Han Dynasty Map• Han Dynasty is 206B.C. to 220A.D
Background• The Han Dynasty is China third dynasty.• The dynasty is found after death Shi Huang- ti, the first emperor the Ch’ in Dynasty.• Liu Bang, a government official, found the Han Dynasty in 206 B.C.• The Han Dynasty is peaceful with few wars• The people grew rich and China boundaries expanded• The Han emperors understand the important a strong central government.• Chinese way of life change little from the Han time to the twenty century• Most Chinese people today are descendant of the Han.
Social Structure• Han Social classes are well - defined.• Emperor is high because he power from heaven.• Upper class is under emperor. These is the palace court people, royals , government officials and scholars• Second large class is the peasants or farmers, grew the food• Third class is the artisans, or craftsman, who make the goods• Fourth class is the merchants or trades people who were looked down on because of the way they made money• At the bottom of the Han socials are the slaves
Housing• The rich people house look • The poor people house lookbeautiful and big small, simple and crude• House built around a courtyard • Many people live crowded• Many rooms with fireplaces together in one room• Beautiful decoration e.g. carpets, • No sanitationexpensive furniture, drapery • Built with cheap materials• High wall surround homes with onlyone gateway
Wealthy lived <Extra>• The announcement to the ancestors reminded the infant of her duty to serve them• Baby born in the home, have midwife help• Child do present to ancestors on third day• Child can be abandoned if the family could not raise the child
Food• The rich people in the Han Dynasty eat many different kinds of food. They eat meat like ox, pig, deer and dog. They cook the meat in stew and have many course of small dishes. They drink rice wine.• The poor people have very little to eat and they usually eat vegetable or cereal like millet and rice. They also eat noodles, tofu and bread. They used many spices to make the food taste better.
Family Life• Family was central to a healthy social• Father is the family head• Children must listen to parent and grandparent• Children must take care and respect old parents• Woman has few privilege and right• In the family, woman must listen to the man• Different family member have different level respect
Marriage• Fathers arranged the marriage of children• The man receive marriage dowry from the girl family• Sons stay with parent after marriage to carry family line• Marry daughter lived with husband• Poor people has one wife and rich people could have many• A man could divorce his wife if she broke one have seven conditions
Childhood• Parents are strict with children because all children must listen to they parents• Only boy go to school• Girl learn to do housework and sew• Small children played with simple toys for example kites• Boy are more important than girl because the boys can carry on the family name
Childhood<Extra>Han Dynasty Canada• Parents are strict • parents are not strict and children have a lot of free• Simple toys • Many electronic and• Only boy have interesting toys education • Both boys and girls have• Do not go far from education home • Children can travel to different places and visit playground and park
Education• Education important for good government• Many Chinese people could read and write• Han dynasty have public schools every where in China but only boys can go• Rich children do not use public schools. Some study in they home and other at they tutor’s home• Students study science, math, literature, philosophy, art, religion and music• Book and official records are stored in libraries
Religion• The Han people believe in many different gods and spirits• They offered sacrificed animals and foodstuffs to gods, spirits and ancestors• The emperor acts as the high priest because he is the son of heaven• Buddhism is introduced to China during the middle of the Han dynasty• They believe in being born again and again
Clothing• the Han dynasty clothes that look like a robe with long loose sleeve• Belts and sashes hold the robe close at the waist• Pants were worn under the robe• They wore white socks and black cloth shoes• Men wore hats and women had hairpieces• Rich people had heavy silk robes with beautiful embroidery• Poor people used cloth of vegetable fibres or mixed it with silk• Red was the most popular color• Yellow color was only for the emperor and his family
Art, Music• The rich Han people music was important• Musician played gongs, bells, drums, wind and string instruments• Musician, usually blind, played at great banquet and feast• Brush painting decorate pottery and bronze statues• Landscape painting not realistic but soft colors show the artist feeling• Han artisan make beautiful jade, bronze and terracotta work
Festival <Extra>• Chinese New Year is the most important festival because it marked the beginning of the farming year• People offered thanks to gods for good harvest• People celebrated with processions and dancing in the streets• People decorate their doors and windows with red paper cutouts• All the food eaten have symbolic meanings, for example, noodles mean long life
Conclusion• The Han dynasty was a rich and peaceful time in China history• It lasted from 206 B.C. to 220A.D.• Many arts and crafts, such as jade carving, reached its height at this time• The Silk Road was started and many expeditions were made to Central Asia• After the fall of the Han dynasty, China was not united again until 618 A.D.• The Han dynasty was the best period in China’s history so most Chinese people call themselves Han
Information bibliography• Empires of China – Han Dynasty on Slideshare.net http://www.slideshare.net/kkatz/han-dynasty-presentation-894040• Han Dynasty of clothing – from wikipedia.org http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Han_Chinese_clothing• Han Dynasty of education and housing – from mrdonn.org http://china.mrdonn.org/han.html• Han Dynasty of education – from wikipedia.org http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Han_dynasty• Han Dynasty of marriage – from wikipedia.org http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Han_dynasty#Marriage.2C_gender.2C_and_kinship• Han Dynasty of clothing – from wikipedia.org http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Han_Chinese_clothing• Han dynasty of Festival – from about,com http://chinesefood.about.com/od/chinesenewyear/a/newyearlegends_2.htm http://gochina.about.com/od/chinesenewyear/p/CNY_Origins.htm http://www.squidoo.com/2011-chinese-new-year#module142110931• Han Dynasty of wealthy lived – from asiafinest.com http://www.asiafinest.com/forum/lofiversion/index.php/t214608.html
Picture bibliographySlide 1: http://www.chinaassistor.com/FCKeditor/UserFiles/Image/20081218_135136_0.jpgSlide 2: This picture is from Ancient China book page 4 by Robert Nicholson and Claire WattsSlide 3: This picture is from Ancient Civilizations China book page 6 by chelseahouse.comSlide 4: This picture is from Ancient China book page 10 by Robert Nicholson and Claire WattsSlide 5: http://www.trocadero.com/brianpage/items/991502/picture2.jpg and http://history.cultural-china.com/chinaWH/upload/upfiles/2009 - 04/24/burial_objects_in_the_han_dynasty__house_and_its_facilitiesfef095bf32b0bc3b a775.jpgSlide 6: Extra http://images.china.cn/attachement/jpg/site1000/20100125/001ec949f8470cc72eb705 .jpgSlide 7: This picture is from Ancient China book page 22 by Robert Nicholson and Claire WattsSlide 8: This picture is from Ancient China book page 24 by Robert Nicholson and Claire WattsSlide 9: http://img2.mtime.com/up/182/1192182/1e8d2771-1060-4bba-ad86- abd623dec432_500.jpg
Picture bibliography2Slide 10: ExtraSlide 11: http://www.qhnews.compic0001807180785_461737.jpgSlide 12: Extra http://blog.dgw.cc/images/upload/bokedm- 2720%2871%29.jpgSlide 13: This picture is from Life in Ancient China book page 17 by Paul ChalleSlide 14: http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-oruO1LWqkCQ/TVqLmP- F2QI/AAAAAAAAAAk/hk38NVaaYI0/s1600/yinyang.jpgSlide 15: ExtraSlide16: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Han_Chinese_clothingSlide 17: http://a.ooi1.com/usa/n3015.jpgSlide 18: http://blog.huayuworld.org/gallery/7739/Moon%20festival- %20moon%20lady.gifSlide 19: http://www.bookchinaonline.com/blog/wp- content/pushups/2010/11/Chinese-painting.jpg
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