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France in 1799
France in 1799
France in 1799
France in 1799
France in 1799
France in 1799
France in 1799
France in 1799
France in 1799
France in 1799
France in 1799
France in 1799
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France in 1799

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  • 1. France in 1799
    10th November 1799:
    • Members of the French government met, there
    were furious arguments and soldiers hustled
    many politicians out of the building at bayonet- point.
    • A few weeks later, a new government was installed with
    Napoleon Bonaparte as leader.
    Changes 1789 to 1799
    The State:
    • No longer the royal family ruling the country.
    • 2. Government chosen by people.
    • 3. Laws are made by the National assembly, not by
    the king.
    • Everyone became equal in the eyes of the law.
  • The Economy:
    Seriously weakened by
    the Revolution as it disrupted
    trade and industry.
    Higher cost of living.
    Unemployment.
    Education:
    State education for everyone
    but no public schools.
    Education was no longer to be
    controlled by the Roman
    Catholic Church.
    Less pupils attending colleges. Bordeaux Harbour
    The Church:
    No longer a major property-owner.
    Tithes abolished.
    Bishops and other senior officials now appointed by the State, not
    by the Pope.
    Freedom for religion.
    No charity
  • 4. The People
    Nobles
    The bourgeoisie
    Peasants
  • 5. Civil Rights
    • Freedom to women and non- Catholics
    • 6. Protestants and Jews
    • 7. New laws on marriage
    Crisis again?
    Takeover
    • Republicans vs. Napoleon
    • 12. Complete control
    The people´s army
    • 1799: France vs. Europe
    • 13. ‘Citizen army’
    • 14. Sacrifice of hundreds of thousands of lives
    ‘The Revolutionaries have killed our king, driven away our priests and sold all the goods that belonged to our churches. They have eaten all our food, and now they want our bodies, too. . . They won’t get them.’
  • 15. Napoleon’s rise to power
    • Napoleon Bonaparte
    • 16. Corsica
    • 17. His family
    • 18. Schooling
    • 19. Napoleon’s report from army cadet school
    • 20. Napoleon’s career as a ‘thunderbolt’ or
    a ‘shooting star’
  • 21.
    • Jacobin club (1791)
    • 22. Commander (1795)
    • 23. Napoleon married (1796)
    • 24. Conqueror of northern
    Italy (1796-97)
    Josephine Beauharnais
  • 25. Napoleon’s Conquests
  • 26. Negative Results
    Battle of the Nile (1798)
  • 27. Bad news from home…
    Josephine’s affair… Country in crisis
    French defeat in Italy
  • 28. New institutions:
    • Napoleon’s greatest achievement
    • 29. New system of law
    • 30. State- run schools
    • 31. Prefets
    • 32. Centralised Civil Service
    • 33. Police network
    • 34. National Bank
    • 35. Legion of honour
  • Some ideas still remain:
    • Many experimental reforms from Revolutionary period
    • 36. Abolition of Revolutionary calendar
    • 37. Restored Nobles titles
    • 38. Greater freedom to women
    • 39. End of Revolutionary wars
    • 40. Few Revolutionary policies
    • 41. State separate from the church
  • Rebuilding France:
    • Napoleon First Consul
    • 42. Real leader
    • 43. Kept all for himself
    • 44. Clear ideas
    • 45. Shut down newspapers
    that disagreed with him

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