Aurora nicole socials


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Aurora nicole socials

  1. 1. ANCIENT GREECE By: Nicole McMahon and Aurora VerzolettoFriday, June 3, 2011
  2. 2. MAP OF ANCIENT GREECE The time frame of Ancient Greece was 800-140 bC.Friday, June 3, 2011
  3. 3. Background There  are  many  things  that  remind  us  of  ancient  Greece   for  example  there  are  many  myths  and  stories  about  the   Gods  in  Ancient  Greece,  also  because  of  their  beau:ful   and  historical  buildings  like  the  coliseum,  another  thing   the  Greeks  are  known  for  is  the  first  Olympic  Games.  The   Greeks  played  important  role  in  the  alphabet  the  first  2   leAer  of  the  Greek  alphabet  alpha  and  beta  gave  us  the   word  alphabet.Friday, June 3, 2011
  4. 4. SOCIAL STRUCTURE OF ANCIENT GREECE The structure was mainly divided into free people and slaves. Slaves had no legal rights A lot of the time the social structure was based on wealth; if you had money you were much better off The structure was divided into 6; Slaves, Freedom, Commons, Equestrians, Senators and Imperial Domus A womens job was to look after kids; they were not allowed to sue or vote, they had to rely on their husbands to do that sort of stuff but in religion women were more importantFriday, June 3, 2011
  5. 5. Housing in Ancient Greece Poor people and rich people both lived in mud brick houses but they were very different Because houses were made out of mud and brick they would have to be repaired frequently A poor mans house was very simple with less rooms and a rich mans house had more rooms; average people only had 2 or 3 rooms The most common materials to make the walls and floors with were stones, tiles and pebbles Other buildings were much more beautiful than the houses In some cases men and women lived in different parts of the house; women got back and upstairs part This is a picture of an average Ancient Greek house The floors were tiled to keep them cool but sometimes they would need a fire in a metal basket in the winter Houses were planned around a courtyard and usually consisted of a kitchen, a room for bathing, a mans dining room and sometimes a womans sitting areaFriday, June 3, 2011
  6. 6. The Way the Rich People Lived An example of one way a rich persons house was nicer, was they might have mosaics made out of stone; they would collect coloured pebbles and arranged them to make pictures and patterns on the walls and floors Rich people always had more rooms; they usually had two floors, downstairs they had a kitchen, dining room and a living room Upstairs were the bedrooms and a room that the women of the house could stay in called a gynaecium; this is were women could get away from the men Even in a rich home the furniture was simple This is a picture of a rich persons house The rich people usually had a dresser to display in Ancient Greece expensive cups but they usually stored their things in wooden drawers and on wooden pegs on the walls Poor people would go to bed at dusk and wake up at sunrise but rich people could stay up because they would light their houses with olive oil lampsFriday, June 3, 2011
  7. 7. Food In  ancient  Greece  their  food  was  very  simple,  for  example  bread,  milk,   beans,  olives,  grapes,  figs,  and  in  the  summer=me  fresh  herbs  and   vegetables.  In  the  winter=me  in  ancient  Greece  they  would  eat   apples,  chestnuts,  len=ls,  and  goat  cheese.  They  wouldn’t  have  sugar   but  instead  they  would  buy  very  good  honey  from  mountain  farms.   Only  rich  people  could  afford  to  eat  food  such  as  fish,  cheese,  chicken,   squid,  apples,  olives,  bread,  shellfish,  herbs,  ham,  and  figs  daily.  The   Ancient  Greeks  loved  wine  which  was  made  from  the  grapes  they   would  grow.  Friday, June 3, 2011
  8. 8. Family Life Depending on how you were born in Ancient Greece your life would be very different; if you were a boy, girl, a slave or a citizen, wealthy or poor, young or old, married or widowed, an Athenian or a Spartan your life would be different in many ways The husband was the head of the household but the women watched over the slaves and ran the house The men worked all day as business men or farmers but as soon as they got home they got treated with great respect Men had the most responsibilities so the people considered them the most important people Women did not have as many privileges * Girls and boys had different roles in Ancient Greece Women in poor family’s would not have the * Girls followed there mothers around the house and money to afford slaves so they would have to do had to learn how to cook, weave and clean all the household work by themselves * Men were considered more important than women and In peasant households the women would have and they got to go to school to do the farmingFriday, June 3, 2011
  9. 9. In  ancient  Greece  parents  would  arrange  marriages,   Marriage girls  married  from  the  ages  of  fourteen  to  eighteen,  and   men  would  typically  get  married  between  the  ages  of   twenty  to  thirty.  Spartan  men  would  con:nue  to  live  in   barracks  even  aEer  they  got  married  un:l  they  were   about  thirty  years  old  then  they  could  move  home  to   live  with  their  wives. In  ancient  Greece  it  was  very  easy  to  arrange  a  divorce.   What  would  happen  is  the  man  would  have  to  pay  back   in  cash  the  remaining  dowry  money  to  the  wife’s   parents.  A  dowry  is  a  giE  like  sheep  or  money  that  a   women  brings  to  her  husband  on  their  marriage.   Divorces  happened  for  many  different  occasions  and   reasons  for  example  if  the  wife  could  not  bear  the   children,  or  if  a  wife  commiAed  adultery  a  divorce  was   legally  needed. Men  in  ancient  Greece  would  not  talk  about  their  wives   or  other  female  rela:ves  to  anyone,  if  they  were  not  in   their  close  family  circle.  They  did  not  even  tell  anyone   the  names,  the  men  did  not  want  to  aAract  unrelated   ! males.Friday, June 3, 2011
  10. 10. Childbirth In Ancient Greece women had to prepare before labor with olive oil, worm water, warm fomentations, soft sea sponges, pieces of wool, bandages, things to smell, a chair, two beds, and a proper room. All of these things played a big role in Ancient Greek childbirth. Women did not have a choice about having children, they had to carry on their families name Before, all the children the women gave birth to belonged more on the husbands side than on the wife’s side of the family. If a women had a girl, the father would not even consider the girl as one of his children; he wanted boys. Women usually delivered their babies in a sitting position on a birthing stool. They had herbs available to speed up the delivery if the baby was overdue, also there was a doctor and for women assistance that would violently shake the patient in order to speed up the delivery.Friday, June 3, 2011
  11. 11. Childhood ! ! Many  babies  in  ancient  Greece  had  hard  :mes  surviving,many  died  in  the  first  couple   of  days  of  life,  so  that  meant  babies  did  not  receive  a  name  un:l  the  tenth  day  of  life.   Some  babies  were  abandoned  in  Ancient  Greece,  but  more  female  babies  were   abandoned  than  males.  Some:mes  abandoned  babies  became  slaves  for  other   wealthier    families.  In  some  Greek  families  babies  were  wrapped  up  in  cloths  un:l  they   were  about  two  years  old  to  insure  they  had  strong  and  healthy  bones.  Many  kids   spent  most  of  their  lives  with  their  mothers.  While  the  girls  were  raised  they  learned   all  of  their  educa:on  at  home  with  their  mothers,  while  on  the  other  hand  boys  could   go  to  school  when  they  were  seven  years  old.  In  ancient  Greece  children  played  with   toys  such  as  dolls  and  many  other  fun  games.  In  some  Ancient  Greek  ci:es,  when  boys   turned  eighteen  they  were  required  to  join  the  army  for  two  years;  they  had  no   choice.  Friday, June 3, 2011
  12. 12. Canada vs.Ancient Greece The  childhood  in  Ancient  Greece  is  much  different  from  the  childhood  in  Canada.   Many  babies  die  in  the  first  couple  of  days  in  their  life  in  Ancient  Greece.  Children  in   Canada  are  named  as  soon  as  they  are  born  but  it  is  not  like  this  in  Ancient  Greece,   some:mes  the  babies  would  be  named  days  or  weeks  later.  Children  in  Canada  are   not  usually  abandoned,  only  if  the  parents  are  not  very  happy  and  can’t  afford  to  care   for  their  child,  and  if  they  are  abandoned  they  don’t  become  slaves  instead  they  get   adopted  by  a  family  who  can  take  care  of  them  ,and  give  them  a  good  life.  In  Canada   all  children  are  able  to  have  an  educa:on  and  learn  in  schools  as  soon  as  they  are   three  or  four  years  old  (even  if  they  are  girls),  unlike  ancient  Greece  were  only  boys   are  allowed  to  go  to  school  at  the  age  of  seven.  In  Ancient  Greece  boys  at  the  age  of   eighteen  are  required  to  join  the  army  for  two  years,  instead  in  Canada  they  have  a   choice.  Both  In  Ancient  Greece  and  Canada  children  play  with  toys  in  their  childhood   as  a  way  to  have  fun  and  keep  the  kids  busy.  Ancient  Greece  had  many  more  rules   than  our  modern  Canadian  lives.  Friday, June 3, 2011
  13. 13. Education in Ancient Greece In Ancient Greece boys were more privileged than the girls so they got to start school at the age of 6 Men learned to read, write, the alphabet, add and enjoy poetry and music At the age of 16 the boys had to learn and train for the skills they would need in their future job Very rarely girls were taught to read and right by their mothers; this was considered VERY lucky The girls would learn secret songs and dances that they could perform at the religious festivals Education also depended on your wealth because it was not free If you were in a poor family you would have to stay home to help your family make a living If you were in a middle-class family you would only go to school for three or four years There was also a lot of physical training for men and women The reason women had physical training was because people believed that a strong women would produce strong babies The schools were small and usually only had one teacher and 10 or 20 boys The boys did not need very much equipment for school because they had to memorize most things but they used wooden boards covered with layers of wax to write onFriday, June 3, 2011
  14. 14. Religion in Ancient Greece Religion was a very big part of Ancient Greeks lives; it was believed that it would make their lives better when they were living When they died they thought that the gods would take care of them They did not just believe in one god or goddess, they believed in many! They believed the gods and goddesses controlled everything from natural disasters to who won a race People said that each god was in control of one or two major aspects Gods were so important to Ancient Greek’s that they built one beautiful temple for one god or goddess in each town where the people could go to pray They often had festivals with feasts, dancing, plays, music and parades They believed that all the gods lived at the top at Mount OlympusFriday, June 3, 2011
  15. 15. Zeus- Ancient Greek God Zeus is the youngest son of Cronus and Rhea He is the supreme ruler of Mount Olympus and has control over law, justice and morals He is the leader of gods and human kind Zeus has many children; some examples of them are Ares, Hephaestus and Hebe Zeus had had many temples and festivals in his honour, the most famous one being the magnificent “Temple of Zeus” In art he usually has a youthful body and has a beard He is also known as a god of the sky and thunder He is the father to many heros and he is a hero himself Zeus plays a huge role in Ancient Greeks livesFriday, June 3, 2011
  16. 16. Clothing In  Ancient  Greece  they  wore  very  light  and  loose  pieces  of  clothing  because  the  weather  was  usually   very  hot,  they  used  long  colourful  pieces  of  fabrics  to  make  their  clothing.  The  main  item  worn  from  a   man  was  usually  a  tunic  called  a  chiton,  it  was  a  large  square  made  out  of  cloth  placed  by  pins  on  the   shoulders,  and  they  wore  a  belt  around  their  waist,  in  the  winter  they  were  made  with  wool  and  in  the   summer  with  linen  because  of  the  weather.  The  women  did  the  same  they  made  clothing  from  square   pieces  of  linen  or  wool  unlike  the  men  they  used  pins  in  many  different  places,  and  their  dresses  went   down  to  their  ankles.  In  ancient  Greece  you  could  buy  clothing  but  it  was  generally  very  expensive;   women  slaves  made  many  of  the  clothes.  Rich  people  had  tonics  made  out  of  colourful  fabrics.  Most   people  in  Ancient  Greece  went  everywhere  barefoot,  if  they  needed  shoes  they  would  wear  leather   ! shoes  most  likely  boots,or  sandals.  When  the  weather  was  cold  they  would  wear  cloaks.  They  wore  light   and  loose  clothing  because  the  weather  was  very,  very  warm,  they  made  certain  tunics  with  wool  in  the   winter  because  it  was  cold  and  very  easy  to  make.!Friday, June 3, 2011
  17. 17. A! and Music In Ancient Greece Ancient  Greeks  liked  many  different  kinds  of  art,  they   are  very  well  known  for  their  beau:ful  sculptures,   statues,  pain:ngs,  poAery,  architecture  and  vases,   usually  their  vases  have  pictures  of  musical   instruments  on  them  or  scenes  from  the  Olympics.   Music  is  a  very  important  part  of  an  Ancient  Greeks   life.  They  believed  that  music  was  a  way  of  honouring   the  Gods.  The  Greeks  played  many  different  kinds  of   musical  instruments.  In  ancient  Greece  they  played   music  in  many  religious  fes:vals  and  also  for   marriages,  and  funerals.Friday, June 3, 2011
  18. 18. Festivals Many  fes:vals  happened  in  Ancient  Greece  one  of  them  was  the  very  first   Olympics,another  was  a  fes:val  called  the  Nemean  at  this  fes:val  there  was  music  and   many  athle:c  compe::ons  at  this  specific  fes:val  they  honoured  the  great   Zeus.Another  fes:val  was  Phythian  it  was  much  like  the  Nemean  fes:val  except    here   they  honoured  the  great  Apollo  the  god  of  poetry.At  the  fes:val  Isthmian    they   honoured  Poseidon    the  greek  god  of  the  sea  this  fes:val  was  held  in  the  same  year  as   the  Olympics  followed  b  y  the  next  year.  Many  of  these    Greek  fes:vals  honour  Greek   gods.Friday, June 3, 2011
  19. 19. Conclusion of Ancient Greece While studying Ancient Greece we found out that they are very religious and strongly believe in gods and goddesses. There were many myths and stories about the gods. Their life also depends on their wealth; if they were not wealthy they could not go to school or afford a nice house. Women had much less power than men but were in charge of the children and slaves. Education was mostly for boys who were wealthy but some middle-class boys also went to school; girls had to be taught by their mothers and this was lucky. The food was very simple in Ancient Greece but the rich would eat more complex foods like fish, figs, bread and shellfish daily. We also learned that because it was so hot in Ancient Greece the clothing people wore was loose and light. Women married young and men married old. Ancient Greece was vey beautiful with its buildings and Ancient Greeks play a huge role in our daily life.Friday, June 3, 2011
  20. 20. ANCIENT GREECE!Friday, June 3, 2011
  21. 21. Information Bibliography “Art and music in ancient Greece” “Art and music in ancient Greece” “Art and music in ancient greece” “Childhood In Ancient Greece” : “Childhood In Ancient Greece” : “Education in Ancient Greece” “Education in Ancient Greece” “Everyday Life in Ancient Greece” “Festivals in ancient greece” “Food In Ancient Greece” “Greek Architecture” “Greek Religion” “Health, Greek Approach to Womens Illness, Pregnancy and Child Birth” “Houses in Ancient Greece” “Life of the People” Macdonald  Fiona  how  would  you  survive  as  an  ancient  Greek?Denbury,CTFranklin  WaHs,1995-­‐1996 “Marriages in Ancient Greece” “Politics and Women in Ancient Greece” “Roles of Men and Women” “Social Structure and Government” “Social Structure” “The Ancient Greek” Toutant, Arnold and Susan Doyle. Ancient Worlds. Canada: Oxford University Press,2000 “What  Clothes  Did  the  Ancient  Greeks  Wear?”  hHp://www.woodlands-­‐   “Women of Ancient Greece” “Women and Childbirth in Ancient Greece” “Zeus” “Zeus Plaque”, June 3, 2011
  22. 22. Picture Bibliography Slide 1: Slide 2: Slide 3: Slide 4: Slide 5 : Slide 6: Slide 7: Slide 7: Slide 7: Slide 7: Slide 8 : Slide 9: Slide 10: Slide 11: Slide 11: Slide 12: Slide 12: Slide 13: Slide 14: Slide 15: Slide 16: hAp://www.woodlands-­‐ Slide 17: Slide 17: Slide 18: Slide 19:, June 3, 2011
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