Romans 9 to 11 Sermon at Camrose Baptist Church

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  • I KEEP six honest serving-men (They taught me all I knew);Their names are What and Why and When And How and Where and Who.I send them over land and sea, I send them east and west;But after they have worked for me, I give them all a rest.
  • Romans 9 to 11 Sermon at Camrose Baptist Church

    1. 1. All Nations Christian College Ltd. Registered Company No. 990054 Registered as a Charity Romans 9 -11 The Mystery of Israel and the Purposes of God
    2. 2. All Nations Christian College Ltd. Registered Company No. 990054 Registered as a Charity The Context of Romans 9-11 • Date – c.55 a.d. • Place – Multicultural Rome (1m inhabitants, 40,000 Jews) • Recipients - Messianic Jews and Christians from the nations in world capital
    3. 3. All Nations Christian College Ltd. Registered Company No. 990054 Registered as a Charity The Reasons for the Letter - Missionary – for evangelism and support – Pastoral – for unity and understanding – Apologetic - a doctrinal statement – Who? What? When? Where? – How? Where? Who?
    4. 4. All Nations Christian College Ltd. Registered Company No. 990054 Registered as a Charity To find out more • www.mmjt.eu • Prayer updates • Teaching • Articles • support
    5. 5. All Nations Christian College Ltd. Registered Company No. 990054 Registered as a Charity Introduction • Paul’s project – the Good News to all nations • Paul’s practice – to the Jew first • Paul’s problem – the unbelief of Israel
    6. 6. All Nations Christian College Ltd. Registered Company No. 990054 Registered as a Charity Previously…. 8:28-30 Good News God's predestines (29) God calls (30) God justifies (30) God glorifies (30) 8:31-39 Our Assurance In the face of adversity – (31) in the face of need – (32) in the face of accusation – (33) in the face of guilt – (34) in the face of hardship – (35)
    7. 7. All Nations Christian College Ltd. Registered Company No. 990054 Registered as a Charity Two Key Questions • What about Israel? – Why doesn’t Israel believe? – Is Israel still God’s covenant partner? • Can you trust God? – Have His plans gone wrong? – What of his promises to his elect/Chosen people?
    8. 8. All Nations Christian College Ltd. Registered Company No. 990054 Registered as a Charity Two extremes to avoid • God has finished with Israel – the church is the ‘new Israel’ • Israel does not need to be believe in Jesus in order to be saved
    9. 9. All Nations Christian College Ltd. Registered Company No. 990054 Registered as a Charity 3 Key Affirmations • Not ‘all Israel’ are ‘Israel’ (9:6) • God has not abandoned Israel (11:1) • ‘All Israel’ will be saved (11:26) • So…who is ‘Israel’?
    10. 10. All Nations Christian College Ltd. Registered Company No. 990054 Registered as a Charity The Meaning of ‘Israel’ • Ish – ra’ah El – the man who sees/is seen by El • Ish- zarah-El – the man who strives with God • Ish- yashar – El – the man/upright with God • Ish- sar – el – man-prince with God
    11. 11. All Nations Christian College Ltd. Registered Company No. 990054 Registered as a Charity ‘Israel’ and ‘Jew’ • Jew – from Judah – Judaean – vs. Greek/Hellenism • Boundaries of Sabbath, circumcision, kosher food • Israel – name of covenant people • Paul uses ‘Israel’ in relation to God
    12. 12. All Nations Christian College Ltd. Registered Company No. 990054 Registered as a Charity Paul’s Sadness (9:1-5) • The heart of the matter (cf. 10:1) • The promises of God to Israel • The physical line of the Messiah
    13. 13. All Nations Christian College Ltd. Registered Company No. 990054 Registered as a Charity God's word has not failed! • 9:6-13 Israel’s hardening is God’s doing: • The choice of Israel (‘election’) is God’s doing, not based on anything in us • ‘Not all Israel are Israel’ – Isaac, not Ishmael (7-9) – Jacob, not Esau (10-13)
    14. 14. All Nations Christian College Ltd. Registered Company No. 990054 Registered as a Charity 9:14-29 Is this fair? • God is sovereign, even over Pharaoh (17) • We are clay in his hands (19-23) • Anyone can become his people (23-29)
    15. 15. All Nations Christian College Ltd. Registered Company No. 990054 Registered as a Charity The Fulfilment of the Law • The Torah fulfilled in Christ (10:4) • Faith comes by hearing (10:9-13)
    16. 16. All Nations Christian College Ltd. Registered Company No. 990054 Registered as a Charity The Remnant – ch. 11 • Elijah’s remnant (11:1-6) • The Olive tree (11:17-24) – The root – Patriarchs and Messiah – Natural branches broken off – Unnatural branches grafted in – Natural branches re-grafted • All Israel (?) will be saved (11:25-32) • Doxology (11:33-36)
    17. 17. All Nations Christian College Ltd. Registered Company No. 990054 Registered as a Charity Paul’s Gospel • Creation and Fall (Genesis 1-11) • Election of Israel to be a blessing to the nations (Genesis 12-Malachi) • Coming of the Messiah to include the nations in promises to Israel • Return of the Messiah to restore all things
    18. 18. All Nations Christian College Ltd. Registered Company No. 990054 Registered as a Charity Our Response • Prayer for Israel • Witness to Israel and all nations • Eager expectation of future restoration • Live each day in light of his coming!
    19. 19. All Nations Christian College Ltd. Registered Company No. 990054 Registered as a Charity
    20. 20. All Nations Christian College Ltd. Registered Company No. 990054 Registered as a Charity Types of Supersessionism • Punitive supersessionism – Israel punished for her rejection of Jesus • Economic supersessionism – Israel no longer needed in the purposes of God • Structural supersessionism – Creation – Fall - Redemption - Consummation (omitting Election of Israel as Blessing to the Nations)
    21. 21. All Nations Christian College Ltd. Registered Company No. 990054 Registered as a Charity Aims of Covenant Theology • To stress the moral obligations of Christianity • To show God’s grace in including the Nations in the Abrahamic blessings • To deny that Israelites received the promises simply because they were physical descendants of Abraham • To demonstrate the unity of the divine economy of salvation • To explain the discontinuity between the Old and New Covenants in scripture

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