Library of Congress Classification                 (Part 1)                    November 19, 20121
Overview     History     Characteristics     System  Structure     Notational Structure     Double Cutters     Table...
History     LC  Classification schedules developed 1898-      1910     Emphasized LC’s collection strengths: social     ...
History (cont.)     Inearly years, schedules revised periodically     Today, schedules are revised continuously     Som...
Characteristics     Enumerative   - every topic explicitly listed     No synthetic features     3½ shelf feet long in p...
Characteristics (cont.)     Nonexpressive:    notation does not reflect     hierarchical relationships      Example:     ...
Hospitality       Very hospitable: ability to accommodate changes is        very great        –   Gaps in lettering & num...
System Structure     21   classes using letters     A           General works     B           Philosophy. Religion     C ...
System Structure (cont.)     Subclasses  usually designated by a second     letter (exceptionally by a third)     Q      ...
System Structure (cont.)     7 categories provide structure within each         schedule as well as within subcategories  ...
Notational structure      Alphabetic subclasses are further divided by       sequential cardinal numbers from 1 to 9999  ...
Notational structure (cont.)      Decimal numbers are sometimes used when      topics are added       Example:      QC 81...
Cutter Numbers in Classification      Cutter   numbers developed for shelflisting       –    Arranges all works in a clas...
Cutter Numbers in Classification     (cont.)     Examples:       Geomagnetism     QC 811-QC 849                 Observator...
Cutter Numbers in Classification     (cont.)     This results in two cutter numbers:       1.   Subclass division       2....
Cutter Numbers in Classification     (cont.)      Except  in Class G, no more than two cutter       numbers are allowed  ...
Cutter Numbers in Classification     (cont.)     Example:       Propaganda and censorship during Canada’s great         wa...
Tables in LCCS      Recurring   patterns of subdivisions appear in       tables      References to tables appear in the ...
Classification Web Demo      Classificationschedules and tables      Classificationweb.net19
In-class exercise: classifying     beavers (bobry)                        Classify the following                          ...
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Subject analysis, library of congress classification, part 1

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  • Enumerative – highly so, No synthetic features (unlike DDC, where some facets are represented by additions to the class number)
  • Demo of weekly lists to demonstrate hospitality
  • Subject analysis, library of congress classification, part 1

    1. 1. Library of Congress Classification (Part 1) November 19, 20121
    2. 2. Overview  History  Characteristics  System Structure  Notational Structure  Double Cutters  Tables  Demo in Classification Plus2
    3. 3. History  LC Classification schedules developed 1898- 1910  Emphasized LC’s collection strengths: social sciences (political science, law, history)  Originally, little emphasis on humanities, religion & philosophy3
    4. 4. History (cont.)  Inearly years, schedules revised periodically  Today, schedules are revised continuously  Some schedules only recently published: – KIA-KIX, Law of the Indigenous Peoples in the Americas, currently in draft form (2013?) – KBS, Canon Law of Eastern Churches, 2012 – L, Education, revised 2012 – S, Agriculture, revised 20124
    5. 5. Characteristics  Enumerative - every topic explicitly listed  No synthetic features  3½ shelf feet long in paper!5
    6. 6. Characteristics (cont.)  Nonexpressive: notation does not reflect hierarchical relationships Example: QH501-531 Life QH540-549.5 Ecology QH573-671 Cytology6
    7. 7. Hospitality  Very hospitable: ability to accommodate changes is very great – Gaps in lettering & numbering used for new topics – Decimal numbers can be added  Examples: Subclass ZA (information resources) added to Z class in 1996 DB919.2.C94 History of Hungary—Ethnography— Elements in the population—Czechs (added October 15, 2012)  Monthly lists: http://classificationweb.net/approved/1210.html7
    8. 8. System Structure  21 classes using letters A General works B Philosophy. Religion C History: Auxiliary sciences … U Military science V Naval science Z Bibliography. Library science. Info resources8
    9. 9. System Structure (cont.)  Subclasses usually designated by a second letter (exceptionally by a third) Q Science (general) QA Mathematics QB Astronomy QC Physics9
    10. 10. System Structure (cont.) 7 categories provide structure within each schedule as well as within subcategories • Physical format • Philosophy • Study and teaching • General works • Laws and regulations • Juvenile works • Topical subdivisions10
    11. 11. Notational structure  Alphabetic subclasses are further divided by sequential cardinal numbers from 1 to 9999 Example: QC 1-75 Physics in general QC 81-114 Weights and measures QC 120-168.85 Descriptive and experimental mechanics11
    12. 12. Notational structure (cont.)  Decimal numbers are sometimes used when topics are added Example: QC 814 Early works through 1800 General works, treatises, and textbooks QC 815 1801-1969 QC 815.2 1970-12
    13. 13. Cutter Numbers in Classification  Cutter numbers developed for shelflisting – Arranges all works in a class by main entry (author or title)  In LCCS, cutter numbers are sometimes used to subdivide classes13
    14. 14. Cutter Numbers in Classification (cont.) Examples: Geomagnetism QC 811-QC 849 Observatories QC 818.A2 General works QC 818.A5-Z By region or country, A-Z A work on geomagnetism observatories in Poland would be classed in QC818.P714
    15. 15. Cutter Numbers in Classification (cont.) This results in two cutter numbers: 1. Subclass division 2. Cutter for main entry Example: The geomagnetism observatories of Poland / by I.C. Magnetyt. QC818.P7 $b M34 201215
    16. 16. Cutter Numbers in Classification (cont.)  Except in Class G, no more than two cutter numbers are allowed  In some cases, two cutter numbers are used in the classification tables. – The 1st cutter is for a topical subclass – The 2nd cutter is for a geographic country or locality or name of a corporate body, etc. – A digit is added to the second cutter for the main entry16
    17. 17. Cutter Numbers in Classification (cont.) Example: Propaganda and censorship during Canada’s great war / by Jeff Keshen, 1996. D639 class number for World War I .P7 subclass for propaganda C24 sub-subclass for Canada; added digit for Keshen 1996 year of publication17
    18. 18. Tables in LCCS  Recurring patterns of subdivisions appear in tables  References to tables appear in the schedules  Tables may contain: – Cutter numbers to be added to a base class, or – Arabic numbers to be added to a base number18
    19. 19. Classification Web Demo  Classificationschedules and tables  Classificationweb.net19
    20. 20. In-class exercise: classifying beavers (bobry) Classify the following topics: Mammals of the world Mammals of Poland Beaver reproduction Rodent reproduction Ecology of beavers Aquatic mammals of Central Europe Fossil beavers20
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