Hayley_ tools through the ages


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Hayley_ tools through the ages

  1. 1. By: Hayley Ford
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>Humans didn’t always look the way they do know. Over millions of years humans evolved from apes to the humans we know today. Humans and dinosaurs never existed on earth at the same time as humans. Every stage of humans are called hominids. Hominids became smarter and more knowledgeable through the ages. As they became smarter their tools and methods of hunting became more advanced. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Australopithecus afarensis <ul><li>The first stage of hominid was Australopithecus Afarensis. At this point of human life these ape-humans were not smart enough to create their owns tools. They used tools they found or that nature had created. One example of a tool that A a used was a stick in which they stuck into a termite mound, then the termites clung to it letting the ape pull out the stick covered in food. These and other simple nature made tools began the evolution of tools through the evolution of human life. A a were hunters and gatherers and hadn’t yet learned how to create hunting tools. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Homo habilis <ul><li>Homo hablilis was the first stage of human life that made their own tools. The first material H h used to make tools was stone. They began to smash rocks against each other to create a sharp edge on one of the rocks, this process is called knapping. During this period they learned how to get meat of a carcass, and how to open the bones to reach marrow. This began the creation of tools. Homo habilis were still gatherers and scavengers, but their thinking was more advanced than Australopithecus Afarensis. H h learned to cut, pound, crush food. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Homo erectus <ul><li>Homo erectus created more advanced tools than the two life stages before its time. The most popular tool archaeologists have found are stone hand axes. An important tool to the Homo erectus was fire. It wasn’t a hunting tool, though when they learned to create it they also realized it could be used to their advantage. In the life span of the Homo erectus they also used learned how to create traps and snares. Stone axes and knives were commonly used too. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Homo sapien Neanderthalensis <ul><li>Homo sapien Neanderthalensis closely resembled the modern human. This means they were smarter than the three hominids before them allowing them to create better tools. These humans were extremely good hunters. This hominid used harpoons and spears as well as the tools human had used before them. They were able to hunt large bears which shows that they had good enough tools to hunt larger animals. Tips on all hunting tools were sharper allowing safer hunting. They used different kinds of stone for tool making including all forms of hard and soft stone. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Homo sapien Cro-Magnan <ul><li>This hominid hunted as a group to kill animals, they used different tools than other humans too. One of the most important things the Homo sapien Cro-Magnan discovered was the ability to fish. They used nets and hooks made from antlers to catch fish and other water life. This hominid continued to use traps and snares though they were more advanced. In their hunting they targeted mostly big prey like mammoths, cave bears, and horses. Homo sapien Cro-magnon hunted in groups, a skill that none of the other hominids used. Another very important invention this hominid was the bow and arrow. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Homo sapien sapien <ul><li>The homo sapien sapioen homind is one that began a long time ago, but also includes modern humans. This hominid used all of the tools humans before them had invented though they created their own tools as well. The most important discovery the Homo sapien sapien was how to farm. This changed the face of hunting and tools forever. Now most people hunting is not a common form of finding food so a lot of the tools other hominids used are not in use anymore. Homo sapien sapien hunted, gathered and sacvenged food. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Conclusion <ul><li>In conclusion tools over the ages have changed a lot. From only using nature made tools to the complex mechanical mechanisms we use today humans have become smarter over the years as well as more efficient and knowledgeable. The six hominids all contributed to the history and development of tools. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Text Bibliography <ul><li>http:// www.ecotao.com/holism/hu_habilis.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.livescience.com/health/091111-origin-tool-use.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://humanorigins.si.edu/evidence/human-fossils/species/homo-habilis </li></ul><ul><li>Textbook- Other Places, Other Times </li></ul><ul><li>Textbook- Ancient Worlds </li></ul>
  11. 11. Picture Bibliography <ul><li>http://www.ashtonfarm.demon.co.uk/early_hominid_evolution/a_afarensis.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Australopithecus_afarensis.JPG </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.flickr.com/photos/mharrsch/116012103/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.flickr.com/photos/lucianaluciana/3018480596/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://alyssaworldstudies.blogspot.com/2009/02/this-is-picture-of-lucy.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://ijanpromoters.blogspot.com/2009_02_01_archive.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.lithiccastinglab.com/gallery-pages/2005aprilhistoryofflintknappingpage1.htm </li></ul><ul><li>https://www.msu.edu/~robin400/neanderthalensis.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.kidspast.com/world-history/0015-neanderthals-and-tools.php </li></ul><ul><li>http://leseyziesdetayac.info/articles/discovery-of-the-cro-magnon </li></ul><ul><li>http://mybllogisbetterthansarahsblog.blogspot.com/2008_09_01_archive.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://library.thinkquest.org/08aug/01930/history/stoneage.html </li></ul>