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دليل المعلم  العلوم - العاشرالاساسي
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دليل المعلم العلوم - العاشرالاساسي

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ما يهمنا هو اجابات الاسئلة فقط

ما يهمنا هو اجابات الاسئلة فقط

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  • 1. ‫ﻋﻤﺮ ﻟﺒﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻒ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺷﺮ‬
  • 2. ‫ﺑﺴﻢ ﺍ‪ ‬ﺍﻟﺮﲪﻦ ﺍﻟﺮﺣﻴﻢ‬‫} ﻳ‪‬ﺮ‪‬ﻓﻊِ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻪ‪ ‬ﺍﻟﱠﺬ‪‬ﻳﻦ ﺁﻣ‪‬ﻨ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻜُﻢ‪ ‬ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟﱠﺬ‪‬ﻳﻦ‪ ‬ﺃُﻭﺗُﻮﺍ ﺍﻟْﻌ‪‬ﻠْﻢ‪ ‬ﺩ‪‬ﺭ‪‬ﺟ‪‬ﺎﺕ‪ { ‬ﺻﺪﻕ ﺍ‪ ‬ﺍﻟﻌﻈﻴﻢ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟـــﺔ ﻓﻠــﺴﻄﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﺑﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻲ‬
  • 3. ‫ُ‬ ‫َ ْ َ َ ْ ُ َ َْ ُ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ْ ُ ّ ْ َ َ َ ْﱠ ْ ُ َ َ َ‬‫‪ ‬ﺇﻥ ﺃﺭﻳﺪ ﺇﻻ ﺍﻹﺻﻼﺡ ﻣﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻄﻌﺖ ﻭﻣﺎ ﺗﻮﻓِﻴﻘِﻲ ﺇﻻ ﺑﺎﷲِ ﻋﻠﻴﻪِ ﺗﻮﻛﻠﺖ ﻭﺇﻟﻴﻪِ ﺃﻧِﻴﺐ ‪‬‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﺪﻳــــــــﻢ‬ ‫ﺃﺧﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻢ / ﺃﺧﺘﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻤﺔ:‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ ﻋﻠﻴﻜﻢ ﻭﺭﺣﻤﺔ ﺍﷲ ﻭﺑﺮﻛﺎﺗﻪ ،،،‬
  • 4. ‫ﻓﻬﺮﺱ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻮﻳﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻮﻯ‬ ‫2‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ ﻟﺘﺪﺭﻳﺲ ﻣﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ ﻟﻠﺼﻒ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺷﺮ ..............................‬ ‫4‬ ‫ﺇﺭﺷﺎﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﺪﻟﻴﻞ ...............................................................‬ ‫5‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻭﻝ ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ ﺍﻟﺤﺼﺺ ....................................................................‬ ‫7‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻭﻝ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺬﻭﻓﺔ ...........................................................‬ ‫8‬ ‫ﺁﻟﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻲ ........................................................................‬ ‫9‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻭﻝ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺜﻴﺔ...............................................................‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺻﻴﺎﺕ ﻭﺇﺭﺷﺎﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺪﺭﻳﺲ‬ ‫01‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻮﺣﺪﺓ ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ: ﻣﺼﺎﺩﺭ ﺍﻟﻄﺎﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺠﺪﺩﺓ ..................................................‬ ‫51‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻮﺣﺪﺓ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻴﺔ: ﺍﻟﺤﺴﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﻴﻤﻴﺎﺋﻴﺔ.......................................................‬ ‫81‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻮﺣﺪﺓ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺜﺔ: ﻗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﺤﺮﻛﺔ ... ......... .............................................‬ ‫52‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻮﺣﺪﺓ ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺑﻌﺔ: ﺃﺟﻬﺰﺓ ﺟﺴﻢ ﺍﻹﻧﺴﺎﻥ ....................................................‬ ‫82‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﺫﺝ ﻟﺨﻄﻂ ﺗﺤﻀﻴﺮ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﻭﺱ ...................................................‬ ‫ﻣﻼﺣﻖ ﺍﻟﺪﻟﻴﻞ‬ ‫24‬ ‫ﺣﻠﻮﻝ ﺃﺳﺌﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻮﻯ ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻮﻝ ﻭﺍﻟﻮﺣﺪﺍﺕ ................................................‬ ‫28‬ ‫ﺃﺳﺌﻠﺔ ﺇﺛﺮﺍﺋﻴﺔ .............................................................................‬ ‫1‬
  • 5. 2
  • 6. 3
  • 7. 4
  • 8. 5
  • 9. 6
  • 10. 7
  • 11. 8
  • 12. 9
  • 13. ‫ﺗﻮﺻﻴﺎﺕ ﻭﺇﺭﺷﺎﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺪﺭﻳﺲ‬ ‫ﻋﺪﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺻﻴﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻹﺭﺷﺎﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﺳﻠﻮﺏ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻮﺣﺪﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺼﺺ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺱ‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫•‬ ‫2‬ ‫3‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﻝ:‬ ‫:‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻄﺎﻗﺔ ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﻴﺎﺗﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻄﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫•‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺠﺪﺩﺓ‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫•‬ ‫•‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫01‬
  • 14. ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫•‬ ‫4‬ ‫7‬ ‫:‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻄﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫•‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺠﺪﺩﺓ‬‫‪P .H . O‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫•‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫•‬ ‫•‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫8‬ ‫‪x‬‬‫1‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫01‬ ‫11‬
  • 15. xxxxxxx 12
  • 16. ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫3‬ ‫61‬ ‫:‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻄﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺠﺪﺩﺓ‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫4‬ ‫32‬ ‫:‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻄﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺠﺪﺩﺓ‬ ‫‪L‬‬ ‫‪LCD‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬‫2‬‫42‬ ‫6‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫31‬
  • 17. x225 7 x x 14
  • 18. ‫ﺃﺳﻠﻮﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﺪﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺻﻴﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻹﺭﺷﺎﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻮﺣﺪﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺼﺺ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺱ‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫2‬ ‫83‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺴﺎﺑﺎﺕ‬ ‫:‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻴﻤﻴﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺴﺎﺑﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻴﻤﻴﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬‫93‬‫3‬ ‫1‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫51‬
  • 19. ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫3‬ ‫14‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺴﺎﺑﺎﺕ‬ ‫:‬ ‫-‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻴﻤﻴﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺴﺎﺑﺎﺕ‬ ‫34‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻴﻤﻴﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬‫1‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫3‬ ‫54‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺴﺎﺑﺎﺕ‬ ‫:‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻴﻤﻴﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺴﺎﺑﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻴﻤﻴﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫61‬
  • 20. ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫3‬ ‫74‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺴﺎﺑﺎﺕ‬ ‫:‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻴﻤﻴﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺴﺎﺑﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻴﻤﻴﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬ ‫‪x‬‬‫1‬‫01‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫4‬ ‫84‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫4‬ ‫05‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺴﺎﺑﺎﺕ‬ ‫:‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻴﻤﻴﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺴﺎﺑﺎﺕ‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻴﻤﻴﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫5‬ ‫05‬ ‫2‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫71‬
  • 21. ‫ﺃﺳﻠﻮﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﺪﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺻﻴﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻹﺭﺷﺎﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻮﺣﺪﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺼﺺ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺱ‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫2‬ ‫16‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬‫1‬‫2‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫2‬ ‫36‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫81‬
  • 22. x x S SI xP.H.O LCD x x 4 65 x x x x 19
  • 23. 67 2 x x LCD x 6 68 3 x x x 2 72 x x x73 2 1 7 74 3 20
  • 24. 75 1 x x 3 75 x x x x x x 7 77 7 x x x 4 78 78 7 5 x x x x 7 79 7 6880 5 x 21
  • 25. x x 4 82 x x x x3 2 8 84 x x 8 85 5 4 x x x 3 85 x x x x886 6 x x7 8 86 x 22
  • 26. x x 2 89 x 90 9 7 x x x x8 x 9 91 x x 2 91 x x x 9 93 9 x x x110 9 94 23
  • 27. xx x x 4 94x xx 24
  • 28. ‫ﺃﺳﻠﻮﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﺪﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺻﻴﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻹﺭﺷﺎﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻮﺣﺪﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺼﺺ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺱ‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫4‬ ‫101‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬‫‪LCD‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪P.H.O‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫4‬ ‫011‬ ‫‪x‬‬‫‪LCD‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪P.H.O‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪LCD‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫52‬
  • 29. x xLCD x P.H.O x114 12 x 3 117 x x x x 2 122 x 26
  • 30. x x x x x x x 5 128 - 129 x x 131 -129 4 x1130 5 x x x132 6 27
  • 31. ‫ﻧﻤﺎﺫﺝ ﻟﺨﻄﻂ ﺗﺤﻀﻴﺮ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﻭﺱ‬ ‫‪PHO‬‬ ‫42‬ ‫6‬ ‫52‬ ‫7‬ ‫3‬ ‫82‬
  • 32. 27 5 1 25 1 2 3 29
  • 33. 1 1 2 230
  • 34. 1 1 2 3 49 11 M MgO 257 6 C2H6 1 CH4 CH3 C3H8 2 H 1 12.5 S 87 Si 87.5 SiH3 S Si2H4 SiH4 31
  • 35. 1 1 2 C6H6 C2H2 3 2C 3 38.8 H 1 16 1 N 4 45.1 C5NH 2 CNH 1 CN5H 4 CNH5 3 Ca 7 71,4 O 2 28,6 1 32
  • 36. L LCD 90 7 91 897 1 97 4 33
  • 37. ‫ﺍﻻﺯﺍﺣﺔ‬ ‫02‬ ‫51‬ ‫01‬ ‫5‬ ‫0‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺰﻣﻦ‬ ‫2‬ ‫4‬ ‫6‬ ‫43‬
  • 38. x x x132 2 1 35
  • 39. ‫ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻧﺎ ﺍﻷﻓﻀﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ ﻋﻠﻴﻜﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻞ :‬‫ﺻﺮﺍﻉ ﻋﻨﻴﻒ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻣﻜﻮﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺠﻬﺎﺯ ﺍﻟﺒﻮﻟﻲ، ﺍﻟﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﻫﻨﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ ﻏﻀﺐ ﺷﺪﻳﺪ،‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻤﻴﻊ ﻫﻨﺎ ﻳﺮﻳﺪ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺘﻮﻗﻒ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻭﻳﺘﺮﻙ ﻛﻞ ﻋﻀﻮ ﻳﻌﻤﻞ ﻭﺣﺪﻩ .‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺘﺮﺏ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺤﺪﺙ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﻟﻨﻌﺮﻑ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﻜﻠﺔ .‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻀﻮ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺿﻞ ﻟﻮ ﺳﻤﺤﺖ ﻟﺤﻈﺔ ﻣﻦ ﻓﻀﻠﻚ‬ ‫ﺃﻧﺎ ﺍﻷﻓﻀﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺘﺎﻥ :‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﻓﻀﻠﻚ، ﻣﺎ ﺃﺳﺒﺎﺏ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺼﺮﺍﻉ ؟‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻞ :‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﺒﺐ ﻫﻤﺎ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﺒﺎﻥ ﻳﺪﻋﻴﺎﻥ ﺃﻧﻬﻤﺎ ﺍﻷﻓﻀﻞ ﻭﻟﻮﻻﻫﻤﺎ ﻟﺘﻮﻗﻒ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺍﻟﺠﻬﺎﺯ ﺍﻟﺒﻮﻟﻲ،‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺘﺎﻥ :‬‫ﺃﺷﻴﺎء ﺃﺧﺮﻯ ﻛﺜﻴﺮﺓ ﺍﻧﻈﺮ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺷﻜﻠﻨﺎ ﻓﻨﺤﻦ ﻧﺘﻜﻮﻥ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﺘﻴﻦ: ﻣﻨﻄﻘﺔ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻴﺔ‬‫ﺗﻌﺮﻑ ﺑﺎﻟﻘﺸﺮﺓ ﺫﺍﺕ ﻣﻈﻬﺮ ﺣﺒﻴﺒﻲ ﻭﻣﻨﻄﻘﺔ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻴﺔ ﺳﻤﻴﻜﺔ ﺗﺴﻤﻰ ﺍﻟﻨﺨﺎﻉ، ﺗﻤﺘﺪ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺪﺍﺧﻞ ﻣﻜﻮﻧﺔ ﺑﺮﻭﺯﺍﺕ ﻣﺨﺮﻭﻃﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺗﺠﻮﻳﻒ ﺣﻮﺽ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺔ .‬ ‫ﻧﺤﻦ ﺍﻷﻓﻀﻞ!‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﺒﺎﻥ :‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻤﺎﺫﺍ ﺍﻷﻓﻀﻞ؟‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺘﺎﻥ :‬ ‫ﻟﻦ ﻧﺮﺩ ﻋﻠﻴﻜﻢ .‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﺒﺎﻥ :‬‫ﺃﻧﺎ ﺃﻓﻀﻞ ﻣﻨﻜﻢ ﻓﺄﻧﺎ ﺃﺧﻠﺺ ﺍﻟﺪﻡ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﺇﻟﻴﻨﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻮﻱ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻔﻀﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺘﺎﻥ :‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻴﺘﺮﻭﺟﻴﻨﻴﺔ ﻭﻓﺎﺋﺾ ﺍﻟﻤﺎء ﻭﺍﻷﻣﻼﺡ ﺑﻞ ﺃﻛﺎﺩ ﺃﺟﺰﻡ ﺃﻧﻲ ﺃﺧﻠﺺ ﺍﻟﺠﺴﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺳﻤﻮﻣﻪ‬‫ﻧﺤﻦ ﻧﻘﻮﻝ ﺃﻧﻨﺎ ﺍﻷﻓﻀﻞ ﻷﻧﻨﺎ ﻛﻤﺎ ﺗﺮﻭﻥ ﻗﻨﺎﺗﺎﻥ ﻧﺨﺮﺝ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﻗﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﺒﺎﻥ :‬ ‫ﻭﺳﻂ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﺪﺍﺧﻠﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﻜﻠﻴﺔ .‬ ‫ﺳﻨﻀﻊ ﺣﺼﻰ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻄﺮﻳﻖ ﻭﻟﻦ ﻧﺴﻤﺢ ﻟﺘﻤﺮﻳﺮ ﺍﻟﺒﻮﻝ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺘﻴﻦ ﻟﻠﻤﺜﺎﻧﺔ .‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺫﺍ ﺗﻘﻮﻻﻥ ؟ ﻭﺃﻧﺎ ﻣﺎﺫﺍ ﺳﺄﻓﻌﻞ؟‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎﻧﺔ :‬ ‫ﺃﻟﺴﺖ ﺍﻷﻓﻀﻞ ﺩﺍﺋﻤﺎ.‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﺒﺎﻥ :‬ ‫ﺩﻋﻨﻲ ﻭﺷﺄﻧﻲ .‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎﻧﺔ:‬ ‫ﻟﻢ ﻛﻞ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺃﻻ ﺗﻌﻠﻤﻮﻥ ﺃﻧﻜﻢ ﺟﻤﻴﻌً ﻣﻬﻤﻮﻥ ﻟﺠﺴﻢ ﺍﻹﻧﺴﺎﻥ .‬ ‫ﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻞ :‬‫ﻣﺎﺫﺍ ﻳﺤﺪﺙ ﻟﺠﺴﻢ ﺍﻹﻧﺴﺎﻥ ﻟﻮ ﺗﻮﻗﻒ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺃﺣﺪﻛﻢ؟ ﺩﻋﻮﻛﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻬﺮﺍء ﻓﺄﻧﺘﻢ‬ ‫63‬
  • 40. ‫ﺟﻤﻴﻌﺎ ﺗﺆﺩﻭﻥ ﺧﺪﻣﺔ ﻟﻺﻧﺴﺎﻥ .‬ ‫ً‬‫ﻻﺑﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺇﻋﺎﺩﺓ ﺣﺴﺎﺑﺎﺗﻜﻢ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻣﻌﺎ ﺣﺘﻰ ﻻ ﻳﺘﻮﻗﻒ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺑﺎﻗﻲ ﺃﺟﻬﺰﺓ ﺟﺴﻢ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻧﺴﺎﻥ.‬ ‫ﻣﺎ ﺭﺃﻳﻜﻢ ﻓﻲ ﺫﻟﻚ ؟‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺘﺎﻥ :‬ ‫ﻧﺤﻦ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻘﻮﻥ .‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﺒﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎﻧﺔ:‬ ‫ﻓﻠﻨﺘﺤﺪ ﻣﻌً ﻟﻨﺨﻠﺺ ﺟﺴﻢ ﺍﻹﻧﺴﺎﻥ ﻣﻦ ﻛﻞ ﺍﻟﻔﻀﻼﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻤﻮﻡ .‬ ‫ﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺘﺎﻥ :‬ ‫ﻧﻌﻢ ﺳﻨﻌﻤﻞ ﺟﻤﻴﻌﺎ ﻣﻌﺎ .‬ ‫ً ً‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﺒﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎﻧﺔ :‬‫ﺃﻋﺰﺍﺋﻲ ﻭﻛﻤﺎ ﺗﺮﻭﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺎﻳﺔ ﺍﺗﻔﻖ ﺟﻤﻴﻊ ﺍﻷﻋﻀﺎء ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻣﻌً ﻟﺨﺪﻣﺔ ﺟﺴﻢ‬ ‫ﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻞ:‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻧﺴﺎﻥ.‬ ‫ﺷﻜﺮً ﻟﻜﻢ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ ﻋﻠﻴﻜﻢ ﻭﺭﺣﻤﺔ ﺍﷲ ﻭﺑﺮﻛﺎﺗﻪ .‬ ‫ﺍ‬ ‫73‬
  • 41. 1 1 2 3 38
  • 42. 39
  • 43. 2 ---------------- .1 ---------------- .2 ---------------- .3 ---------------- .4 ---------------- .5 ---------------- .6 40
  • 44. ‫3‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺘﻜﻮﻥ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﺴﻴﺞ ﺩﻫﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﺮﺍﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻮﺣﺪﺓ ﺍﻷﻧﺒﻮﺑﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺘﻜﻮﻥ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺼﻴﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻳﻮﺟﺪ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﺘﺢ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻳﺄﺧﺬ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﻳﺒﺔ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺷﻌﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺩﻣﻮﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺴﻤﻰ‬‫ﺣﻮﺍﻑ ﺍﻷﻫﺮﺍﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻔﻈﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻮﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺣﺮﻑ ‪U‬‬ ‫ﺑﻮﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻳﺮﺩ ﺍﻟﺪﻡ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ‬ ‫ﻳﺤﻤﻞ ﺍﻟﺪﻡ ﺑﻌﻴﺪﺍ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻳﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ‬ ‫ﺗﺘﺠﻤﻊ ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬‫ﺣﻮﺍﻑ ﺍﻷﻫﺮﺍﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻮﻳﺔ‬ ‫14‬
  • 45. ‫‪ x‬ﺣﻠﻮﻝ ﺃﺳﺌﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﻮﺣﺪﺍﺕ.‬ ‫‪ x‬ﺃﺳﺌﻠﺔ ﺇﺛﺮﺍﺋﻴﺔ.‬ ‫24‬
  • 46. 43
  • 47. 44
  • 48. 45
  • 49. 46
  • 50. 47
  • 51. 48
  • 52. 49
  • 53. 8 9 9 9 8 50
  • 54. 51
  • 55. 52
  • 56. 53
  • 57. 54
  • 58. 55
  • 59. 56
  • 60. 1457
  • 61. 58
  • 62. ‫9‬ ‫9‬ ‫9‬ ‫9‬ ‫ﺹ‬ ‫5ﻡ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﺏ‬ ‫4ﻛﻢ‬‫ﺝ‬ ‫ﺃ‬ ‫3ﻛﻢ‬ ‫95‬
  • 63. Δ Δ Δ Δ Δ Δ Δ Δ60
  • 64. Δ Δ Δ Δ π π π π61
  • 65. 9 9 9 9 9 62
  • 66. Δ Δ Δ Δ Δ Δ63
  • 67. Δ Δ64
  • 68. 65
  • 69. 66
  • 70. ‫501‬ ‫001‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺿﻊ )ﻡ(‬ ‫59‬ ‫09‬ ‫58‬ ‫08‬ ‫57‬ ‫07‬ ‫56‬ ‫06‬ ‫55‬ ‫05‬ ‫54‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻢ ﺹ‬ ‫04‬ ‫53‬ ‫03‬ ‫52‬ ‫02‬ ‫51‬ ‫01‬ ‫5‬ ‫0‬ ‫0‬ ‫1‬ ‫2‬ ‫3‬ ‫4‬ ‫5‬ ‫6‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺰﻣﻦ )ﺙ(‬ ‫76‬
  • 71. Δ Δ68
  • 72. 69
  • 73. 70
  • 74. 71
  • 75. 72
  • 76. 73
  • 77. ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺼﻴﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺘﻮﻳﺎﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻧﺎﺑﻴﺐ ﻣﻨﻮﻳﺔ‬ ‫)ﻣﻼﻳﻴﻦ(‬ ‫ﺗﺒﻄﻦ‬ ‫ﺧﻼﻳﺎ ﺗﻨﺎﺳﻠﻴﺔ ﺃﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫)64 ﻛﺮﻭﻣﻮﺳﻮﻡ(‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﻟﺒﻠﻮﻍ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﺘﺞ‬ ‫ﺧﻼﻳﺎ ﻣﻨﻮﻳﺔ ﺃﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫)64 ﻛﺮﻭﻣﻮﺳﻮﻡ(‬‫ﺍﻧﻘﺴﺎﻡ ﻣﻨﺼﻒ‬ ‫ﺃﺭﺑﻊ ﺣﻴﻮﺍﻧﺎﺕ ﻣﻨﻮﻳﺔ‬ ‫)32 ﻛﺮﻭﻣﻮﺳﻮﻡ(‬ ‫47‬
  • 78. 75
  • 79. 76
  • 80. x x x x x x x x x x x77
  • 81. 78
  • 82. 79
  • 83. ‫ﻣﺤﻔﻈﺔ ﺑﻮﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺒﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﺭﺩ‬‫ﺃﻧﺒﻮﺑﺔ ﻣﻠﺘﻮﻳﺔ ﻗﺮﻳﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﺘﻮﺍء ﻫﻨﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﻧﺒﻮﺑﺔ ﻣﻠﺘﻮﻳﺔ ﺑﻌﻴﺪﺓ‬ ‫ﺣﻮﺽ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﺮﺍﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﻨﺎﺓ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎﻧﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺤﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﻮﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺒﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﺭﺩ‬‫ﺃﻧﺒﻮﺑﺔ ﻣﻠﺘﻮﻳﺔ ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﻹﻓﺮﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻨﺎﺓ ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻣﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻫﺮﺍﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻧﺒﻮﺑﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺤﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﻮﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎﻧﺔ‬ ‫ﺣﻮﺽ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺭﺝ‬ ‫08‬
  • 84. x x81
  • 85. 82
  • 86. 83
  • 87. 84
  • 88. 85
  • 89. 86
  • 90. 87
  • 91. 88
  • 92. 89
  • 93. 90
  • 94. 91
  • 95. 92
  • 96. π π π π 3 π π 93
  • 97. 94
  • 98. 95
  • 99. 96
  • 100. 97
  • 101. 98
  • 102. 99
  • 103. 100
  • 104. 101
  • 105. 102
  • 106. 8 9 103
  • 107. 104
  • 108. 105
  • 109. 106
  • 110. 107
  • 111. 108
  • 112. ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻬﺎﺯ ﺍﻟﺘﻨﺎﺳﻠﻲ ﺍﻟﺬﻛﺮﻱ‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻜﻮﻥ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺼﻴﺘﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻜﻮﻥ ﻣﻦ‬‫ﻳﺘﻜﻮﻥ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺳﻬﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻭﺳﺘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻬﺎﺯ ﺍﻟﺘﻨﺎﺳﻠﻲ ﺍﻷﻧﺜﻮﻱ‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻜﻮﻥ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻗﻨﺎﺓ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺾ‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻜﻮﻥ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫901‬
  • 113. ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻴﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻮﻱ‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻜﻮﻥ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺮﺃﺱ‬‫ﻳﺴﺘﺨﺪﻡ ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻳﺤﺘﻮﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺮﻛﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺮﻳﻜﺰﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻤﻴﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺒﻴﻀﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺼﻴﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﻷﻧﺜﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﻟﺬﻛﺮ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺘﻮﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺘﻮﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺪ ﺳﻦ ﺍﻟﺒﻠﻮﻍ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﻄﻦ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﺤﺼﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺪﺍﺧﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻘﺴﺎﻡ ﻣﻨﺼﻒ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺪ ﺳﻦ ﺍﻟﺒﻠﻮﻍ‬ ‫ﻧﺤﺼﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﺤﺼﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺧﻼﻳﺎ ﻣﻨﻮﻳﺔ ﺃﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫)64ﻛﺮﻭﻣﻮﺳﻮﻡ(‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻘﺴﺎﻡ ﻣﻨﺼﻒ‬ ‫ﺛﻼﺛﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺣﺪﺓ‬ ‫ﻧﺤﺼﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫011‬
  • 114. ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻴﻮﺍﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻮﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﺘﺞ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ‬ ‫ﺗﺨﺮﺝ ﺇﻟﻰ‬‫ﻳﻜﺘﻤﻞ ﺑﺪﺍﺧﻠﻪ ﻧﻤﻮﺍﻟﺤﻴﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻮﻱ ، ﻭﻳﺨﺰﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻟﻔﺘﺮﺓ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺰﻣﻦ.‬ ‫ﺗﻨﺘﻬﻲ ﻃﺮﻓﻪ ﺑـ‬ ‫ﻳﺨﺮﺝ ﻣﻦ ﻛﻴﺲ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﻦ ﻟﻴﺪﺧﻞ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺗﺠﻮﻳﻒ ﺍﻟﺒﻄﻦ‬ ‫ﻳﻨﺘﻘﻞ ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺤﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﻮﻟﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻨﺎﺳﻠﻴﺔﺍﻟﻤﺸﺘﺮﻛﺔ‬ ‫)ﺍﻹﺣﻠﻴﻞ(‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺭﺝ‬ ‫111‬
  • 115. ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﺎﻷﺟﻬﺰﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﻨﺎﺳﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻨﻒ ﺇﻟﻰ‬‫ﻣﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻳﺪﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺮﻃﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻬﺎﺯ ﺍﻟﺒﻮﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻜﻮﻥ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﺒﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺘﻜﻮﻥ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﺴﻴﺞ ﺩﻫﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﺮﺍﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫211‬
  • 116. ‫ﺍﻟﻮﺣﺪﺓ ﺍﻷﻧﺒﻮﺑﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺘﻜﻮﻥ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺼﻴﺘﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻳﻮﺟﺪ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﺘﺢ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻳﺄﺧﺬ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﻳﺒﺔ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺷﻌﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺩﻣﻮﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺴﻤﻰ‬‫ﺣﻮﺍﻑ ﺍﻷﻫﺮﺍﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻔﻈﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻮﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺣﺮﻑ ‪U‬‬ ‫ﺑﻮﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻳﺮﺩ ﺍﻟﺪﻡ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ‬ ‫ﻳﺤﻤﻞ ﺍﻟﺪﻡ ﺑﻌﻴﺪﺍ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻳﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ‬ ‫ﺗﺘﺠﻤﻊ ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬‫ﺣﻮﺍﻑ ﺍﻷﻫﺮﺍﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻮﻳﺔ‬ ‫311‬