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Rosh Hashanah Message 2013
Rosh Hashanah Message 2013
Rosh Hashanah Message 2013
Rosh Hashanah Message 2013
Rosh Hashanah Message 2013
Rosh Hashanah Message 2013
Rosh Hashanah Message 2013
Rosh Hashanah Message 2013
Rosh Hashanah Message 2013
Rosh Hashanah Message 2013
Rosh Hashanah Message 2013
Rosh Hashanah Message 2013
Rosh Hashanah Message 2013
Rosh Hashanah Message 2013
Rosh Hashanah Message 2013
Rosh Hashanah Message 2013
Rosh Hashanah Message 2013
Rosh Hashanah Message 2013
Rosh Hashanah Message 2013
Rosh Hashanah Message 2013
Rosh Hashanah Message 2013
Rosh Hashanah Message 2013
Rosh Hashanah Message 2013
Rosh Hashanah Message 2013
Rosh Hashanah Message 2013
Rosh Hashanah Message 2013
Rosh Hashanah Message 2013
Rosh Hashanah Message 2013
Rosh Hashanah Message 2013
Rosh Hashanah Message 2013
Rosh Hashanah Message 2013
Rosh Hashanah Message 2013
Rosh Hashanah Message 2013
Rosh Hashanah Message 2013
Rosh Hashanah Message 2013
Rosh Hashanah Message 2013
Rosh Hashanah Message 2013
Rosh Hashanah Message 2013
Rosh Hashanah Message 2013
Rosh Hashanah Message 2013
Rosh Hashanah Message 2013
Rosh Hashanah Message 2013
Rosh Hashanah Message 2013
Rosh Hashanah Message 2013
Rosh Hashanah Message 2013
Rosh Hashanah Message 2013
Rosh Hashanah Message 2013
Rosh Hashanah Message 2013
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Rosh Hashanah Message 2013

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Message for Rosh Hashanah - Testing of Abraham - Relational, Real and Resolved in Yeshua the Messiah

Message for Rosh Hashanah - Testing of Abraham - Relational, Real and Resolved in Yeshua the Messiah

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  • • Ten biblical texts that have the theme of God as King; • Ten that have the theme of God as He who remembers; • Ten that refer to the shofar.
  • Month of Ellul – preparation (30 days)Days of Awe – Tishri (10 days)7th monthThis year – 5774 – v earlylast time Rosh Hashanah, Yom Kippur and Sukkot came this early was 1899 and the next time will be 2089.The first day of Hannukah - Thursday, November 28, 2013 – has never happened before and will never happen again. See you on Thanksgivukkah!
  • We celebrate Rosh Ha Shanah on the first two days of the month of Tishri that falls in the seventh month of the year, so it becomes for us the Shabbat of months! As we read in Leviticus chapter Twenty-three, God Himself named the appointed ‘Moedim’ (feasts). However, this ‘ Moed’ (feast) had no title and was simply called, ‘The Day of Blowing’ (‘Yom Teruah’). Only at a later stage did it become known as the ‘Feast of Trumpets.’ At this time we continue a period of repentance and introspection (‘Teshuvah’ – To return) that lasts a total of forty days, (thirty days of the month of Elul through the ten High Holy Days [Rosh Ha Shanah – two days, seven Days of Awe to Yom Kippur – one day]).
  • There are things so important to us that the words flow out in a burst of emotion, rich words, expressive and vibrant. Then there are things that shake us to the core. Things that do not care for the mind's permission or for the right words—for the mind cannot fathom them, the most poignant words could not contain them. Things that can only break out in a cry, in a scream, and then in silence. YOM TERUAH At Rosh Ha Shanah we take specific steps to remember the specialness and significance of the occasion. Just as the Lord recalls even the smallest amount of good we do, we seek to identify and deal with the smallest things in our lives that block our relationship with Him. This is why the Feast is also known as ‘Yom Teruah’ – literally a day to ‘cry out.’ God hears our voice when we cry out to Him. 566 Yet there is also a sense where God Himself is ‘crying out’ to gain our attention. Yeshua often stressed this point: “He who has ears to hear, let him be listening and let him consider and perceive and comprehend by hearing.” 567 What He sought to communicate was of such importance that it came as a ‘Teruah’ (a cry) like the sound of a shofar, a clarion call piercing the spiritual deafness within the hearts of a desperate people seeking true freedom. Yeshua spoke with great sadness about this:
  • TEKIAH – One long straight blast (representing the coronation of the King – also the joy and celebration as we crown Him as King and receive a full pardon from our sins) SHEVARIM – Three medium wailing sounds (representing the sobbing cry of a Jewish heart – and repentance). The first Hebrew letter (‘Resh’) in the word ‘Rosh’ is shaped like a shofar indicating brokenness TERUAH – Nine quick staccato blasts in quick succession (representing the call to arouse from spiritual slumber with repentance). TEKIAH GEDOLAH - Prolonged, unbroken: Final appeal for repentance and atonement. The thirtieth trump of Elul is known as the ‘LAST TRUMP.’ It is not blown on that day to confuse the enemy. It is a day ‘no man knows.’ 583 It releases the Day of The Lord and comes as a ‘Thief in the Night.’ “Awake from your slumbers, ye who have fallen asleep in life, and reflect on your deeds. Remember your creator. Be not of those who miss reality in pursuit of shadows, and waste their years in seeking after vain things. Forsake your evil ways and thoughts.” ·  The shofar was blown all day in the Temple; ·  The shofar is blown a hundred times during the synagogue service; ·  Thirty blasts are blown beforehand, thirty during the proclamation of kingship and thirty afterwards; ·  Finally ten are blown in a single set.
  • Rosh HaShanah is the head of the year on the civil calendar and is also known as the birthday of the world since the world was created on this day (Talmud, Rosh HaShanah 11a). Jewish traditions believes that Adam was created on the first day of Tishrei (Talmud, San Hedrin 38b). How did they decide that this day was the day of the year the world was created? Because the first words of the book of Genesis (Bereishit) "in the beginning" when changed around reads, "Aleph B'Tishrei" or "the first of Tishrei". Therefore, Rosh HaShanah is known as the birthday of the world for tradition tells us that the world was created then (Jewish sources)How was it determined that Rosh Ha Shanah will also be the Lord’s Day of Judgment? Our sages teach that on Rosh Ha Shanah Adam was created. The first word in the Torah is the word ‘Bereshit’ (In the beginning) from which we get the name of the Book (Bereshit means ‘in the beginning’). If we turn around the word, ‘Bereshit’ means, ‘Aleph b’Tishri’ (“On the first of Tishri God created the heavens and the earth.”).581 Consequently it was concluded that humanity would be judged on the anniversary of His creation. (R. Eliezer)
  • Why was this a test? Not a temptation between good and evil, a moral pressure on his conscience to do the wrong thing, but a test to see if he would show obedience and faith in God, his friend.The harrowing demand evokes only love and faith.In the surrender of his son he mirror’s God’s own sending of Yeshua.In the giving and receiving back of his son we see a glimpse into the future death and resurrection of the beloved son Yeshua.The test, instead of breaking him, brings him to a new level of faith and the highest point of his walk with God.Isaac also comes into his own, not by what he does but by what he allows to happen to him, what he suffers. He allows his father to take authority and responsibility.He is silent and obedient, demonstrating faith and trust in God and his father.
  • – readiness, alertness, attentiveness, receptivity, responsiveness
  • 1. G‑d tells him to leave his homeland to be a stranger in the land of Canaan.32. Immediately after his arrival in the Promised Land, he encounters a famine.43. The Egyptians capture his beloved wife, Sarah, and bring her to Pharaoh.54. Abraham faces incredible odds in the battle of the four and five kings.65. He marries Hagar after not being able to have children with Sarah.76. G‑d tells him to circumcise himself at an advanced age.87. The king of Gerar captures Sarah, intending to take her for himself.98. G‑d tells him to send Hagar away after having a child with her.109. His son, Ishmael, becomes estranged.1110. G‑d tells him to sacrifice his dear son Isaac upon an altar.12Genesis 12:1.4. Genesis 12:10.5. Genesis 12:15.6. Genesis 14:14.7. Genesis 16:3.8. Genesis 17:24.9. Genesis 20:2.10. Genesis 21:12.11. Reflected in G‑d's commandment ibid.12. Genesis 22:2.13. Genesis 15:13.
  • Jewish tradition also teaches us that at Rosh Ha Shanah Abraham offered up his only and beloved son Isaac on the altar; but God in His Mercy spared him. An instant before Abraham sacrificed Isaac, the Lord intervened and provided him with a ram as a substitute offering (ram horns are used to make a shofar). Like Abraham, we pray on Rosh Ha Shanah that the Lord would deepen our resolve to serve Him unreservedly, with the confidence that He will always make provision for us. Kugel - Why does God need to test us? Doe not an all-knowing God know in advance who is worthy and who is not, who will pass and who will fail? What good was served by putting Abraham through an ordeal whose results were known to God in advianceJamies 1:2 Consider it pure joy, my brothers and sisters,a whenever you face trials of many kinds, 3because you know that the testing of your faith produces perseverance. 4Let perseverance finish its work so that you may be mature and complete, not lacking anything.
  • Greatest strength and weaknessWhat temptations/tests are you facing today
  • The painting shows the moment when Abraham, about to sacrifice his son Isaac in obedience to God's command, is stayed by an angel who offers him a ram in Isaac's place. The scene is lit with the dramatically enhanced chiaroscuro (tenebrism) with which Caravaggio was to revolutionize Western art, falling like a stage spotlight on the face of the youthful angel; the faces of Abraham and Isaac are in shadow, but show acute emotions; the gestures of the hands are acutely eloquent, the angel's hand resting on the ram's head in imitation of the way Abraham's left hand rests on the head of his son, the Patriarch's other hand holding the knife but already relaxing as he listens to the angel. The three figures and the ram are shown without background or context, with nothing to distract from the powerful psychological drama as God's promise is delivered.
  • Among Rembrandt's most moving prints, this etching depicts the story of Abraham, who, as a test of his faith, was ordered by God to sacrifice his son Isaac. As is typical of the artist's work of the 1640s, Rembrandt chose to illustrate the most emotionally poignant moment of the story: Isaac, unwittingly the intended sacrifice, asks his father, "Where is the lamb for the offering?" Abraham responds that God will provide one. Rembrandt arranged the composition around the pivotal gesture of the father, who points to God with his upraised finger. Like a storm cloud, lines swirl in the background behind Isaac, while the area behind his father is blank, modulated only by a thin film of ink.
  • 1-12 Prologue12-25 Story of Abraham12-15 Promise of the land16-22 Promise of the heir
  • 1. G‑d tells him to leave his homeland to be a stranger in the land of Canaan.32. Immediately after his arrival in the Promised Land, he encounters a famine.43. The Egyptians capture his beloved wife, Sarah, and bring her to Pharaoh.54. Abraham faces incredible odds in the battle of the four and five kings.65. He marries Hagar after not being able to have children with Sarah.76. G‑d tells him to circumcise himself at an advanced age.87. The king of Gerar captures Sarah, intending to take her for himself.98. G‑d tells him to send Hagar away after having a child with her.109. His son, Ishmael, becomes estranged.1110. G‑d tells him to sacrifice his dear son Isaac upon an altar.12
  • Genesis 22:1-19 as the Structural Thematic PeakB (1) 3"So Abraham rose early in the morning (2) and he saddled his donkey, (3) and took two of his young men and Isaac his son; (4) and he split wood for the burnt offering, (5) and arose (6) and went to the place of which God had told him."B' (1) 9"Abraham built the altar there, (2) and arranged the wood, (3) and bound his son Isaac, (4) and laid him on the altar on top of the wood. (5) And Abraham stretched out his hand, (6) and took the knife to slay his son.
  • Transcript

    • 1. The Testing of Abraham Real, Relational and Resolved
    • 2. Introduction • The Hebrew calendar – A time of testing • Malkuyot – Sovereignty - Testing is real • Zichronot – Remembering Testing is relational • Shofarot – Testing is resolved
    • 3. Hebrew Calendar • Month of Ellul – preparation (30 days) • Days of Awe – Tishri (10 days) • This year – 5774 • The first day of Hannukah - Thursday, November 28, 2013 • See you on Thanksgivukkah!
    • 4. • ‘The Day of Blowing’ (‘Yom Teruah’). • 30 days of month of Elul + the 10 High Holy Days • Rosh Ha Shanah – 2 days • 7 Days of Awe • Yom Kippur – 1 day
    • 5. Rosh Hashanah • Time to reflect • Time to pray • Time to repent • Time to be renewed
    • 6. The Sound of the Shofar “There are things that are important to us, so we speak about them. .. Other things that can only break out in a cry, in a scream, and then in silence… This is the sound of the shofar: The very core of our souls crying, "Father! Father!"”
    • 7. Shofar notes • TEKIAH – One long straight blast • SHEVARIM – Three medium wailing sounds • TERUAH – Nine staccato blasts • TEKIAH GEDOLAH - Prolonged, unbroken
    • 8. Creation and Judgment • On Rosh HaShanah Adam was created • ‘Bereshit’ turned around is ‘Aleph b’Tishri • Consequently it was concluded that humanity would be judged on the anniversary of His creation. (R. Eliezer)
    • 9. The AKEDAH – Binding of Isaac 1 1 Now it came to pass after these things that God tested Abraham, and said to him, “Abraham!” And he said, “Here I am.”
    • 10. Genesis 22:1 • “After these things” • Hineni – readiness – alertness – attentiveness – receptivity – responsiveness • Also to Isaac (v7) and angel (v11) • Only word spoken by Abraham
    • 11. Context of Abraham’s test 1. Creation of the world 2. Humanity in God’s image 3. Sin of Adam and Eve 4. Generations to Noah 5. Tower of Babel 6. Division of nations 7. Election of Israel – Genesis 12:1-4 – land, heir, people
    • 12. 10 tests of Abraham 1. Leave home (12:1) 2. Famine in Canaan (12:10) 3. Sarah taken by Pharaoh (12:15) 4. Battle/wealth of nine kings (14:14) 5. Marry Hagar whilst Sarah childless (16:3) 6. Circumcision when old (17:24) 7. King of Gerar captures Sarah (20:2) 8. Send Hagar away (21:12) 9. Estranged from Ishmael (21:12) 10. Sacrifice Isaac(22:2)
    • 13. Testing is relational • Why does God need to test Abraham? • Jewish tradition – to prove Satan wrong • “Now I know” (22:12) • Faith confirmed • Character strengthened • Example given • James 1:2 Consider it pure joy…
    • 14. The AKEDAH – Binding of Isaac • 2 2 Then He said, “Take now (please) your son, your only (yahid) son Isaac, whom you love, and go to the land of Moriah, and offer him there as a burnt offering on one of the mountains of which I
    • 15. Testing is real • Our greatest gifts can be our greatest temptations • What temptations/tests are we facing today?
    • 16. The AKEDAH – Binding of Isaac • 6 So Abraham took the wood of the burnt offering and laid it on Isaac his son; and he took the fire in his hand, and a knife, and the two of them went together. 7 But Isaac spoke to Abraham his father and said, “My father!” And he said, “Here I am, my son.”
    • 17. The AKEDAH – Binding of Isaac • 7 Then he said, “Look, the fire and the wood, but where is the lamb for a burnt offering?” 8 And Abraham said, “My son, God will provide for Himself the lamb for a burnt offering.” So the two of them went together. • 9 Then they came to the place of which God had told him. And Abraham built an altar there and placed the wood in order; and he bound Isaac his son and laid him on the altar, upon the wood.
    • 18. Testing is resolved • Through God’s intervention • “YHWH will provide” • Abraham and Isaac receive God’s help • So do we
    • 19. The AKEDAH – Binding of Isaac • 10 And Abraham stretched out his hand and took the knife to slay his son. 11 But the Angel of the LORD called to him from heaven and said, “Abraham, Abraham!” So he said, “Here I am.” 12 And He said, “Do not lay your hand on the lad, or do anything to him; for now I know that you fear God, since you have not withheld your son, your only son, from Me.”
    • 20. Adonai Yireh 13 Then Abraham lifted his eyes and looked, and there behind him was a ram caught in a thicket by its horns. So Abraham went and took the ram, and offered it up for a burnt offering instead of his son. 14 And Abraham called the name of the place, The- LORD-Will-Provide; as it is said to this day, “In the Mount of the LORD it shall be provided.”
    • 21. The Greatest Test – Resurrection • Abraham sacrificed Isaac • Isaac’s ashes scattered • Angels send dew to refresh • Isaac raised from dead • Studies Torah for 3 years at school of Eber
    • 22. The Greatest Test • Yeshua’s – birth – life – death – resurrection – return • Myth or miracle? • Mad, bad or God?
    • 23. Second Coming • We are called to live our lives in expectancy of Yeshua’s Return: • In a flash, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet. For the trumpet will sound, the dead will be raised imperishable, and we will be changed. (I Cor. 15:52)
    • 24. Conclusion • If so, so what? • Testing – real, relational, resolved • Through Yeshua’s death and resurrection • Say “Hineni” to Him
    • 25. Rembrandt van Rijn, (1655) – Abraham's Sacrifice
    • 26. Abraham and Isaac • Rembrandt arranged the composition around the pivotal gesture of the father, who points to God with his upraised finger.
    • 27. Caravaggio (1601-02) - The Sacrifice of Isaac
    • 28. Alessandro Allori, 1601 – Sacrifice of Isaac
    • 29. The Sacrifice of Isaac • Giovanni Domenico Tiepolo (Italian, Venice 1727–1804)
    • 30. Further Tests of Faith • Hagar and Ishmael sent away (21:9-21) • Covenant with Abimelech (21:22-34) • Abraham tested, the blessing reaffirmed (22:1-24) • Sarah dies, Abraham buys land (23:1-20) • Wife for Isaac (24:1-67) • Death of Abraham (25:1-11) (Abraham’s remarriage, sons sent away, Isaac blessed.)
    • 31. A. Command and Blessing (12:1-9) B. Sarai as Sister (12:10-20) C. Abram and Lot (13:1-14:16) - separation of land - rescue of Lot and family D. Melchizedek meets Abram, blesses him (14:17- 24) E. Covenant Ceremony (15:1-21) F. Hagar and Ishmael (16:1-16) E’. Covenant of Circumcision, new name (17:1- 27) D’. Three men (Lord) meet Abraham, give promise (18:1-21) C’. Abraham and Lot (18:22-19:38) - Abraham pleads with God - rescue of Lot and family - Lot is debased B’. Sarah as sister (20:1-18) Abraham’s Call and Purpose
    • 32. 10 Tests of Abraham 1. Leave home 2. Encounters famine. 3. The Egyptians capture Sarah 4. Battle of the four and five kings 5. Marriage to Hagar . 6. Circumcision at advanced age. 7. The king of Gerar captures Sarah 8. Sends Hagar away after having a child with her. 9. Ishmael, becomes estranged. 10.Offering of Isaac
    • 33. Structure
    • 34. The AKEDAH – Binding of Isaac • 3 So Abraham rose early in the morning and saddled his donkey, and took two of his young men with him, and Isaac his son; and he split the wood for the burnt offering, and arose and went to the place of which God had told him. 4 Then on the third day Abraham lifted his eyes and saw the place afar off. 5 And Abraham said to his young men, “Stay here with the donkey; the lad [hana’ar] and I will go yonder and worship, and we will come back to you.”
    • 35. The AKEDAH – Binding of Isaac • 6 So Abraham took the wood of the burnt offering and laid it on Isaac his son; and he took the fire in his hand, and a knife, and the two of them went together. 7 But Isaac spoke to Abraham his father and said, “My father!” And he said, “Here I am, my son.”
    • 36. The AKEDAH – Binding of Isaac • 7 Then he said, “Look, the fire and the wood, but where is the lamb for a burnt offering?” 8 And Abraham said, “My son, God will provide for Himself the lamb for a burnt offering.” So the two of them went together. • 9 Then they came to the place of which God had told him. And Abraham built an altar there and placed the wood in order; and he bound Isaac his son and laid him on the altar, upon the wood.
    • 37. The AKEDAH – Binding of Isaac • 10 And Abraham stretched out his hand and took the knife to slay his son. 11 But the Angel of the LORD called to him from heaven and said, “Abraham, Abraham!” So he said, “Here I am.” 12 And He said, “Do not lay your hand on the lad, or do anything to him; for now I know that you fear God, since you have not withheld your son, your only son, from Me.”
    • 38. The AKEDAH – Binding of Isaac • 13 Then Abraham lifted his eyes and looked, and there behind him was a ram caught in a thicket by its horns. So Abraham went and took the ram, and offered it up for a burnt offering instead of his son. 14 And Abraham called the name of the place, The-LORD-Will- Provide;[b] as it is said to this day, “In the Mount of the LORD it shall be provided.”
    • 39. The AKEDAH – Binding of Isaac • 15 Then the Angel of the LORD called to Abraham a second time out of heaven, 16 and said: “By Myself I have sworn, says the LORD, because you have done this thing, and have not withheld your son, your only son
    • 40. The AKEDAH – Binding of Isaac • — 17 blessing I will bless you, and multiplying I will multiply your descendants as the stars of the heaven and as the sand which is on the seashore; and your descendants shall possess the gate of their enemies. 18 In your seed all the nations of the earth shall be blessed, because you have obeyed My voice.”
    • 41. Jon D. Levenson’s • The near sacrifice and miraculous restoration of a beloved son is a central but largely overlooked theme in both Judaism and Christianity.
    • 42. If so, so what? • From God to LORD • From test to triumph • From fear to faith • From death to resurrection

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