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Jazz music ppt

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  • 1. Impact of Wars toJazz Development { By: Ezra, Verena, Keyzar, Reydi 10B/F
  • 2. Table Of ContentsThe History/Beginning of Jazz 3-10Impact of Wars on Jazz Development/Styles 11-12Influential Jazz Musicians/Composers 13-14Videos 15-16Bibliography 17
  • 3. History/Beginning of JazzFirst of all , Jazz is defined as a style ofmusic, native to America,characterized by a strong flexiblerhythmic with solo and improvisationson basic tunes, chord patterns andetc.
  • 4. History/Beginning of JazzTimeline of Jazz:o1890’s – 1910’s Jazz is born; Ragtimeo1910’s – 1920’s Blueso1920’s – 1930’s Dixielando1930’s – 1940’s Swing/Big Bando1940’s Bebopo1960’s Free Jazz
  • 5. RagtimeRagtime music is a truly African-American music. It combinesrhythms that were brought to thiscountry by slaves, with musicalforms brought over to the UnitedStates from Europe. Ragtime usessyncopated rhythms. It means theaccents in the melody are shiftedaway from the strong beats in thebass line underneath.
  • 6. BluesThis is a style of music that isbased around using “bluenotes.” It started in African-American communities in theUS and was influenced byvarious things, like spirituals,church music and chants.This genre was born alongthe North Mississippi Deltaafter the Civil War.
  • 7. DixielandOriginated in NewOrleans, Louisiana. It ischaracterized byimprovisation and theplaying back and forth ofthe cornet, trumpet,clarinet, and trombone.The background beat issupplied by the piano,ass, and percussioninstrument players, whoalso have their turns tosolo. It is usually playedby bands of 4-8members.
  • 8. Swing/Big BandThis has a strong rhythm, andis usually performed by thedouble bass and drums andis played at a fairly quicktempo. This started tobecome less popular duringthe period of WWII forseveral factors. It becamedifficult to maintain “bigband” because of the factthat a lot of the bandsmembers were overseasfighting in the war. This bandwas lifted in the early part of1949 and by then swing hadchanged with many newstyles having emerged.
  • 9. BebopThis is characterized by itsfocus on improvisation.Borrowing from swing, androoted in the blues, bebopis the foundation on whichmodern jazz was built.
  • 10. Free JazzThis is a style of music thatemerged in the US in themid-twentieth century. It is aloosely defined movementthat includes many differentmusical styles, all of whichplace an emphasis onimprovisation and adeconstruction of earlier jazzstyles.
  • 11. Impacts of Jazz on waro World War II made an impact on jazz.o Jazz music increased the confidence of the soldiers who were fighting and also the families of these soldiers.o A lot of jazz musicians were soldiers and entertainers for the U.S troops.o Bing Crosby, Artie Shaw and Benny Carter were on of them.o Jazz music wasn’t only popular to Americans, but Europeans too.o Jazz singers also released acapella records.o Jazz singers produced and shipped V-Discs all around the world.
  • 12. Jazz Development/StylesThere are a lot of jazz styles, but themost famous ones are ragtime, swing,Be-Bop and BluesEach style has it’s own characteristics. Ragtime Bebop-Multi-theme music (usually -More of Art music rathergrouped either ABACD or ABCD) than entertainment music.-Ragtime music is usually hard, -Most likely for listeningbright or cheerful. rather than dancing.-Ragtime music is rarely -Made for improvisation.rhythmically complicated. -Important artist of Be-Bop are Charlie Parker and Dizzy Gillespie.
  • 13. Influential Jazz musicians/composersFelix Arndt (ragtime jazzmusician) Lead Belly (Blues musician)
  • 14. Fletcher Henderson (Swing Charlie Parker (Bebopmusician) musician)
  • 15. Video Samples COUNT BASIE Swingin the Blues, 1941
  • 16. Video Samples "When The Saints Go Marching In" Dukes of Dixieland
  • 17. Bibliography1. "Jazz Music and World War II." Jazz Music. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Jan. 2013. http://www.angelfire.com/ky3/jazzandww2/2. "What Is Ragtime?" About.com Jazz. About.com, n.d. Web. 30 Jan. 2013. http://jazz.about.com/od/historyjazztimeline/a/ragtime.htm"Style Sheets." Bebop. The Thelonious Monk Institute of Jazz, n.d. Web. 30 Jan. 2013. <http://www.jazzinamerica.org/JazzResources/StyleSheets/10>.3. "Classics for Kids." Classics for Kids. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Jan. 2013. http://www.classicsforkids.com/shows/jazz.asp4. "A History of Jazz Music." A History of Jazz Music. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Jan. 2013.http://www.scaruffi.com/history/jazz2.html5. "All That Jazz History : Swing Era." ThinkQuest. Oracle Foundation, n.d. Web. 30 Jan. 2013.http://library.thinkquest.org/18602/history/swing/swingstart.html