Nonline japan
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Nonline japan Presentation Transcript

  • 1. The Basics of the Japanese Language What’s Tough and What’s Not
  • 2. Which Would You Like to Learn…
  • 3. Sounds and Word Structure
    • Compared to English, the number of vowels used in any given word is usually higher
    • This means that Japanese is an “open” language, or that it has an “open-syllable pattern”
    • Most syllables end in a vowel, meaning that the pattern of most words is an alternation between a consonant and vowel
  • 4.
    • The basic vowels are /a/, /i/, /u/, /e/, and /o/.
    • These are pronounced a bit differently than in English, /ah/, /ee/, /ooh/, /eh/, and /oh/.
    • The basic consonants are /k/, /s/, /t/, /n/, /h/, /m/, /y/, /r/, and /w/. There is also an /N/ that stands alone from vowels and has a nasal sound.
    • The combinations of these consonants and vowels provide all sounds needed to speak the language.
  • 5. Quiz Time!
    • What kind of syllable pattern does Japanese follow?
    • What are the basic vowels, and how do they sound?
    • What are the basic consonants, and which does not pair with a vowel?
  • 6. Grammar and Word Order
    • Languages are normally classified by the order of their parts, namely the subject, verb, and Object of a sentence.
    • While English’s structure is S-V-O, a subject does a verb to an object, Japanese follows the order of S-O-V.
    • While direct translation isn’t the clearest, this means that in Japanese a subject does to an object a verb. That’s how the sentence is formed.
  • 7. Particles
    • Particles are the pieces of grammar that show the relationships between subjects objects and verbs.
    • For example, the particle /ha/ clearly shows what the subject of a sentence is. The particle /wo/ shows what the direct object is.
    • For example, “John /ha/ gohan /wo/ tabeta.” John ate rice. (Gohan is rice, tabeta is “ate”)
  • 8. Quiz Time!
    • What is the basic order of a typical Japanese sentence? How does this differ from English?
    • What is the name for a part of a sentence that denotes the relationship between subjects, objects, and verbs? Which were the two discussed earlier, and what do they show us? (Subject, object, or verb?)
  • 9. Writing in Japanese
    • The Japanese Language is split into two syllaberic “alphabets” known as Hiragana and Katakana, along with borrowed Chinese characters known as Kanji that represent words.
    • Kanji often gives the idea of a particular meaning, while Kana offer us a specific sound.
    • This gives each type of writing distinct advantages, which is why both are used.
  • 10.
    • Kanji were brought to Japan about 1,500 years ago from China.
    • Before this time, Japanese was strictly a written language
    • 500 years later, the kana were made from particular pieces of different Kanji.
    • Kana let us sound out a word, while Kanji give learners clues as to the meaning of a word, as long as they know the Kanji of course.
    • While Hiragana denote the sound of Japanese words, Katakana is used to borrow words from other languages, such as コンピュータ、 or “konpyuuta.” Computer in English.
  • 11. Quiz Time!
    • What are the two syllaberic alphabets called in Japanese? What do they represent?
    • What is the system of more complex symbols called, where did it come from, and when?
    • What are the benefits to both styles of writing? Are they used together?
  • 12. Moving Forward
    • The key to learning any language is to get the fundamentals of speaking, reading, and grammar down.
    • Using what we have learned as a basis, we can move forward on each of those fronts.
    • The Japanese language is one rooted in history and steeped in culture. Remember, it takes time to learn a different way of speaking.
  • 13. 日本語のすごい世界へようこそ!
    • Welcome to the wonderful world of Japanese!