Module 1 IPS
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Module 1 IPS

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Module 1 IPS Module 1 IPS Document Transcript

  • Module 1- OverviewTOPICS TO BE COVERED • Two party & Multi party system- Notes given already in last semesterCoalition Politics- A coalition government is a cabinet ofparliamentary government in which several parties cooperate. The usualreason given for this arrangement is that no party on its own can achievea majority in the parliament. A coalition government might also be created in atime of national difficulty or crisis, for example during wartime, or economiccrisis, to give a government the high degree of perceived political legitimacy, or[collective ideology] it desires whilst also playing a role in diminishing internalpolitical strife. In such times, parties have formed all-party coalitions (nationalunity governments, grand coalitions). If a coalition collapses, a confidencevote is held or a motion of no confidence is taken.Examples- A. UPA- United Progressive Alliance. The United Progressive Alliance (UPA) is a ruling coalition of center-left political parties heading the government of India. The coalition is led by theIndian National Congress (INC), which is currently the single largest political party in the Lok Sabha (the lower house of the parliament of India). ThePrime Minister of India, Manmohan Singh, and the Council of Ministers are drawn from members of the UPA. INCs President, Sonia Gandhi, serves as the Chairwoman of the UPA. B. Parties under the UPA coalition Indian National Congress led by Sonia Gandhi (All India) All India Trinamool Congress led by Mamata Banerjee (West Bengal) Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam led by M. Karunanidhi (Tamil Nadu) Nationalist Congress Party led by Sharad Pawar (Maharashtra) All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen Indian Union Muslim League led by E. Ahmed Kerala Congress (Mani) (Kerala) led by Jose. K. Mani Socialist Unity Centre of India (Communist) led by Pravash Ghosh (WB) Jammu & Kashmir National Conference led by Farooq Abdullah (Jammu & Kashmir) Jharkhand Vikas Morcha (Prajatantrik) led by Babulal Marandi (Jharkhand)
  • C. NDA- The National Democratic Alliance (NDA) is a centre- right coalition of political parties in India led by the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and had thirteen constituent parties at the time of its formation in 1998. Its convenor is Sharad Yadav, and its honorary chairman is former prime minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee. Also representing the alliance are Sushma Swaraj, a former home minister; Arun Jaitley, leader of the opposition in the Rajya Sabha; and Karia Munda, the deputy speaker in the Lok Sabha.Bhartiya Janata PartyShiv SenaJanata Dal (United)Shiromani Akali DalIndian National Lok DalRashtriya Lok DalNagaland Peoples FrontMizo National Front D. THIRD FRONTThird front, launched in March 2009, is a coalition of Left and major regionalparties in India vowing to defeat the Congress-led UPA and the BharatiyaJanata Party-led NDA in general elections and form the union government. Theformation was said to address the “country’s need for a new alternative.”The parties that united to form the Third front are Communist Party of India(Marxist), the Communist Party of India, the Janata Dal (Secular), the TeluguDesam Party, the Bahujan Samaj Party, the All India Anna Dravida MunnetraKazhagam, the Telangana Rashtra Samithi, the Revolutionary Socialist Party,the Forward Bloc, and the Janhit Congress Party of the former Haryana ChiefMinister, Bhajan Lal. • Parliamentary Vs Presidential form of government- Notes already given in last semester • Federal & Unitary(Centralized)Governent- Notes already given in last semester
  • • Criminalization of Politics- Notes already given in last semester • Bad conduct of members during legislative sessions- Discussed in the class. Refer to case studies like Cash for question, cash for vote, Women’s Reservation bill- All those situations when members behaved poorly while conduct of sessions. • Naxalism- Notes already given in last semesterSeparatist- Separatism is the advocacy of a state of cultural, ethnic, tribal,religious, racial, governmental or gender separation from the larger group.While it often refers to full political secession, separatist groups may seeknothing more than greater autonomy. Some groups refer to their organizing asindependence, self-determination, partition or decolonization movementsinstead of, or in addition to, autonomist, separatist or secession movements.While some critics may equate separatism and religious segregation, racialsegregation or sexual segregation, separatists argue that separation by choiceis not the same as government-enforced segregation and may serve usefulpurposes.Groups may have one or more motivations for separation, emotional resentment of rival communities protection from ethnic cleansing and genocide justified resistance by victims of oppression, including denigration of their language, culture or religion propaganda by those who hope to gain politically from intergroup conflict and hatred the economic and political dominance of one group that does not share power and privilege in an egalitarian fashion economic motivations: seeking to end economic exploitation by more powerful group or, conversely, to escape economic redistribution from a richer to a poorer group preservation of threatened religious, language or other cultural tradition destabilization from one separatist movement giving rise to others geopolitical power vacuum from breakup of larger states or empires continuing fragmentation as more and more states break up. feeling that the perceived nation was added to the larger state by illegitimate means View slide
  •  the perception that the state can no longer support ones own group or has betrayed their interestsTypes of separatist groupReligiousEthnicRacialGenderALL THE BEST View slide