Background• The ancient Egyptian civilization was a civilization that believed strongly in gods and they believed that their leaders were gods that were on the earth.• This civilization was known for the pharaohs that ruled and for creating the pyramids and mummification.
Social Structure• The pharaoh is at the top of the structure and is the leader of all the citizens. Everyone must obey the pharaohs orders, even the priests and nobles. After the nobles comes traders and shopkeepers, then farmers. The unskilled workers are on the bottom of the pyramid and obey orders from all the other people.
Housing• The houses that ancient Egyptians lived in were made out of mud bricks that were put into moulds and left in the sun to harden. Then the bricks were stacked to build the walls. The wealthy and important people built their houses out of two brick layers. Each house usually had four •Ancient Egyptians usually rooms, one room was in the used their roofs as living center and was called the space because it was hard to central room. The kitchen, get good lighting inside. storage room, and bedroom Some wealthy people even came off the side of the central room. had ponds or small pools in their yards.
Food• Most of the ancient Egyptians’ diet was made up of bread because one of the few foods they could grow was wheat. They even added hops to the wheat to make beer and liquor. Also ancient Egyptians ate beef, mutton, duck and goose. They wouldn’t eat pigs because they believed that pigs carried leprosy. For fruits, they ate mostly melons and dates.
Family Life• The man of the house would be the one who worked and brought in the money, but sometimes the mother would work too. Mostly, the women stayed home to care for the children and clean. For entertainment, people would usually play chess-like board games. Men would usually compete in things like archery and hunting to entertain themselves as well. If your family was poor, they didnt buy clothes for their young children.
Marriage• When a young man was around 16- 20 years old, he would look for a wife. Marriage is arranged by the parents and the bride and the groom dont choose who they marry. One a couple started living together, they were considered married. There was no such thing as marriage contracts in ancient Egypt. It was not uncommon for ancient Egyptians to get divorced, but it was considered a disgrace. A divorce was basically either the man or woman leaving the house and taking whatever they brought into their new family.
Childhood• Not one gender was preferred in ancient Egypt, both boy and girl children were wanted, but the males were considered stronger, so they helped with physical work around the house at an early age. Most children didn’t make it past 4 years old because of the consumption of contaminated food. If a child lived over five, then they were probably strong enough to stay healthy. Around age 5 is when children start to help their parents with work around the house or farm.
Education• Wealthy male children usually got to go to school and learn to read, write, and use mathematics. If someone knew how to read and write, they could be a scribe and earn a lot of money. Even though girls couldn’t go to school, they might be taught by their father or brother. School for children in ancient Egypt was basically copying and writing sentences and phrases until they had perfect spelling and grammar.
Religion• For the ancient Egyptians, religion was the most important aspect of their life because it guided them through every problem. They were really religious and thought that their pharaohs were gods that lived on earth, so they respected and obeyed them very well. The Egyptians have many tales about how the gods created the world. There was more than one god in the Egyptian religion. There was a sun god, a sky god, a wisdom god, a creator god, a women goddess, a mummification god, a vegetation god and a ruler of the underworld.
Clothing• Most of the clothes that ancient Egyptians wore were made of linen and weren’t dyed because linen is hard to dye. Most people wore beaded necklaces and bracelets for colour. Women wore dresses that were either strapless or had two shoulder straps. These dresses usually reached the floor. Men wore kilts that went down to just past the knees with one shoulder strap. In winter, people wore heavy cloaks that fell to just above the ankles.
Art and Music• Ancient Egyptians played musical instruments such as flute-like wind instruments made of reeds or wood. Also they played simple kinds of harps and used wood and reeds to make shakers and other percussion instrument.• Their arts were usually paintings and sculptures. The Egyptians also took pride in making their homes look attractive, so architecture was also a big art form. Making pots and urns, and decorating them was also an ancient Egyptian art.
Conclusion • Overall, the ancient Egyptians were very intelligent and invented many things that we couldn’t live without today. Their daily life was simpler than our life, but was very advanced for their time period. Everything from the rules about marriage, to their art and musical instruments were very civilized for an ancient culture.
Picture Bibliography 2• Social pyramid (slide 5)• http://thecorefour.glogster.com/the-nile-civilization-of- egypt/• Wheat plant (slide 7)• http://www.ancient-egypt-online.com/ancient-egyptian- food.html• Family life (slide 8)• http://www.hartifacts.com/phoenix/festival/winetour/W T_resource.htm• Marriage (slide 9)• http://www.awakening- healing.com/Egyptian_Gods_&_Goddesses.htm
Picture Bibliography 3• Children (slide 10)• http://euro-med.dk/?s=blue+cards• Hieroglyphics (slide 11)• http://atschool.eduweb.co.uk/trinity/projects/egypt/alphabet.html• Egyptian god Horus (slide 12)• http://professortravel-egypt.com/ancientreligions.html• Egyptian clothing (slide 13)• http://www.islandnet.com/~kpotter/egypt/cloth.htm• Pots and urns (slide 14)• http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/7f/Egyptian_Min iature_Glasswares.jpg• Harp (slide 14)• http://www.zwoje-scrolls.com/zwoje39/text07p.htm• Ancient Egyptian people (slide 15)• http://www.one-ppm.com/Libya/LibyanPeople.htm
Information bibliography• http://wiki.answers.com/Q/How_long_did_the_civili zation_of_ancient_Egypt_last• http://historylink101.net/egypt_1/a-housing.htm• http://www.historyforkids.org/learn/egypt/food/egy ptfood.htm Salariya, David. How Would you Survive as an Ancient Egyptian. Franklin Watts publishing, 1995• http://fathom.lib.uchicago.edu/2/21701778/• http://www2.sptimes.com/Egypt/EgyptCredit.4.3.ht ml
Information Bibliography 2Toutant, Arnold. Ancient WorldsOxford Press, 2000http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ancient_Egypthttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Art_of_ancient_Eg ypt