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Top 2 unit 5 - infinitive-ing

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  • 1. ING ? INFINITIVE?
    OR BOTH?
  • 2.
    • -ING FORM :
    Verb + ing
    DOING/SINGING/PLAYING
    • INFINITIVE FORM :
    TO DO/ TO SING/ TO PLAY
  • 3. INFINITIVE
    CERTAIN VERBS ARE FOLLOWED BY INFINITIVE:- forget, help, learn, teach, train- choose, expect, hope, need, offer, want, would like- agree, encourage, pretend, promise, recommend- allow, can/can't afford, decide, manage, mean, refuse
  • 4. INFINITIVE
    EXAMPLES:
    I DECIDED TO STUDY HARDER THIS SEMESTER.
    I WANT TO BE A DOCTOR.
    I WOULD LIKE TO GO TO LONDON ON MY NEXT VACATION.
  • 5. -ING FORM
    CERTAIN VERBS ARE FOLLOWED BY THE –ING - avoid, dislike, enjoy, finish, give up, mind/not mind
  • 6. -ING FORM
    EXAMPLES:
    I DON’T MIND WAKING UP EARLY.
    I ENJOY TAKING CARE OF ANIMALS.
    JANET HAS FINISHED DOING HOMEWORK.
  • 7. -ING FORM
    THE -ING FORM IS USED AFTER PREPOSITIONS:
    Thinking of, look forward to
    EXAMPLES:
    JOHN IS THINKING OF CHANGING JOBS.
    HANNAH LOOKS FORWARD TO GRADUATING FROM HIGH SCHOOL.
  • 8. -ING FORM/INFINITIVE
    SOME VERBS CAN BE FOLLOWED BY THE -ING FORM OR THE INFINITIVE WITHOUT A CHANGE IN MEANING:
    begin, continue, hate, like, love, prefer, start.
    • KEN STARTED TO DO THE TEST AT TWO.
    • 9. KEN STARTED DOING THE TEST AT TWO.
  • -ING FORM/INFINITIVE
    SOME VERBS CAN BE FOLLOWED BY THE -ING FORM OR THE INFINITIVE, BUT THERE IS A CHANGE IN MEANING:
    • JACK STOPPED SMOKING.
    (HE DOESN’T SMOKE ANYMORE.)
    • JACK STOPPED TO SMOKE.
    (HE STOPPED WHATEVER HE WAS DOING TO SMOKE.)

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