Photojournalism: TechnologyTimelineBy: Ria Daniel
Time Period: 1840-1890 Technique: Daguerreotype Year Process was Invented: 1839,1840 What made the technique popular? This technique turned the waiting time for a picture from a hour to 20- 30 minutes The quality of picture was so clear because the process didn’t use grain. Who created the technique? A French artist by the name of Louis Jacques Mande Daguerre How did this technological change affect photojournalism/photojournalists? It became beneficial for photojournalism because of the timing of taking the photograph. Due to taking so long to take the picture, it was monumental for taking portraits.
Image of Daguerreotype camera Source: http://www.gettyimages.com/detail/news- photo/daguerreotype-photography-was-invented-by- louis-daguerre-news-photo/90728117?Language=en-US Photo by: Science & Society Picture Library
The Daguerreotype process This image was used with the created clear pictures, but in same process. It was not hand order to make the image into painted so it remained black color, the portrait would be and white. hand painted.Source: http://www.photohistory- Source: http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/457919/history-of-sussex.co.uk/dagprocess.htm photography/252846/Photographys-early-evolution-c-1840-c-1900Photo by: William Edward Kilburn Photo by: André-Adolphe-Eugène Disdér
Time Period: 1890-1940•Technique: Pictorailism•Year Process was Invented: 1915•What made the technique popular? •This technique focuses on the picture as an art piece, instead of the subject. •The photographer altered the image by scratching the negative of the picture. •Used Gum bichromate which is lessened the detail of the image and made it more artistic •The use of soft focus camera•Who created the technique? •Henry Peach Robinson•How did this technological change affectphotojournalism/photojournalists? •This technique was considered taboo. Many artist who used this technique walked a fine line in society; which some would consider some photojournalism as taboo. The photographers would take photographs and alter their image, not to be deceitful but to be artful.
The image above shows a young child dying of tuberculosis, the image was distorted to give an eerie appearance to the photograph. Henry was not praised for this work because it showed a time that was not “suppose” to be shown by a photographer/artist.Source: http://www.vrestrepo.com/Quickstart/ImageLib/fading_away.jpgPhoto by: Henry Peach Robinson
A Video on Pictorialism This video shows how photographers would be able to make pictorialistic photograph using current technology
Time Period: 1925• Technique: Cellulose Acetate “safety film”• Year Process was Invented: 1925• What made the technique popular? • The film was much cheaper and more transparent. • These films replaced the highly flammable cellulose nitrate films.• Who created the technique? • Eastman Kodak• How did this technological change affect photojournalism/photojournalists? • This technique changed photojournalism because not only was it safer to use this product, but the images taken using this roll of film were not yellow; so the quality of these pictures were much better. The film was also available to be used at home; making it easier for amateur photographers to do their work
When images are taken using the CelluloseAcetate, a gas is released causing the effectsshown on the left; this can be prevented byproper storage.
The Video Below shows the importance of the introduction of Cellulose Acetate in order to get rid ofthe Cellulose Nitrate. The product was highly flammable and created a hazard for film makers andphotographers.
Time Period: 1940-1990 •Technique: Through the lens meter •Year Process was Invented: 1962 •What made the technique popular? • Through the lens meters were found in many cameras but were more commonly found in single lens reflex (SLR) cameras. • There was no need for the hand held device anymore, the light reader was installed within the camera. • The amount of light was calculated based on the amount of light coming through the lens •Who created the technique? •James L. Buie •How did this technological change affect photojournalism/photojournalists? •It is convenient for the photojournalists to have the through the lens meter (TTL) built into the camera because it eliminates the hassle of having another object to carry or use. It also helped photojournalism eliminate the feedback time for their pictures; resulting in moving pictures being able to be taken.
The red circle shows the light exposure.Source:http://1.bp.blogspot.com/_XCPMdMXpgM4/TLaHXIrXJVI/AAAAAAAACtw/ZoVhFETf_p4/s1600/light+meter.jpgPhoto by: Patricia Christopher
You have probably seen these handheld through the lens exposure devices in movies or photo shoots. The photographer uses this to test the light exposure.Source: http://www.exposureguide.com/images/light-meters/hand-held-light-meter.jpgPhoto by: Exposure Guide
Time Period: 1990-present•Technique: Digital Cameras•Year Process was Invented: 1994•What made the technique popular? •In 1994 these cameras were the first digital cameras that could be used via serial cable for the computer. •This made images easily transferable, which became convenient for the average person.•Who created the technique? •Steven Sasson•How did this technological change affectphotojournalism/photojournalists? •This technology allowed photojournalists to take images using their camera and being able to upload pictures instantly, instead of having to develop the images. Photojournalists were able to alter images and they could be halfway across the world and upload images of their whereabouts.
Source: http://ryanseacrest.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/05/sony-cyber-shot-dsc-w290-digital-camera.jpegPhoto by: Ryan Seacrest productions
The image to the left was taken using a digital camera.Source: http://a3.ec-images.myspacecdn.com/images02/53/c9753c9f3830459fa47ff5ffe1a66f32/l.jpgPhoto by: Twelve Gates