HISTORY OF FARMING“The first farmer was the first man. All historic nobility rests on the possession and use of land.” -Emerson, Ralph Waldo-
TABLE OF CONTENTSBeginning of Farming HistoryFirst Crops to be FarmedDomesticated AnimalsBibliography
BEGINNING OF FARMING HISTORY• Farming started at around 8000 B.C.E.• It was originated from Near East, near the Fertile Crescent, which is a hilly arc of inhabitable land around the north of the Arabian Desert.• Since farming had begun, plants and animals subjected to mankind, not only adapting to the environments. We shifted the balance of nature, so that our own ecological system would provide more of what we needed. We cut down trees from forests to grow light- loving plants and guide rivers through arid regions to grow crops on deserts. Furthermore, we curved mountains into terraces that hold patches of soil so we are able to farm on the steep cliffs.
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FIRST CROPS TO BE FARMED• The very first type of crops to be farmed were Cereal crops. Cereal crops includes pulses such as peas and grains such as wheat and barley. There was another domesticated plant used by man called Bottle gourd, or Calabash which looks like a bottle and a snake. Our ancestors domesticated it and used it as vegetables, bottles, pipes or utensils. This had been before the Cereal crops, but they were not farmed since people were still nomads.
DOMESTICATED ANIMALS• According to an evolutionary biologist, Jarod Diamond, animals need to meet these six criteria to be considered „domesticated‟. First, the species of an animal has to have flexible diet, to clarify, it has to be willing to consume a wide variety of food source given by human. It has to have fast growth rate compared to human life span and ability to be bred in captivity. They shouldn‟t be aggressive toward humans since they might be dangerous, and be unlikely to panic because if they are they‟ll be difficult to keep. They also have to have adaptable social hierarchy, in order to recognize human as their pack leader.• Sheep and Goats are one of the main examples of the first domesticated animals. They meet all the criteria and any other farm animals you‟ll see in farms today also meet the six principles.
BIBLIOGRAPHY• Information • Leonard, Jonathan Norton. The Emergence of Man-The First Farmers. New York: Time- Life Books, 1973. • “Domestication.” 11 December 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Domestication#Plants>• Pictures • http://www.sheepdrove.com/289.htm • http://writepostread.wikispaces.com/Mesopotamia • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bottle_gourd • http://oald8.oxfordlearnersdictionaries.com/dictionary/cereal • http://www.butserancientfarm.co.uk/animals.htm