Name of InstitutionModule II – (Traditional Media)Introduction to traditional media 1
Name of Institution Introduction to traditional media• The boom of electronic media cannot undermine the significance of folk media. These arts or media assume more significance in a country of villages like india.• The alien electronic media can fail to impress upon the rural poor, the print media may be out rightly rejected by illiterate or semi-literate people but not the traditional/folk media as they have lived with us over the centuries.• They are close to people’s hearts, therefore, have the direct-to-heart power of transmitting the messages.• The folk arts deserve to be called the mediums of mass- communication.• Folklores have been inextricably interwoven in our 2
Name of Institution Introduction to traditional media• culture since time immemorial to communicate with us on socio-religious issues.• They attract and appeal masses with effective and idiosyncratic way of communication.The folklores possess the following pre-requisites of being called a medium of mass-communication: The message (the theme of the presentation), The sender (folk artist), The receiver (audience), Common platform: The audience of the folklore are on the same platform at the same time, receiving the same message through same channel, 3
Name of Institution Introduction to traditional media The feedback (applause or whistle of the public to appreciate the presentation) The channel, which can be diverse as per the kind of the concerned folklore.That is why; we construe folklore as a mass media. In a country like ours where majority lives in villages, the effectiveness of the folk medium cannot be ignored.• The folk media, that are basically the mediums of entertainment, are now being seen as ‘edutainment’, that is, a combination of education and entertainment.• The development needs of our country in view of rampant poverty, ignorance and illiteracy have led to the 4
Name of Institution Introduction to traditional mediarevival of folklores as an effective means of communicating with the poor and illiterate masses who are in majority and who cannot afford mechanical devices.Developments:• The development thinkers and policy makers have been emphasizing folklore to be included in social marketing as its essential element.• Innumerable voluntary organizations of our country have been using folk media to communicate with the rural masses on development issues.• Not only voluntary organizations even government is also trying to make effective use of folk media on different issues. 5
Name of Institution Introduction to traditional media• The National Council for Science and Technology Communication (NCSTC), Department of Science and Technology, Government of India, has introduced the art of puppetry for popularizing science and technology communication in the masses• The National Literacy Mission also uses folk media in order to sensitize the rural people on the issue of education• Two departments under the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, viz., Directorate of Field Publicity and Song and Drama Division invariably use all the mediums of folklore to transmit the message of public welfare, development and government’s policies especially to the 6
Name of Institution Introduction to traditional mediarural people. Be it health or hygiene, literacy or rights of people; messages are easily got through to rural folk by these departments with the help of puppetry, Nukkad Nataks, songs, dramas and dances apart from organizing melas and exhibitions. 7
Name of Institution Introduction to traditional mediaFollowing qualities of folk media make it distinct from other mediums of communication:1. These mediums are a part of our culture, close to the heart of the people.2. Because of flexibility, the folk medium can be moulded as per the need and situation.3. Integration of local language, local ways of life, local customs etc. leaving a lasting impact on the minds f the people.4. The colorful presentations attract people easily.5. The folk media are usually economic unlike radio and TV.6. People have an easy access to these mediums in 8
Name of Institution Introduction to traditional mediacomparison to other mediums of mass communication.7. These arts are very rich in variety and accordingly the development messages can be easily integrated in it.8. These folk arts should be preserved and promoted because they are the effective means of passing on the cultural legacy from one generation to another.9. Folk arts communicate the message in a disguised form so to say, without letting people know that they are being given a message. Infact this is the most important need of development-communication that people should not realize they are being given lecture or being taught. 9
Name of Institution Introduction to traditional mediaFollowing folklores form a part of the rich cultural heritage of our country: The Ramleela and the Rasleela of Uttar Pradesh Yakshaagana of Karnataka Terukutta of Tamil Nadu Jatra and Putul Nauch of Bengal Khayal of Rajasthan Maach of Malwa in Western Madhya Pradesh Tamasha of Maharashtra Bhawai of Gujrat Bandi Pather of Kashmir Swang of Haryana and Himachal Pradesh 10
Name of Institution Introduction to traditional mediaFollowing folklores form a part of the rich cultural heritage of our country: Nautanki, Biraha and Kajari of Northern India Puppetry, which is found in different forms in Northern and Southern IndiaBroadly speaking, there are three groups of Indian folklores. They are:e) Religious: Ramleela, Rasleela or Yakshagana, etc.f) Socio-religious: Jatra, Khayal or Maach, etc.g) Social: Puppetry, Tamasha or Nautanki, etc. 11
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