France in 1799

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France in 1799

  1. 1. France in 1799<br />10th November 1799:<br /><ul><li> Members of the French government met, there </li></ul> were furious arguments and soldiers hustled <br /> many politicians out of the building at bayonet- point. <br /><ul><li> A few weeks later, a new government was installed with </li></ul> Napoleon Bonaparte as leader. <br />Changes 1789 to 1799 <br />The State: <br /><ul><li> No longer the royal family ruling the country.
  2. 2. Government chosen by people.
  3. 3. Laws are made by the National assembly, not by </li></ul> the king. <br /><ul><li> Everyone became equal in the eyes of the law. </li></li></ul><li>The Economy: <br />Seriously weakened by<br /> the Revolution as it disrupted<br /> trade and industry. <br />Higher cost of living. <br />Unemployment. <br />Education: <br />State education for everyone<br /> but no public schools. <br /> Education was no longer to be <br /> controlled by the Roman<br /> Catholic Church. <br /> Less pupils attending colleges. Bordeaux Harbour <br />The Church: <br />No longer a major property-owner. <br />Tithes abolished. <br />Bishops and other senior officials now appointed by the State, not <br /> by the Pope.<br />Freedom for religion. <br /> No charity <br />
  4. 4. The People<br />Nobles<br />The bourgeoisie <br />Peasants<br />
  5. 5. Civil Rights<br /><ul><li>Freedom to women and non- Catholics
  6. 6. Protestants and Jews
  7. 7. New laws on marriage </li></ul>Crisis again?<br /><ul><li>1799
  8. 8. Higher Prices
  9. 9. Riots
  10. 10. Debt
  11. 11. Economic problems </li></ul>Takeover <br /><ul><li>Republicans vs. Napoleon
  12. 12. Complete control </li></ul>The people´s army <br /><ul><li>1799: France vs. Europe
  13. 13. ‘Citizen army’
  14. 14. Sacrifice of hundreds of thousands of lives </li></ul>‘The Revolutionaries have killed our king, driven away our priests and sold all the goods that belonged to our churches. They have eaten all our food, and now they want our bodies, too. . . They won’t get them.’ <br />
  15. 15. Napoleon’s rise to power <br /><ul><li>Napoleon Bonaparte
  16. 16. Corsica
  17. 17. His family
  18. 18. Schooling
  19. 19. Napoleon’s report from army cadet school
  20. 20. Napoleon’s career as a ‘thunderbolt’ or </li></ul> a ‘shooting star’ <br />
  21. 21. <ul><li>Jacobin club (1791)
  22. 22. Commander (1795)
  23. 23. Napoleon married (1796)
  24. 24. Conqueror of northern </li></ul>Italy (1796-97)<br />Josephine Beauharnais <br />
  25. 25. Napoleon’s Conquests <br />
  26. 26. Negative Results <br />Battle of the Nile (1798) <br />
  27. 27. Bad news from home… <br />Josephine’s affair… Country in crisis <br />French defeat in Italy <br />
  28. 28. New institutions: <br /><ul><li>Napoleon’s greatest achievement
  29. 29. New system of law
  30. 30. State- run schools
  31. 31. Prefets
  32. 32. Centralised Civil Service
  33. 33. Police network
  34. 34. National Bank
  35. 35. Legion of honour </li></li></ul><li>Some ideas still remain: <br /><ul><li>Many experimental reforms from Revolutionary period
  36. 36. Abolition of Revolutionary calendar
  37. 37. Restored Nobles titles
  38. 38. Greater freedom to women
  39. 39. End of Revolutionary wars
  40. 40. Few Revolutionary policies
  41. 41. State separate from the church </li></li></ul><li>Rebuilding France: <br /><ul><li>Napoleon First Consul
  42. 42. Real leader
  43. 43. Kept all for himself
  44. 44. Clear ideas
  45. 45. Shut down newspapers </li></ul> that disagreed with him <br />

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