MapJapan‟ history is divided into what are known as periods. Each period is a time with a different emperor.For example the first period was called the Jomon period at -300BC. Japan stopped using this method totrack their history in 1989. The last period was the Heisei period.
Ancient Japanese BackgroundAncient Japan is known for many things such as Sushi which is especiallyimportant to the Japanese people. There are 4 main islands in Japan that arecalled Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, and Kyushu. They say that one of theJapanese gods pierced his big sword on Japan (Which was supposedly 1 entireisland) splitting it up to 4 different islands. Periods are the amount of emporersthat conquered ancient Japan. It‟s like the dynasties in China. So 1 period wouldbe 1 emporer which would probably be around 100 years. In ancient japan, therehave been 14 periods so far.
Social Structure In ancient Japan, the emperor was the first in command. The reason why warriors are high in command is because back then, they were at war with many countries (China, Mongolia ect.) . As for that reason, they need soldiers to defend and conquer. Unlike ancient Egypt, merchants were well respected. Whereas ancient Japan, merchants are the lowest in the social structure. Not only that, in ancient Japan. Peasants were not at the bottom of the class because they were considered to be feeding the country food.
HousingIn ancient Japan their were two main types of houses. The first style of housewas the pit dwelling house. Pit dwelling houses were built around a largecircular hole. Within the hole, columns would be inserted. These columnswould later be used as walls. The roof of that certain house would be build outof grass that would be surrounding the pit. The second type of house waspartially elevated from the ground. These houses were not normally lived inbecause they were rather used for storage of grain and other resources. Notonly that, those houses were invented and used in South-East Asia but theJapanese eventually because acustomed to that type of house as it providedsuitable storage for the Japanese climate.
How Wealthy..In ancient Japan, how wealthy you were depended on what kind of job you had.For example, the warriors lived a reasonably happy life (If they weren‟t killed inbattle) as the emperor supplied them with food, shelter and clothing (Althoughthey did have a limit to what they were supplied with). But the lowest classwarrior (Ronin) did not get the same privilege. The peasants get their moneyfrom selling their goods from merchants as merchants sell the goods for ahigher price to make a profit. Merchants also does that way to make moneyfrom crafts people making pottery. QuickTime™ and a decompressor Quic kTime™ and a decompres sor ar e neede d to s ee this picture. are need ed to see this picture.
FoodAncient Japanese food source is mainly seafood as they are surrounded byoceans. As for that reason, they basically have an unlimited supply of fish, craband other sea creatures. Another extremely food source in Japan in rice. Inmajority of their dishes rice is the most common. Their most plentiful dish is sushi.Sushi is has a center of vegtable/fish then is surrounded by rice then the lastlayer would be seaweed which is coated around the rice. Another well knownancient Japanese dish is called sashimi. Sashimi is so well known is because it isa very tasty dish yet it is so simple! Sashimi is nothing comprised of nothing butraw fish.
Family lifeA normal ancient family in Japan would be 1 father, 1 mother, and a son. Thefather would usually go out and get food as he was the one who was expected tobring safety, shelter and food to the family. That father would be the head of thehouse. Some fathers would buy food but most would hunt/gather depending onthe period and or era. Most families would live in small villages. Daughters aresupposed to be obeyed by brothers and fathers. For rich boys, they would go andlearn how to read, right, do math, poetry, and government. Wealthy girls wouldjust learn how to read and write at home. Poor family lives in small huts usually 1room. Sons and daughters would work in the rice fields.
Marriage In ancient Japan, marriages were arranged by the parents of the man and woman. Sometimes, the “couple” doesn‟t agree with the match but that is up to the parents. If the parents agree, then the marriage is set. Usually, the schedule for the wedding would be in spring (Most likely June). There are 2 types of ancient Japanese weddings, a Shinto type and a Buddhist type. In a Shinto wedding, the location is at a shrine whereas the Buddhist type, it is anywhere that will have a big Buddhist statue.
Childbirth practicesIn the ancient Japenese culture Child birth and the time duringpregnancy was spent away from the father of the child andrather with the mothers parents. The mothers parents would carefor the mother and the child until one month after birth , thenmother and child would return to the father. In the time justbefore pregnancy the mother traditionally wears a cottonabdomen band called iwati-obi. The band is supposed to bringgood luck and an easy birth. QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.
Childhood In poor families, boys and girls had to help with the farm whenever they had the free time. They were taught to have discipline in themselves and did not had the education like us (Math, Science ect.) Rich boys get to learn how to be a samurai starting at the age of 9 while learning things at school. Girls would learn in school but in their time, they were t aught how to be a good bride and how to do household things.
Childhood Comparison (AncientJapan - Canada Ancient Japanese childhood compared to Canadian childhood is very different for many reason. Ancient Japan is VERY disciplined. If the child does anything wrong, that boy/girl would be punished by getting beaten. Instead in modern day Canada, the child would either get something taken away from them or get grounded. QuickTime™ an d a decompressor are need ed to see this p icture . QuickTime™ and a decompressor are neede d to see this picture.
Education In ancient Japan education was quite simple, sons and daughters of peasants were usually taught to farm, and handle livestock at a young age and then later on taught the more valuable skills of reading and writing. Unlike the son of a peasant the son of a warrior would be taught the way of battle and bushido from a very early age. Proper school houses were not built and used until the 1800‟s. QuickTime™ and a decompressor are neede d to see this picture.
Religion In ancient Japan, there were 2 common religions. Buddhist and Shinto. 51% came from the religion Shinto, 46% came from Buddhist, 2% came from Christianity and 1% were others. Even right now, those percentages still stand today in modern Japan. There are 3 types of Buddhism. First, is Theravada (India, Sough-East Asia), Mahayana (China, Tibet) and Varian (Korea, Japan).
Gods In Japan, there are a variety of gods just like ancient Greece. The most common gods are called the Lucky 7. There are 7 gods, Ebisu, Diakokuten, Benzaiten, Hotei, Fukurokuji, Jurojin, Bishamonten, Marishiten, and Sanmen Daikoku. Each god is very different in many ways and are praised for very different reasons than the other 6. The most popular god is called Ebisu. He gives good luck on fishing (As fishing is a very important source for Japan), honest pay and fair dealing.
Clothing Normal ancient Japanese clothing would be a coat on top and a long skirt worn a the bottom. It‟s like a robe worn for both men and women. The robe would be out of very nice silk and obviously some Asian styles like dragons on it. Japanese ancient clothing was extremely influenced by China. And then the kimono, a long silk belt. Whenever you wear the robe, the order you wear is left to right. Right to left is the „Barbaric‟ way. Although peasants just wear shorts and a t-shirt. Japanese women put a chopstick or two to make a hair bun and usually carry around a fan as Japan is a very hot place.
Art, Music In ancient Japan, they had many different types of art. One of the most proficient would be called Bonsai. Bonsai is the making of dwarf trees (Miniature). Bonsai originated in China almost 1000 years ago today. Another famous art form in ancient Japan is origami, which is one of the most well known. The most known music are called Minyo, Gagaku, Biwagaku, Nohgaku, Sokyoku, Shamisenongaku, and finally Sakuhachi. All of these types of music are based on the singing of poems such as haiku. Their instruments are comprised of drums, 3 stringed guitar, a type of harp with 13 strings, some just folk singing, and a bamboo flute which is 13 cm long. QuickTime™ an d a QuickTime™ and a decompressor decompressor are neede d to see this picture. QuickTime™ and a decompressor are need ed to see this picture. are neede d to see this picture.
Conclusion Overall, Japan is a very unique place with a very interesting beliefs, their living, music, art, family life and generally their whole background of history. (This famous mountain is called Mount Fugi which is in Japan). Compared to the other vast, big ancient civilizations like China, Greece, or Egypt, Japan already expanded to a pretty good ancient civilization for a short amount of time compared to the other ancients.
Festivals One famous festival is called the Cherry- Blossom festival. The cherry blossom festival is celebrated once a year at the beginning of spring. This festival is very much like new years were you get to watch the fireworks. But unlike this festival you watch the blossoms of the tree come into full bloom. While watching, they eat, play, and enjoy the beginning of spring in the park. QuickTime™ an d a QuickTime™ and a decompressor decompressor are need ed to see this p icture . are need ed to see this picture.
Information bibliography OURSELVES! Japan and It‟s Culture (Book) Anciend Japan (Book) http://library.thinkquest.org/J0112187/ancient_japan.htm (family life) http://www.history-timelines.org.uk/places-timelines/29-timeline-of- ancient-japan.htm (Map) http://web.mac.com/lisaleiker/lisaleiker/MulticultureProject_files/14. pdf (family life) http://www.hudsonvalleyweddings.com/guide/japanese.htm (Marriage) http://www.onmarkproductions.com/html/seven.shtml (Gods) http://www.ancientjapaneseclothing.org/ (Clothing) http://www.lannaalterationstudio.com/history/japan.htm (Another Clothing) http://web.mac.com/lisaleiker/lisaleiker/MulticultureProject_files/14. pdf (Wealth) http://www.japan-guide.com/e/e2113.html (Art and Music)