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Anti slavery rebellions - nat turner
 

Anti slavery rebellions - nat turner

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    Anti slavery rebellions - nat turner Anti slavery rebellions - nat turner Presentation Transcript

    • ANTI-SLAVERY REBELLIONS Vi r gi ni a R evol ut i on 1831
    • KEY PO N I TS  Led by N Tur ner , r ebel sl aves ki l l ed anyw e f r om at her 55–65 w t e peopl e, t he hi ghest num hi ber of f at al i t i es caused by sl ave upr i si ngs i n t he Sout h.  The N Tur ner R at ebel l i on w put dow w t hi n a f ew as n i days, but Tur ner sur vi ved i n hi di ng f or over t w m hs o ont af t er w d. ar  I n t he af t er m h, t her e w w despr ead f ear , and w t e at as i hi m l i t i as or gani zed i n r et al i at i on agai nst sl aves. i  The st at e execut ed 60 sl aves accused of bei ng par t of t he r ebel l i on.  At l east 100 bl acks, and possi bl y up t o 200, w e er ki l l ed by m l i t i as and m i obs.  Acr oss t he Sout h, st at e l egi sl at ur es passed new l aw s pr ohi bi t i ng educat i on of sl aves and f r ee
    • Causes of the Virginia Revolution
    • Leaders – Nat Turner N Tur ner w an ensl aved Am i can w had l i ved hi s ent i r e at as er ho l i f e i n Sout ham on C pt ount y, Vi r gi ni a, an ar ea w t h i pr edom nant l y m e bl acks t han w t es. Af t er t he r ebel l i on, a i or hi r ew d not i ce descr i bed Tur ner as: ar “5 f eet 6 or 8 i nches hi gh, w ghs bet w ei een 150 and 160 pounds, r at her "br i ght " [l i ght -col or ed] com exi on, but pl not a m at t o, br oad ul shoul der s, l ar ger f l at nose, l ar ge eyes, br oad f l at f eet , r at her knockneed, w ks br i sk and al act i ve, hai r on t he t op of t he head ver y t hi n, no bear d, except on t he upper l i p and t he t op of t he chi n, a scar on one of hi s t em es, al so one on t he back of pl hi s neck, a l ar ge knot on one of t he bones of hi s r i ght ar m near t he w i st , pr oduced by a , r bl ow .”
    • The Prophet of Cross Keys "I hear d a l oud noi se i n t he heavens, and t he Spi r i t i nst ant l y appear ed t o m and sai d t he Ser pent w e as l oosened, and C i st had l ai d dow t he yoke he had bor ne f or hr n t he si ns of m , and t hat I shoul d t ake i t on and f i ght en agai nst t he Ser pent , f or t he t i m w f ast appr oachi ng w e as hen t he f i r st shoul d be l ast and t he l ast shoul d be f i r st .“ N Tur ner 's descr i pt i on of hi s 1828 vi si on N Tur ner at at di spl ayed r em kabl e abi l i t i es f r om an ear l y age. H t aught ar e hi m f t o r ead and conduct ed exper i m s i n t he m sel ent anuf act ur e of gunpow , paper and sand-cast m di ngs. Even w der ol hen he w as a sm l chi l d, f el l ow sl aves cam t o hi m f or hel p pl anni ng al e secr et act i vi t i es. N bel i eved he w dest i ned f or som at as e gr eat m ssi on. To pr epar e hi m f , he r ef used t o t ouch i sel t obacco, m oney or l i quor and spent m uch t i m f ast i ng and e m t at i ng. H had a r eput at i on as a hol y m edi e an--w ch pl ayed hi
    • N at Tur ner had a ser i es of vi vi d vi si ons, w ch he bel i eved r eveal ed hi s hi m ssi on--t o l ead sl aves i n a w i ar f or f r eedom H expect ed a f i nal si gn t el l i ng hi m . e w hen "I shoul d r i se and pr epar e m ysel f and sl ay m enem es w t h t hei r ow w y i i n eapons.“ H e chose an i nner ci r cl e of onl y f our di sci pl es--H y Por t er , H k Tr avi s, N son enr ar el W l l i am and Sam i s uel Fr anci s--and even t hey w e not t ol d al l hi s pl ans. The gr oup er devel oped w de cont act s am i ong sm l f ar m of al s Sout ham on, w e sl ave-ow s t ypi cal l y pt her ner had t hr ee or f our sl aves. N at t r avel ed pr eachi ng, l ear ni ng about t he r oads and i dent i f yi ng pot ent i al r ecr ui t s. H f i l l ed e pages w t h m i aps and pl ans--of t en w i t t en i n r
    • Development  Bel i evi ng i n si gns and hear i ng di vi ne voi ces, Tur ner had a vi si on i n 1825 of a bl oody conf l i ct bet w een bl ack and w t e hi spi r i t s. Thr ee year s l at er , he had w hat he bel i eved t o be anot her m essage f r om G I n hi s l at er conf essi on, Tur ner od. expl ai ned "t he Spi r i t i nst ant l y appear ed t o m and sai d t he e Ser pent w l oosened, and C i st had l ai d dow t he yoke he as hr n had bor ne f or t he si ns of m and t hat I shoul d t ake i t on en, and f i ght agai nst t he Ser pent . " Tur ner w d r ecei ve oul anot her si gn t o t el l hi m w hen t o f i ght , but t hi s l at est m essage m eant "I shoul d ar i se and pr epar e m ysel f and sl ay m y enem es w t h t hei r ow w i i n eapons.“  Tur ner t ook a sol ar ecl i pse t hat occur r ed i n Febr uar y 1831 as a si gnal t hat t he t i m t o r i se up had com e e.
    • The Nature of the Revolt    The N Tur ner R at evol t , hat ched one of t he m ost i m t ant Sout her n st at es had cl ear obj ect i ves: por St ar t ed w t h onl y 6 m but as he m i en, oved f r om pl ant at i on t o pl ant at i on, he per suaded ensl aved bl acks t o j oi n t he st r uggl e. Af t er m chi ng 20 ar m l es, 70 m enl i st ed i n t he cause i en St r i ke t er r or i n t he hear t s of t he w t e hi popul at i on O ai n ar m i n t he count y’s t ow of Jer usal em bt s n
    •  R ebel l i on The r ebel s spar ed al m ost none w hom t hey encount er ed. A sm l chi l d w hi d i n a f i r epl ace al ho w as am ong t he f ew sur vi vor s. The sl aves ki l l ed appr oxi m el y si xt y w t e m at hi en, w en and chi l dr en om bef or e Tur ner and hi s br i gade of i nsur gent s w e er def eat ed. A w t e m l i t i a w t h t w ce t he m hi i i i anpow er of t he r ebel s and r ei nf or ced by t hr ee com pani es of ar t i l l er y event ual l y def eat ed t he i nsur r ect i on.
    • August 21, 1831 O t hi s day i n 1831, N Tur ner began w n at hat w d t ur n out t o oul be t he deadl i est sl ave r ebel l i on i n Am i can hi st or y. O er ver t he cour se of 48 hour s, Tur ner and a gr oup of r ebel sl aves ki l l ed m e t han 50 w t es i n Sout ham on, Vi r gi ni a. or hi pt I n August 1861, t hi r t y year s af t er t he upr i si ng and i n t he heat of t he C vi l W , The At l ant i c publ i shed t he f ol l ow ng i ar i det ai l ed account of N Tur ner 's sl ave r ebel l i on. The aut hor , at Thom W w t h H ggi nson, w an ar dent abol i t i oni st and as ent or i as soon-t o-be col onel of t he U on's f i r st bl ack r egi m . H ni ent e t ol d N at Tur ner 's st or y w t h em hy and under st andi ng, i pat em phasi zi ng t he r easons w t he r ebel sl aves f el t j ust i f i ed hy i n com i t t i ng m m ass m der . W l e m ur hi any Sout her ner s ar gued t hat w t e pl ant er s t r eat ed sl aves w l , N hi el at Tur ner 's r ebel l i on suggest ed a di f f er ent st or y. W i t i ng j ust f our r m hs af t er C eder at e f or ces f i r ed on For t Sum er , i t 's ont onf t l i kel y t hat H ggi nson ai m t o i nspi r e r eader s t o t ake a i ed st and agai nst sl aver y, and j oi n t he U on cause. ni C ol i ne Ki t chener ar
    • Suppression "Sl aves w e w pped, hung, and cut dow w t h sw ds i n t he er hi n i or st r eet s, i f f ound aw f r om t hei r quar t er s af t er dar k. The w e ay hol ci t y w i n t he ut m as ost conf usi on and di sm and a dar k cl oud ay; of t er r i f i c bl ackness, seem t o hang over t he heads of t he ed w t es.... G eat num s of t he sl aves w e l ocked i n t he hi r ber er pr i son, and m any w e `hal f hung,' as i t w t er m t hat i s, t hey er as ed; w e suspended t o som l i m of a t r ee, w t h a r ope about t hei r er e b i necks, so adj ust ed as t o not qui t e st r angl e t hem and t hen t hey , w e pel t ed by m and boys w t h r ot t en eggs.“ er en i -Henr y Br own, who escaped sl aver y i n R chm , Vi r gi ni a i ond
    • Capture of Nat Turner N at Tur ner capt ur ed by M . Benj am n Phi pps, a l ocal r i f ar m . er The r ebel l i on w as suppr essed w t hi n t w days, but i o Tur ner el uded capt ur e unt i l O ober 30, w ct hen he w as di scover ed hi di ng i n a hol e cover ed w t h f ence r ai l s. i O N n ovem ber 5, 1831, he w t r i ed f or "conspi r i ng t o as r ebel and m ng i nsur r ect i on", convi ct ed and sent enced aki t o deat h. Tur ner w as hanged on N ovem ber 11 in Jer usal em , Vi r gi ni a. Hs i body w f l ayed, beheaded and quar t er ed. Tur ner r ecei ved no as f or m bur i al ; hi s headl ess r em ns w e ei t her bur i ed al ai er unm ked or kept f or sci ent i f i c use. H s skul l i s sai d ar i t o have passed t hr ough m any hands, l ast bei ng r epor t ed i n t he col l ect i on of a pl anned ci vi l r i ght s m useum f or G y, I ndi ana despi t e cal l s f or i t s bur i al . ar
    • Consequences
    •     The ki l l i ng of w t es sent pani c and hi shock sent t hr oughout Vi r gi ni a and near by st at es. N m ew easur es i m em ed t o suppr ess pl ent r el i gi ous act i vi t i es. D ebat es r e-opened on Af r i can col oni zat i on. The aut hor i t i es w ed t o ant r ai se f unds t o suppor t t he m ovem ent of bl acks t o Li ber i a, Af r i ca M der of bl acks suspect ed of ur par t i ci pat i ng i n t he r evol t . Tur ner and 16 ensl aved bl acks w ent t o gal l ow s al ong w t h 43 ot her “f r ee N oes” i egr
    • Quotes by Nat Turner
    • The Confessions of Nat Turner (1831)  “m f at her and m her st r engt hened m i n t hi s m f i r st i m essi on, sayi ng y ot e y pr i n m pr esence, I w i nt ended f or som gr eat pur pose, w ch t hey had y as e hi al w ays t hought f r om cer t ai n m ks on m head and br east .” ar y  “I of t en saw at pr ayer s, not i ci ng t he si ngul ar i t y of m m y anner s, I suppose, and m uncom on i nt el l i gence f or a chi l d, r em ked I had t oo m y m ar uch sense t o be r ai sed – and i f I w I w d never be of any ser vi ce t o any one – as as, oul a sl ave.”  H ng soon di scover ed t o be gr eat , I m avi ust appear so, and t her ef or e st udi ousl y avoi ded m xi ng i n soci et y, and w apped m i r ysel f i n m er y, yst devot i ng m t i m t o f ast i ng and pr ayer . y e  I w st r uck w t h t hat par t i cul ar passage w ch says: "Seek ye t he ki ngdom as i hi of H eaven and al l t hi ngs shal l be added unt o you.“  And about t hi s t i m I had a vi si on — and I saw w t e spi r i t s and bl ack e hi spi r i t s engaged i n bat t l e, and t he sun w dar kened – t he t hunder r ol l ed as i n t he H eavens, and bl ood f l ow i n st r eam – and I hear d a voi ce sayi ng, ed s "Such i s your l uck, such you ar e cal l ed t o see, and l et i t com r ough or e