OUMH1103 - BM - Topik 1

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Prepared by Dr. Richard Ng, Director of OUM Perak on 28 March 2012

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OUMH1103 - BM - Topik 1

  1. 1. OUMH 1103 Learning Skills for ODL Topik: 1Pengurusan Pembelajaran Anda Disediakan Oleh: Dr Richard Ng
  2. 2. Objektif: Pada akhir topik ini anda akan dapat: •Memahami 3 kaedah pembelajaran secara Blended Learning; •Kenalpasti 10 strategi pengurusan stres; •Tetapkan sasaran berdasarkan 9 ciri-ciri sasaran efektif; •Mengaplikasikan 7 strategi motivasi pembelajaran yang berjaya; •Mempraktikkan 3 aspek pengurusan masa; •Kenalpasti 8 punca kehilangan konsentrasi serta strategi untuk mengatasinya; dan •Kenalpasti stail pembelajaran andaPrepared by Dr Richard Ng (2011) Page 2
  3. 3. Kenapa Perlukan Kemahiran? “Give me a fish and I shall eat for a day. But teach me how to fish and I shall eat for life”Prepared by Dr Richard Ng (2011) Page 3
  4. 4. Memahami Mode Pembelajaran OUM:Prepared by Dr Richard Ng (2011) Page 4
  5. 5. Persekitaran Pembelajaran OUM: Page 5Prepared by Dr Richard Ng (2011)
  6. 6. Sebagai Pelajar Bebas: Rancang dan Mengurus Urus Masa Bangunkan Motivasi Strategi Diri PembelajaranPrepared by Dr Richard Ng (2011) Page 6
  7. 7. Memaksimumkan Kemudahan Pembelajaran di OUM:Prepared by Dr Richard Ng (2011) Page 7
  8. 8. Menangani Pembelajaran: Gaya Hidup Cepat Naik Berubah Kesihatan Darah Merosot Tidak Hilang Efisyen Simtom Sabar Awal Rasa Tidak Tidak Stres Senang diri Gembira Hilang Rasa Semangat Sentiasa Sunyi Berfikiran NegatifPrepared by Dr Richard Ng (2011) Page 8
  9. 9. Pengurusan Stres: Bersenam Tenangkan Urus Diri Diri Rihat Yang Pilih Cukup Kawan Kenali Nikmati DiriPembelajaran Makan Berfikiran Makanan Beri Positif seimbang ganjaran pada diriPrepared by Dr Richard Ng (2011) Page 9
  10. 10. Menangani Masalah Harian Pembelajaran: Kenalpasti Sumber Anda Belajar Jangan Tangani Dari Masalah Secara Kesalahan Sendiri Belajar Realistik dengan Secara Usahasama Kemampuan diriPrepared by Dr Richard Ng (2011) Page 10
  11. 11. Anticipatory Anxiety - distress felt while preparing for exam or late submission of assignment Relax How to Overcome? Know your stand Be focused Find a comfortable study place Think Positive Study in a group Prepare your Have a specific notes Study timePrepared by Dr Richard Ng (2011) Page 11
  12. 12. Situational Anxiety - distress felt during the exam or before assignment is due Relax How to Overcome? Keep moving Be punctual Ask for Divide your time clarification Avoid highly anxious friend Work at a comfortable Read & Understand pace InstructionsPrepared by Dr Richard Ng (2011) Page 12
  13. 13. Matlamat Diri Apakah Matlamat Anda? If you fail to plan, you plan to failPrepared by Dr Richard Ng (2011) Page 13
  14. 14. Ciri-Ciri Sasaran Yang Efektif: Bertulis Pilihan Diri Positif Relevan Mempunyai Tempoh Masa Mencabar Boleh Diukur Realistik SpecifikPrepared by Dr Richard Ng (2011) Page 14
  15. 15. Penetapan Sasaran – Kaedah S.M.A.R.T: S Specific M Measurable A Achievable R Realistic T Time BoundPrepared by Dr Richard Ng (2011) Page 15
  16. 16. 5 Langkah Penetapan Sasaran Langkah 1:  Tuliskan apa yang hendak dicapai Langkah 2:  Tuliskan segala halangan yang bakal ditempuhi Langkah 3:  Tuliskan sumber yang anda ada Langkah 4:  Semak sasaran semula dan jika perlu, buat perubahan/penambaikan Langkah 5:  Halusi sasaran andaPrepared by Dr Richard Ng (2011) Page 16
  17. 17. Strategi Motivasi untuk Pembelajaran Yang Berjaya Letakkan Sasaran Pantau Halusi Pembelajaran Sasaran Anda Belajar Dari Bersikap Kesalahan Positif Pembelajaran Cabar Kemuncak Aktif AndaPrepared by Dr Richard Ng (2011) Page 17
  18. 18. Mengurus Masa Secara Efektif Gunakan Masa Secara Produktif Bertanggungjawab Rancang Pada diri Awal Dahulukan Pantau Apa Yang Perlu Kemajuan Elak Konflik MasaPrepared by Dr Richard Ng (2011) Page 18
  19. 19. Strategi Konsentrasi – Punca Hilang Konsentrasi Gangguan Environmen Gangguan Bunyi Fizikal Causes of Poor Mengelamun Concentration Rasa Rimas Terlalu banyak Masalah perkara yang hendak Hilang Minat Peribadi dilakukanPrepared by Dr Richard Ng (2011) Page 19
  20. 20. Strategi Menambahbaik Konsentrasi Pantau Kemajuan Ambil Langkah Kawalan Kenalpasti PuncanyaPrepared by Dr Richard Ng (2011) Page 20
  21. 21. Wujudkan Tempat Belajar Yang Selesa Right Space Comfortable Ability to to call a Furniture stay Study place & Lighting organized Bergantung Kepada Kemampuan Diri Designate Create a Avoid Conducive An area Motivating Distraction Environment AtmospherePrepared by Dr Richard Ng (2011) Page 21
  22. 22. Personal Learning Style  Understanding your learning style can help improve your concentration and your learning  Benefits of knowing your learning style - avoid problematic situation - target areas that need improvement - become more successful as self-managed learner  Types of learning style  Active and Reflective learner  Sensing and Intuitive learner  Visual and Verbal learner  Sequential and Global learnerPrepared by Dr Richard Ng (2011) Page 22
  23. 23. Past Years Questions: Q.1.Prepared by Dr Richard Ng (2011) Page 23
  24. 24. Answers for Q.1 a) 3 steps to improve concentration: Step: 1 - Identify the causes of poor concentration and decide which apply to you. Give a suitable example Step: 2 - Take steps to control these factors. Give a suitable example Step: 3 - Make your control habitual. Give a suitable example b) 5 steps in setting realistic goals in learning: : Step: 1 - Write down what you want to accomplish. Give a suitable example Step: 2 - Write down any obstacles. Give a suitable examplePrepared by Dr Richard Ng (2011) Page 24
  25. 25. Step: 3 - Write down any resources available. Give a suitable example Step: 4 - Review and revise your tentative goal statement (Step1). Take corrective action and modify your goals if necessary Give a suitable example. Step: 5 - Rene your goal statement. Give a suitable example.Prepared by Dr Richard Ng (2011) Page 25
  26. 26. Q.2. Answers for Q.2 a) Reason #1 – It helps to motivate you to achieve your goals - provide explanation and example Reason #2 – It gives you a sense of direction towards achieving your goal - provide explanation and examplePrepared by Dr Richard Ng (2011) Page 26
  27. 27. b) Six characteristics of effective goals: i) Self-chosen – determine your own goals ii) Relevant – match your mission iii) Challenging – achieve more than before iv) Realistic – match goal with your own capability/skills v) Specific – set clear goals which help motivate you vi) Measurable – determine whether it can be achievedPrepared by Dr Richard Ng (2011) Page 27
  28. 28. Question? Question? Question? End of Topic 1Prepared by Dr Richard Ng (2011) Page 28

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