Published on

  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide


  1. 1. meaning fact value relevance integrity wisdom justice love courage
  2. 2. D. Kolb, Experiential Learning (Englewood Cliffs NJ, Prentice-Hall, 1984) pp 227-8 <ul><li>In resolving the dialectic conflicts between value and fact, meaning and relevance, </li></ul><ul><ul><li>integrity is the master value </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>… wisdom the protector of fact and meaning, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>justice the protector of fact and relevance, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>courage the protector of relevance and value, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>and love the protector of value and meaning. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>These … virtues … instruct us to create, not adjust. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Wisdom dictates that we do not blindly follow the implications of knowledge but that we be … responsible in the use of knowledge. </li></ul><ul><li>Courage tells us to push forward when circumstance signals danger and retreat. </li></ul><ul><li>Love requires that we hold our selfish acts in check until we have viewed the situation from the perspective of the other - the Golden Rule. </li></ul><ul><li>And justice demands fair and equitable treatment for all against the expedience of the special situation. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Reframing <ul><li>Reframing is altering the meaning or value of something, by altering its context or description </li></ul><ul><li>Reframing is a powerful change stratagem. It changes our perceptions, and this may then affect our actions. </li></ul><ul><li>But does changing our symbolic representation of the real world actually change anything in the real world itself? </li></ul>
  5. 5. Hedonic Framing <ul><li>Hedonic framing involves a preference-based choice among different ways of describing the same situation. It explains this choice in terms of some pleasure/pain or other utility function. </li></ul><ul><li>Jon Elster indicates two possible examples of this: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>People edit gambles in a way that would make the prospects appear most pleasant (or least unpleasant) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The would-be minimizer of charitable donations compares the fairness mechanism and the utilitarian mechanism and settles for the one that allows him to donate as little as possible, consistent with his need to retain his self-respect. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Jon Elster. Alchemies of the Mind - Rationality and the Emotions, 1999, p39 </li></ul>
  6. 6. Reframing in NLP <ul><li>Context reframing </li></ul><ul><li>take an undesired attribute </li></ul><ul><li>find a different situation where it would be valuable. </li></ul><ul><li>Meaning reframing </li></ul><ul><li>take an undesired attribute </li></ul><ul><li>find a description where the attribute takes on a positive value. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Reframing - Milton Erikson <ul><li>One of the common challenges of family therapy is to help the parents to let their children go. Independence is of course a negative goal. The parents have to gradually stop supporting their children, and the children have to gradually stop relying on their parents. Milton Erikson often used the approach of creating an alternative goal for the parents: of preparing themselves to be grandparents. </li></ul><ul><li>Why does this example count as reframing, rather than replacement? The alternative goal created by Erikson was not an alternative activity for the parents; it was an alternative description of the same activity. This alternative description enabled the parents to rethink their goals for themselves. </li></ul><ul><li>In a typical case, a young woman consulted him; her parents had used their life savings to build an extension to their house, where she was to live, when she got married (At this time, she was away at college, and had no steady boyfriend.) </li></ul><ul><li>Erikson met the parents, and congratulated them for their willingness to participate so actively in the rearing of their (hypothetical) grandchildren, having babies crying through the night, toddlers crawling through the living rooms, toys strewn across the house, babysitting. </li></ul><ul><li>He thus created a powerful positive image of the joys of grandparenthood; yet for some reason, the couple decided to rent the extra rooms out to mature lodgers instead, and save the money to support their grandchildren’s education. </li></ul><ul><li>When the daughter subsequently got married, she lived in a city some distance away with husband and baby, and the grandparents visited frequently, but not too frequently. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Reframing - Virginia Satir <ul><li>A classic example of a reframe by Virginia Satir concerns a father who complains at the stubbornness of his daughter. </li></ul><ul><li>This results in a double reframe, in which Satir points out two things to the father: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>There are situations where she will need stubbornness, to protect herself or achieve something. Reframing switches to a context that makes the stubbornness relevant . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It is from the father himself that she has learned to be stubborn. By forcing the father to equate his own stubbornness with hers, this creates a context in which he either has to recognize the value of her stubbornness, or deny the value of his own. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Recommended Reading ISBN 978-0062506061 ISBN 978-0911226256 ISBN 978-0132952613
  10. 10. I can’t recommended these ones but only because I haven’t read them <ul><li>Several books offer reframing on a single topic. I found all these on Amazon. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Business, Organizational Culture, Organizations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conflict, Debate, Deforestation, International Development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Abstract Expressionism, Culture, Japanese Cinema, Realism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consciousness, Religious Life </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Education, Educational Policy, The Early Childhood Curriculum </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Health, Women's Health, Resistance, The Body, The Boundaries of Sex </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Frame of Reason, The Rules of Competition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>St Paul, Rembrandt </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>America, The Renaissance, The Sun </li></ul></ul><ul><li>And one book offers a package deal in reframing: Religion, Culture, Education, Sexuality, Class, Race, Politics, and the Economy. </li></ul><ul><li>Whew! </li></ul>
  11. 11. For more material by Richard Veryard … <ul><li>… please read my blog </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>… browse my articles </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>… or visit my wiki </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>