French Indochina <br />French Indochina was a federation of French colonies and protectorates in Southeast Asia, part of the French colonial empire. It consisted of CochinChina, Tonkin, Annam, Laos and Cambodia.<br />
The word encomienda comes from the Spanish word encomendar which means "to entrust". Under the encomienda system, the native inhabitants in a given geographic region were entrusted to an encomendero or trustee as a reward for his service to the Spanish Crown. <br /> <br />
The encomendero had specific responsibilities such as, to protect and to educate the natives in reading, writing and Catholic doctrines. In return, the encomendero was authorized to collect tribute from the natives and to recruit workers for the polos y servicios. The encomendero also had no political authority or jurisdiction over the Filipinos but he could be appointed to a post in the colonial government.<br />
Trade monopolies were conducted by the Manila-Acapulco galleon trade and the Real Compañia de Filipinas (Royal Philippine Company), a charter of the Spanish government.<br />
“Benevolent Assimilation”<br /> The American President William McKinley proclaimed his so called “Benevolent Assimilation” of the Philippines to justify American occupation in the disguise of American designs for the country.<br /> By vitrue of the “Treaty of Paris”, Spain ceded the Philippines to the US after 333 years of Spanish rule in the country.<br />
The inauguration of a Commonwealth government on November 15, 1945 paved for the transition to self-rule and the installation of a Filipino President in the country. The Nacionalista party succeeded in securing from the US Congress a definite date for Philippine independence on July4, 1946.<br />
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