstoke National Park.
    To get to the top of the mountain we had to go up a long winding road. When we finally reached the top, there were lots of horse flies and mosquitos, but also lots of marmots. I saw many marmots lying around on rockfalls called screes, on the mountainside. When they saw us, they made a high-pitched whistle. I thought this was pretty cool so I decided to do my P3 on them in September.
    It was fun researching marmots because there are so many interesting things about them that you wouldn’t expect like… well you’ll just have to wait and see.
  • Species
    Basic Information
    Marmots are the largest squirrels in the world. They have fat bodies small ears, and sharp claws for digging. They vary in height from15-25 inches with a width of 5-12 inches. In some parts of the world, marmots are known as whistle pigs.
  • Species Marmots of the World
  • SPECIES This is where marmots live in the world
    Black-Capped marmot
    Olympic Marmot
    Alaskan Marmot
    Steppe Marmot
    Hoary Marmot
    Menziber Marmot
    Alpine Marmot
    Vancouver Island Marmot
    Altai Marmot
    Woodchuck
    Yellow-Bellied Marmot
    Mongolian Marmot
    Himalayan Marmot
    Golden Marmot
  • Species
    Marmots of British Columbia
  • Species
    Map of B.C. Marmots
    Hoary Marmot
    Vancouver Island Marmot
    Yellow-Bellied Marmot
  • Habitat
    Burrows
    Hoary Marmots and Vancouver Island Marmots are alpine marmots which means that they live in the mountainous regions. Alpine marmots tend to live in big rockfalls called screes on mountains. The Yellow-Bellied Marmot however is not a alpine marmot, they live on flat grass lands and make their burrows in the ground.
    Yellow-Bellied Marmot
    Hoary Marmot
    Vamcouver Island Marmot
  • Habitat
    Protection
    Marmots that live in alpine rockpiles have good protection from predators because they make their burrows in the small cracks between rocks that larger predators can’t slip into. As for open plain marmots like the Yellow-Bellied Marmot, they usually make their burrows under large objects such as logs or big rocks.
    Yellow-Bellied Marmot burrow
    Hoary Marmot burrow
  • Behaviour
    Social Groupings
    Marmots are very social animals. They will live in groups of 5-10 other marmots with the exception of the woodchuck. In the cases of the Yellow-Bellied Marmot, even more, usually from 6-12. After hibernation, when the marmots begin to mate, the young males will usually go off to try to form their own group of marmots while the females stay with the current colonies. The males will however go out off their way to find females to join their group.
    Group of marmots
  • Behaviour
    Guards
    When marmots are playing out in the open, they will usually set two or so guards around the territory to keep an eye out for predators. When a marmot sees a predator, it will let out a high-pitched whistle that let’s all the other marmots know that there is danger and that they should hide.
    Marmots watching out for predators
  • Behaviour
    Wrestling
    One of the marmots favourite things to do is wrestle. Marmots love to wrestle when they wake up after hibernation and haven’t seen someone in a while. They are rarely violent and don’t last very long. They don’t usually wrestle for dominance, but simply for fun. It is not unusual to see to two marmots kiss after they have finished wrestling.
  • Reproduction
    Hoary Marmot
    Mating occurs after hibernation and 2 to 4 young are born in the spring. Males establish "harems,“ which are the groups that the males go off to form, but may also visit females in other territories.
    Baby Hoary Marmot
  • Reproduction
    Yellow-Bellied Marmot
    Each male marmot digs a burrow soon after he wakes up from hibernation. He then starts looking for females, and by summer may have up to four female mates living with him. Litters usually average four to five offspring per female.
    Baby Yellow-Bellied Marmot
  • Reproduction
    Vancouver Island Marmot
    Vancouver Island marmots typically first breed at three or four years of age, although some have been observed to breed as two-year olds.Marmots breed soon after emergence from hibernation. Litter sizes average 3-4 pups.
    Baby Vancouver Island Marmot
  • Predators
    Hoary Marmot
    Hoary marmots fall prey to a variety of predators. The most common being the golden eagle mainly targeting the young. Other predators are black bears and wolves. The Hoary Marmot’s alarm whistle is slightly later than other marmot’s. When they see a predator, they don’t usually sound the alarm right away.
    Golden Eagle
  • Predators
    The Yellow-Bellied Marmot
    Yellow-Bellied Marmots are the prey of bears, wolves and foxes. They are also hunted heavily for their fur by humans. When a Yellow-Bellied Marmot see danger, It cries out immediately before diving into the nearest hole.
    Fox
  • Predators
    Vancouver Island Marmot
    Predators of the Vancouver Island Marmot are golden eagles, wolves and cougars. Cougars being the most common usually living nearby in the mountains. Like the Hoary Marmot, the Vancouver Island Marmot has a delayed whistle when it sees danger.
    Cougar
  • Fun Facts
    The sidekick mascot of the 2010 Winter Olympics, Mukmuk, was a marmot!
    Woodchucks don’t actually chuck wood. Their name came from the word otchek, meaning forest-dwelling weasel!
    In Russia, Marmot fat is used for medicine!
    Marmots have a sense of place, a lot of them live in some stunning visual settings!
    Marmots are vegetarian, but will sometimes eat roadkill!
    People who love marmots are called marmotaphiles!
    People who study marmots are called marmoteers!
    Some countries honour the marmot so much that they put them on stamps and in comic books!
  • Marmot Lore
    Here is a myth from the mountains of Khunjerab about how the first marmot came to be.
    There once were two brothers who were in dispute over their land. After arguing for some time, one of them suggested that they ask the land who owned it. That night, one of the brothers took his young son and went out to the disputed land. There he dug a hole and placed his son in the hole. Before covering the hole he instructed his son to answer back that he was the owner of the land when the question was asked.
    The next day the two brothers went to ask the land who owned it. When the first brother asked, "do I own you?", the land was silent. When the second brother asked if he owned it, the land spoke back, "yes, you are the owner." The first brother was astounded and agreed that the other brother must be the real owner.
    Later that day, the new owner went to recover his son. When he got there, he called for his son. All he heard was a whistle. When he began to dig up his son, all he found was a marmot hole. The more he dug, the longer the tunnel was. He never recovered his son and all he heard were marmot whistles.
  • Bibliography: Sources
    Hoary Marmot, Linzey Verzoletta, www.Wikipedia.com
    Yellow-Bellied Marmot, Sarah Comon, www.Wikipedia.com
    Vancouver Island Marmot, Jacques Marcel, Wikipedia
    Marmots of the World, Author unknown, www.N.A.P.A.K.com
    Vancouver Island Marmot, The Vancouver Island Marmot Recouvery Foundation, www.marmots.org
  • Bibliography: Images
    Marmot, cover page, Microsoft
    Video of marmot whistling, by Michelle, from http://video.yahoo.com/watch/5842789/15288899, sep.1,07
    Hoary marmot, slide 7, by Oliver Richard, from www.westjuneau.com, taken on jul.7,07
    Yellow-Bellied Marmot, slide 7, by Cagan Sekercioglu, from www.naturalpictures.com , taken on sep.8,09
    Vancouver Island Marmot, slide 7, by Jeff Werner, from www.jeffwernerphotography.com , 2009
    Yellow-Bellied Burrow, slide 10, by unknown, from www.yellowstonewolf.com, jun.7,03
    Hoary Marmot Burrow, slide 10, by unknown, from www.thegardenhelper.com, aug.28,10
    Group of marmots, slide 11, by Bob Vincent, from www.rbvincent.com, jul.14,09
    Video of marmots boxing, by AmbassadorVP, from www.youtube.com, jun.5,09
    Guard Marmots, slide 13, by unknown, from www.wildlifephotoart.com, aug.2,06
    Baby Hoary Marmot, slide 14, by Bibi Chang, from www.go2moon.com, apr.8,04
    Baby Yellow-Bellied, slide 15, by Bibi Chang, from www.go2moon.com, may.19,04
    Baby Vancouver Island Marmot, slide 16, by Bibi Chang from www.go2moon.com, jul.3,04
    Golden Eagle, slide 17, by Mike Abacus, from www.donb.photo.net, 1999
    Fox, slide 18, by Muskrat Man 1, from www.hidetanning.net, date unknown
    Cougar, slide 19, by unknown, from www.wallpaperstock.com, feb.18,05
  • THANKS FOR WATCHING
    Directed by: Mark L
    Produced by: Mark L
    Written by: Mark L