Work in pairs Describe the item handed to you: ◦ Title ◦ Author(s) or other responsible people ◦ Physical properties ◦ Publication data ◦ Series (if any)
In-Class Exercise: Description AACR2 ◦ Publishers and Development ◦ Library of Congress Rule Interpretations (LCRIs) ◦ Organization Description Format Form of issuance Facsimiles Access The case for a new code
Developers: ◦ American Library Association ◦ Australian Committee on Cataloging ◦ British Library ◦ Canadian Committee on Cataloging ◦ Library Association (U.K.) [later the Chartered Institute of Library and Information Professionals] ◦ Library of Congress AACR in 1967, AACR2 in 1978 Major revisions in 1988 and 2002
Corrections Refinement of rules Development of new formats, especially electronic ones
Official protocol: ◦ Formal proposals to American Library Association’s Cataloging and Classification Section’s Description and Access Committee (CC: DA) ◦ Public discussion and position papers ◦ Forwarding proposal to the Joint Steering Committee for Revision of AACR2 ◦ A slow and lengthy process!!
Intended for internal use at LC De facto use by many libraries in the U.S. Provided detailed explanations of how to apply certain rules (e.g., LCRI 21.30J) Provide for consistency “Case law” approach Need for consultation of both AACR2 and LCRIs
Part 1: Description ◦ Chapter 1: General Rules of Description ◦ Chapter 2: Books, Pamphlets and Printed Sheets ◦ Chapter 3: Cartographic Materials ◦ Chapter 4: Manuscripts ◦ Chapter 5: Music ◦ Chapter 6: Sound Recordings ◦ Chapter 7: Motion Pictures and Videorecordings ◦ Chapter 8: Graphic Materials ◦ Chapter 9: Electronic Resources ◦ Chapter 10: Three Dimensional Artifacts and Realia ◦ Chapter 11: Microforms ◦ Chapter 12: Continuing Resources ◦ Chapter 13: Analysis
AACR2 Glossary: ◦ “In its widest sense, a particular physical presentation of an item.” Which chapter would you use for: ◦ An atlas? ◦ A songbook which is ½ text, ½ musical scores? ◦ Maps issued as a serial? ◦ Photocopies of maps issued as a serial? ◦ Electronic reproductions of maps issued as a serial?
Content: intellectual or artistic content of a resource ◦ text; notated music; spoken word; still image Carrier Type: the means and methods by which content is conveyed ◦ volume; sheet; computer disk Media Type: the type of intermediation device (if any) required to view, play or run the content of a resource ◦ electronic resource; microform; videorecording
Serial vs. Monograph Which chapter is used for: ◦ Loose-leaf for updating? ◦ Web site that is periodically updated? ◦ Form of issuance for different physical carriers? 2002 revision of AACR2: ◦ Continuing resource (serials, periodicals, etc.) ◦ integrating resource (loose-leafs, web sites)
Should the bibliographic record reflect: ◦ the original work with a note for information about the facsimile? OR ◦ the facsimile with a link to the original work’s record?
The problem of multiple formats in catalogs Application of old rules to new formats Inconsistencies within AACR2 itself Calls for greater cataloger flexibility, ease of use, less time for cataloging
Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records (FRBR) Functional Requirements for Authority Data (FRAD)