Daily Life in Ancient Greek By JeongMinThe Parthenon
Map The Ancient Greek started in 400 B.C. Then it ended in 146 B.C. for they have been conquered by the Romans
Background There is a lot of things interesting about Ancient Greece. First thing is that Ancient Greece was the beginning of the Olympics (slide festival). Secondly, Ancient Greece has very good myth (slide gods). Thirdly, one of the famous temples is in Athens, the Parthenon. The Parthenon is one of those temples used to worship a god, or in this case, goddess. This temple was made for Athena, goddess of wisdom and war.
Social Structure The social structures was divided into 4 sections in Ancient Athens. These sections were only for men who are not a slave, native, and owns land can be on the Highest social structure. This social structure depended on how much money they had. Lowest
HousingFarmer’s house structure will have wallsmade of thick rocks and the ceiling iscovered with clay tiles. There are onlythree rooms, bedroom, living room, anda storage filled with farming tools andfood.In, town, your house will hold about 9other families than you. There will bevarieties of rooms including familybedrooms, family living rooms, women’sroom, kitchen, storage, and a workshop.For protection, there would be high wallsand strong gates. These houses haddifferent purposes and they are: cooking,entertainment, storage, and working onthe job that you do.
FoodAncient Greek ate thingsthat are very simple tomake or get. For example,you might live on a farmand get some grapes andolives. You might be raisinga goat and soon turn it intomilk or cheese. You mightlive near the sea and getfish or shellfish. You mighteven make bread out ofgrains.
Family LifeThe male adult is in charge of thefamily. They had a lot of power suchas sending their children away to beadopted by another people or divorcetheir wife for new ones. Some peoplelike the women were not evenallowed to own properties, but theyhad a lot of responsibilities. Forexample, they were the key to givebirth to children so their family cancontinue. They had otherresponsibilities such as running thehouse and, if poor, do thehousework.
MarriageMarriage happened differently forpeople who are poor or rich. If youare poor, you would fall in love as youare working together. If you are richand a girl, your marriage will bearranged for you. In the actualmarriage, the bride offers somethingthe Artemis, the goddess of women.Then the groom and bride will go togroom’s house. The bride’s house willsend a portion of their fortune so thebride will live happily. After theirmarried, they might divorce. Thebride doesn’t have any rights on adivorce but groom can choosewhatever the bride says.
Childhood Some of the young babies die in a young age and some are abandoned in places such as the mountains. Those abandoned babies can be raised as a slave. In other case, they grow up and the girls learn from their mother how to do all the house work. The boys follow their father around to learn what to do or they are brought to school in age 7. The girls gets married in age 12 or 13. When this time comes, girls put their toys in the temple of Artemis while boys go to train for war in age 18.
Education Athens education were private but Sparta had public schools. Boys learned how to read, write, play an instrument, sing, and work in the military. Education were only for boys only which means that girls had no access to education.
Religion They believed in 12 gods and goddess of Olympus because they believed that those 12 gods and goddess will make their life better later on in their lives. There were temples that Greek can pray in for good luck, a wish that they wanted the gods to grant, or to leave a present to please the gods.
God There were 12 different gods and goddesses in total. There was Zeus, Hera, Apollo, Arthemis, Athena, Hades, Poseidon, Dameter, Ares, Aphrodites, Hephastus, and Hermes. They were described to have the personality of normal people and symbolizes something. Apollo, for example, symbolizes the sun, music, poetry, and so on. Greek people worshipped these gods and they made up myths to described why the thunder striked and where the dead people went, and so on.
ClothingClothing of Ancient Greek is veryinteresting. First of all, Greek men woreonly few clothing or none at all. Few of thetimes that Greek men wore clothing werewhen there were women around. In theother hand, Greek women were alwayscovered with clothing.Greek clothing were very simple and useda little bit of sewing. These clothing werecalled tunics. Greek usually walkedaround bare-foot, but there were somecases where they wore shoes, when theground was rough. These shoes weresimple just like their other clothing. If youwere rich, you would be wearing goldjewelleries.
Art and MusicIn Ancient Greek, people hadentertainment such as music,dancing, and theatre. First of all,in theatre, there were only maleactors. So if there was a woman’spart, a man will act it out. Inmusic, they had lots of musicalinstruments such as the lyre,tambourine, double flute,panpipes, and kithara. Dancingwas the most important art andboth men and women did thispart of art.
Festivals One of the popular festivals that they had was the Olympics. We still have it today. It is simply: athletes train on sports such as long jump, javelin, discus, wrestling, and boxing. The Olympics were only celebrated by native-men. If they broke a rule once, they were also kicked out of the game. Some of the rules that they had were no weapons , no fighting, accidental or on purpose, ect …
ConclusionAll in all, I think Ancient Greek’s life was very exciting with all that festivals and entertainment. I also think all the other things that they do in life is interesting. Ancient Greek is fascinating with allthe details such as women didn’t have the same rights as the men to they squashed the grapes with their feet to make wine.
Information Bibliography Fiona Macdonald, How Would You Survive As an Ancient Greece? New York, Franklin Watts Production, 1995 Ancient Greece - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ancient_Greece#Education Ancient Greek Gods - http://www.woodlands- junior.kent.sch.uk/Homework/greece/greekgods.htm Children of Ancient Greece - http://historylink102.com/greece3/children.htm
Picture Bibliography The Parthenon - http://www.flickr.com/photos/wallyg/135115501/ The Map of Ancient Greece- http://www.davidrumsey.com/maps1120428-28535.html Bread- http://www.ultimate-guide-to-greek-food.com/greek-bread.html Grapes- http://old.ort.org.il/year/eshavuot/shav4.htm Togas - http://visual.merriam-webster.com/clothing-articles/clothing/elements-ancient-costume_1.php Housing – http://havoc20.wordpress.com/2011/02/27/stone-textures/ Family - http://keep3.sjfc.edu/students/bef03424/e-port/virtual%20learning%20environment.html Childhood - http://create2xs.com/?p=429 Marriage - http://greek-myth.com/demeter_persephone.htm Zeus - http://www.noholidaynolife.com/2010/08/15/the-story-of-the-minotaur-knossos-crete/ Lyre - http://www.clker.com/clipart-26260.html