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Early tools

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  • 1. Mark McGovern
    Early Tools
  • 2. There were many stages in human evolution .Australopithecus afarensis, Homo habilis, Homo erectus, Homo sapiens neandrithalensis, Homo sapiens Cro-Magnon, and Homo sapiens sapiens are just a few of them. In this presentation, we will learn about the tools that each species used, and how they evolved
    Introduction
  • 3. Lived 4-1.2 million years ago.
    Afarensis had the most basic tools. It didn’t know how to make tools but if it found them it would use it.
    They would use sticks to catch small insects like ants and termites by sticking it into there hill and pulling it out when the ants/termites had grabbed on to it.
    They would use rocks to crack open nuts and other hard things.
    They did NOT hunt, only gather fruits and berries. If they found a dead carcass they would eat it.
    Afarensis did NOT know how to make tools
    Australopithecus afarensis
  • 4. Homo habilis lived 2 to 1.5 million years ago.
    It used simple tools such as sharp rocks and sticks to hunt. They lived in small packs.
    It could not control fire but knew how to use it if it found it, but it just usually ate its food raw.
    Unlike the Afarensis, it would hunt AND gather, not just hunt. They would sometimes use things such large stones that they would sometimes throw at their prey.
    Would sharpen rocks. They could make them within just a few minutes. Small sharpened rocks were usually used to skin animals after they had killed them, whereas the bigger ones were used for the actual hunt.
    Homo Habilis
  • 5. Lived 1.6-80,000 years ago.
    Homo Erectus had more tools than the Habilis. They were also more advanced.
    They had now learned to make fire, which kept them warm and allowed them to cook there food.
    They would skin animals with sharp rocks to make simple clothes, such as cloaks or blankets.
    They did NOT use metal tools.
    They could recognise different angles and how to make them. They had good hand-eye coordination that allowed them to make tools faster and stronger.
    Had basic axes to scrape and cut meat or wood. They lived and hunted in tribes.
    Homo Erectus
  • 6. Lived 133,000- 32,ooo years ago.
    Neanderthals were smart, strong, and very advanced. In fact, they were stronger than us.
    They had tons of tools. They had things such as stone axes, stone knives, spears and harpoons.
    They could control fire well, allowing them to migrate and survive bitter European winters.
    They could make clothing well with their tools.
    Homo sapiens Neanderthal
  • 7. The Cro-Magnon was verysmart. It lived 100,000-10,000 years ago.
    Made tools out of stone, ivory, wood, teeth, and antlers.
    They could fish with hooks, and could sew with a needle and thread.
    They invented the bow and arrow and had long range spears.
    They used sharp axes to cut down trees and make canoes.
    With new tools they could get more food, with allowed their population to grow.
    They could make warm clothes to survive the ice ages.
    They had mastered the use of fire.
    They could store food for winters.
    Made huts from bones, animal skins, and rocks.
    They could also paint as they did on cave walls.
    Homo Sapiens Cro-Magnon
  • 8. Homo Sapiens Sapiens lived from 10,000 to the present day. They are modern humans or, us.
    We invented farming, which allowed us to begin to settle in places and make towns and cities.
    We domesticated animals, allowing us to have cats and dogs, but also to raise farm animals like cows and pigs.
    In the past 10,000 years, tools have changed dramatically. Bows and arrows turned into machine guns and heat seeking missiles. Ropes and pulleys turned into cranes. Rope turned to iron cables.
    Basically any appliance in your house is a tool. Phones, lights, pens, bottles, paper, even the computer that your watching this slide show on.
    Homo Sapiens Sapiens
  • 9. Tools by: arnybo at http://www.flickr.com/photos/arnybo/2353828556/
    Afarensis by: Ryan Somma at http://www.flickr.com/photos/ideonexus/4699762790/
    http://www.donsmaps.com/images6/dmanisiarthead.jpg
    http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/bigphotos/53365326.html
    Erectus by: Ryan Somma at http://www.flickr.com/photos/ideonexus/2955598515/sizes/m/in/photostream/
    Cromagnon by wallyg at http://www.flickr.com/photos/wallyg/415498335/sizes/m/in/photostream/
    Homo Sapiens Sapiens by SebPrzd at http://www.flickr.com/photos/sbprzd/270524077/sizes/m/in/photostream/
    Picture Bibliography
  • 10. http://www.sanfranciscosentinel.com/?p=7268
    http://www.ecotao.com/holism/hu_habilis.htm
    http://www.kidspast.com/world-history/0020-cro-magnon-tools.php
    http://earlyhumans.mrdonn.org/cromagnon.html
    Text Bibliography