Introduction of Phonology by Ricardo Chasiquiza

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  • 1. Universidad central DEL ECUADOR Facultad de filosofía letras y ciencias de la educación ESCUELA DE IDIOMASPHONOLOGYNAME:RICARDO CHASIQUIZA4th SEMESTER
  • 2. PHONOLOGY An OverviewPhonology studies the distrubution and organization of soundsin a lenguage and the interaction between those differentsoundsTHE PHONEMEIs the smallest segment of sound which can distinguish twowords.Phonemes are normally put into slashes lines / //b/ / u/ /m/
  • 3. THE ARTICULATIONS
  • 4. VOWELSTONGUE WHICH AREA FRONT CENTRAL BACKPOSITIONHIGH TENSE / iy / /beat/ / uw / /boot / LAX /i/ /bit/ / u / / book /MID TENSE / ey / /bait / /a / /machine/ / ow / /boat/ LAX / E / / bet / / ʌ / / but / / / /bought/LOW TENSE /ɑ/ / pot / LAX
  • 5. THE VOWEL CHART IN RELATION TO THE INSIDE OF THE MOUTH iy uw i u ey a ow E ^
  • 6. / iy /PHONETIC FEATURESHigh, front, tense, complex, voiced, unrounded.POSITION:INITIALeachMIDreceiveFINALKeyPONETIC TRANSCRIPTIONSEat /iyt/Be /biy/Sweet /swiyt/
  • 7. / I /PHONETIC FEATURESHigh, front, lax, simple, voiced, unroundedPOSITION:INITIALifMIDsitFINALSunnyPHONEMIC TRANSCRIPTIONSHip /hɪp/Been /bɪn/Build /bɪld/
  • 8. / ey /PHONETIC FEATURESMid, tense, front, complex, voiced, unroundedPOSITIONINITIALAgeMIDMailFINALObeyPHONEMIC TRANSCRIPTIONSEight /eyt/Take /teyk/Wait /weyt/
  • 9. /ɛ/PHONETIC FEATURESMid, front, laxs, simple, voiced, unroundedPOSITIONINITIALEmigrateMIDLegFINALXPHONEMIC TRANSCRIPTONSGuess /gɛs/Red /rɛd/Met /mɛt/
  • 10. /æ/PHONETIC FEATURESLow, fromt, lax, simple, voiced, unrounded.POSITIONINITIALAngryMIDHatFINALXPHONEMIC TANSCRIPTIONSCat /kæt/Black /blæk/And /ænd/
  • 11. /ɑ/PHONETIC FEATURESLow, central and back, lax, simple, voiced, unrounded.POSITIONINITIALOfficeMIDShopFINALMaPHONEMID TRANSCRIPOTIONSArm /ɑrm/Clock /klɑk/On /ɑn/
  • 12. / / /ʌ/PHONETIC FEATURESMid, central, (tense)(lax), simple, voiced, unrounded .POSITIONINITIALAboveMIDHutFinalXPHONEMIC TRANSCRIPTIONSUp /ʌp/Love /lʌp/Sun /sʌn/
  • 13. / uw /PHONETIC FEATURESHigh, back, tense, complex, voiced, rounded.POSITIONINITIALOozeMIDToolFINALNewPHONEMIC TRANSCRIPTIONSDoom /duwm/Move /muwv/To /tuw/
  • 14. /ʊ/PHONETIC FEATURESHigh, back, lax, simple, voiced, roundedPOSITIONINITIALXMIDShouldFINALXPHONEMIC TRANSCRIPTIONSPut /pʊt/Look /lʊk/Could /kʊd/
  • 15. / ow / / z /PHONETIC FEATURESMid, back , tense, complex, voiced, rounded.POSITIONINITIAL: Only MID: Boat FINAL: SoPHONEMIC TRANSCRIPTIONSCoat /kowt/Soul /sowl/Low /low/PHONETIC FEATURESMid, back, lax, simple, voiced, rounded.POSITIONINITIAL: All MID: Fall FINAL: SawPHONEMIC TRANSCRIPTIONSBought /b t/Thought /θ t/Wore /w r/