دليل المعلم العلوم - العاشرالاساسي

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دليل المعلم العلوم - العاشرالاساسي

  1. 1. ‫ﻋﻤﺮ ﻟﺒﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻒ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺷﺮ‬
  2. 2. ‫ﺑﺴﻢ ﺍ‪ ‬ﺍﻟﺮﲪﻦ ﺍﻟﺮﺣﻴﻢ‬‫} ﻳ‪‬ﺮ‪‬ﻓﻊِ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻪ‪ ‬ﺍﻟﱠﺬ‪‬ﻳﻦ ﺁﻣ‪‬ﻨ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻜُﻢ‪ ‬ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟﱠﺬ‪‬ﻳﻦ‪ ‬ﺃُﻭﺗُﻮﺍ ﺍﻟْﻌ‪‬ﻠْﻢ‪ ‬ﺩ‪‬ﺭ‪‬ﺟ‪‬ﺎﺕ‪ { ‬ﺻﺪﻕ ﺍ‪ ‬ﺍﻟﻌﻈﻴﻢ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟـــﺔ ﻓﻠــﺴﻄﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﺑﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻲ‬
  3. 3. ‫ُ‬ ‫َ ْ َ َ ْ ُ َ َْ ُ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ْ ُ ّ ْ َ َ َ ْﱠ ْ ُ َ َ َ‬‫‪ ‬ﺇﻥ ﺃﺭﻳﺪ ﺇﻻ ﺍﻹﺻﻼﺡ ﻣﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻄﻌﺖ ﻭﻣﺎ ﺗﻮﻓِﻴﻘِﻲ ﺇﻻ ﺑﺎﷲِ ﻋﻠﻴﻪِ ﺗﻮﻛﻠﺖ ﻭﺇﻟﻴﻪِ ﺃﻧِﻴﺐ ‪‬‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﺪﻳــــــــﻢ‬ ‫ﺃﺧﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻢ / ﺃﺧﺘﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻤﺔ:‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ ﻋﻠﻴﻜﻢ ﻭﺭﺣﻤﺔ ﺍﷲ ﻭﺑﺮﻛﺎﺗﻪ ،،،‬
  4. 4. ‫ﻓﻬﺮﺱ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻮﻳﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻮﻯ‬ ‫2‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ ﻟﺘﺪﺭﻳﺲ ﻣﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ ﻟﻠﺼﻒ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺷﺮ ..............................‬ ‫4‬ ‫ﺇﺭﺷﺎﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﺪﻟﻴﻞ ...............................................................‬ ‫5‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻭﻝ ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ ﺍﻟﺤﺼﺺ ....................................................................‬ ‫7‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻭﻝ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺬﻭﻓﺔ ...........................................................‬ ‫8‬ ‫ﺁﻟﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻲ ........................................................................‬ ‫9‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻭﻝ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺜﻴﺔ...............................................................‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺻﻴﺎﺕ ﻭﺇﺭﺷﺎﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺪﺭﻳﺲ‬ ‫01‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻮﺣﺪﺓ ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ: ﻣﺼﺎﺩﺭ ﺍﻟﻄﺎﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺠﺪﺩﺓ ..................................................‬ ‫51‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻮﺣﺪﺓ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻴﺔ: ﺍﻟﺤﺴﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﻴﻤﻴﺎﺋﻴﺔ.......................................................‬ ‫81‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻮﺣﺪﺓ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺜﺔ: ﻗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﺤﺮﻛﺔ ... ......... .............................................‬ ‫52‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻮﺣﺪﺓ ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺑﻌﺔ: ﺃﺟﻬﺰﺓ ﺟﺴﻢ ﺍﻹﻧﺴﺎﻥ ....................................................‬ ‫82‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﺫﺝ ﻟﺨﻄﻂ ﺗﺤﻀﻴﺮ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﻭﺱ ...................................................‬ ‫ﻣﻼﺣﻖ ﺍﻟﺪﻟﻴﻞ‬ ‫24‬ ‫ﺣﻠﻮﻝ ﺃﺳﺌﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻮﻯ ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻮﻝ ﻭﺍﻟﻮﺣﺪﺍﺕ ................................................‬ ‫28‬ ‫ﺃﺳﺌﻠﺔ ﺇﺛﺮﺍﺋﻴﺔ .............................................................................‬ ‫1‬
  5. 5. 2
  6. 6. 3
  7. 7. 4
  8. 8. 5
  9. 9. 6
  10. 10. 7
  11. 11. 8
  12. 12. 9
  13. 13. ‫ﺗﻮﺻﻴﺎﺕ ﻭﺇﺭﺷﺎﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺪﺭﻳﺲ‬ ‫ﻋﺪﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺻﻴﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻹﺭﺷﺎﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﺳﻠﻮﺏ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻮﺣﺪﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺼﺺ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺱ‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫•‬ ‫2‬ ‫3‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﻝ:‬ ‫:‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻄﺎﻗﺔ ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﻴﺎﺗﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻄﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫•‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺠﺪﺩﺓ‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫•‬ ‫•‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫01‬
  14. 14. ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫•‬ ‫4‬ ‫7‬ ‫:‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻄﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫•‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺠﺪﺩﺓ‬‫‪P .H . O‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫•‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫•‬ ‫•‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫8‬ ‫‪x‬‬‫1‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫01‬ ‫11‬
  15. 15. xxxxxxx 12
  16. 16. ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫3‬ ‫61‬ ‫:‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻄﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺠﺪﺩﺓ‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫4‬ ‫32‬ ‫:‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻄﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺠﺪﺩﺓ‬ ‫‪L‬‬ ‫‪LCD‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬‫2‬‫42‬ ‫6‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫31‬
  17. 17. x225 7 x x 14
  18. 18. ‫ﺃﺳﻠﻮﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﺪﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺻﻴﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻹﺭﺷﺎﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻮﺣﺪﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺼﺺ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺱ‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫2‬ ‫83‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺴﺎﺑﺎﺕ‬ ‫:‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻴﻤﻴﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺴﺎﺑﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻴﻤﻴﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬‫93‬‫3‬ ‫1‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫51‬
  19. 19. ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫3‬ ‫14‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺴﺎﺑﺎﺕ‬ ‫:‬ ‫-‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻴﻤﻴﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺴﺎﺑﺎﺕ‬ ‫34‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻴﻤﻴﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬‫1‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫3‬ ‫54‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺴﺎﺑﺎﺕ‬ ‫:‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻴﻤﻴﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺴﺎﺑﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻴﻤﻴﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫61‬
  20. 20. ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫3‬ ‫74‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺴﺎﺑﺎﺕ‬ ‫:‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻴﻤﻴﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺴﺎﺑﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻴﻤﻴﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬ ‫‪x‬‬‫1‬‫01‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫4‬ ‫84‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫4‬ ‫05‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺴﺎﺑﺎﺕ‬ ‫:‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻴﻤﻴﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺴﺎﺑﺎﺕ‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻴﻤﻴﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫5‬ ‫05‬ ‫2‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫71‬
  21. 21. ‫ﺃﺳﻠﻮﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﺪﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺻﻴﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻹﺭﺷﺎﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻮﺣﺪﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺼﺺ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺱ‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫2‬ ‫16‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬‫1‬‫2‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫2‬ ‫36‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫81‬
  22. 22. x x S SI xP.H.O LCD x x 4 65 x x x x 19
  23. 23. 67 2 x x LCD x 6 68 3 x x x 2 72 x x x73 2 1 7 74 3 20
  24. 24. 75 1 x x 3 75 x x x x x x 7 77 7 x x x 4 78 78 7 5 x x x x 7 79 7 6880 5 x 21
  25. 25. x x 4 82 x x x x3 2 8 84 x x 8 85 5 4 x x x 3 85 x x x x886 6 x x7 8 86 x 22
  26. 26. x x 2 89 x 90 9 7 x x x x8 x 9 91 x x 2 91 x x x 9 93 9 x x x110 9 94 23
  27. 27. xx x x 4 94x xx 24
  28. 28. ‫ﺃﺳﻠﻮﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﺪﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺻﻴﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻹﺭﺷﺎﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻮﺣﺪﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺼﺺ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺱ‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫4‬ ‫101‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬‫‪LCD‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪P.H.O‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫4‬ ‫011‬ ‫‪x‬‬‫‪LCD‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪P.H.O‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪LCD‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫52‬
  29. 29. x xLCD x P.H.O x114 12 x 3 117 x x x x 2 122 x 26
  30. 30. x x x x x x x 5 128 - 129 x x 131 -129 4 x1130 5 x x x132 6 27
  31. 31. ‫ﻧﻤﺎﺫﺝ ﻟﺨﻄﻂ ﺗﺤﻀﻴﺮ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﻭﺱ‬ ‫‪PHO‬‬ ‫42‬ ‫6‬ ‫52‬ ‫7‬ ‫3‬ ‫82‬
  32. 32. 27 5 1 25 1 2 3 29
  33. 33. 1 1 2 230
  34. 34. 1 1 2 3 49 11 M MgO 257 6 C2H6 1 CH4 CH3 C3H8 2 H 1 12.5 S 87 Si 87.5 SiH3 S Si2H4 SiH4 31
  35. 35. 1 1 2 C6H6 C2H2 3 2C 3 38.8 H 1 16 1 N 4 45.1 C5NH 2 CNH 1 CN5H 4 CNH5 3 Ca 7 71,4 O 2 28,6 1 32
  36. 36. L LCD 90 7 91 897 1 97 4 33
  37. 37. ‫ﺍﻻﺯﺍﺣﺔ‬ ‫02‬ ‫51‬ ‫01‬ ‫5‬ ‫0‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺰﻣﻦ‬ ‫2‬ ‫4‬ ‫6‬ ‫43‬
  38. 38. x x x132 2 1 35
  39. 39. ‫ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻧﺎ ﺍﻷﻓﻀﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ ﻋﻠﻴﻜﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻞ :‬‫ﺻﺮﺍﻉ ﻋﻨﻴﻒ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻣﻜﻮﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺠﻬﺎﺯ ﺍﻟﺒﻮﻟﻲ، ﺍﻟﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﻫﻨﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ ﻏﻀﺐ ﺷﺪﻳﺪ،‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﻫﻨﺎ ﻳﺮﻳﺪ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺘﻮﻗﻒ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻭﻳﺘﺮﻙ ﻛﻞ ﻋﻀﻮ ﻳﻌﻤﻞ ﻭﺣﺪﻩ .‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺘﺮﺏ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺤﺪﺙ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﻟﻨﻌﺮﻑ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﻜﻠﺔ .‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻀﻮ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺿﻞ ﻟﻮ ﺳﻤﺤﺖ ﻟﺤﻈﺔ ﻣﻦ ﻓﻀﻠﻚ‬ ‫ﺃﻧﺎ ﺍﻷﻓﻀﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺘﺎﻥ :‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﻓﻀﻠﻚ، ﻣﺎ ﺃﺳﺒﺎﺏ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺼﺮﺍﻉ ؟‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻞ :‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﺒﺐ ﻫﻤﺎ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﺒﺎﻥ ﻳﺪﻋﻴﺎﻥ ﺃﻧﻬﻤﺎ ﺍﻷﻓﻀﻞ ﻭﻟﻮﻻﻫﻤﺎ ﻟﺘﻮﻗﻒ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺍﻟﺠﻬﺎﺯ ﺍﻟﺒﻮﻟﻲ،‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺘﺎﻥ :‬‫ﺃﺷﻴﺎء ﺃﺧﺮﻯ ﻛﺜﻴﺮﺓ ﺍﻧﻈﺮ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺷﻜﻠﻨﺎ ﻓﻨﺤﻦ ﻧﺘﻜﻮﻥ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﺘﻴﻦ: ﻣﻨﻄﻘﺔ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻴﺔ‬‫ﺗﻌﺮﻑ ﺑﺎﻟﻘﺸﺮﺓ ﺫﺍﺕ ﻣﻈﻬﺮ ﺣﺒﻴﺒﻲ ﻭﻣﻨﻄﻘﺔ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻴﺔ ﺳﻤﻴﻜﺔ ﺗﺴﻤﻰ ﺍﻟﻨﺨﺎﻉ، ﺗﻤﺘﺪ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺪﺍﺧﻞ ﻣﻜﻮﻧﺔ ﺑﺮﻭﺯﺍﺕ ﻣﺨﺮﻭﻃﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺗﺠﻮﻳﻒ ﺣﻮﺽ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺔ .‬ ‫ﻧﺤﻦ ﺍﻷﻓﻀﻞ!‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﺒﺎﻥ :‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻤﺎﺫﺍ ﺍﻷﻓﻀﻞ؟‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺘﺎﻥ :‬ ‫ﻟﻦ ﻧﺮﺩ ﻋﻠﻴﻜﻢ .‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﺒﺎﻥ :‬‫ﺃﻧﺎ ﺃﻓﻀﻞ ﻣﻨﻜﻢ ﻓﺄﻧﺎ ﺃﺧﻠﺺ ﺍﻟﺪﻡ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﺇﻟﻴﻨﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻮﻱ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻔﻀﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺘﺎﻥ :‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻴﺘﺮﻭﺟﻴﻨﻴﺔ ﻭﻓﺎﺋﺾ ﺍﻟﻤﺎء ﻭﺍﻷﻣﻼﺡ ﺑﻞ ﺃﻛﺎﺩ ﺃﺟﺰﻡ ﺃﻧﻲ ﺃﺧﻠﺺ ﺍﻟﺠﺴﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺳﻤﻮﻣﻪ‬‫ﻧﺤﻦ ﻧﻘﻮﻝ ﺃﻧﻨﺎ ﺍﻷﻓﻀﻞ ﻷﻧﻨﺎ ﻛﻤﺎ ﺗﺮﻭﻥ ﻗﻨﺎﺗﺎﻥ ﻧﺨﺮﺝ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﻗﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﺒﺎﻥ :‬ ‫ﻭﺳﻂ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﺪﺍﺧﻠﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﻜﻠﻴﺔ .‬ ‫ﺳﻨﻀﻊ ﺣﺼﻰ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻄﺮﻳﻖ ﻭﻟﻦ ﻧﺴﻤﺢ ﻟﺘﻤﺮﻳﺮ ﺍﻟﺒﻮﻝ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺘﻴﻦ ﻟﻠﻤﺜﺎﻧﺔ .‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺫﺍ ﺗﻘﻮﻻﻥ ؟ ﻭﺃﻧﺎ ﻣﺎﺫﺍ ﺳﺄﻓﻌﻞ؟‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎﻧﺔ :‬ ‫ﺃﻟﺴﺖ ﺍﻷﻓﻀﻞ ﺩﺍﺋﻤﺎ.‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﺒﺎﻥ :‬ ‫ﺩﻋﻨﻲ ﻭﺷﺄﻧﻲ .‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎﻧﺔ:‬ ‫ﻟﻢ ﻛﻞ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺃﻻ ﺗﻌﻠﻤﻮﻥ ﺃﻧﻜﻢ ﺟﻤﻴﻌً ﻣﻬﻤﻮﻥ ﻟﺠﺴﻢ ﺍﻹﻧﺴﺎﻥ .‬ ‫ﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻞ :‬‫ﻣﺎﺫﺍ ﻳﺤﺪﺙ ﻟﺠﺴﻢ ﺍﻹﻧﺴﺎﻥ ﻟﻮ ﺗﻮﻗﻒ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺃﺣﺪﻛﻢ؟ ﺩﻋﻮﻛﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻬﺮﺍء ﻓﺄﻧﺘﻢ‬ ‫63‬
  40. 40. ‫ﺟﻤﻴﻌﺎ ﺗﺆﺩﻭﻥ ﺧﺪﻣﺔ ﻟﻺﻧﺴﺎﻥ .‬ ‫ً‬‫ﻻﺑﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺇﻋﺎﺩﺓ ﺣﺴﺎﺑﺎﺗﻜﻢ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻣﻌﺎ ﺣﺘﻰ ﻻ ﻳﺘﻮﻗﻒ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺑﺎﻗﻲ ﺃﺟﻬﺰﺓ ﺟﺴﻢ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻧﺴﺎﻥ.‬ ‫ﻣﺎ ﺭﺃﻳﻜﻢ ﻓﻲ ﺫﻟﻚ ؟‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺘﺎﻥ :‬ ‫ﻧﺤﻦ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻘﻮﻥ .‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﺒﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎﻧﺔ:‬ ‫ﻓﻠﻨﺘﺤﺪ ﻣﻌً ﻟﻨﺨﻠﺺ ﺟﺴﻢ ﺍﻹﻧﺴﺎﻥ ﻣﻦ ﻛﻞ ﺍﻟﻔﻀﻼﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻤﻮﻡ .‬ ‫ﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺘﺎﻥ :‬ ‫ﻧﻌﻢ ﺳﻨﻌﻤﻞ ﺟﻤﻴﻌﺎ ﻣﻌﺎ .‬ ‫ً ً‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﺒﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎﻧﺔ :‬‫ﺃﻋﺰﺍﺋﻲ ﻭﻛﻤﺎ ﺗﺮﻭﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺎﻳﺔ ﺍﺗﻔﻖ ﺟﻤﻴﻊ ﺍﻷﻋﻀﺎء ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻣﻌً ﻟﺨﺪﻣﺔ ﺟﺴﻢ‬ ‫ﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻞ:‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻧﺴﺎﻥ.‬ ‫ﺷﻜﺮً ﻟﻜﻢ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ ﻋﻠﻴﻜﻢ ﻭﺭﺣﻤﺔ ﺍﷲ ﻭﺑﺮﻛﺎﺗﻪ .‬ ‫ﺍ‬ ‫73‬
  41. 41. 1 1 2 3 38
  42. 42. 39
  43. 43. 2 ---------------- .1 ---------------- .2 ---------------- .3 ---------------- .4 ---------------- .5 ---------------- .6 40
  44. 44. ‫3‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺘﻜﻮﻥ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﺴﻴﺞ ﺩﻫﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﺮﺍﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻮﺣﺪﺓ ﺍﻷﻧﺒﻮﺑﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺘﻜﻮﻥ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺼﻴﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻳﻮﺟﺪ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﺘﺢ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻳﺄﺧﺬ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﻳﺒﺔ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺷﻌﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺩﻣﻮﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺴﻤﻰ‬‫ﺣﻮﺍﻑ ﺍﻷﻫﺮﺍﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻔﻈﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻮﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺣﺮﻑ ‪U‬‬ ‫ﺑﻮﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻳﺮﺩ ﺍﻟﺪﻡ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ‬ ‫ﻳﺤﻤﻞ ﺍﻟﺪﻡ ﺑﻌﻴﺪﺍ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻳﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ‬ ‫ﺗﺘﺠﻤﻊ ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬‫ﺣﻮﺍﻑ ﺍﻷﻫﺮﺍﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻮﻳﺔ‬ ‫14‬
  45. 45. ‫‪ x‬ﺣﻠﻮﻝ ﺃﺳﺌﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﻮﺣﺪﺍﺕ.‬ ‫‪ x‬ﺃﺳﺌﻠﺔ ﺇﺛﺮﺍﺋﻴﺔ.‬ ‫24‬
  46. 46. 43
  47. 47. 44
  48. 48. 45
  49. 49. 46
  50. 50. 47
  51. 51. 48
  52. 52. 49
  53. 53. 8 9 9 9 8 50
  54. 54. 51
  55. 55. 52
  56. 56. 53
  57. 57. 54
  58. 58. 55
  59. 59. 56
  60. 60. 1457
  61. 61. 58
  62. 62. ‫9‬ ‫9‬ ‫9‬ ‫9‬ ‫ﺹ‬ ‫5ﻡ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﺏ‬ ‫4ﻛﻢ‬‫ﺝ‬ ‫ﺃ‬ ‫3ﻛﻢ‬ ‫95‬
  63. 63. Δ Δ Δ Δ Δ Δ Δ Δ60
  64. 64. Δ Δ Δ Δ π π π π61
  65. 65. 9 9 9 9 9 62
  66. 66. Δ Δ Δ Δ Δ Δ63
  67. 67. Δ Δ64
  68. 68. 65
  69. 69. 66
  70. 70. ‫501‬ ‫001‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺿﻊ )ﻡ(‬ ‫59‬ ‫09‬ ‫58‬ ‫08‬ ‫57‬ ‫07‬ ‫56‬ ‫06‬ ‫55‬ ‫05‬ ‫54‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻢ ﺹ‬ ‫04‬ ‫53‬ ‫03‬ ‫52‬ ‫02‬ ‫51‬ ‫01‬ ‫5‬ ‫0‬ ‫0‬ ‫1‬ ‫2‬ ‫3‬ ‫4‬ ‫5‬ ‫6‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺰﻣﻦ )ﺙ(‬ ‫76‬
  71. 71. Δ Δ68
  72. 72. 69
  73. 73. 70
  74. 74. 71
  75. 75. 72
  76. 76. 73
  77. 77. ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺼﻴﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺘﻮﻳﺎﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻧﺎﺑﻴﺐ ﻣﻨﻮﻳﺔ‬ ‫)ﻣﻼﻳﻴﻦ(‬ ‫ﺗﺒﻄﻦ‬ ‫ﺧﻼﻳﺎ ﺗﻨﺎﺳﻠﻴﺔ ﺃﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫)64 ﻛﺮﻭﻣﻮﺳﻮﻡ(‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﻟﺒﻠﻮﻍ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﺘﺞ‬ ‫ﺧﻼﻳﺎ ﻣﻨﻮﻳﺔ ﺃﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫)64 ﻛﺮﻭﻣﻮﺳﻮﻡ(‬‫ﺍﻧﻘﺴﺎﻡ ﻣﻨﺼﻒ‬ ‫ﺃﺭﺑﻊ ﺣﻴﻮﺍﻧﺎﺕ ﻣﻨﻮﻳﺔ‬ ‫)32 ﻛﺮﻭﻣﻮﺳﻮﻡ(‬ ‫47‬
  78. 78. 75
  79. 79. 76
  80. 80. x x x x x x x x x x x77
  81. 81. 78
  82. 82. 79
  83. 83. ‫ﻣﺤﻔﻈﺔ ﺑﻮﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺒﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﺭﺩ‬‫ﺃﻧﺒﻮﺑﺔ ﻣﻠﺘﻮﻳﺔ ﻗﺮﻳﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﺘﻮﺍء ﻫﻨﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﻧﺒﻮﺑﺔ ﻣﻠﺘﻮﻳﺔ ﺑﻌﻴﺪﺓ‬ ‫ﺣﻮﺽ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﺮﺍﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﻨﺎﺓ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎﻧﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺤﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﻮﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺒﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﺭﺩ‬‫ﺃﻧﺒﻮﺑﺔ ﻣﻠﺘﻮﻳﺔ ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﻹﻓﺮﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻨﺎﺓ ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻣﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻫﺮﺍﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻧﺒﻮﺑﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺤﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﻮﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎﻧﺔ‬ ‫ﺣﻮﺽ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺭﺝ‬ ‫08‬
  84. 84. x x81
  85. 85. 82
  86. 86. 83
  87. 87. 84
  88. 88. 85
  89. 89. 86
  90. 90. 87
  91. 91. 88
  92. 92. 89
  93. 93. 90
  94. 94. 91
  95. 95. 92
  96. 96. π π π π 3 π π 93
  97. 97. 94
  98. 98. 95
  99. 99. 96
  100. 100. 97
  101. 101. 98
  102. 102. 99
  103. 103. 100
  104. 104. 101
  105. 105. 102
  106. 106. 8 9 103
  107. 107. 104
  108. 108. 105
  109. 109. 106
  110. 110. 107
  111. 111. 108
  112. 112. ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻬﺎﺯ ﺍﻟﺘﻨﺎﺳﻠﻲ ﺍﻟﺬﻛﺮﻱ‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻜﻮﻥ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺼﻴﺘﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻜﻮﻥ ﻣﻦ‬‫ﻳﺘﻜﻮﻥ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺳﻬﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻭﺳﺘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻬﺎﺯ ﺍﻟﺘﻨﺎﺳﻠﻲ ﺍﻷﻧﺜﻮﻱ‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻜﻮﻥ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻗﻨﺎﺓ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺾ‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻜﻮﻥ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫901‬
  113. 113. ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻴﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻮﻱ‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻜﻮﻥ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺮﺃﺱ‬‫ﻳﺴﺘﺨﺪﻡ ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻳﺤﺘﻮﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺮﻛﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺮﻳﻜﺰﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻤﻴﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺒﻴﻀﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺼﻴﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﻷﻧﺜﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﻟﺬﻛﺮ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺘﻮﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺘﻮﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺪ ﺳﻦ ﺍﻟﺒﻠﻮﻍ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﻄﻦ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﺤﺼﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺪﺍﺧﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻘﺴﺎﻡ ﻣﻨﺼﻒ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺪ ﺳﻦ ﺍﻟﺒﻠﻮﻍ‬ ‫ﻧﺤﺼﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﺤﺼﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺧﻼﻳﺎ ﻣﻨﻮﻳﺔ ﺃﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫)64ﻛﺮﻭﻣﻮﺳﻮﻡ(‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻘﺴﺎﻡ ﻣﻨﺼﻒ‬ ‫ﺛﻼﺛﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺣﺪﺓ‬ ‫ﻧﺤﺼﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫011‬
  114. 114. ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻴﻮﺍﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻮﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﺘﺞ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ‬ ‫ﺗﺨﺮﺝ ﺇﻟﻰ‬‫ﻳﻜﺘﻤﻞ ﺑﺪﺍﺧﻠﻪ ﻧﻤﻮﺍﻟﺤﻴﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻮﻱ ، ﻭﻳﺨﺰﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻟﻔﺘﺮﺓ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺰﻣﻦ.‬ ‫ﺗﻨﺘﻬﻲ ﻃﺮﻓﻪ ﺑـ‬ ‫ﻳﺨﺮﺝ ﻣﻦ ﻛﻴﺲ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﻦ ﻟﻴﺪﺧﻞ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺗﺠﻮﻳﻒ ﺍﻟﺒﻄﻦ‬ ‫ﻳﻨﺘﻘﻞ ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺤﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﻮﻟﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻨﺎﺳﻠﻴﺔﺍﻟﻤﺸﺘﺮﻛﺔ‬ ‫)ﺍﻹﺣﻠﻴﻞ(‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺭﺝ‬ ‫111‬
  115. 115. ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﺎﻷﺟﻬﺰﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﻨﺎﺳﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻨﻒ ﺇﻟﻰ‬‫ﻣﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻳﺪﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺮﻃﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻬﺎﺯ ﺍﻟﺒﻮﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻜﻮﻥ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﺒﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺘﻜﻮﻥ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﺴﻴﺞ ﺩﻫﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﺮﺍﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫211‬
  116. 116. ‫ﺍﻟﻮﺣﺪﺓ ﺍﻷﻧﺒﻮﺑﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺘﻜﻮﻥ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺼﻴﺘﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻳﻮﺟﺪ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﺘﺢ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻳﺄﺧﺬ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﻳﺒﺔ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺷﻌﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺩﻣﻮﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺴﻤﻰ‬‫ﺣﻮﺍﻑ ﺍﻷﻫﺮﺍﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻔﻈﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻮﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺣﺮﻑ ‪U‬‬ ‫ﺑﻮﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻳﺮﺩ ﺍﻟﺪﻡ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ‬ ‫ﻳﺤﻤﻞ ﺍﻟﺪﻡ ﺑﻌﻴﺪﺍ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻳﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ‬ ‫ﺗﺘﺠﻤﻊ ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬‫ﺣﻮﺍﻑ ﺍﻷﻫﺮﺍﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻮﻳﺔ‬ ‫311‬

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