Daniel 9


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Powerpoint illustrating recent daily reflectons available at www.mmjt.eu

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  • God teaches us humility through the circumstances we go through, the ways other people treat us, and our own personal response to the challenges we face. Review – Daniel – a man of vision, prayer and action Repentance, Revelation, Reliance Conclusion – repent, receive, rely
  • Character study A person God uses to speak, dream and act in a way that brings glory to Himself, and the promise of His Kingdom to others Theology of history Missionary manual Textbook on prayer Prophecies about the Messiah
  • A passionate expression of grief An expression of deep regret or sorrow for the loss of a person or position A means of invoking the presence of God within a situation of distress Sub-types: funeral dirge, city, communal, individual laments Heb: qin â - dirge (2 Sam. 1:17, Amos 8:10) tefillah - lament A phonetic illustration of suffering
  • 483 years = solar years of 360 days=?
  • 49 th year postponed
  • Daniel 9

    1. 1. Daniel 9 Repentance and Revelation
    2. 2. The Language of Daniel • Hebrew (1:1-2:4a, 8:1-12:13) – biblical, theological, historical, in-house • Aramaic (2:4b-7:28) – colloquial, international, contemporary • Bilingual and cross- cultural • ‘Theological’ and ‘popular’ style
    3. 3. Different styles of Daniel • Narrative – theology through events • Apocalyptic – apocalypto - hide • Coded language to describe political events • Think Dreams and Events!
    4. 4. Why study the book of Daniel? 1. Character study 2. Theology of history 3. Missionary manual 4. Textbook on prayer 5. Messianic prophecies fulfilled in NT 6. Witness in an oppressive regime
    5. 5. 6 Narratives (chapters 1-6) • Arrival at Babylon (1) • Interpretation of Nebuchadnezzar’s dream (2) • The golden image and fiery furnace (3) • Nebuchadnezzar’s second dream (4) • The writing on the wall (5) • The lion’s den (6)
    6. 6. 4 Visions (chapters 7-12) • Dream of the four beasts (7) • Vision of the ram and the goat (8) • Daniel’s prayer and word of revelation (9) • Vision of the end of days (10- 12)
    7. 7. Daniel 9:1-2 1 In the first year of Darius son of Xerxes[a] (a Mede by descent), who was made ruler over the Babylonian[b] kingdom— 2 in the first year of his reign, I, Daniel, understood from the Scriptures, according to the word of the LORD given to Jeremiah the prophet, that the desolation of Jerusalem would last seventy years.
    8. 8. In the 1st year • Jeremiah 25:11-14 • 11 This whole country will become a desolate wasteland, and these nations will serve the king of Babylon seventy years. • 12 “But when the seventy years are fulfilled, I will punish the king of Babylon and his nation, the land of the Babylonians,[a] for their guilt,” declares the LORD, “and will make it desolate forever.
    9. 9. Jeremiah 29:10-12 • 10 This is what the LORD says: “When seventy years are completed for Babylon, I will come to you and fulfill my good promise to bring you back to this place. 11 For I know the plans I have for you,” declares the LORD, “plans to prosper you and not to harm you, plans to give you hope and a future. 12 Then you will call on me and come and pray to me, and I will listen to you.
    10. 10. Jeremiah 29:13-14 • 13 You will seek me and find me when you seek me with all your heart. 14 I will be found by you,” declares the LORD, “and will bring you back from captivity.[a] I will gather you from all the nations and places where I have banished you,” declares the LORD, “and will bring you back to the place from which I carried you into exile.”
    11. 11. Daniel 9:2 • 3 So I turned to the Lord God and pleaded with him in prayer and petition, in fasting, and in sackcloth and ashes.
    12. 12. Daniel’s Prayer • 4 I prayed to the LORD my God and confessed: • “Lord, the great and awesome God, who keeps his covenant of love with those who love him and keep his commandments, 5 we have sinned and done wrong. We have been wicked and have rebelled; we have turned away from your commands and laws. 6 We have not listened to your servants the prophets, who spoke in your name to our kings, our princes and our ancestors, and to all the people of the land.
    13. 13. GENERAL CONFESSION Almighty and most merciful Father; we have erred and strayed from thy ways like lost sheep. We have followed too much the devices and desires of our own hearts. We have offended against thy holy laws. We have left undone those things which we ought to have done, and have done those things which we ought not to have done; and there is no health in us. But thou, O Lord, have mercy upon us miserable offenders.
    14. 14. GENERAL CONFESSION Spare thou them, O God, which confess their faults. Restore thou them that are penitent; according to thy promises declared unto mankind in Christ Jesus our Lord. And grant, O most merciful Father, for his sake; that we may hereafter live a godly, righteous and sober life, to the glory of thy holy Name. Amen
    15. 15. Daniel’s Lament 7 “Lord, you are righteous, but this day we are covered with shame—the people of Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem and all Israel, both near and far, in all the countries where you have scattered us because of our unfaithfulness to you. 8 We and our kings, our princes and our ancestors are covered with shame, LORD, because we have sinned against you.
    16. 16. What is a lament?
    17. 17. Where O where’s your presence? Where O where’s Your presence O God In this dry and weary land So many people drifting away How we need to understand… You’re still God Even when we’re unbelieving , still God, When we’re desperate for our healing Still God, still God, You’re still God You’re still God Even when our friends desert us Still God Even though the things that hurt us Still God, Still God So I will be still and know you are God
    18. 18. Where O where’s your kingdom O God? We have let holiness go So many idols litter our land We’ve got to let this nation know You’re still God When the government has no answers Still God When the media lowers the standard Still God, still God, You’re still God You’re still God When the plans we make are worthless Still God When we lose our sense of purpose Still God, still God So I will be still and know you are God
    19. 19. When will Jesus really be seen Through the church that bears his name Agents of his kingdom, his peace In a world for which he came You’re still God even though you were rejected Still God Though you were ridiculed, deserted Still God, still God, still God You’re still God Though you suffered execution Still God You’re alive and Christ our champion Still God, still God So we will be still and know you are God (Geoffrey and Gill Birtill, 2004© Thankyou Music)
    20. 20. Daniel’s plea 17 “Now, our God, hear the prayers and petitions of your servant. For your sake, Lord, look with favour on your desolate sanctuary. 18 Give ear, our God, and hear; open your eyes and see the desolation of the city that bears your Name. We do not make requests of you because we are righteous, but because of your great mercy. 19 Lord, listen! Lord, forgive! Lord, hear and act! For your sake, my God, do not delay, because your city and your people bear your Name.”
    21. 21. HASHIVENU Hashivenu, hashivenu, hashivenu, Adonai elecha V’nashuva, v’nashuva. Chadesh, chadesh, yameinu k’kedem (x2) Restore us to yourself, O Lord, that we may return; renew our days as of old (Lamentations 5:21).
    22. 22. Daniel’s Revelation 24 “Seventy ‘sevens’[c] are decreed for your people and your holy city to finish[d] transgression, to put an end to sin, to atone for wickedness, to bring in everlasting righteousness, to seal up vision and prophecy and to anoint the Most Holy Place.[e]
    23. 23. 7 x 7 + 62 x 7 = ? 25 “Know and understand this: From the time the word goes out to restore and rebuild Jerusalem until the Anointed One,[f] the ruler, comes, there will be seven ‘sevens,’ and sixty-two ‘sevens.’ It will be rebuilt with streets and a trench, but in times of trouble. 26 After the sixty-two ‘sevens,’ the Anointed One will be put to death and will have nothing.[g]
    24. 24. 24 Isaac Newton 1642-1727 • “Thus have we in this short Prophecy, a prediction of all the main periods relating to the coming of the Messiah; the time of his birth, that of his death, that of the rejection of the Jews, the duration of the Jewish war whereby he caused the city and the sanctuary to be destroyed, and the time of his second coming:”
    25. 25. The Command to Restore Jerusalem • Rebuilding the Temple – Cyrus cylinder – 538 b.c. (Ezra 1:1) – Darius Hystapsis – 519 b.c. (Ezra 6:3) – Artaxerxes – 458 b.c. (Ezra 7:11) • Rebuilding the City of Jerusalem • Artaxerxes - 445 b.c. (Nehemiah 2:1) + 483 years = ?
    26. 26. Different Interpretations Possible! • Jewish view – 1 Maccabees –164 b.c. – Rededication of the Temple • Jeremiah’s prophecy – 605 b.c. • Cyrus on throne -556 b.c. (7 x 7 =49 years) • Death of Onias III – 171 bc (62 x 7 = 434 years) • Total – 69 x 7 = 483 years plus 7 = 164 b.c.
    27. 27. Traditional Christian view • Jesus’ death at Passover a.d. 33 • Decree of Nehemiah – 445 b.c. • 69 x 7 = 483 years (360 days per solar year) • = 32 a.d. • But John Goldingay ‘it is not chronology but chronography – a stylized scheme of history’
    28. 28. Daniel in the New Testament • The Son of Man (7:13) • The anointed prince - Messiah (9:26) • The abomination of desolation (9:27) • The restoration of Israel (9) • Book of Revelation
    29. 29. Conclusion • Repent! • Receive! • Rely! • Rejoice!
    30. 30. Context of Daniel - Exile • Abraham leaves Ur 1650 bce • Moses leaves Egypt 1280 • Joshua enters Israel 1240 • David king of united tribes 1004 • Northern Kingdom falls 722 • Josiah’s reforms 621 • Babylon captures Nineveh 612 • Jerusalem falls 586