Ancient Athens Lucy Life in Ancient Greece Lucy
SOCIAL CLASSES Girl entertaining rich men at a drinking party Boys from a wealthy family receiving physical training Child...
Upper Class <ul><li>The upper class consists of citizens who do not do labour </li></ul><ul><li>Have a job like trading, s...
Upper Class <ul><li>The upper class consists of citizens who do not do labour </li></ul><ul><li>Have a job like trading, s...
Middle Class <ul><li>The middle class is mostly tradesmen, and men of skill who are not citizens but live in Athens </li><...
Lower Class <ul><li>Slaves were in the lower class </li></ul><ul><li>They are to serve their master at all times </li></ul...
HOUSES
A typical Athenian home This should consist of an open courtyard where the family spent their life. Rich families had some...
Andron <ul><li>An Andron is for men guests  </li></ul><ul><li>It was where the men ate and got entertained </li></ul><ul><...
Store Room <ul><li>The store room was for storing food </li></ul><ul><li>Food was generally in large jars </li></ul><ul><l...
Kitchen and Bedrooms <ul><li>Bedrooms of the members of the family were simply furnished </li></ul><ul><li>Wooden chests w...
Gyaikon <ul><li>This room was for the women of the house </li></ul><ul><li>This is where they did spinning, weaving, enter...
Slave Rooms and Household People <ul><li>The slave rooms were small with little furniture </li></ul><ul><li>Female slave r...
How the Wealthy Lived <ul><li>The wealthy businessmen didn’t have too much luxuries as they didn’t set much store of them ...
FOOD
What They Ate <ul><li>The Athenians were big on olive oil, because Athena, their patron, created the olive tree for them a...
Drinks and Meals <ul><li>Greeks thought that water was only for drinking when there is nothing else to drink—they did not ...
Marriage <ul><li>Girls marry when they are 14 to 16 </li></ul><ul><li>They marry the husband their father chooses for them...
FAMILY LIFE  A woman spinning at home in the Gyaikon A child playing A music lesson—this can be in the house
Family Life <ul><li>All meals were cooked by slaves, as well as husband’s work </li></ul><ul><li>Wives almost never left t...
Who Was in Charge <ul><li>The wife of the house was in charge of directing the slaves to clean, cook, and do all sorts of ...
CHILDHOOD This is a child playing with a toy cart
Age 0-6 <ul><li>The chances of children growing up a re better if  the baby is in a wealthy family </li></ul><ul><li>Fathe...
Age 6-14 <ul><li>Girls do not go to school </li></ul><ul><li>Mothers teaches girls reading, writing, arithmetic, and the s...
Ages 14-16 <ul><li>Boys end school and begin their  physical training </li></ul><ul><li>They work out in the public  gym, ...
Comparison! Canada childhood <ul><li>Women married from age 25 to 30 </li></ul><ul><li>The living rate of babies is more t...
EDUCATION
School And Means of Education <ul><li>Boys went to school at the age of six, where they were taught arithmetic, reading, w...
Other Info <ul><li>Girls were taught weaving, sewing, and such as well as household chores and skills to run a household <...
RELIGION A group of men doing a sacrifice A group of men in a procession of a sacrifice to Athena
Religion <ul><li>The Greeks were polytheistic, meaning they believed more than one god </li></ul><ul><li>Greeks believed t...
Religion <ul><li>Spartans loved the war god Ares </li></ul><ul><li>There were festivals in favour of Dionysus the wine god...
Religion <ul><li>The twelve main gods included: </li></ul><ul><li>Ares, god of war </li></ul><ul><li>Zeus, god of the sky ...
Religion <ul><li>Demeter, goddess of the harvest </li></ul><ul><li>Hermes, god of messengers and travelers </li></ul><ul><...
Athena <ul><li>Wisdom was contradictory sometimes and sometimes you had to be without mercy to be wise. </li></ul><ul><li>...
Athena <ul><li>Athena’s symbol was the owl and the olive tree </li></ul><ul><li>She had honey coloured hair, stormy grey e...
CLOTHING These pottery pieces show what the children, women and men wore
Men <ul><li>Men wore togas in pale colours like peach and white </li></ul><ul><li>The togas were wrapped around the body a...
Women <ul><li>Women wore similar togas to the men, except the togas went down to the ankles </li></ul><ul><li>There were d...
ARTS AND MUSIC These women are playing the reed pipes
Music <ul><li>There were all forms of music in Greece/Athens: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Singing </li></ul></ul></ul></...
Arts <ul><li>The arts included: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Drawing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Painting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><...
Conclusion <ul><li>The Athenians eventually got defeated by others, having the Parthenon crushed into ruins </li></ul><ul>...
Picture Bibliography <ul><li>All pictures of the pottery are from:  http://www.ancientgreece.co.uk/athens/explore/exp_set....
Bibliography <ul><li>Van Loon, Hendrik;  The Story of Mankind;  BiblioBazaar, 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>Deary, Terry;  Horrib...
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Lucy ancientathensnew.doc

  1. 1. Ancient Athens Lucy Life in Ancient Greece Lucy
  2. 2. SOCIAL CLASSES Girl entertaining rich men at a drinking party Boys from a wealthy family receiving physical training Children from a rich family receive music lessons from a slave
  3. 3. Upper Class <ul><li>The upper class consists of citizens who do not do labour </li></ul><ul><li>Have a job like trading, so they don’t have to be carrying boxes, etc </li></ul><ul><li>This way they have more time for the government, war, literature, and philosophy </li></ul><ul><li>Athenians believed there must be a leisure class or there would be no standard for good taste, no encouragement of the arts </li></ul><ul><li>Civilization is based on the upper class </li></ul>
  4. 4. Upper Class <ul><li>The upper class consists of citizens who do not do labour </li></ul><ul><li>Have a job like trading, so they don’t have to be carrying boxes, etc </li></ul><ul><li>This way they have more time for the government, war, literature, and philosophy </li></ul><ul><li>Athenians believed there must be a leisure class or there would be no standard for good taste, no encouragement of the arts </li></ul><ul><li>Civilization is based on the upper class </li></ul>
  5. 5. Middle Class <ul><li>The middle class is mostly tradesmen, and men of skill who are not citizens but live in Athens </li></ul><ul><li>This class does not get to vote </li></ul><ul><li>Freed slaves are also part of this class </li></ul><ul><li>Many businessmen in the middle class live in Athens because their skill and rights are better off in there than elsewhere, which makes up for their lack of citizenship </li></ul><ul><li>This class was also called the metics </li></ul>
  6. 6. Lower Class <ul><li>Slaves were in the lower class </li></ul><ul><li>They are to serve their master at all times </li></ul><ul><li>Slaves can be freed </li></ul><ul><li>They are not to be beaten </li></ul><ul><li>Most Athenian families have at least one, rich families can have up to ten or more </li></ul><ul><li>Even the poor citizen families have one or two slaves </li></ul>
  7. 7. HOUSES
  8. 8. A typical Athenian home This should consist of an open courtyard where the family spent their life. Rich families had some statues and fountains to brighten things up a bit, but otherwise things were pretty moderate.
  9. 9. Andron <ul><li>An Andron is for men guests </li></ul><ul><li>It was where the men ate and got entertained </li></ul><ul><li>Females were not supposed to enter </li></ul><ul><li>An exception would be a female slave to serve the men or specially hired entertainers </li></ul><ul><li>Drinking parties called symposia were held here as well </li></ul>A girl playing the reed pipes at a symposia in the Andron.
  10. 10. Store Room <ul><li>The store room was for storing food </li></ul><ul><li>Food was generally in large jars </li></ul><ul><li>Amphorae and pithoi are what the large jars are called </li></ul><ul><li>Foods like olive oil, grain, barley, and wine </li></ul>
  11. 11. Kitchen and Bedrooms <ul><li>Bedrooms of the members of the family were simply furnished </li></ul><ul><li>Wooden chests were what they used to store things, and the beds were like the couches in the Andron </li></ul><ul><li>The kitchen was where the food was cooked </li></ul><ul><li>Pots, dishes and eating utensils were simple and effective, decorated dishes were saved for special occasions </li></ul>
  12. 12. Gyaikon <ul><li>This room was for the women of the house </li></ul><ul><li>This is where they did spinning, weaving, entertained female friends that were visiting and took care of their children </li></ul><ul><li>This was only for females, if a visiting male was to force his way into the Gyaikon it was a terrible offense </li></ul>A woman spinning in the Gyaikon This is a picture of a woman spinning in a Gyaikon
  13. 13. Slave Rooms and Household People <ul><li>The slave rooms were small with little furniture </li></ul><ul><li>Female slave rooms were around the Gyaikon and the male slave rooms were around the Andron </li></ul><ul><li>Everyone in the household, including slaves, had a bedroom </li></ul><ul><li>Slaves were in abundance: kids were taught by slaves, slaves helped the mistress of the house weave, sew and spin, slaves helped the man of the house do his work </li></ul>
  14. 14. How the Wealthy Lived <ul><li>The wealthy businessmen didn’t have too much luxuries as they didn’t set much store of them </li></ul><ul><li>They might have: </li></ul><ul><li>more slaves </li></ul><ul><li>slightly bigger houses </li></ul><ul><li>a statue or two, fountains and plants in the courtyard to brighten things up a bit </li></ul><ul><li>Better entertainment at symposia </li></ul>This is a girl entertaining wealthy men at a symposia
  15. 15. FOOD
  16. 16. What They Ate <ul><li>The Athenians were big on olive oil, because Athena, their patron, created the olive tree for them and it is very useful for cooking </li></ul><ul><li>They ate some pretty interesting food including caterpillars, pigs, thrushes, sea urchins, peacock eggs, lupin-flower seeds, grasshoppers, and turnips </li></ul><ul><li>They had a special kind of porridge—a paste made up of ground up beans, lentils, and corn. They are all ground up in vegetable oil </li></ul>
  17. 17. Drinks and Meals <ul><li>Greeks thought that water was only for drinking when there is nothing else to drink—they did not think it was very healthy. So they drank wine </li></ul><ul><li>They didn’t like people eating more than they needed—like what humans do in feasts today </li></ul><ul><li>They went to each other’s houses for dinner a lot </li></ul><ul><li>Greeks hated people who drank too much </li></ul><ul><li>Talking and efficient eating was what they did when they gathered around the table at dinnertime </li></ul>
  18. 18. Marriage <ul><li>Girls marry when they are 14 to 16 </li></ul><ul><li>They marry the husband their father chooses for them </li></ul><ul><li>Husbands are usually twice as old as their wives—they marry when they are 30 </li></ul><ul><li>The father of the bride gives their daughter a, dowry—m oney, slaves linen and goods . The picture above right is a bride and her groom </li></ul><ul><li>The bride takes the dowry to her husband </li></ul><ul><li>Dowries are given because women were not valued as much as men and so fathers had to kind of “pay” for their daughters to be married into a family—the bride is seen as almost a burden </li></ul><ul><li>This can ease the way a bit when daughters are marrying into wealthy families as well </li></ul>
  19. 19. FAMILY LIFE A woman spinning at home in the Gyaikon A child playing A music lesson—this can be in the house
  20. 20. Family Life <ul><li>All meals were cooked by slaves, as well as husband’s work </li></ul><ul><li>Wives almost never left their domain, since it was not good for a married woman to be in the street to often </li></ul><ul><li>Simple tailoring and clothes making was done by the wife of the house, assisted by slaves </li></ul><ul><li>Leisure was an important part of family life—Athenians thought without it there would be no appreciation of the arts, no civilization. Therefore slaves took care of most household things </li></ul>
  21. 21. Who Was in Charge <ul><li>The wife of the house was in charge of directing the slaves to clean, cook, and do all sorts of housekeeping jobs </li></ul><ul><li>The husband did the moneymaking, and also had an amount of command over his wife </li></ul><ul><li>Kids didn’t have much say in serious issues but were more in command than slaves, unless they were ordered that they must obey a certain slave </li></ul>
  22. 22. CHILDHOOD This is a child playing with a toy cart
  23. 23. Age 0-6 <ul><li>The chances of children growing up a re better if the baby is in a wealthy family </li></ul><ul><li>Fathers have the right to abandon their son or daughter if they can’t afford them </li></ul><ul><li>Other people can take the kids in, and they can raise the kids as slaves </li></ul><ul><li>Kids in this age were loved and well taken care of, but not spoiled like kids are today </li></ul>
  24. 24. Age 6-14 <ul><li>Girls do not go to school </li></ul><ul><li>Mothers teaches girls reading, writing, arithmetic, and the skills they need to run a household </li></ul><ul><li>Boys go to school if they are from a wealthy family </li></ul><ul><li>They learn reading, writing, poetry, arithmetic, drawing, and painting </li></ul><ul><li>Education was strict, and there were punishments for kids who step out of line—some severe, some not. Parents took care of children. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Ages 14-16 <ul><li>Boys end school and begin their physical training </li></ul><ul><li>They work out in the public gym, playing sports and running. This picture shows a PE class in session </li></ul><ul><li>Girls are married to the husband her father chose for her </li></ul><ul><li>Husbands are usually twice the age of a wife </li></ul><ul><li>Boys are expected to be soldiers most of their early adulthood </li></ul>
  26. 26. Comparison! Canada childhood <ul><li>Women married from age 25 to 30 </li></ul><ul><li>The living rate of babies is more than 90% </li></ul><ul><li>Kids had luxuries such as electronics, running water, etc </li></ul><ul><li>Girls and boys both went to school in a normal family </li></ul><ul><li>Girls and boys both had opportunities to sports, arts, and music </li></ul>Athens childhood <ul><li>Girls married when they were 14-16 </li></ul><ul><li>You only lived with good luck and even then it’s hard </li></ul><ul><li>Toys and amusements were moderate </li></ul><ul><li>In normal families girls didn’t go to school </li></ul><ul><li>Only boys did sports and arts and music were not there until they were adults </li></ul>
  27. 27. EDUCATION
  28. 28. School And Means of Education <ul><li>Boys went to school at the age of six, where they were taught arithmetic, reading, writing, drawing, poetry, and painting </li></ul><ul><li>Girls were educated on similar things at home by their mother </li></ul><ul><li>Slaves also taught kids at home for some families, and they accompanied boys to their schools not to help them but to punish them if they were misbehaving </li></ul>
  29. 29. Other Info <ul><li>Girls were taught weaving, sewing, and such as well as household chores and skills to run a household </li></ul><ul><li>Boys school went from sunrise to sunset </li></ul><ul><li>The boys’ accompanying slave who made them stay on task were most likely to be set free after the boy was finished school </li></ul>
  30. 30. RELIGION A group of men doing a sacrifice A group of men in a procession of a sacrifice to Athena
  31. 31. Religion <ul><li>The Greeks were polytheistic, meaning they believed more than one god </li></ul><ul><li>Greeks believed that there were gods for different things, and all the gods lived on Mount Olympus </li></ul><ul><li>There was a queen of all gods and a king of all gods </li></ul><ul><li>Different people sometimes worshipped different gods at different times for something they want to be done or they want a kind of help—ex: fishermen worshiping Poseidon, god of the sea </li></ul><ul><li>Greeks were much set store of the gods, and Athens was actually named after the goddess of wisdom, Athena </li></ul>
  32. 32. Religion <ul><li>Spartans loved the war god Ares </li></ul><ul><li>There were festivals in favour of Dionysus the wine god every year in Athens </li></ul><ul><li>Arts were also influenced by the gods of Mount Olympus—one of Athens’ proud architecture buildings was the Parthenon, in honour of Athena </li></ul><ul><li>Greeks believed that everything they do in the world will come to influence them when they die and enter the realm of the Underworld—the realm of Hades </li></ul>
  33. 33. Religion <ul><li>The twelve main gods included: </li></ul><ul><li>Ares, god of war </li></ul><ul><li>Zeus, god of the sky and lord of all gods </li></ul><ul><li>Hera, queen of all goddesses and god of the marriage and the perfect family </li></ul><ul><li>Dionysus, god of wine </li></ul><ul><li>Hephaestus, god of the forges </li></ul><ul><li>Athena, god of wisdom and war strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Poseidon, god of the sea, horses, and earthquakes </li></ul>
  34. 34. Religion <ul><li>Demeter, goddess of the harvest </li></ul><ul><li>Hermes, god of messengers and travelers </li></ul><ul><li>Apollo, god of poetry, archery, prophecies, medicine, music, sun </li></ul><ul><li>Artemis, goddess of archery, the moon, maidens, animals (especially baby animals) and childbirth </li></ul><ul><li>Aphrodite, goddess of love and beauty </li></ul>
  35. 35. Athena <ul><li>Wisdom was contradictory sometimes and sometimes you had to be without mercy to be wise. </li></ul><ul><li>Athena lost some of her supporters that way in stories when she had someone lose a life for the greater good </li></ul><ul><li>As goddess of wisdom, she has invented weaving, the chariot, and a lot more of things that the Greeks used </li></ul><ul><li>Athena had a part to play in lots of Greek stories, in some she was a bad character and in some she was good </li></ul>
  36. 36. Athena <ul><li>Athena’s symbol was the owl and the olive tree </li></ul><ul><li>She had honey coloured hair, stormy grey eyes and always wore a war helmet and shield </li></ul><ul><li>The goddess of wisdom and war strategy, Athena has a rivalry with Poseidon, god of the sea </li></ul><ul><li>Athena was born from Zeus’s head—so she only has a dad </li></ul><ul><li>She is one of the three virgin goddesses—some say she has demigods by shaping them from her thoughts </li></ul>
  37. 37. CLOTHING These pottery pieces show what the children, women and men wore
  38. 38. Men <ul><li>Men wore togas in pale colours like peach and white </li></ul><ul><li>The togas were wrapped around the body and then fastened with in a way so that one shoulder was exposed </li></ul><ul><li>The togas went down to the knees, like a skirt </li></ul><ul><li>These togas were not too easy to move in </li></ul><ul><li>Despite the difficulties of moving around, the togas proved to be quite breezy as the climate in Greece was pretty warm. </li></ul><ul><li>During the Olympics, which only men were allowed to attend and speculate, the men didn’t wear anything since the toga was very hard to run in </li></ul>
  39. 39. Women <ul><li>Women wore similar togas to the men, except the togas went down to the ankles </li></ul><ul><li>There were different fashions of fastening the toga </li></ul><ul><li>These togas were not too easy to move in </li></ul><ul><li>Women also wore jewellery </li></ul><ul><li>Even though women had jewellery on in her house, they had to be as inconspicuous as possible when out on the streets </li></ul><ul><li>Men loved to have their wives adorned with jewellery at home, but not on the streets </li></ul>
  40. 40. ARTS AND MUSIC These women are playing the reed pipes
  41. 41. Music <ul><li>There were all forms of music in Greece/Athens: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Singing </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lyres </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reed pipes </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Choirs </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Music was seen as a sort of entertainment hired at parties and done at festivals </li></ul><ul><li>Lots of festivals had choirs singing, or people playing reed pipes as a background noise </li></ul>
  42. 42. Arts <ul><li>The arts included: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Drawing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Painting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sculptures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Architecture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mosaics, pottery and others </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The arts often had some relation to the gods, such as sculptures of the gods and architecture dedicated to the gods </li></ul><ul><li>Boys learned drawing and painting when they were in school </li></ul><ul><li>All art supplies were not as easy to get and good as today—they did not have electricity and paint stores </li></ul>This is a peice of pottery—the artist shows a group of women playing the reed pipes
  43. 43. Conclusion <ul><li>The Athenians eventually got defeated by others, having the Parthenon crushed into ruins </li></ul><ul><li>The Greeks loved everything moderate and efficient, instead of big and grand </li></ul><ul><li>The Athenians thought leisure was very important, without it there would be no appreciation of the arts, no civilization </li></ul>
  44. 44. Picture Bibliography <ul><li>All pictures of the pottery are from: http://www.ancientgreece.co.uk/athens/explore/exp_set.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.mlahanas.de/Greeks/Furniture/Furniture2.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.woodlands-junior.kent.sch.uk/Homework/greece/food.htm </li></ul>
  45. 45. Bibliography <ul><li>Van Loon, Hendrik; The Story of Mankind; BiblioBazaar, 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>Deary, Terry; Horrible Histories, The Groovy Greeks; Schoolastic Children’s Books, 1996 </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.ancientgreece.co.uk/athens/explore/exp_set.html </li></ul>

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