Cycling Safety (bicycles)

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Overview of how to cycle (bicycle) safely either recreationally or commuting to work

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Cycling Safety (bicycles)

  1. 1. <ul><li>Cycling Safety </li></ul><ul><li>Richard Birdsey </li></ul><ul><li>16 th September 2009 </li></ul>
  2. 2. Basic safety factors <ul><li>Gear and bikes </li></ul><ul><li>Road rules </li></ul><ul><li>Skills and situational awareness </li></ul><ul><li>Routes </li></ul>
  3. 3. Equipment <ul><li>Bike </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Brakes, tyre pressures, steering </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bell / horn / voice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lights / reflectors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pre ride check / ongoing maintenance </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Clothing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Helmet, gloves, glasses, bright clothes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Weather related clothes and sun protection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Be careful of street clothes </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Road rules <ul><li>Bicycles are ‘ vehicles’ </li></ul><ul><li>Obey traffic lights and signs </li></ul><ul><li>Ride on the left and ‘filtering’ is legal </li></ul><ul><li>Must use bike lanes where existing </li></ul><ul><li>Keep off the footpath </li></ul><ul><li>Use transit / bus lanes NOT “Bus Only” </li></ul><ul><li>“ No hands” is an offence </li></ul>
  5. 5. Common lethal situations <ul><li>Intersections and roundabouts </li></ul><ul><li>Busy roads or public places </li></ul><ul><li>Vehicles approaching from behind </li></ul><ul><li>Narrow stretches of road or spaces </li></ul><ul><li>Parked or stationary cars </li></ul><ul><li>Bad weather / poor road surfaces / debris </li></ul><ul><li>Inattentive drivers, passengers or pedestrians </li></ul>
  6. 6. FIVE key survival skills <ul><li>Situational awareness </li></ul><ul><li>Planning for different scenarios </li></ul><ul><li>Judging distance and speed at a glance </li></ul><ul><li>Consistent, predictable riding </li></ul><ul><li>Respectful assertiveness </li></ul>
  7. 7. Prevent / avoid <ul><li>Look out and stay sharp! – scan around you constantly (including behind) to maintain </li></ul><ul><li>Be predictable – don’t weave / swerve (unless emergency) and straight line riding. </li></ul><ul><li>Signal your intentions to move or stop well in advance. </li></ul><ul><li>Be politely assertive - you have a right to be on the road but consider others. </li></ul><ul><li>Keep left where possible ­ but take the lane if it is safer, then move out of the way. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Prevention (cont) <ul><li>Beware car doors - stay a safe distance out but not too far onto the road. </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid the crush - take the whole lane when going through narrow sections, speed humps and single lane roundabouts. </li></ul><ul><li>Make eye contact with drivers (and they see you!) before riding in front of them. </li></ul><ul><li>Be noticed! Position yourself do other road users can see you. Use lights and reflectors at night . </li></ul>
  9. 9. Reacting to threats <ul><li>Slow or stop pedalling </li></ul><ul><li>Assume ‘swerve or stop’ attitude </li></ul><ul><li>Check behind (fast) </li></ul><ul><li>Work your options </li></ul><ul><li>React </li></ul><ul><li>If in doubt - STOP </li></ul>
  10. 10. Wet and windy weather <ul><li>All traffic has reduced visibility in the rain </li></ul><ul><li>Lights and reflectors </li></ul><ul><li>Slow down, no sudden moves </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid smooth, slippery surfaces </li></ul><ul><li>Take the train! </li></ul><ul><li>Check the weather </li></ul><ul><li>Wear the right clothes </li></ul>
  11. 11. Safe routes <ul><li>Find a route best for YOU </li></ul><ul><li>Best source of info is other riders </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid main roads and busy areas </li></ul><ul><li>Ride it when quiet at your own pace </li></ul><ul><li>Consider conditions at other times </li></ul>
  12. 12. Consider <ul><li>Your skills and your group </li></ul><ul><li>Distance, time of day, time taken and purpose </li></ul><ul><li>Road conditions (hills, complexity, quality) </li></ul><ul><li>Traffic conditions (volume, speed, type) </li></ul><ul><li>Other hazards (pedestrians, animals etc) </li></ul><ul><li>Main and fall back alternative routes </li></ul>

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