Subject analysis, library of congress classification, part 2

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  • 1. Library of CongressClassification, Part II November 26, 2012 1
  • 2. Overview Classification guidelines Arrangement of Works By and About Literary Authors How to Get to Carnegie Hall 2
  • 3. Classification Guidelines F10, General Principles of Classification (CSM:Classification and Shelflisting Manual) Eight principles – some obvious, some peculiar to LCCS 3
  • 4. “Class works according totheir subject matter” Must determine their subject matter first Not classed according to size or date of receipt Generally not classed according to format – with exceptions This is the principle. But…  What if the work comprises two or more subjects? 4
  • 5. Classing by Form “Class a work by its specific subject, not by its form under a broader topic”  Example: Class a journal on sanitation in RA567 (Sanitation. Waste disposal. Sewage disposal – General works) Not in the broader class RA565.A1 (Environmental health -- Periodicals. Societies. Serials) 5
  • 6. Classing by Form (cont.) Within a given topical area, class by subject, ignoring form unless form captions have been established under the subject. Most common form caption: Periodicals. Societies. Serials 6
  • 7. Classing by Place If choosing between classing by specific subject and classing by place, prefer classification by the subject Example: Penguins of Antarctica QL696.S473 Spheniscidae (Penguins) Not QL695.2 Birds of Antarctica 7
  • 8. Classing by Place (cont.)Exceptions: Class by place if there are contrary instructions Class by place if precedent (the shelflist) clearly indicates otherwise 8
  • 9. Specificity Use the most specific number available. Use a broader number only if no specific number is available and it is not feasible to establish one. 9
  • 10. Multiple subjects Where several subjects are discussed in a work, choose the classification number:  according to instructions printed in the schedules Example: A popular work (i.e., not scientific) on domesticated mammals could be classed with popular works on mammals or works on domesticated animals QL706 Mammals -- Popular works For popular works on domestic animals see SF41 10
  • 11. Multiple subjects (cont.) Where several subjects are discussed in a work, choose the classification number:  according to dominant subject (as represented by the first subject heading on the record)  that matches the first subject mentioned in the work being cataloged Example: Roma and Jews in Poland  for a broader subject if the work deals with several subjects that, taken together, constitute a major part of a larger subject 11
  • 12. Multiple Classes In problematic cases where several numbers appear satisfactory, class according to  the intent of the author, or  where it appears that the work would be most usefully located 12
  • 13. Influence of One Subject onAnother Class works on the influence of one subject on another with the subject influenced Example: The effect of oil pollution on fish culture SH177.O53 Fish culture--Diseases and adverse factors Not TD427.P4 Water pollution -- Petroleum 13
  • 14. Literary Authors How does one organize the works of a literary author which generally are not considered to have a subject? Subarrangement of works of and about Reymont, Władysław Stanisław, 1867- 1925 in PG7158.R4-.R42 14
  • 15. Cataloging 15
  • 16. Find class numbers for: “The causes of AIDS” “The beer industry in the United States” “The Cuban missile crisis of 1962” A biography of Tadeusz Reytan A dictionary of French surnames A juvenile book about the planets “Parental relations with adolescents” 16