Hayley_ tools through the agesPresentation Transcript
By: Hayley Ford
IntroductionHumans didn’t always look the way they doknow. Over millions of years humansevolved from apes to the humans we knowtoday. Humans and dinosaurs neverexisted on earth at the same time ashumans. Every stage of humans are calledhominids. Hominids became smarter andmore knowledgeable through the ages. Asthey became smarter their tools andmethods of hunting became moreadvanced.
Australopithecus afarensisThe first stage of hominid wasAustralopithecus Afarensis. At this point ofhuman life these ape-humans were notsmart enough to create their owns tools.They used tools they found or that naturehad created. One example of a tool that A aused was a stick in which they stuck into atermite mound, then the termites clung to itletting the ape pull out the stick covered infood. These and other simple nature madetools began the evolution of tools throughthe evolution of human life. A a werehunters and gatherers and hadn’t yetlearned how to create hunting tools.
Homo habilisHomo hablilis was the first stage of human lifethat made their own tools. The first material H hused to make tools was stone. They began tosmash rocks against each other to create asharp edge on one of the rocks, this process iscalled knapping. During this period they learnedhow to get meat of a carcass, and how to openthe bones to reach marrow. This began thecreation of tools. Homo habilis were stillgatherers and scavengers, but their thinking wasmore advanced than Australopithecus Afarensis.H h learned to cut, pound, crush food.
Homo erectusHomo erectus created more advanced toolsthan the two life stages before its time. Themost popular tool archaeologists have foundare stone hand axes. An important tool to theHomo erectus was fire. It wasn’t a hunting tool,though when they learned to create it they alsorealized it could be used to their advantage. Inthe life span of the Homo erectus they alsoused learned how to create traps and snares.Stone axes and knives were commonly usedtoo.
Homo sapien Neanderthalensis Homo sapien Neanderthalensis closelyresembled the modern human. This meansthey were smarter than the three hominidsbefore them allowing them to create bettertools. These humans were extremely goodhunters. This hominid used harpoons andspears as well as the tools human had usedbefore them. They were able to hunt largebears which shows that they had good enoughtools to hunt larger animals. Tips on all huntingtools were sharper allowing safer hunting.They used different kinds of stone for toolmaking including all forms of hard and softstone.
Homo sapien Cro- MagnanThis hominid hunted as a group to kill animals,they used different tools than other humans too.One of the most important things the Homosapien Cro-Magnan discovered was the abilityto fish. They used nets and hooks made fromantlers to catch fish and other water life. Thishominid continued to use traps and snaresthough they were more advanced. In theirhunting they targeted mostly big prey likemammoths, cave bears, and horses. Homosapien Cro-magnon hunted in groups, a skillthat none of the other hominids used. Anothervery important invention this hominid was thebow and arrow.
Homo sapien sapienThe homo sapien sapioen homind is one thatbegan a long time ago, but also includesmodern humans. This hominid used all of thetools humans before them had inventedthough they created their own tools as well.The most important discovery the Homosapien sapien was how to farm. This changedthe face of hunting and tools forever. Nowmost people hunting is not a common form offinding food so a lot of the tools other hominidsused are not in use anymore. Homo sapiensapien hunted, gathered and sacvenged food.
ConclusionIn conclusion tools over the ages havechanged a lot. From only using naturemade tools to the complex mechanicalmechanisms we use today humans havebecome smarter over the years as well asmore efficient and knowledgeable. The sixhominids all contributed to the history anddevelopment of tools.
Text Bibliography http://www.ecotao.com/holism/hu_habilis.htm http://www.livescience.com/health/091111-origin-tool-use.html http://humanorigins.si.edu/evidence/human-fossils/species/homo- habilis Textbook- Other Places, Other Times Textbook- Ancient Worlds