Map Begin expanding around the 4th century. Atilla the Hun took power in 434. The Huns took power over most of north and eastern europe. When Atilla died, they scattered and eventually folded into the later people of Europe.
Hun Background The Huns began expanding in the early 4th century. They first took over the Alani people in the Caucasas mountains. Atilla the Hun took charge in 434. They took over most of Eastern Europe and The India and the Middle East. When Atilla died, the subjects of the Huns revolted and defeated them. The remains of the Huns then morped together with the later inhabitants of Europe.
Social Structure The Huns were very blood thirsty people. Genghis Khan led them to take over small nomadic tribes around Asia, then they moved on to bigger countries. By the time Genghis Khan died, The Huns had taken over most of eastern and central Asia, and had killed around 40,000,000 people. After Khan, came, Atilla took power and led the Huns through most of Europe. Then Atilla died and they broke off. They want off to northern Europe and built homes. They were a major part in the creation of the nation of Hungary. Hun-gary.
Housing Huns were nomadic and didn’t have time to build large houses. They generally lived in yurts, which were sort of like a large tent. They were made of easily accessible materials and were quick and easy to build. In the upper right corner is an example of what Genghis Khan’s yurt could have looked like. In the lower right is what a average soldier’s yurt would look like.
The Fabulous Life of the Hun and Famous Like many ancient cultures, the society was divided by poor people and rich people. Poor people struggled to stay alive, while the rich had wonderful houses, tons of food and of course lots of money. The richest people in the hun society, were the tax collectors, priests, and the high ranking officials. An example of a very rich man is Genghis Khan. He was very famous for leading the Huns out of Asia and to conquer lands as far away as Korea. Here is an example of what his house would have looked like.
Food Most people don’t know this, but the Huns invented Steak Tartar. The story goes that Tartar meant fear or scared in many of the languages of the nomadic tribes of Asia, and they would eat the steak before going into battle. So they began to refer to it as fear steak or Steak Tartar. The Huns ate many things, but sometimes they ate raw meat to stay alive. They also had as many indigenous foods such as sweet corn, pumpkin and squash.
Family Life In a average Hun family, the man was in charge and he would work for the money and have to serve in the army. The woman would stay home and take care of the kids. She would also cook, feed the kids and care for her husband. Like quite a few ancient civilizations, it was mandatory for the men to serve in the army. Many women had to re-marry because lots of men died in battle. You could also have more than one wife. Atilla had over seven wives.
Marriage The Hun men were allowed to marry as many women as they wanted. It was considered the more women you were married to, the more manly and strong you were. They would also have lots of kids because they had many wives. They had celebrations for marriages but they were not too formal. There was usually food, and drink, and there were usually soldiers at the wedding.
Childhood The childhood of a hun was very interesting. In cities like Sparta, the men were taken away to a military school very early. In the hun culture, there wasn’t really a military school, but they were taught usually by there father how to ride a horse and use a sword or a bow and arrow. Once they were older, they would either join the army, or start a career as a politician or a shepard. The women, were taught how to clean and take care of children.
Childhood Comparison Childhood was very different in the time of the huns compared to mine. The children of the huns had learned how to use bows and arrows. The only time I have ever used a bow and arrow was at an archery practice. They also had to join the military in there teens. In Canada, you aren’t even allowed to join the military until you are 19. The huns were nomadic and had to grow and hunt food for themselves. I too have a hunting ground. Its called my fridge. And if there is nothing in there I’m out of luck.
Education The huns were nomadic, so none of them really had formal educations like in schools. The only things they were taught were how to fight and how to survive. They didn’t even have really strategic war tactics. The huns solely relied upon there large numbers. The Huns were taught how to kill. Even the politicians were blood thirsty. The Huns because of this are considered barbarians.
Religion The Huns did not generally have a religion but Atilla the Hun did believe in magic and spirits, so that made everyone else believe in them too. He also claimed He also spoke of the so called Sword of Mars which he wielded. He claimed it was a gift from the Greek God of War and that the god favoured him over the romans. They used that to make their enemies (especially the romans) frightened.
Clothing The Huns were from Mongolia, which was a very cold, very mountainous and dry country. They had long cold winters and short summers. Because it was so cold, they made lots of coats of pelts from animals. They usually made the coats from rabbit fur, and sheep’s wool. Here is an example of what a typical fur pelt coat would look like for a hun in the winter.
Art and Music The huns never had art festivals, or anything very celebrated. They never cared for anything like music or art. The little music they had were war drums, and some Chinese folk songs. However, the women of the hun tribes were usually skilled in weavery and sewing for they had to make all the clothes and sew the coats for the family. They also made things like baskets, footwraps and even helped with the skin for the yurt.
Festivals The Huns did not have any festivals. They did not spend much time in one place, and were only focused on the next thing ahead. Once Atilla was killed and the huns dispersed throughout Europe, they probably adopted the holidays and celebrations from the Europeans such as christmas.
Conclusion In conclusion, the huns were a very barbaric and blood thirsty race of people, but in the long run, they took over a great part of Asia, all of eastern Europe, and were feared by all. Even the Romans. With leaders Genghis Khan and Atilla, they led their army to victory!
Info Bibliography http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Genghis_Khan http://en.wikipedia/wiki/huns http://www.countrystudies.us http://telegraph.co.uk http://www.mngnews.com http://www.projectreliance.blogspot.com http://www.demiscox.com http://www.enchantedlearning.com http://www.historyforkids.org Ancient Worlds By: Arnold Toutant My First Picture Atlas By: Cathy James