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Philosothon Briefing2


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Edited Powerpoint from Philosothon Briefing

Edited Powerpoint from Philosothon Briefing

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  • 1. PHILOSOTHON 2010Victoria
    23 – 25
    Assists in the facilitation of procedural inquiry e.g. students contribute to the smooth running of the inquiry with a clear understanding of the importance of rules, procedures, dignity and respect.
    Develops a substantive dialogue with peers about stimulus materials e.g. students engage in a detailed way with ideas and assumptions about stimulus materials put forward by peers.
    20 – 22
    Articulates with some clarity conceptual difficulties held by self / peers e.g. students make an honest attempt to make clear difficult ideas and assumptions put forward by peers.
    Prepares a conceptually sound explanation in relation to key views / issues e.g. students offer the best explanation based on reason and evidence.
    17 – 19
    Adjusts responses as new arguments arise; students correct thinking in light of evidence from the inquiry.
    Tests ideas held by peers against one another for their validity e.g. students weigh reasons offered by peers against one another to come up with the best reasons.
    Questions peers about views on core issues and concepts in stimulus materials e.g. students endeavour to see alternative ideas and assumptions.
    13 – 16
    Formulates open questions which employ reasoning e.g. students ask questions to gain information and clarify difficulties.
    Shares observations about core issues in the stimulus materials e.g. students are willing to share ideas with peers in a dignified manner.
    Responds to open questions generated by stimulus materials e.g. students explain to peers in a respectful manner.
    10 – 12
    Exchanges ideas and builds on the ideas of others e.g. students use ordinary questions to help build examples and counter-examples in an argument.
    Identifies some core issues and concepts in the stimulus materials e.g. students focus on a concept and an issue and make an attempt to explain it to peers.
    Identifies the consequences of an action in a given context e.g. students explain the relationship of cause and effect between two or more ideas.
    5 – 9
    Simplistic / limited engagement with questions / peers in light of the stimulus materials, e.g. students need to make ideas and assumptions clear to peers.
    Limited interpretation and explanation of the stimulus materials e.g. students need to explain the concepts and issues in the stimulus material fully and clearly.
    1 – 4
    Asks rhetorical questions and/or disjointed questions/answers to stimulus material/issues/peer questioning e.g. students provide unclear questions and/or answers to peers.
    Mere assertions about stimulus materials / issues / peer questioning e.g. students make claims with no reasons and no evidence.
    Dominates / monopolises the inquiry e.g. students need to treat peers properly and need to contribute to the running of the inquiry.
  • 4. Four STIMULI
    The Cassandra dilemma
    2. The Ring of Gyges
    3. The idea of God
    4. Art and Life
  • 5. Our questions to you …
    There will be four different inquiries.
    For each inquiry, do we want:
    One Stimuli and one question?
    One question and several stimuli?
    Three questions and one stimulus?
    Three questions and several stimuli?
  • 6. ONE The Myth of Cassandra
    Apollo, the god of light, the sun, truth, prophecy and more, fell in love with daughter of the Trojan King Priam.
    In order to win her heart, he promised Cassandra the gift of prophecy, but as soon as Cassandra got the gift, she rejected him.
    Enraged, Apollo asked for one kiss and spat in her mouth, thus cursing her with the ability to know the future, yet no one would ever believe her words.
    Everyone thought she was mad when she spoke, yet what she predicted always came about..
     "Apollo archetype":  refers to any individual's or culture's pattern that is dedicated to, yet bound by, order, reason, intellect, truth and clarity that disavows itself of anything dark and irrational.
    Cassandra foresaw the danger of the Trojan Horse and predicted the sack of Troy. The citizens of Troy ignored and abused her and she was given to the Greek king Agamemnon as a war gift.
    Cassandra predicted that a terrible fate awaited Agamemnon and herself. When they reached his home in Mycenae they were both murdered by Agamemnon's wife, Clytemnestra, and her lover, Aegisthus.
    See Aeschylus “Agamemnon”.
    Lines 1070 -1365
    Hecuba sees her daughter Cassandra taken by the Greeks!
  • 7. Cassandra 2
    ABBA performance "Cassandra"
    ABBA lyrics
    Down in the street they're all singing and shouting
    Staying alive though the city is dead
    Hiding their shame behind hollow laughter
    While you are crying alone in your bed
    Pity Cassandra that no one believed you
    But then again you were lost from the start
    Now we must suffer and sell our secrets
    Bargain, playing smart, aching in our hearts
    Sorry Cassandra I misunderstood
    Now the last day is dawning
    Some of us wanted but none of us could
    Listen to words of warning
    But on the darkest of nights
    Nobody knew how to fight
    And we were caught in our sleep
    Sorry Cassandra I didn't believe
    You really had the power
    I only saw it as dreams you would weave
    Until the final hour
    So in the morning your ship will be sailing
    Now that your father and sister are gone
    There is no reason for you to linger
    You're grieving deeply but still moving on
    You know the future is casting a shadow
    No one else sees it but you know your fate
    Packing your bags, being slow and thorough
    Knowing, though you're late, that ship is sure to wait
    Sorry Cassandra I misunderstood
    Now the last day is dawning
    Some of us wanted but none of us could
    Listen to words of warning
    But on the darkest of nights
    Nobody knew how to fight
    And we were caught in our sleep
    Sorry Cassandra I didn't believe
    You really had the power
    I only saw it as dreams you would weave
    Until the final hour
    I watched the ship leaving harbor at sunrise
    Sails almost slack in the cool morning rain
    She stood on deck, just a tiny figure
    Rigid and restrained, blue eyes filled with pain
    Sorry Cassandra I misunderstood
    Now the last day is dawning
    Some of us wanted but none of us could
    Listen to words of warning
    But on the darkest of nights
    Nobody knew how to fight
    And we were caught in our sleep
    Sorry Cassandra I didn't believe
    You really had the power
    I only saw it as dreams you would weave
    Until the final hour
    I'm sorry Cassandra
    I'm sorry Cassandra
  • 8. Cassandra Dilemma 3
    "the moral nature of certain predictions, which tends to evoke in
    others a refusal to believe what at the same time they know to be
    true, and expresses the universal tendency toward denial"
    “Many environmentalists have predicted looming environmental catastrophes including climate change, rise in sea levels,
    irreversible pollution, and an impending collapse of ecosystems, including those of rainforests and ocean reefs. Such individuals sometimes acquire the label of 'Cassandras', whose warnings of impending environmental disaster are disbelieved or mocked.
    Environmentalist Alan Atkisson states that to understand that humanity is on a collision course with the laws of nature is to be stuck in
    what he calls the 'Cassandra dilemma' in which one can see the most likely outcome of current trends and can warn people about what is happening, but the vast majority can not, or will not respond, and later if catastrophe occurs, they may even blame you, as if your prediction set the disaster in motion.
    Occasionally there may be a "successful" alert, though the succession of books, campaigns, organizations, and personalities that we think of as the environmental movement has more generally fallen toward the opposite side of this dilemma: a failure to "get through" to the people and avert disaster.
    In the words of Atkisson: "too often we watch helplessly, as Cassandra did, while the soldiers emerge from the Trojan horse just as foreseenand wreak their predicted havoc. Worse, Cassandra's dilemma has seemed to grow more inescapable even as the chorus of Cassandras has grown larger. “
  • 9. Cassandra Inquiries
    Reason, intuition and truth
    Being misunderstood
    Prediction and prophesy
    Denial of truth
    When the obvious is not believed.
    Reason vs Vision/Intuition (Apollo V Cassandra)
    Paradigm shifts
    If you refuse reason could you still know the truth?
    What is madness?
    Is knowledge of the future possible?
  • 10. TWO The Ring of Gyges
  • 11. PLATO uses the Myth of Gyges
    In The Republic, Plato puts the tale of the ring of Gyges in the mouth of Glaucon, who uses it to set us a Philosophical problem.
  • 12. TOLKEIN uses the Myth of Gyges
    The Fellowship of the Ring
    "The Shadow of the Past,” p. 64
  • 13. The Myth of Gyges Inquiries
    Justice and desire
    Justice and goodness
    Weakness of will
    Why be a good person?
    Does Justice matter?
  • 14. THREE In search of God
    What does it matter if god is there or not?
    What difference is there between believing in god and believing in magical creatures?
    If there is only matter, does that mean that nothing matters?
    “In search of God” by Leunig
  • 15. KANT on God (an interpretation)
    Kant was of the view that while the existence of God could not be proven, we ought to come to a belief in God's existence by way of "logical understanding.”
    Kant had concluded that this world was not sufficient in itself; and that God was a requisite for morality, it gives meaning to our life here on earth.
    The existence of God was, for Kant, but one of three postulates of morality, the other two being freedom of the will, and immortality of the soul.
    These moral axioms, unprovable as they are, existed for Kant simply because they were the sine qua non of the moral life.
    Also see,
    God, the unifying principle of all phenomena (the world and self).
  • 16. FOUR Ron Mueck Sculpture
    The nature of Judgment
  • 17. Thoughts re STIMULI
    Cassandra: The text, (Ittay’s reassuring lie vs. inconvenient truth cartoon). Epistemology
    Ring: The Myth itself and The Ring image - Ethics
    God: Two cartoons: Angelo and Spaghetti Monster (too “monothesistic” ?? Raises theological issus) Ontological, Conceptual
    Art: Mueck ?? 4 pictures (Bonnie). Aesthetics
  • 18. Thoughts re QUESTIONS
    1 stimulus, 1 question.
    Gyges: Why be a good person? If I could do any act and get away with it would it be right?
    God: Does it matter if god is there or not?
    What’s the difference between belief in God and belief in Magical creatures?
    Art: Mueck: Seeing height of ladies; what is art? How do we decide if something is a work of art? Other stimuli?
    Cassandra: Madness? Political? How do you know that you know something? What does it mean to know something? When should a person be believed? Is knowledge of the future possible?
  • 19. Amendments to Criteria sheet
    Selena to construct Rubrics sheet (3 elements)
    Each Judge to have participants in their four groups named and numbered on personalised rubric sheet.
    (Judges do not need to add totals for each individual – just need to provide a number for each of the 3 rubrics.)
    Someone need to collect sheets, and to add up numbers for each individual, and each school, on a master sheet
  • 20. Advice to Facilitators
    Emmanuel to write up – include 5 minute bell and closing activity.
    No need to problematise – jump straight into inquiry by referring to stimulus and using opening question. It occurs to me that the first to speak will set the agenda – Is there someway to make this fair?
    Facilitator is more like traffic cop – ie students need to demonstrate procedural questioning skills so facilitator does not need to model this – should only use questions to support students.
    Teachers to send support material to Claire to be shared by all – and to help guide facilitators.